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Archive for April, 2013|Monthly archive page

Rumours that Reading’s surrender due to treachery

In Berkshire on April 29 at 11:27 am

29 Apr 1643 (Sat) || There had beene a muttering in the Towne ever since the yeilding up of Reading, that there was treachery in the businesse, and the Garrison souldiers that were in Reading say openly in the streets here, that they were all betrayd. And this morning His Majesty sitting personally in his Councell of Warre caused some to be brought before him who were suspected and accused for betraying the Towne, who (upon examination) were committed into custody, but ’tis very likely you will heare more of it in the next weeke of this Mercurius. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Some Report from the campe at Redding, that Sir Arthur Aston the late Governour there, was slaine and Interred in the Towne, others say, that he was carried from thence in a Horse Litter grievously wounded, when the Towne was surrendred, and his Army marched away, but the truth of either will shortly appeare. And some that, that a great Cavalier Commander was slaine at the late Battell at Caversham Bridge, who was carried from thence in the Kings owne Coach, which was purposely sent for him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliamentarians attempt to recover Lichfield

In Staffordshire on April 28 at 6:31 pm

28 Apr 1643 (Fri) || Out of Warwickshire it is certified, that the Lord Grey of Groby, sonne to the Earle of Stamford, Sir John Gell of Derby, and the Valiant souldiers that so bravely defended the Close at Liechfield, against Prince Rupert and his Army, together with the help of the Coventry men, have againe besieged the Close at Liechfield, thereby taking the fittest opportunity to recover it again before it be thoroughly manned, victualled, and provided with Ammunition by the enemy, for Prince Rupert left but a few men in it, whom he could spare but a small quantity of Gunpowder, because he had spent the greatest part of his store upon battering and blowing up of the walls thereof. And for this day or two it hath been reported, that it is regained by the aforesaid assailants, which if it be true, will free the Counties of Stafford, Warwicke, Derby, Leicester, and the adjacent parts from the annoyance of those that nestled in it. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Reading surrendered to the Earl of Essex

In Berkshire on April 26 at 10:25 pm

26 Apr 1643 (Wed) || This day began with the newes that His Majesties Forces had relieved Reading, and put into the same 16 barrels of powder, though not without losse of some men on His Majesties side: and that the siege might either have been raised, or else some notable blow been given to the besiegers, but that the Garrison not having any good intelligence of His Majesties purposes, and finding that their store of powder would not long hold out, were at the same time in a Parley with the Enemy, and in that respect could not second the designe with the Garrison soldiers from the Towne as it was expected. And the same day newes came that this releife had put the Towne into so good condition, that though it could not inable them for a long defence, without more supplies: yet it had gained farre better termes for the surrendrie of the place, then had else been granted: both parties gaving concluded and signed these following Articles, viz.

I. That the Governour, Commanders, and souldiers both horse and foot may march out with Flying Colours, Armes, & 4 peeces of Ordinance, Ammunition, bag and baggage, light Match, bullet in Mouth, drum beating, and Trumpet sounding.
2. That they may have free passage to His Majesties City of Oxford without interruption of any of the Forces under the Command of his Excellencie the Earle of Essex, provided the said Governour, Commanders and souldiers use no hostility untill they come to Oxford.
3. That what persons soever are accidentallie come to this Towne and shut up by the Seige may have like Libertie to passe without interruption, such persons only excepted as have run away from the Army under the Command of the Earle of Essex.
4. That they may have 50 Carriages for Baggage, Sicke, and hurt men.
5. That the Inhabitants of the Towne of Reading may not be prejudiced in their estates or persons, either by Plundering or imprisonment: And that those who will leave the Towne may have free leave and passage safely to go to what place they will with their goods within the space of six weekes after the surrender of the said Towne.
6. That the Garrison of Reading shall quit the said Towne by twelve of the Clocke to morrow morning, and that the Earle of Essex provide a guard for the security of the Garrison souldiers when they begin to march.

