Tyger's Head Books

Archive for March, 2013|Monthly archive page

“Popish” items from Somerset House burned

In London on March 31 at 6:30 pm

31 Mar 1643 (Fri) || This day, the Images and Popish pictures that were found in Somersethouse and the Chappell thereof, were all burnt and utterly destroyed, together with all the Jesuiticall papers and bookes that could be found there, and the costly hangings in the Chappell were also totally defaced and spoiled, to the end that no signe or character of Popery might remaine there. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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More details emerge of Lord Herbert’s defeat

In Gloucestershire on March 31 at 3:30 pm

31 Mar 1643 (Fri) || This day, further Informations came out of Gloucestershire, concerning the defeat given to the Lord Herberts Welsh Army that besieged the City of Gloucester, as namely, that Sir William Waller tooke about 1300. of them prisoners, slew neere 600. of them, and that he tooke 5. peeces of Ordnance, 6. Troopes of brave horse, whereof one Troope consisted of as goodly horses as England could afford, and that he tooke also about 1500, Armes, the most of their Muskets being neere upon a foot longer, then all ordinary Muskets are, that amongst the Welsh were found many women, which had knives half a yard long, to effect some notable Massacres with them, and that Sir William waller put all his prisoners into one of the Churches in Gloucester, amongst whom there were many men of good note and quality, all which prisoners he intended to feed only with bread and water, and to afford them no better usage then the Parliaments party have received at Oxford, since their imprisonments in that place. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Waller defeats Lord Herbert’s Welsh army near Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on March 30 at 3:24 pm

30 Mar 1643 (Thu) || The newes from Gloucester, was this day related in this manner, that Sir William Waller left Malmesbury in Wiltshire, after he had taken it, (since which time it is said to be retaken by the Kings forces, because there was no strength left there to defend it against them, Sir Edward Hungerford and his small forces, being unable to make any considerable opposition) and though Sir William made shew of falling upon Cirencester, the more to amuze and detaine the Cavaliers there to defend it, yet he left that Towne, and marched directly toward Gloucester, where Boats were ready to convey him and his Army over the River of Severne, into the Forrest of Deane, and being got over the River, he wheeled about, and came upon the Reare of the Lord Herberts Welsh Army, that have a long while besieged that City on the West side of it; the Garrison in Gloucester being appointed to sally out, and to fall upon the front of them, so that betweene both, the miserable seduced Welshmen were taken in a royle, and cut off without any great resistance, there were betweene foure and five hundred of them slaine upon the place, a thousand of them taken prisoners, with all their Ordnance, Ammunition and Baggage, and the residue of them routed and defeated, by which meanes the City of Gloucester is now freed from their siege. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus alleges Parliamentarian command increasingly fearful

In London on March 29 at 10:15 am

29 Mar 1643 (Wed) || It is certified by Letters of this day, that upon these and others of their feares and jealousies, some of the principall sticklers in this sedition, are preparing to be gone to some other Country, where they may be secure from the feare of punishment: and in particular, that Sergeant Major Skippon hath already sent away his wife and children; & that foure of the most factious Ministers (whereof Downing is affirmed to be one) are making ready for New-England. As also, that for feare those fortifications which they have beene so long providing, to their infinite charge, should not be serviceable enough to preserve their Citie, especially from being set on fire, if the Kings Army should approach; Mainwaring and Fulke, and others of the side are taking order to slight them, and lay them flat; and in the steads thereof, to raise new workes at Islington, and places of a further distance. And that the better to defend themselves from the danger of fire, by casting in Granadoes, which they greatly feare, they have made many water-engines to be set up in severall places of the Citie, to cast water on the same, and quench it; and provided many leather buckets for that purpose also. And yet when all is done, they have an enemie within, whom they can never keepe off by their out-workes, nor quench heats thereof by any of their water-engines; which is the flames and terrours of a guilty conscience, against which there is no prevailing by these outward meanes. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Royalist ships captured near Newcastle

In North East on March 28 at 3:15 pm

28 Mar 1643 (Tue) || From Sea it is informed, that Captaine Browne-Bushell, with his foure ships that lie at Tinmouth Haven to guard the Passage into Newcastle, against all Forraine Enemies and supplies, hath taken 3. ships, two whereof were come out of Newcastle with armes and other Provisions, and were bound for Falmouth, to carry them to the Lord Hopton and the Cornish Cavaliers, the third ship was come from Holland, and had divers thousands of muskets in her, which are claimed here by Master Johnson the Scottish Agent, as armes brought for the Scots, which had been promised them by the Parliament, for the Armes which the Scottish Souldiers carried with them out of Scotland into Ireland, when they went thither under the Conduct of Colonell Monroe. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

A summary of the military situation in Yorkshire

In Yorkshire on March 27 at 11:01 am

27 Mar 1643 (Mon) || Out of Yorkeshire it is informed, that the Earle of Newcastle hath (as it is conjectured by some that have beene at Yorke) neere 10000. men, the greater part of them being unarmed, and they are such as were forced to come to him out of the East and North Ridings, where his partie forcibly take horse, as well as men. The said Earle hath Stamford-Bridge, which Towne he hath well manned, he hath also New-Malton, and Birdlington [sic], where the Queene landed; in both which he hath Garrisons of Souldiers, onely Sir Hugh Cholmeley keepeth Scarborough, against whom the Earle hath sent some of his forces to drive him from thence, but Sir Hugh is strong enough there to defend himselfe. At Pontefract the Earle hath 160. Souldiers, who keepe the Castle there; but Sir William Fairefaxe went thither with seven Colours, and a Troope of Horse to force it, hee hath cut off the fresh water from the said Castle, and taken away the chaine and posts that were set up to defend that Towne.

