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Sermon preached at St. Margaret’s Westminster

In London on November 30 at 9:14 pm

30 Nov 1642 || [Today] was the Fast, in the Morning preached in S. Margarets Church at Westminster before the Parliament one M. Herle, and in the afternoone one M. Fines [Vines]. And after the evening Sermon ended, the House of Commons repaired to their house and Ordered, that thanks should be returned to the said gentlemen for their great paines, desiring that their Sermons should be Printed. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

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Earl of Manchester requests more funding for the army

In London on November 30 at 1:16 pm

30 Nov 1642 (Wed) – news held over from 29th || A Committee of Lords and Commons came [Monday] in the Evening to the Guild Hall in London, where a Common Hall being assembled, the Earle of Manchester declared that he came to deliver an Errand, (though unpleasing) of the present wants and necessities, and that if there be not a present supply of moneys, our Army will be reduced to an ill condition, desiring the City to enlarge themselves in that measure, that the Army may be inabled to move with that effect, that, the barbarous plunderings of the Cavaliers may be prevented; and for the future that the burthen may not lie upon the good suppliers, the Newtralists both in London and all the Countries in England, shall be made to contribute.

After he had spoken Mr Pym made another Speech much to the same effect, to stir up the Citizens to a present supply for our Army, but especially to deliver them the thankes of the Parliament for that they had already so cheerefully and willingly done, and to give God thankes for delivering the City from saccage and plundering &c. ||

[Tuesday] the Lord Generall came to the Parliament, where he received further Orders and directions for the prosecution of the present War, and then returned to the Army. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

Eastern counties to associate

In Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk on November 29 at 8:55 pm

29 Nov 1642 || The Counties of Essex, Suffolk, and Norfolk are now entring into an association for their mutuall defence and safety, so that all the Easterne, Westerne, Northerne and Southerne Counties standing upon their Guard by such conjunctures, the Cavaliers must of necessity crowd back againe into Wales, as soone as the Lord Generall shall unkennell them out of Oxford, or if they will there abide his coming they must be either forced to starve, or render themselves at discretion. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

Intercepted letters reveal Royalist intentions

In Foreign News, Military News on November 29 at 4:01 pm

29 Nov 1642 (Tue) || Letters were intercepted this week comming from Holland, to Mr Secretary Nicholas (being a happy discovery of the Cavaliers villany, intending the ruine of this Kingdome) to this purpose, beginning with a lamentation of the losse of the Irish Ships (meaning Kettleby, and Stradling¹) and the slow advancement of the Newcastle Propositions, yet that they have received supplies in Holland, and giving a reputation of the Kings good successe (meaning at Kenton) expressing that the Prince of Orange hath supplyed them with 60000. li., 20000 li. whereof is sent to Newcastle, and have hopes of 60000.li. more that the Queen (whose being in England is of great importance) intended to have set to Sea the last week, but for an unseasonable complement (all her affaires being there done) declaring that 10000. foot Armes, 2000. horse Armes, and 20 piece of Canon are sent over, and that they bring all accommodation to march assoone as they arrive, that Generall King² is designed for Lieutenant Generall, that from Denmarke there are sent 10000. Armes for foote, 1500. for horse, with traine of Artillery, &c., two men of War and a Denmarke Ambassadour to his Majesty, with whom comes Colonell Cockeram; that they heare of a Treaty, but approve not well of it; that the Kings party is such in London, that he need not doubt but upon his approaching that City would be yeelded, bewayling any losse of time in it, advising 500. horse to be sent into Kent, which would gaine 5000. foote to make good that side the River, that no Shipping passe to London, that they intended to have landed in Norfolke, or Essex, and to have forced the City on that side the River with their strength: That what they expect from Denmarke and France, are all encouragements to make them expect no Treaty to be admitted but upon the advantage, &c. giving assurance of 3. regiments out of France. Dated at Hague, Novemb. 12. 1642.