It is conceived the gaining of this empty towne, and the removing of the Garrison but a fortnight sooner then was intended by His Majesty (for no more was done) hath cost his Excellencie very many of his men, which have beene either killed by the defendants, or perished by sicknesse and diseases, or made unserviceable by their wounds, or else were runne away to avoid those dangers. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliamentarian force attacks Sherborne

In Dorset on April 24 at 12:52 pm

24 Apr 1643 (Mon) || From Yewill [Yeovil] in the County of Somerset, it is by a Letter Informed, that Captaine Owland with his Company of Dragooneers, and Captaine Langridge with his Troop of Horse, advanced from thence, and came to Sherborn in Dorsetshire, about nine of the clocke at night, where they met with much opposition, the Townesmen discharged their Muskets upon them, and came out with their Halberds, Clubs, Clevers, and Chopping Knives, and resisted them with all their power, and that they killed dead upon the place, Master Hugh Popham, one of Sir Francis Pophams sonnes, but Colonell Popham his brother behaved himself bravely, and came off safe; Captaine Owland lost a brave Gentleman there who was one of his Company, for one of his souldiers heard him to give a great groane when he was knockt downe, since which time he never saw him, nor heard of him, and the said Captaine had five or sixe more of his souldiers shot and slightly wounded, and Captaine Langridge had some foure of his Troopers wounded also: the Captaine supposeth, that they killed some twenty of the Townsmen, and they burned three of their Houses downe to the ground, and ere they left them, they marched horse and foot through every street of the Towne, and beat the Townesmen into their houses, that not a man of them durst show their Noses, and if they had not beene the more mercifull unto them, they had fired the Towne about their eares, according as they deserved, but (as the Captaine writeth) they came to protect them, and not to ruinate and destroy them, and he saith, that they intend to be with them againe ere they aware, and that their souldiers long for the houre, that they may be avenged for the death of master Hugh Popham. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Arms supplies arrive safely in Reading

In Berkshire on April 23 at 4:50 pm

Sunday 23 Apr 1643 || It was advertised this day, that the Rebels lying before Reading, having notice (as they have very good intelligence) of certaine provisions of powder and Ammunition, which were sent from Oxford by His Majesty to be conveyed into the Towne, had so filled up the waies with their Troopes of Horse, and lined the hedges on both sides (where they were to passe) with their musketeers, that His Majesties Forces sent along for the convoy of it, had almost fallen into the danger ere they were aware: that they possibly might have received some notable losse, but that the most noble and valiant Earle of Carnarvon with some Troopes of Horse faced a whole Regiment of the Rebels, and made a stand untill His Majesties Foote with the Ammunition, were got off in safety.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonel Lambourne sieges Earl of Cumberland’s property

In Yorkshire on April 22 at 8:44 pm

22 Apr 1643 (Sat) ||  Out of Yorkeshire it is informed, that one Colonell Lambourn, with some 1200. men besieged the Earle of Cumberlands house at Skipton in Craven, whereupon the Earle desired the Earle of Newcastle to send a Regiment of souldiers thither to raise the siege and free his house, which the Earle of Newcastle refused to do alleadging that he could not spare them from his present service; yet the Earle of Cumberland suing to the Queene, at length with much adoe obtayned a Regiment, and sent them to raise the siege, whereof Colonell Lambourn being advertised, he immediately left the siege, and meeting them upon the way, he encountred them, and utterly routed them, making them flie with shame and losse back again to their Quarter.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Prince Rupert takes Cathedral Close at Lichfield