As for the Lord Fairefaxe, he Quarters at Selby and Cawood Castle, with 3000. men; at Tadcaster he hath 1500. Souldiers to guard that Towne against all excursions from Yorke. At Leedes he hath a thousand armed men to defend that place; at Ferrybrigge he hath two Companies of foote; at Bradforth and Hallifaxe lie three hundred of his Souldiers to secure those places: at Sheafield he hath a thousand lusty men, and at Wakefield those forces were Quartered, that went with Sir William Fairefaxe to reduce Pontefract Castle and he hath as many Clubmen in the West Riding as can be desired. This is an exact account of the present forces on both sides in the County of Yorke. But withall, it is lately rumored, that many Protestants of the East and North Ridings, have deserted the Earles partie there, because the Queene would have a new Popish Standard carried in the front of the Army, which they utterly disliking, because all Papall power hath long since been banished out of this Kingdome by sundry Acts of Parliament, are fallen off from her cause, and either retired to their homes, or to the Lord Fairefaxe. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Hugh Cholmeley defects to the King

In Yorkshire on March 26 at 8:40 pm

Sunday 26 Mar 1643 || There is a common rumour about the Town that Sir Hugh Cholmley (who hath done very good service for the King and Parliament) is revolted to the Popish Army in Yorkeshire, but because there is no certaine newes come to that purpose as yet out of that County there is no credit to be given thereunto, for the intelligencer cannot believe that a Gentleman of his worth and having continued so long constant to the cause, should at this time (when it appears plainly that the mayn holders of this warre are the Papists) desert the cause … || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

This day the news of Sir Hugh Cholmley’s coming over to His Majesty, received both confirmation and addition: for besides that, it was certainly assured, that he was come unto the Earle of Newcastle, accompanied with 80. horse, and 400 foote, well armed and appointed for present service; and had delivered up the Towne and Castle of Scarborough: it was affirmed also that the whole body of the Rebels under the conduct of the Lord Fairefax and the two Hothams, whereof such formidable tales are told in the London Newesbookes, exceeded not above 4000 men, and those so terribly discouraged for want of pay (which is full 13 weeks behind,) and by the ill successe of their undertakings, in which they never had good luck, that of Leedes excepted, that they are not likely to be any hinderance to my Lord of Newcastles proceedings. Which weaknes and indisposition of the Rebels, as it is very increased by the returne of Sir Hugh Cholmley unto his duty and obedience, not so much in regard of the men and Armes which he brought with him, as in respect of his authority in that County, and his being privy to the Counsells and designes of the chiefe Actors in this Rebellion, (besides the dangerousnesse of the example) so are their hopes growne desperate of supplies from London. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Success of treaty as yet uncertain

In Uncategorized on March 26 at 1:28 pm

Sunday 26 Mar 1643|| It is conceived that if the Treaty take not effect, there will be some great action very shortly, for the Parliaments forces that were on this side Oxford being advanced neere thereunto and Sir William Waller as it is informed having taken Ciciter [Cirencester], and made two Allarams to Oxford, it is thought they will keep Prince Rupert in imployment; but I beseech God that we may have a happy accommodation without the shedding of more blood: we doubt not but the next weeke will produce some good news of further hopes of peace, if the Cavaleers are not too prevalent to crosse the Treaty as they did the Cessation. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Parliament abandons recently-taken Malmesbury

In Gloucestershire on March 25 at 11:49 pm

25 Mar 1643 (Sat) || This evening also more certaine and expresse newes of Malmesbury came to Court viz. That a party of horse being sent out from [Royalist held] Cyrencester to discover how business stood at Malmesbury, the Rebels supposing that Prince Rupert was coming on with his whole body of horse, ran away from the towne in such feare and distraction that they left behind them eleven Colours, eight peeces of Ordnance, with a great deale of other ammunition, their new Governour of the Towne, his Lieutenant Colonel, with 4 or 500 souldiers being all taken prisoners, for as soone as they saw His Majesties forces coming, their men ran away and would not be drawne to fight; onely they made sure to take with them Colonel Lunsford, as having had late experience how able he was to do them mischiefe on any good opportunity. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus rubbishes claims of panic in Oxford, on the Earl of Essex’s approach

In Oxford on March 25 at 3:48 pm

25 Mar 1643 (Sat) || There came this weeke to towne one of the London Newes-bookes, wherein it is affirmed that on the noise of the Earle of Essex his approach towards Oxon on Sunday sevennight, the whole City was infinitely astonished, and the Ladies and Gentlemen so affrighted, that they knew not where to bestow themselves, insomuch that it was conceived, that if the Lord Generalls forces had approached the City the inhabitants thereof had totally deserted it. But had the foolish fellow seen with what contempt and indignation the tidings of his coming was received by all sorts of people, he would have found that they were onely sorry that he came no neerer, and staied no longer where he was. And for the Gentlewomen and the Ladies they bid mee say, they have heard too much of his excellency to be affraid of him.¹ || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹
This last comment sounds suspiciously like a highly personal slight on the Earl of Essex, whose early marriage to Francis Howard was famously dissolved in 1613 after she claimed that he was unable to consummate their marriage.