Lest the Cavaliers take exception to this Letter, and pretend it is a fained thing (as they did when the first information was given to Guildhall of the Kings preparing Armes beyond Sea) and so endeavour to take away the validity thereof, these circumstances ensuing will discover the truth. 1. That the hand with which this Letter is written (though subscribed with no name) is knowne to divers personages of Honour. 2. That it was inclosed in a packet with other Letters to Mr. Secretary Nicholas, some Letters there inclosed being of the Duke of Lenox hand writing, and name subscribed, reciting many particulars in the Letter before mentioned, and also a Letter to Mr. Piercy confirming the same, and lastly, Letters to the Prince, and Duke of Yorke, from the young Prince of Orange his Lady, all which Letters are extant: And for the first Letter it selfe, it speakes that which the City hath long feared, and now thereby are more awaked from their security: That this City was the place aymed at by those persons about his Majesty: It hath so quickned them in the resolution of the Cause, seeing what treachery is intended (notwithstanding the faire pretences of invocating God to witnesse) that within 24. houres after the discovery of this Letter, they brought in, and subscribe for about 4000.li. to pay the Earle of Essex his Army, with earnest desires to the Parliament, that they may march with speed, and doe execution upon these persons of infidelity. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations

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¹ Captain Thomas Kettleby, “Captain of One of his Majesty’s Ships for the Defence of the Coasts of Ireland, who deserted that Service”, had been impeached for high treason on Oct 11, for his desertion (Commons Journal). The other man was Sir Henry Stradling, who had captained the Bonadventure under Kettleby’s command when the Irish Rebellion broke out in 1641. When civil war broke out in England shortly afterwards, both Stradling and Kettleby obeyed a Royal order to take their ships to Newcastle, but were surprised there by a Parliamentarian squadron; their crews mutinied, Kettleby was captured and Stradling escaped. He fought on for the King, on land, until 1648.
² James King, Lord Eythin.

Refutations of the Royalist arguments concerning Brentford

In ECW editor's comment on November 28 at 6:17 pm

28 Nov 1642 || How is the King made to believe, that not a fourth part of the Parliament stands to their proceedings, whereas 4 parts of 5 doe still continue in the house of Commons, and are imployed by them in the severall Counties of the Kingdome, to doe their commands, all which persons have not onely declared themselves to live and die with the Parliament in this Cause (for the good of the King and Kingdome which they have undertaken)  but have contributed voluntarily, some in money, others in horses of considerable values, and this truth is fit to be made knowne unto the Kingdome, that they be not deluded by such mistakes. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations

|| Neither does [the King’s] Declaration concerning the businesse at Brainford satisfie all his people, because it is pretended that he was necessitated to march thither to prepossesse that town to keep his Army from being incompassed by the Earl of Essex his Forces, which were at Windsore, Kingston and Acton, His Majesties Forces being then at Colebrooke, and so pretends, that there was no other meanes to escape, being surrounded: whereas it is most cleer and manifest to all that know these places, that when His Majesty was at Colebrooke, his Forces could not possibly be incompassed by those Forces that lay at Acton, Kingston and Windsore: For His Majesty was at least five miles short of Kingston, and ten miles short of Acton, so that he had free liberty either to have marched back againe, or to have gone towards Uxbridge, or any other townes thereabouts, without coming neer the Parliaments Forces, which were quartered in Brainford for the space of a week before, therefore His Majesty could not at that time prepossesse himselfe of that town, neither can it enter into a reasonable judgement to conceive, that His Majesties Forces coming to Brainford was the way to prevent them from being surrounded, as appeared by their own actions, being forced to flie back againe a great part of the way they came to get to Kingston when they were at Colebrooke. And if they obtained so great a victory at Brainford, against two of the best Regiments of the Parliaments forces as therein is declared, and killed their cheife Commanders, and tooke and sunke 15 peeces of Ordnance, what was the reason that they pursued not the victory, (especially if that the possession of that town, would free them from being encompassed about by the Parliaments forces as is alleadged) but presently fled back againe and left the Ordnance behind then, surely such a victory was very hardly obtained, and such an inlargment from being hemb’d in on every side was very perilous, when that finding themselves in more danger, they durst neither stay in that place which they seeme to make choice of for safety, nor proceed forwards, but were presently put to flight; And although a Gentleman of good quality and great valour lost his life in that service, which was Lieutenant Col. to Col. Hollis, yet was he not Commander in cheif, nor is there such cause to boast of the taking of the Ordnance, or the drowning of some of the Parliaments Souldiers, for the Ordnance were purposely sunke into the Thames by those that had the care and charge of them, that were intrusted to bring them from Kingston for the Parliament, to prevent their being surprised by the Cavaliers, which possessed themselves of none of them but were since taken up againe and are imployed for the Parliament, as many about Brainford and other places can justifie. And those Souldiers that were drowned, were most inhumanely forced into the water, after they had taken them prisoners and bound their hands together, so that there was no way for them to escape.

