Tyger's Head Books

Archive for December, 2012|Monthly archive page

Pecke’s newsbook counterfeited

In ECW editor's comment on December 31 at 8:00 pm

31 Dec 1642 || The Reader is desired to take notice that whereas this Copy was the last weeke (and the like this weeke) counterfeited with a picture under the feigned names of Walt. Cook and Robert Wood, this copy shall be hereafter known by the names of the Printers and Bookeseller, as is at the beginning. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

Messenger returns from Oxford

In London on December 31 at 5:30 pm

31 Dec 1642 || The London Messenger that went to Oxford to the King, to desire a safe conduct from him, for the Cities Committee to carry a Petition from them, is now returned with it, but with this Caution, that each of the Committees must have but one attendant to waite upon him thither. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents


Falmouth Royalists make use of captured Spanish vessel

In Cornwall on December 31 at 2:30 pm

31 Dec 1642 || The Cavaliers in Pendennys Castle at Falmouth, have set out one of the Malaga Ships (that came ignorantly into that Harbour)¹ to Sea, for a man of War, and put Land Souldiers into her, to take the Roundheads when they meet with them; but the Souldiers being only fresh-water-men, and never before tossed by the lofty and high dwelling waves, and through too free tipling of the Spanish wine, became so Sea-sick that they were not able to stir or help themselves; which the Marriners beholding, tooke opportunity by the forelock, and secured them all under Hatches, and with this present faire Westerne gale of winde, are bringing them hither to London.|| Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

¹ See report from 21 Dec.

Imprisoned officer’s wife appeals to the Parliament for assistance

In Oxford on December 31 at 11:00 am

31 Dec 1642 || A Petition was presented [yesterday] to the House of Commons from Captaine Wingats wife, desiring the House to take into consideration the lamentable condition of her Husband, being a prisoner with the other Captaine at Oxford and in great extremity under the cruell usage of one Smith the Provost Marshall a very degenerate and bloudy fellow, one not long since Translated from a Cobler to a Knight Marshalls man, and being discarded of that (K—vish) imployment for his more knavish carriage being a compounder for Theeves, cut purses and rogues with whom he ever held a strong intelligence, was arraigned for his life for having two Wives; and is now promoted to be Provost Marshall Generall of his Majesties Army.

[She] came againe this day to the Commons with her Petition, the Commons being not at leasure the day before to receive it, and shee was called into the House and used with great respect, ther was also the Lady Essex called into the House with her, who lately came from Oxford, and can report of a certaine of the usage of the Captaines that are prisoners there, which said Lady affirmed that they are kept close prisoners, not permitted pen inke nor paper, nor a book to read in, and that are almost famished for want of foode, being allowed but penny farthing a day to maintaine them, and some dayes have nout bread or water to eate or drinke. Which hard usage as is conceived is chiefly through the cruelty of their base keeper without the Kings consent.

The House of Commons upon consultation of the Petition promised to take the same into speedy consideration, and they ordered that a Declaration should be sent to his Majestie concerning the cruell usage of the Parliaments prisoners. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

Reading Royalists attack Twyford

In Berkshire on December 31 at 9:00 am

31 Dec 1642 (Sat) || The Cavaliers at Reding, had lately the hardinesse to sallie out of that Towne and came to Twyford, where Colonel Cholmeleys and Colonel Bartlets Regiments are Quartered, hoping to surprise them, but they could not get to them for [the] River, which through the multitude of land floods, is now become unpassable, so that they only shot at one another from both sides the water, and our men slew some of them, and so forced them to retreate, with the losse of one of our side who was shot into the thigh and died thereof. The Cavaliers according to their custome, carried their dead men away with them, because the people must not know how many they loose lest they should too much triumph over them. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

Parliament requests safe passage for a new peace delegation

In Uncategorized on December 30 at 11:37 pm

30 Dec 1642 || Uppon Monday last two of the officers to the Lord Mair of London went to Winsor, having order from the Parliament to desire the Lord Generall to send with them a Trumpet to goe to the King for a parley or to intreate according to the Lawe of Armes that a safe conduct might be granted to such persons as are chosen to present the Petition in the name of the Lord Major, Aldermen and Citizens, to his Majestie, for a peace to his Majestie; the substance whereof is to desire his Majestie in an humble manner to come to his Parliament and to treat with them in a phamentory way,¹ profering his Majesty all assurance of safety and preservation to his Majesties Royall person &c.

