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Archive for February, 2013|Monthly archive page

Minor skirmish at Tarporley, Cheshire

In Cheshire on February 28 at 11:44 pm

28 February 1642/3 (Tue) ||  There came letters this day from Cheshire intimateing that there hath lately beene some bickering at a Towne called Taperly [Tarporley] in the way from Nantwich to Chester where the Lord Chomley and Sir Thomas Aston had thought to have defeated a party of the Parliaments forces, but they by their Scouts having gotten timely intelligence, both of their strength and where they waited for them, they sent to Beston [Beeston] Castle where two hundred were in Garrison to intreat their assistance against the Cavaliers which they performed with cheerefullnesse, and notwithstanding that the enemie gott notice of it, and so fell upon them devided, yet they quitted themselves valiantly, had onely one Ancient [ensign] slaine, and one hurt, but killed seaven of the Cavalliers besides, what they hurt they knew not, they made so hastie a retreate, before their other friends could come to joyne with them, who till they saw then, feared they beene all cutt off, the Cavalliers had such odds.¹ || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

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¹ This report is almost identical to one in the Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer the previous week. It is unusual for Pecke to plagiarise other editors; possibly the report was printed elsewhere word for word, and both Collings and Pecke used it in their own newsbooks.

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Sir William Russell allegedly tyrannises Worcester & Tewkesbury

In Gloucestershire, Worcestershire on February 27 at 10:00 pm

27 February 1642/3 (Mon) || Out of Worcestershire it is informed, that the King hath made Sir William Russell High Sheriffe of that County, and Governor of the City of Worcester, by force whereof he Tyranniseth with such insolency, that he hath deprived the Major of his Authority and government, and made him a meere cypher, he hath Violated the Ancient Charters and Priviledges of that City, and like an absolute Conqueror, he hath imposed an arbitrary and illegall tribute and monethly Taxe of 3000 li. upon that County, and with rigour and severity compelleth the Inhabitants to make strict and exact payment there, whereby the City and whole County of Worcester is utterly disabled, to yeeld the weekely contribution of 566. poundes 13 shillings, lately ordered by the Parliament, to be paid by them for the supporting of their Army, unlesse he be driven from thence by force and armes, which is not likely to be effected yet, because the Parliament hath no forces, nor any considerable partie in that County, the most part of the Inhabitants thereof being disaffected Malevolents , who, as it seemeth by their ready complyance with the Cavaliers, ardently desire to grone under the yoke of their bondage.

And it is further Informed from thence, that the said Sir William Russell dealt most perfidiously with Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, for he promised the Inhabitants thereof, that if they would peaceably admit him into their towne, that he would not injure or damnifie any of them which they granted upon those conditions: and hee was no sooner gotten in, but presently he began to search for armes, and finding none, in an Imperious manner he menaced to pillage them if they would not discover where they were hidden, the Townsmen submisly and truly answered, that the Souldiers which were lately departed from thence to Gloucester, had taken them all along with them, whereat he grew inraged, and imposed a fine of 3000. li. upon them for suffering their armes to be carried away: ut canem cedas facile invenies baculum, he had an intent to get their monyes from them, and made that a colour for it, which they could not remedy. In his words, he professeth himselfe to be a Protestant, but all his Councell of warre are known to be strong Papists, whose irrefragable¹ Principle is not to keepe promise with those whom they may terme Hereticks. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ indisputable, incontestable

