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Archive for April, 2013|Monthly archive page

Complaints at delay in giving Royalist lands to the Earl of Essex

In London on April 30 at 1:05 pm

Sunday 30 Apr 1643 || I was advertised from London, that a Letter was sent lately from the Earle of Essex to the House of Commons, complaining of the ill condition which they are in who serve the Parliament, in that they run the hazard both of life and fortunes, whilest the most notorious Malignants of the other side had their estates preserved, and their lifes secured: and that his meaning being understood by some sensible Members, a Conference was desired with the Lords about it, who upon hearing of the matter declared, that they knew no reason of the complaint, except it was in that they had not passed the Ordinance for setling the Lord Capels lands upon his Excellency, (which was indeed the very cause;) and that they had forborne it hitherto, in regard they thought he should have beene invested in it by some generall Ordinance, in which some other well-deserving Members were to be considered, and not by a particular one for that purpose only. To which it was rejoyned by the House of Commons, that they tooke the Lord Generall to be a publike person, and therefore did desire their Lordships to passe that Ordinance by it selfe with all speed convenient. It seemed his Excellency is in haste, and must needes have the skinne ere the beare be killed. || Peter Heyleyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Rumours that Reading’s surrender due to treachery

In Berkshire on April 29 at 11:27 am

29 Apr 1643 (Sat) || There had beene a muttering in the Towne ever since the yeilding up of Reading, that there was treachery in the businesse, and the Garrison souldiers that were in Reading say openly in the streets here, that they were all betrayd. And this morning His Majesty sitting personally in his Councell of Warre caused some to be brought before him who were suspected and accused for betraying the Towne, who (upon examination) were committed into custody, but ’tis very likely you will heare more of it in the next weeke of this Mercurius. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Some Report from the campe at Redding, that Sir Arthur Aston the late Governour there, was slaine and Interred in the Towne, others say, that he was carried from thence in a Horse Litter grievously wounded, when the Towne was surrendred, and his Army marched away, but the truth of either will shortly appeare. And some that, that a great Cavalier Commander was slaine at the late Battell at Caversham Bridge, who was carried from thence in the Kings owne Coach, which was purposely sent for him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Cromwell raids Peterborough Cathedral

In Cambridgeshire on April 28 at 10:23 pm

28 Apr 1643 (Fri) || It was advertised this day from Peterborough, that Colonell Cromwell had bestowed a visit on that little city, and put them to the charge of his entertainment, plundering a great part thereof to discharge the reckoning, and further that in pursuance of the thorow Reformation, he did most miserably deface the Cathedrall Church, breake downe the Organs, and destroy the glasse windowes, committing many other outrages on the house of God which were not acted by the Gothes in the sack of Rome, and are most commonly forborn by the Turks when they possesse themselves by force of a Christian city. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonell Cromwell since his departure from Cambridge, hath spent some time in the County of Huntington in collecting of monies, and gathering up men to encrease his Army, which having in some measure effected, he is departed from thence to Peterborough, where he doth the like, that thereby he may be the better enabled to resist the Newarke Cavaliers, who lately came down into those parts to plunder and pillage the Inhabitants thereabouts, but since his appearance there, they are vanished, and have betaken them to their shelters at Grantham and Belvoir Castle. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliamentarians attempt to recover Lichfield

In Staffordshire on April 28 at 6:31 pm

28 Apr 1643 (Fri) || Out of Warwickshire it is certified, that the Lord Grey of Groby, sonne to the Earle of Stamford, Sir John Gell of Derby, and the Valiant souldiers that so bravely defended the Close at Liechfield, against Prince Rupert and his Army, together with the help of the Coventry men, have againe besieged the Close at Liechfield, thereby taking the fittest opportunity to recover it again before it be thoroughly manned, victualled, and provided with Ammunition by the enemy, for Prince Rupert left but a few men in it, whom he could spare but a small quantity of Gunpowder, because he had spent the greatest part of his store upon battering and blowing up of the walls thereof. And for this day or two it hath been reported, that it is regained by the aforesaid assailants, which if it be true, will free the Counties of Stafford, Warwicke, Derby, Leicester, and the adjacent parts from the annoyance of those that nestled in it. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Essex’s troops break Reading surrender articles