The persons imployed in this businesse had a Letter from the Lord Major and Aldermen directed to the Lord Faulkland to desire his Lordship to move his Majestie to grant safe conduct to such persons as they have nominated to present the said Petition, which are Sir George Clerke, Sir [George] Garret, and foure Common-Councellors, the other two being Aldermen; and Tuesday about 9. of the Clock the said Messengers went from Windsor towards Oxford (where his Majestie still resides) with a Trumpet to understand his Majesties pleasure concerning the said businesse, and are expected to returne with an Answer thereunto tomorrow night; and so it is hoped that by that time Propositions being concluded by the Parliament for an accomodation of peace will be ready & that the said Propositions and the Petition may be sent together to his Majestie, whereby no time may be lost but an answer suddainely obtained both to the said Petition and the Propositions. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

¹ The meaning of “phamentory” is unclear.

Royalists settled at Brill

In Buckinghamshire on December 30 at 11:24 pm

30 Dec 1642 || it was informed by letters out of Buckinghamshire that some of the cavaleers doe still remaine at Brill a little Towne about 4 or 5 myles from Oxford but in Buckinghamshire and that the Associated Counties of Bucks, Bedford Hartford are now gathering their forces which they raise upon assosiation, together with 1000 of the Parliaments forces which are in Buckinghamshire [and] will very shortly be ready to encounter with the Cavalers at Brill or any other place. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

Regarding Newcastle

In North East on December 30 at 11:18 pm

30 Dec 1642 || The Parliament have ordered that certaine ships should bee sent towards Newcastle and Hull as well to secure those places from any invasions [and] to prevent Aide from coming to New-Castle to assist the Papists and Malignants, and their Adherents, who doth dayly put in executien their bloudy and Tyrannicall Actions in those parts, and doth live only by plundering and pillaging, and most barbarously and inhumanely take all they can get from the poore distressed Inhabitants thereabouts. ||

By Letters from New-castle it is informed that New-castle men begin to decline the courses of the Cavalliers, and that the neather Towne sent to the upper Towne to joyne with them in securing their Towne for the King and Parliament, and to drive out the Earle of New-castle his Garrison Souldiers, which if they refuse, they threaten to set fire of their Towne. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

Reading’s military governor hangs visiting civilian

In Berkshire on December 30 at 11:11 pm

30 Dec 1642 || The House of Commons hath taken into serious consideration the death of Master Boyes, who was wrongfully executed by Martiall Law by Collonell [Sir Arthur] Aston, a great Papist in the Kings Army at Reading,¹ about tenne days since, he being a Citisen in London, and a great Dealer in strong Waters² and other Commodities, and went downe into the Countrey as usually hee did use to do every yeare about this time, to receive and gather up such Money as was due unto him for commodities, and at Reading he was apprehended and hanged, but the Causers thereof will have time to repent it, for spilling the bloud of so just a man. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

¹ Aston, a professional soldier and declared Catholic, was Reading’s military governor. The Royalists liked him little better: when later governor of Oxford, he was attacked while completing his rounds and forced to appoint a bodyguard.
² i.e. alcoholic drink of some description.

Stray musket shot causes riot in Northamptonshire

In Northamptonshire on December 30 at 10:34 pm

30 Dec 1642 (Fri) || There was brought to the Parliament the Clerk of the Peace of Northamptonshire, being a great Malignant, and was committed to prison, and upon his apprehension there arose a great combustion in a small Towne neere Northampton called Wellingford, which as it is informed in this manner, viz. Search being made after him, some few Sentinels were placed in divers places, and one of their muskets by accident went off, and the Town for the most part standing disaffected to the businesse, though no hurt was done by discharging the said Musquet, there presently arose a great Tumult, and they would rescue the prisoners, and many that could not handle their Arms or had none fell to plundering them that were well-affected in the Towne, so that much hurt was done. And notice whereof being given to a worthy Gentleman, and a Justice of Peace, he with his Sonne came and endeavoured to appease the said combustion, speaking fairly to the Malignants and told them that if they would rest satisfied, they should not suffer or be questioned for what was past: but such was the malice and wickednesse of some of those persons, that they killed his Son, and shot him through the neck, giving him some other wounds, whereof he is unlikely to recover, but at last three or foure hundred Dragooners coming from Northampton soone allayed the Tumult, and have taken many of the chiefe Agents therein, And it is informed that about 26. were slain on both sides. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

That envious man the Divill, soweth every where his tares amongst the good wheate, which appeared lately at Wellingborow in Northampton-shire; for the Malignants in that Town, (without any cause given) became so desperately mad, that they rose up against the good people amongst them, and plundered them of all their substance; these sent Messengers to Northampton to informe them of their losses, and desired them to send some aid to relieve them and to help them recover their goods; whereupon that Towne sent out Captaine Sawyer with some considerable forces, who being approached to Wellingborow, was resisted by the Malignants and shot at, but notwithstanding they forced their way, got into the Town, and have plundered all the Malignants, so that there is not a man of either side, but hath bin ransacked and pillaged: Captaine Sawyer expressing his valour and forwardnesse somewhat too much was shot and is sorely wounded.¹ || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

¹ A report from Northampton in late January 1643 states that Sawyer had died.