Parliamentarians reportedly ransack property at Selston, Notts

In Nottinghamshire on February 26 at 9:30 am

Sunday 26 February 1642/3 || There came also this day out of Nottinghamshire advertisements of the many severall and unspeakable outrages committed on the Kings good subjects of that County, not onely by permission but by appointment of the committee, which doth there reside. And in particular that Captaine White being himselfe one of the Committee came with a band of 400 Souldiers on munday Feb 6. to the house of one M. Pusay at Selstone (a Gentleman of 80 yeeres and upwardes) and about seven of the clocke in the morning gave an assalt upon the same: that finding greater opopsition there then they did expect (the servants being loth to desert their Master) they set fire on his barnes and out-houses amounting unto 20 bayes of building, or thereabouts, being stored with hay, corne, and such like provisions; that the fire beginning to endanger the dwelling house, they came at last unto a parley, the captaines promising and protesting that if the house were yeelded to them they would not seize on any mans person, nor any of the goods, except Armour onely, which they pretended for the onely cayse of their comming thither: that when they had obtained their entrance, contrary to their promise and protestation they seized on the old Gentleman’s person (shewing a Warrant from the Committee so to doe) and on the persons of divers of others in the house; saying they did the Gentleman a courtesie that they did not hang him presently: and finally, that though the old Gentleman had escaped their hands by a speciall accident, yet certaine of the family were had to Nottingham, and there put into the Common Gaole, And it is valued in that letter that the plunder of the goods which they tooke away (amongst which there were 16 horses) together with the spoile which was made by fire, amounted to no lesse then 2000.l. By which, and such like instances before produced, the Subjects of this Kingdome may perceive (if they be not blind) how little there is left of that propriety and liberty they were borne unto; and for the maintenance whereof they are and have beene told so often that these warres are raised against His Majesty. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Queen has reportedly returned to England

In North East on February 25 at 9:30 am

25 February 1642/3 (Sat) || By letters from Amsterdam it is for certaine informed that the Queen tooke shipping for England above a week since, and that it is confidently beleived she is before this time landed in some part of this Kingdome.

It being also further certified by Letters from Newcastle that she landed this weeke at a place called Sunderland, some twelve miles from Newcastle (but others say at Scarborough) and that she hath brought a wondrous great quantity of all sorts of provisions, men moneys and ammunition from Holland, and that she is preparing to set up her Standard and intends very suddenly to advance withall her forces and provisions towards Yorke, to joyne with the Earle of Newcastles Popish army, general K. being also designed to meet her (as it is reported) with a part of the forces in Yorke, but the certaine truth of these particulars, will be more fully informed by the Post letters from Yorke on Munday. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Reports of second skirmish at Modbury in Devon

In Devon on February 24 at 10:48 pm

24 February 1642/3 (Fri) || Letter from Plimouth, 24. Febr. – Our forces long expected came to Maudbury, where they met the Cornish Cavaliers, being 1500 some say more; they had strongly there fortified themselves, besides those that Sir Ralph Hopton had here at Stoke, and Sir Bevill Preenfeild [Grenvile] at Plympton, which environed us. But it pleased God after a long and violent skirmish, to give our forces the victory.¹ The time of fight continued from 12. at noon on Tuesday last, untill an houre before the next day, at which time the cavaliers fled discomforted, Sir Nic. Slauning [Slanning] basely before forsaking them, and came to Plympton in such feare, as when he came ther all his parts fell ashevering, and he went thence to Stoke to Sir Ralph Hopton, who went from his Leaguer at Stoke also so dismayed as he and all his fled, leaving the victuals (which were neer ready drest) behind them; their Souldiers at Plymton went thence, and would yeeld no obedience to their Commanders, so far as to stand and go in a body together thence. Our forces pursued them not as they could have done us, but such terror were they and the rest possessed with, that they left great store of Arms behind them, both at Maudbury, and on their way farre more then were lost at Liscard. And now our forces some being come hither, I mean those that went home from Maudbury, went out this afternoon and met on this side Saltash passages with some of the Cavaliers, and brought them in being 7. of them, amongst whom was Nevel Blight, one of the carriers of the Cornish Petition formerly sent to his Majestie, one of the causers (as is known) of these Westerne divisions.