In Berkshire on April 27 at 10:30 pm

27 Apr 1643 (Thu) || The greatest part of this present day was spent in expectation of the successe of Reading, in regard His Majestie finding some hesitation in the Earle of Essex, to make good the Articles of Agreement, had commanded some of his Forces, which had beene sent backe to Oxford, to returne unto him. But at the last newes came that the Towne was rendred, according to the Articles of Agreement on the part of His Majesties Souldiers, though most shamefully broken by those of the Earle of Essex, For after our two first Regiments were passed their Guards, the Rebels most perfidiously fell upon the rest (their Officers and Commanders looking on, and giving way unto it) plundered their Waggons, searched their pockets, tooke from them many of their weapons, and trusting to the proverbe that change was no robbery, would needs exchange both hats and cloakes with them, whether they would or not. Nor was it strange, or contrary to expectation and their usuall practice, that they who formerly had cancelled the bond of naturall alleageance to their Lord and King, should thinke themselves discharged from all obligations made to private men. And it is worth the observation, that when complaint hereof was made to the Commanders of the Rebels. as a manifest breach of the Agreement, answer was made, that they had two independent Regiments in their Army raised of Voluntiers, which would not enter into the action, but on this condition, that they should be under no command but of their owne immediate Officers; and therefore whatever injury had beene committed, it was done by those Voluntiers, and not in their power to remedy. A device full of impudence and basenesse, both to frustrate all contracts and agreements both now and hereafter, and yet to save themselves from the imputation of breaking Covenants; if men were all so dull and simple, as not to see through such poore disguises of their villanies. But to proceed, His Majesties Souldiers came at last to Wallingford in safety, the next day to Oxford; where, and in the Villages adjoyning, they were disposed of by His Majestie, to refresh themselves. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Reading surrendered to the Earl of Essex

In Berkshire on April 26 at 10:25 pm

26 Apr 1643 (Wed) || This day began with the newes that His Majesties Forces had relieved Reading, and put into the same 16 barrels of powder, though not without losse of some men on His Majesties side: and that the siege might either have been raised, or else some notable blow been given to the besiegers, but that the Garrison not having any good intelligence of His Majesties purposes, and finding that their store of powder would not long hold out, were at the same time in a Parley with the Enemy, and in that respect could not second the designe with the Garrison soldiers from the Towne as it was expected. And the same day newes came that this releife had put the Towne into so good condition, that though it could not inable them for a long defence, without more supplies: yet it had gained farre better termes for the surrendrie of the place, then had else been granted: both parties gaving concluded and signed these following Articles, viz.

I. That the Governour, Commanders, and souldiers both horse and foot may march out with Flying Colours, Armes, & 4 peeces of Ordinance, Ammunition, bag and baggage, light Match, bullet in Mouth, drum beating, and Trumpet sounding.
2. That they may have free passage to His Majesties City of Oxford without interruption of any of the Forces under the Command of his Excellencie the Earle of Essex, provided the said Governour, Commanders and souldiers use no hostility untill they come to Oxford.
3. That what persons soever are accidentallie come to this Towne and shut up by the Seige may have like Libertie to passe without interruption, such persons only excepted as have run away from the Army under the Command of the Earle of Essex.
4. That they may have 50 Carriages for Baggage, Sicke, and hurt men.
5. That the Inhabitants of the Towne of Reading may not be prejudiced in their estates or persons, either by Plundering or imprisonment: And that those who will leave the Towne may have free leave and passage safely to go to what place they will with their goods within the space of six weekes after the surrender of the said Towne.
6. That the Garrison of Reading shall quit the said Towne by twelve of the Clocke to morrow morning, and that the Earle of Essex provide a guard for the security of the Garrison souldiers when they begin to march.

It is conceived the gaining of this empty towne, and the removing of the Garrison but a fortnight sooner then was intended by His Majesty (for no more was done) hath cost his Excellencie very many of his men, which have beene either killed by the defendants, or perished by sicknesse and diseases, or made unserviceable by their wounds, or else were runne away to avoid those dangers. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Captain Bushell’s deceit against Sir John Hotham