In Staffordshire on April 22 at 4:40 pm

22 Apr 1643 (Sat) || This day came newes by an Expresse, that Prince Rupert had take the Close at Lichfield: the particulars these: On Thursday last he sprung his mine, and made a reasonable breach, and therewith all have order, that whilst some of his souldiers did assault the Breach, others should at the same time, in another place, attempt the scaling of the walls: but the Scalado failing, and the service at the Breach being very hot, his Highnesse also having beene much pressed by severall letters to returne with speed unto the Court, he was content to give the defendants such conditions, as had not otherwise been granted; viz., that Lieutenant Collonell Russell who commanded in chiefe within the close, on the surrendrie of the same by ten of the Clocke the morrow after April 21. should depart thence with 80 horse, with men upon them, and armes belonging to the horsemen, as also with 80 muskets, and Colours flying, all other persons being permitted to goe where they pleased; that for their safe conveyance thence, the Prince should give them a free passe, and furnish them with eleven Carts to carry away such goods as did belong to any of the Officers and souldiers, with themselves to the City of Coventry, and that all Prisoners taken on each side within the County of Stafford, since the Lord Brooke came into the Countrie, should be immediately released. According unto which agreement the Close was yeilded up on Friday, April 21. together with the Ordinance and Ammunition, all sorts of Armes except the horsemens Armes and muskets before mentioned, and all such treasure which had beene formerly conveyed in thither, and did not properly and of right belong to the Souldiers there: all which was to be left by the said Agreement to the disposing of the Victor. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Sussex villagers refuse to pay Parliamentarian assessment

In Sussex on April 21 at 6:13 pm

21 Apr 1643 (Fri) || Out of the County of Sussex it is informed, that at Pulborow, a Village in that shire, a Company of Malevolents were gathered together, who stood upon their guard, and refused to pay the weekly Assessments for the maintenance of the Parliaments Army, and they had elected one Master Bishop, brother unto Sir Edward Bishop to be their Captaine, and they much sleighted Collonell Stapelyes, and Collonell Morleyes Troopes of Horse, threatning, that if they durst come amongst them, they would send them packing without their horses and Armes, but when it came to the upshot, and that the horse appeared indeed before them, they were glad to submit, and disband themselves. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Further action at Reading

In Berkshire on April 21 at 3:10 pm

21 Apr 1643 (Fri) || This day came Letters from Sir Arthur Aston from Reading wherein he sayes that he got a blow on his head by the fall of a tyle from the top of an house, but not dangous neither disabling him from performance of the present service. John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn

It was also certified thence that the Rebels in their severall approaches and assaults upon the Town had lost 1000 of their men (by their own confession) since the first beginning of the seidge besides 500 at the lease which were runn away; Sir Edward Peytow (who held Warwicke Castle against the King) and Dalbier a German Engineere being both slaine: which as it was the morning newes, so was it much increased at night by a report of a farre greater losse, which they sustaind this very day, giving the Towne a generall assault on all parts at once, and being as generally repulsed and beaten, to their extreme losse, and with very little losse of His Majesties soldiers, of which there have not been above 20 killed since the siege began. And thus much for a proofe of their ill successe, is advertised from London, that whereas it had been resolved to set forth a Declaration of their proceedings in the late Treaty with His Majesty, and so to Order and contrive the same, as to lay the breach upon the King; the publishing of the same is now suspended, by reason that they have not had so good successe at Reading, as they did presume on, and they begin to thinke upon an Answer to His Majesties Messages, and so to keepe the Treaty still in agitation.

The Reader is to be advertised that whereas the Rebels had procured the two greatest peeces of Ordinance in the Tower of London which they called roaring Megs, to be brought to Reading, for the easier battering of the Towne; one of them was discharged so often, that it had no leisure to coole, and so broke in pieces killing the Canoneer, besides divers others. As also that His Majesties garrison at Malmesbury was to be removed this day, together with his Ordinance, Armes and Ammunition which belonged unto it for His Majesties present and more necessary service; as that of Cyrencester had beene some three daies before. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Skirmish narrowly avoided near Upton

In Gloucestershire on April 20 at 8:03 pm

20 Apr 1643 (Thu) || Sir Arthur Haslerigge, one of the Members of the House of Commons, is lately come hither from Tewkesbury, and he relateth, that Sir William Waller sent out a partee of Horse from thence to Upton, to make good the Bridge there against Prince Maurice and his Forces, but before their arrivall, hee was gotten over with his Army, whereby Sir Williams Horse were much distressed, being over-laid by a greater number, and endangered also by Ambuscadoes: yet it pleased God that they got off at the losse of ten or twelve of their men.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)