Another. Plimouth 24. Febr. – Our forces fell on the Hoptonians at Maudbury on Tuesday last, from whence they fled next, day about 3. of the clock in the morning privately, leaving in the Town onely about 100. Dragoons to keep firing on our men whilest the rest ran away by the light, Some that were in the battell report that they tooke 500. arms, and 4. peeces of Ordnance; besides almost 1000. Arms more which they left behind them in the flight, that were taken up by the countrey people. The Cornish are so tyred with the tyrannous taxations of that Sir sheep-stealer, Sir Ralph Hopton, that tis thought they will never be gathered into a body again. On Munday nexy, our forces which are now at Plymton (consisting of about 100. horse and foot) will advance towards Cornwell. The Lord of Stamford is 1000 strong, as appeared at his Muster after the defeat near Maudbury. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

The Devonshire Clubmen, to the number of about nine thousand came towards Plymouth to joyne with the Parliaments forces against the Hoptonians, and by the way on Tuesday last fell upon Modbury, where the enemies most considerable forces lay strongly intrenched to the number of fifteene hundred or sixteene hundred commanded by Sir Nicholas Slany [Slanning] in cheife, with whom they incountered about 3 a Clock in the afternoone and continued in Hot fight all the next morning, in which time the Cornish Cavaliers lost a 100. men, and had twice as many wounded, and then forsook their works, leaving behind them five peeces of Ordnance and about 1100 muskets, they tooke about 70. foot, and 40. horse the same day. In the afternoone the Earle of Stamford fell upon the Lord Hoptons quarters before Plimouth, and forced him to forsake them, who drawing his forces into a body in open field next morning with intention to give battell had newes brought him of the great defeate given to Sir Nicholas Slany and the residue of the forces at Modbury, by Sir Nicholas himself, who very valiantly, or rather basely left his forces and took flight whereupon he altered his resolution from a battle to a retreate, and that in such hast, that he left one of his greatest pieces of Ordnance that he had in his army behind him. The Lord Stamford marched the next day to Modbury, joyned his forces with the rest of the Devonshire men there, and are now upon pursuit of the Cavaliers into Cornewall. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

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¹ The skirmish had occurred three days previously, on 21 February.

Parliament receives contradictory letters from Plymouth

In Devon on February 23 at 10:00 am

23 February 1642/3 (Thu) || It was certified by Letters brought this day from London, that upon Thursday last in the House of Commons, Master Pym produced a Letter sent to him from Plimmouth, informing him with what undaunted resolution they did intend to stand to the Earle of Stamford in the service of the King and Parliament; and that all manner of provisions were so plentifull, that they were able to hold out for a yeare longer. This Letter Master Pym moved to have printed, and as the House was about to order it should be so, another of the Members desired that a Letter sent to him of the same date also might be first read: in which was signified, that Sir Ralph Hopton had lately taken a ship at Falmouth barre for Plymmouth, in which was one thousand pounds worth of Wheate and other Corne, and that they were so streightly besieged by the Kings Forces, that they could have no reliefe by land; besides the great want they were in for money. Upon the reading of which Letter, the printing of that, sent to Master Pym, was staid for that time. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Speculation over Hopton’s activities in the West

In Devon on February 22 at 11:15 pm

22 February 1642/3 (Wed) || Out of Devonshire there is but little certaine intelligence, especially from about Plymouth, because the Lord Hoptons forces do interrupt the passage, but thus much is received for truth that the Countrey are come in very strongly to the number of 12 or 13. thousand against the Lord Hopton, That there hath been some skirmishing lately between the Hoptonians and the Devonists, but no certainly what losse was on either side: I have seen a letter very lately which [came] from Excester, confirming the relation concerning the plot which was layd with the Canoneer to betray the towne of Plymouth, but because it is already in effect printed, I shal forbear to make any more mention thereof. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

From the West, Intelligence is small, in regard Sir Ralph Hoptons Forces are between this and Plimouth, so that Letters cannot come safe by Land, they therefore send by Sea, which causeth late Intelligence: Sir Ralph Hopton, who (for ought I can heare is sound of both Armes) before his attempt to take in one of the outworkes neere unto Plimouth, went to prayers, with others of his Commanders, that they might have a good successe: and on their knees in Glasses of Sack, used such expressions as are not fit to be mentioned, as some present at the time have exactly informed to persons of credit in those parts, who have certified the same hither. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