As for the chiefe motive for occasioning His Majesties Army to advance to Brainford, to avoid being incompassed about by the Earle of Essex his forces, which is said to be, because information was given of the Earle of Essex his advancing from London, with Order vigorously to follow the Kings Army, there be thousands who can justifie, that the very same day that the Kings forces fell upon Colonel Hollis his Rigement at Brainford, (it being Saturday) the said Earle was not advanced, but was at the Parliament when Newes was brought of the fight at Brainford; And it hath bin confessed by some Letters that have beene intercepted, that came out the Kings Army, that they fell upon the Parliaments forces at a great disadvantage, when they were not expected, and the Earle of Essex was in London. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

The King responds to Parliament’s request for his attendance

In Uncategorized on November 28 at 1:01 pm

28 Nov 1642 (Mon) || The King returned an Answer to the house of Commons, in answer to their humble supplication,¹ Beseeching his Majesty to return to his Parliament, (where he should find assurance of Honour, Safety, and Prosperity) to this purpose. That he did looke upon this Answer with scorne and indignation, as penned by the malignant party in both Houses, whose safety is built upon the ruines of this Nation, who have chased his Majesty, and Peers, and Commons from Parliament, the truth whereof, he saith, may appeare by the small number left. That they have raised an Army to take away his life, and the life of of his Children, and that those Rebels are now come to London, And since they cannot snatch the Crowne from his Majesties head, they would invite him tamely to come up, and lay it downe. And for the expression of the late accident at Brainford, his Majesty hopes (if permitted to be published) his Declaration will satisfie his people.

The taking of this Message into consideration the House hath deferred, being now satisfied that his Majesty is resolved to goe on in his resolutions, and to be advised by those Councells (how destructive soever to the Kingdome) that are about him, and the Earle of Essex marches this day from Windsor, neere to the Quarters of the Cavaliers. And no more delay will be used by the Parliament, but to go through with the work, to rescue the King and Prince out of the hands of those persons that thus seduce him. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations

Information was given, that His Majesty being at Redding, and hearing that the Earle of Essex was advanced afterwards, presently left that towne, and (as is reported) is gone to Oxford. ||

The House of Commons having received information, that upon the Earle of Essex his Armies advancing towards Redding, His Majesties Forces were likely to do as they have done, and so flie from thence towards bristoll, they fell into debate to secure that city, and of sending men and ammunition thither, which businesse took up a great part of this day. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

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¹ See entry for Nov 21, when Parliament had drawn up a proposition asking the King to come back personally and speak to the Parliament.

Royalists reportedly plunder Berkshire & Chilterns

In Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Oxford on November 27 at 9:00 pm

27 Nov 1642 ||  Information was given, that the Cavaliers have plundered all the countreys thereabouts, and have driven great store of cattell, both oxen, sheep, &c. out of Buckinghamshire, and other parts towards Oxford, and other places of their Rendevouz, and have assessed divers Counties, viz. Berks, Buckingham and Oxfordshire to pay 3000. pound a moneth, or thereabouts; because the countreys do not presently condescend to these taxations, they plunder them in the meane time, so that finding themselves thus grievously oppressed, it cannot be conceived that such a dark mist should any longer blinde the eyes of the people, but that they will unanimously joyne themselves with the Earle of Essex his Army, and free themselves from the intolerable bondage and slavery which these persons endeavour to subject them to: for setting Religion aside, which is the principall thing we ought to fight for, yet such have been the spirits of our English nation, that they could never indure to lose their estates and liberties, but would resolutely fight for the maintenance thereof as we finde in the histories of Richard 2. and Henry 2. when the great cause of Religion was not in question (as now it is) the people did joyne together to defend their ancient lawes and liberties, and that at such times when there was a not a Parliament to protect them, as now there is. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Parliament appoints searchers to recover pawned weapons & horses