In Yorkshire on April 25 at 2:37 pm

25 Apr 1643 (Tue) || A Ship Master is lately come from Kingston upon Hull in Yorkeshire, who Informeth, that after Sir Hugh Cholmely had regained Scarborough Castle, Capt. Brown Bushell went to Hull with his wife, where being questioned by Sir John Hotham for yeilding up the Castle so sodainely, cleered himselfe by deepe Oathes and Protestations, which gave Sir John Hothan satisfaction or that time, but now to compleate his Treachery to the full, he desired Sir John Hotham to send onely a Trumpet with him to Scarborough, and assured him he would regaine it, but withall he desired, that some men and armes might be sent thither by sea; Sir John Hotham confiding much in him, and no way suspecting his Treachery, armed presently his owne two Catches and a Pinke, and put into them some of his best men that were in the Hercules, a great ship commanded by Captaine Moier, which lieth in the River of Humber to guard the Towne of Hull by water, whereupon Bushell departed from thence accompanied only with the Trumpet to Scarborough, where was received as a Guest, and thither also came the Catches and Pincke, but because the sea was ebbing, and there was a barre at the mouth of the Harbour, the Catches onely got over into the Harbour, the Pincke lying out and expecting the next tide. The Catches being come in, and laid fast aground that they could not stirre nor helpe themselves, were presently seized on, whereof notice was immediately given to the Pinck, by one that ran downe to the sea side, wishing them not to come in for feare of surprizing, but to returne to Hull againe, which they presently did, this feat being acted, the treacherous Bushell returned alone to Hull, telling Sir John Hotham that he had taken the Castle, and desired that he might have a Troope of Horse, the better to secure it and the Towne, in the Interim; while the Troope was raising, the Pincke returned to Hull, and related the whole Treachery to Sir John Hotham, who presently apprehended Bushell, and in a Councell of Warre condemned him to be shot to death, but the execution of the sentence is respited, because Bushells wife hath promised restitution of the Catches, with the men and armes. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliamentarian force attacks Sherborne

In Dorset on April 24 at 12:52 pm

24 Apr 1643 (Mon) || From Yewill [Yeovil] in the County of Somerset, it is by a Letter Informed, that Captaine Owland with his Company of Dragooneers, and Captaine Langridge with his Troop of Horse, advanced from thence, and came to Sherborn in Dorsetshire, about nine of the clocke at night, where they met with much opposition, the Townesmen discharged their Muskets upon them, and came out with their Halberds, Clubs, Clevers, and Chopping Knives, and resisted them with all their power, and that they killed dead upon the place, Master Hugh Popham, one of Sir Francis Pophams sonnes, but Colonell Popham his brother behaved himself bravely, and came off safe; Captaine Owland lost a brave Gentleman there who was one of his Company, for one of his souldiers heard him to give a great groane when he was knockt downe, since which time he never saw him, nor heard of him, and the said Captaine had five or sixe more of his souldiers shot and slightly wounded, and Captaine Langridge had some foure of his Troopers wounded also: the Captaine supposeth, that they killed some twenty of the Townsmen, and they burned three of their Houses downe to the ground, and ere they left them, they marched horse and foot through every street of the Towne, and beat the Townesmen into their houses, that not a man of them durst show their Noses, and if they had not beene the more mercifull unto them, they had fired the Towne about their eares, according as they deserved, but (as the Captaine writeth) they came to protect them, and not to ruinate and destroy them, and he saith, that they intend to be with them againe ere they aware, and that their souldiers long for the houre, that they may be avenged for the death of master Hugh Popham. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Arms supplies arrive safely in Reading

In Berkshire on April 23 at 4:50 pm

Sunday 23 Apr 1643 || It was advertised this day, that the Rebels lying before Reading, having notice (as they have very good intelligence) of certaine provisions of powder and Ammunition, which were sent from Oxford by His Majesty to be conveyed into the Towne, had so filled up the waies with their Troopes of Horse, and lined the hedges on both sides (where they were to passe) with their musketeers, that His Majesties Forces sent along for the convoy of it, had almost fallen into the danger ere they were aware: that they possibly might have received some notable losse, but that the most noble and valiant Earle of Carnarvon with some Troopes of Horse faced a whole Regiment of the Rebels, and made a stand untill His Majesties Foote with the Ammunition, were got off in safety.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonel Lambourne sieges Earl of Cumberland’s property

In Yorkshire on April 22 at 8:44 pm

22 Apr 1643 (Sat) ||  Out of Yorkeshire it is informed, that one Colonell Lambourn, with some 1200. men besieged the Earle of Cumberlands house at Skipton in Craven, whereupon the Earle desired the Earle of Newcastle to send a Regiment of souldiers thither to raise the siege and free his house, which the Earle of Newcastle refused to do alleadging that he could not spare them from his present service; yet the Earle of Cumberland suing to the Queene, at length with much adoe obtayned a Regiment, and sent them to raise the siege, whereof Colonell Lambourn being advertised, he immediately left the siege, and meeting them upon the way, he encountred them, and utterly routed them, making them flie with shame and losse back again to their Quarter.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)