There is great talke that Sir Ralph Hopton hath in an Encounter slaine divers Devonshire-men, but of that there is no certainty. The siege of Plimouth continues, they are within the Towne neere three thousand fighting men, unanimous provided for a good time. Severall other Letters from the West mention that Sir Ralph Hopton and Sir Bevill Grinfield declared, that before such a day they would be with the Mayor of Plimouth at dinner; a Minister being with them, said, they should doe well to say, if it please God, and to pray that it might be so, pray (said they) yes, that they shall see, and thereupon dranke to the destruction of the Parliament, all Round-heads, and Pyms God. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Stafford sieged

In Staffordshire on February 21 at 11:23 pm

21 February 1642/3 (Tue) || From Stafford the newes is, that the Grand Juryman with his Souldiers, had a parley with the high Sheriffe, and it was agreed that the Sheriffe with his Cavaliers should depart the Towne of Stafford by a day limitted, which he not performing accordingly, the Grand Juryman with about seven hundred, came before the Towne againe, and beleaguered it, and sent to Sir John Gell to furnish him with a piece of Ordnance, who returned answer, that if he would send a Convoy of an hundred men to fetch and safeguard it, he would keep those hundred raw, and unexperienced Souldiers, and send two hundred of his owne disciplined Souldiers backe to him in their stead, with a piece of Ordnance: the Grand Juryman sent his men, in the interim Master Henry Hastings having got intelligence hereof, advanced with 500. horse and Dragooneers to Leichfield, purposely to intercept the piece of Ordnance, and defeate the Convoy, but timely notice being given to the Grand Jury man thereof, he sent to make some stay as yet of the Convoy; withall hee hath sent to Sir William Brereton for his assistance, who hath promised to furnish him with 4 or 500. horse: so that by the next Post wee have much expectation to heare of the successe, which till then is not likely to be knowne. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

It is certain that the Cavaliers do still remaine in Stafford, though they are not of any considerable strength, but having gotten the advantage of such a hold, and none of the Parliament forces there to assist the well-affected people in that County, they cannot as yet drive them from thence, but they have beleagured the towne, and sent for some more aide to come to them, which if there do any come, they are very likely to quit the town of them quickly: some of Sir Francis Wortleys souldiers would lately have sallyed out, but were met withall by the way and 25 of them killed. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

They write out of Stafford-shire, that one man of low qualitie hath raised sixtie men, and with them blockt up Stafford, and slaine 26. of Sir Francis Wortleys men, that came out of that Towne. Its hoped the Lord Brooke will be there in few dayes, and turne the seales in those parts, being now at Northampton, where he expects his Officers being in all 200. at least. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Lincolnshire Royalist gentry allegedly ready to desert the King

In Lincolnshire on February 20 at 10:50 pm

20 February 1642/3 || They write out of Lincolneshire, that that Countie begins to be discouraged and complaine, that some body is come amongst them from about London, that hath so busled among the Lords and gentlemen, that divers of them are thinking how to sit downe and save themselves, who but a few weekes since, to the number of neere ten thousand men, would have chearfully gone together against a common Enemy. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Earl of Newcastle refuses Derbyshire petition

In Derbyshire on February 20 at 7:00 pm

20 February 1642/3 (Mon) || They write out of Darbie-shire, that the Countrey sent a Petition to the Lord of New Castle, to intreat that free passage might be permitted for some port of Tinne and Lead, and because the Gentleman that went (though no friend to the Parliament) might passe the safer, he took a Papist along with him, the better to ingratiate himselfe with my Lord, and to passe safely; when he came and delivered his Petition, the Earle anwered he could not grant it, because it would be good to Chesterfield, Sheffeild, and other Townes that were friends to the Parliament; The Petitioner replyed, that if the Miners were hindred of their worke, they would plunder the County; and let them, said the Lord New-Castle, and I will come and helpe them, and powre boyling oyle upon the rich Churles, to make them confesse where their money is. This County that was as unanimously right for the Parliament, as any in England, for want of heads, and incouragement, is much declined. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)