In London on November 27 at 8:26 pm

27 Nov 1642 (Sun)  || An Order was made by the Lords and Commons in Parliament,¹ that Edw. Brackham [Barkham], M. [Thomas] Wilcox of Tothuam [Tottenham],² or either of them or such as they shall appoint, shall have power to search for Arms, Ammunition; or any horses that have been sold, pawn’d, imbezelled, by any of the Souldiers of the Army raised by Parliament, and to seize them where they find them and to send them to the respective officers of the said Army, who are appointed to have view of such matters. It was also ordered that Rich: Wright and Nathaniel Hall, shall be authorized by both houses to search in London, Suburbs, and towns adjacent, for Arms sent by the Citie, and to seize the same, and to appoint Deputies for that purpose. || John Field – A Grand Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

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¹ The Commons Journal dates the order to Nov 19.
² On Sep 5 Thomas Wilcox had received a commission from the House of Commons, to train volunteers of horse and foot.

Lewes prepares to fend off Royalist threat; 1000 Royalists in Chichester

In Sussex on November 26 at 11:47 pm

26 Nov 1642 || The Inhabitants of Lewis in Sussex are endeavouring to defend their Town, many Volunteers are come to them, and more intend to aid them. The Trained bands also of that County purpose to assist them, if they had any aide from the Parliament, they were able to recover Chichester and drive the new Shiriffe out of the County, or else apprehend him. The country is willing to joyn with other auxiliary forces, but they want a head to lead them, wherefore they desire either Mr. [Anthony] Stapely¹ or Mr [Herbert] Morley² speedily to come to them: [Ambrose] Trayton that was Captain of that Town is so affrighted with  the Kings Proclamation, that he hath basely deserted them, though heretofore hee made great shewes to the contrary.³

Foord the new Sheriffe hath gotten a 1000 men into Chichester, and it is said that the King hath sent him a 100 Dragooners, the Earle of Tenet [Thanet] aideth the Sheriffe, and intendeth to goe to his house in Lewis with all the strength he can raise, the good Ministers are all fled out of the West part of that County, because they were most cruelly misused, they would have Pistolled a good Minister there, but the Pistoll would not fire, whereupon he leaping over a ditch escaped. If the City of Chichester were reduced, there would be no shelter in that County for the Malignants. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

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¹ Stapley was a Parliamentarian colonel, and Chichester’s military governor.
² Morley was MP for Lewes.
³ On Nov 18 the Commons Journal notes that the house was “Resolved, upon the Question, That Captain Ambrose Trayton shall have Power to call in Two hundred Men, or more, if Occasion shall be, into the Town of Lewis, Volunteers or others; and to command the same, for the Defence of the said Town.” Presumably Trayton redeemed himself with the Parliament, however, as in September 1643 he was added to Sussex’s Committee of Sequestrations (which dealt with forfeited Royalist property).

Royalist supply ships captured

In Kent on November 26 at 1:29 pm

26 Nov 1642 (Sat) || Certainly it was affirmed, that some ships laden with ammunition were taken in the narrow seas, and are at Margate to come up the River. || John Johnson – The English Intelligencer

|| There was a ship belonging to Newcastle going with provision to the Queene, which was staid at Graves-End, and 100. quarters of Wheate that was in her, the Parliament hath Ordered the Wheate to be forthwith sent to the Province of Munster in Ireland, for reliefe of the Protestants there, and the waxe Candles that were for her Majesties use, to be burnt in saying of Masse at Newcastle, the Parliament hath Ordered to be burnt in the Parliament House: It is hoped to give light this Winter time, to passe a Law that no Masse shall be said or heard by any whom soever in this Kingdome heareafter; and the Beere and Wine that were therein to be redelivered to the owners thereof, the Parliament holding it unfit to send reliefe to her that sends over Armes and Ammunition to ruine them. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations