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Archive for May, 2013|Monthly archive page

Royalist plot discovered in London

In London on May 31 at 9:27 am

31 May 1643 (Wed) || This day the monethly Fast was celebrated, and there Preached in the Parish Church at Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons, in the forenoone Mr. Perne, and in the afternoone Mr. Chanell, both of them being Ministers in Northamptonshire, but before the morning Sermon began, Mr. Speaker of the House of Commons, sent his Macebearer into the Church, to desire some of the Members to come speake with him, who being come into the House, he read some intercepted Letters that were brought unto him, going to Oxford, which declared a horrible plot against the Parliament, and the City of London, whereupon they have Order to raise some Troopes of Horse, and Trained-bands to guard  them, and repaired to the Church againe.¹ || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ The conspiracy was significant, and became known as ‘Waller’s Plot’ after Edmund Waller, the MP primarily involved.

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Parliament’s forces take Warrington

In Cheshire on May 30 at 9:21 am

30 May 1643 (Tue) || From Manchester in Lancashire they write, that Colonell Aston with his Army hath beseiged the Towne of Warrington, lying upon the River Mersey, which severeth the Counties of Chester and Lancaster, and that after a weekes siege he took the great Streete and the Church, with the steeple, which was abandoned by the Enemie, as being not tenable for their purpose; and that the Enemie thee, had so foreclosed the rest of the Streets in that Town, with strong Barricadoes and Pallisadoes, (having had a long time to doe it) that he could not yet force his entrance into them, unlesse he could mount his Ordnance upon the steeple, which commandeth the whole Towne. And they write further from thence, that one of the Parliaments ships under the Earle of Warwickes Command, came into the Harbour at Leverpole, which so affrighted the Earle of Derbyes forces there, that they presently left the Towne, by which meanes the mariners in the ship have with the more facility seized upon it. And they also say that colonell Tillesley, who is the onely man of note now left in that County for the Earle of Derby, is gotten on foote againe with some of his lewd adherents, and that he beginneth anew to imbroile the northerne parts of the County. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Traveller allegedly robbed by troopers

In Northamptonshire on May 29 at 8:47 am

29 May 1643 (Mon) || So implacable is the Infernall malice of the Cavaliers and their party, against any that truly affect the King and Parliament, that they chiefly delight in casting of opprobrious names and contumelious speeches upon them, and in offering illegall wrongs and injuries to their persons, goods and Estates; as amongst many others, this example may sufficiently attest. Master Daniell Gittins a Factor at Blackwell-Hall in London, travailed lately from hence to Shrewsbury, onely to perfect his affaires and Accompts there about his Trade and Calling, which having effected, in his peaceable returne from thence, he arrived at Daventre in Northamptonshire, where he lodged himselfe at the signe of the Wheat-sheafe, and Inne which is kept by one Younger, whither came Colonell Hastings Troopers, who are no other then felonious Theeves, and abominable drunkards, and they violently and by force tooke from him in the said Inne, his Horse and clokebag, wherein were his Letters and bookes of Accompts of his Factorage, they also bereaved him of his Riding-Coate, his hanger, his Cane and Buck-skinne gloves, and wrung his finger to get off his Gold-Ring, which sticking close on, they got water and soape to slip it off, but could not, then they beate him about the head with their swords, and wounded him, swearing most execrable Oathes, which were so heynous, that he could not have beleeved it, had he not heard them, as Gods woundes, Gods side, God damne them and sinke them, that they would carry him away, and strip him, and cut his throate, as he feared, then they trode him under their Horses heeles, but by Gods mercifull deliverance, and the helpe of the good women in the Towne he escaped their cruell rage and saved his life, neither the Host of the Inne, nor any man in the Towne daring to rescue and helpe him, though they were willing and ready so to have done, if their owne lives might not have beene endangered thereby. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Wakefield for the Parliament

In Yorkshire on May 28 at 12:16 pm

Sunday 28 May 1643 || The certainty and manner of the losse received at Wakefield by His Majestie, whereof there was a rumour the day before, was this day made knowne: it being certified by one who was present there, that the Enemy having appeared in view, and fallen of againe (as many times they use to doe) gave an assault upon the Towne on Sunday morning, May 21. after the Officers had beene up all night upon double watches; and forced their passage into it at a place where the workes were slightest. The noyse whereof coming to Colonell Goring, then sicke of a Feaver in his bed, hee got on horse-backe, and flew amongst the Rebels, with some few followers, couragiously making good the entries, till being over-pressed by the number of the Rebels, and not well seconded by his owne men, none but the Troopes of Captaine Carnaby and Captaine Lampton coming in to helpe him, hee was taken Prisoner. For the Souldiers there in Garrison being gone to rest after so long watching, and somewhat amazed at the suddainnesse of the accident; and withall being neither well advertised of the strength of the Enemy, nor in what numbers they had entred the Towne already, could not so easily be brought together; but that before the Colonell could be relieved, and the souldirs gathered into a body, the Rebels had possessed themselves of the streets and market-place. Upon report whereof the Horse made out of the Towne with all speed they could, and recovered Pontefract, so that but few of them were missing: a great part of the Foot escaped also thither, the rest being taken Prisoners, & some 30 slain. Sr Thomas Fairefaxe who had the conduct of the Rebels, was like to have payed dearely for his purchase, being so farre ingaged amongst His Majesties men before he was aware, that he might very easily have beene taken Prisoner if he had beene knowne; but finding his mistake before he was discovered, he got off againe and escaped the danger.

The taking of this Towne, as it was the greatest losse that hath befallen His Majestie in the North, during the course of all this Warre; so is it like to be the occasion of a greater good, in bringing the Warre there to a speedy end. For it was certified withall, that the Earle of Newcastle being advertised hereof at Sheafield, where he then resided, gave order for drawing Sir William Witherington [Widdrington] and Throckmortons Forces out of Derby-shire (some parts whereof he had brought lately under contribution) to the maine body of his Army, and the next morning marched to Doncaster, and that night to Pontefract, where Darcyes and Sibthorps Regiments being 1400 good men, and all well armed, came unto him also; 4000 Foot exceeding well appointed being commanded to be drawne up from other places, to joyne together with them for some speciall service. So that the Army now on foot is verily conceived to be a third part stronger, and ten times more inflamed, and better stomacked to the businesse then before they were: whereof wee doubt not but to heare somewhat shortly, which will give ample satisfaction for the late disaster. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Royalist plan to turn enemy mariners fails

In Kent on May 27 at 11:09 pm

27 May 1643 (Sat) || Some Marriners lately come out of the Downes,¹ Informe, that on Sunday last, divers letters from Oxford were secretly sent to some of the great Officers of the Ships there, now under the command of the Parliaments Lo. Admirall, the Noble Earle of Warwicke, with Proclamations in them, which Letters commanded them to declare themselves for the King, to desert the said Lo: Admirall, and to proclaime him a Traitor, which Letters and Proclamations, all the Officers brought immediately to the Earle of Warwicke, and thereby disappointed the designes and hopes of those that sent them, whence it is evident, that Oxford, which was wont to be the fountaine of learning to the whole Kingdome, is now become the Spring of Treachery for the ruine and destruction of this whole State. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ The area of sea off the Kent coast customarily used by English fleets as a staging area prior to moving up the Thames, or leaving for foreign destinations.

Rumoured arguments amongst Shropshire Royalists

In Shropshire on May 26 at 1:32 pm

26 May 1643 (Fri) || Out of Shropshire they write that there hath been a falling out between the Lord Capell, Governour of that County, and Sir Thomas Scriven an active Malevolent there against the Parliament, and that the contention betweene them grew so hot, that Scriven told the Lord Capell, that excepting his Commission, he was as good as man as he, which so far incensed the Lord Capell, that he stroke Sir Thomas a blow on the eare, whereupon he drew his Sword, and made at the Lord Capell, but he was withholden by assistants, and no hurt done him, whereupon Sir Thomas hath withdrawne himselfe, and deserted him, which breach, together with the Lord Capels heavy exactions in that County, hath made the Inhabitants thereof send a Petition to the King, to desire him to remove the said Lord from his Command amongst them, and to substitute the Lord Newport Baron of Arkall, their own Country man, in his place, complaining in their said Petition, that the said Lord Capell hath levyed great summes of money in their County, under the colour of paying their Souldiers therewith, but that he hath converted the money to his owne use, and left the Souldiers unpaid. What the King hath done in this businesse, is no yet related. Thus we see that God beginneth to doe his owne worke himselfe, by sending a spirit of dissention amongst his and our enemies, as he hath also done at Oxford lately, whereof more will be informed hereafter. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus claims Royalist successes in Lancashire

In Lancashire on May 25 at 11:00 am

25 May 1643 (Thu) || Newes came this day, that the Lord Molineux, to whom the Earle of Derby had committed the command of his Army, during his stay at Yorke, (whither he went for some supplies) had reduced all the marish parts of Lancashire, being that part thereof which lyeth towards the Sea, to the Kings obedience; and by disarming many of the Malignants there, found Armes for many of his men, which before did want them. Some also of the Gentry of that County who had appeared in Rebellion against His Majestie, came this day to Court, to crave His Majesties Pardon for themselves and others of their friends, men of eminent note; by whose restoring unto favour, it was conceived good service might be done His Majestie for the time to come. And also that Commissarie Ward (Commissary of the Army of the Earle of Essex) came and submitted to His Majestie, and obtained His Majesties gracious Pardon. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Mutual threats to execute prisoners

In Bristol, London on May 24 at 10:57 am

24 May 1643 (Wed) || From Bristoll they write, that the Earle of Forth, who is Lieutenant Generall of the Kings Army, and commonly called Generall Ruthen, hath sent a Message to Collonell Fines their Governour, therein menacing, that if he execute any of the Conspirators that are condemned to be hang’d there for plotting the Massacre of the well affected People in that city, that he will execute all those Prisoners of the Parliaments party that are now in Oxford; whereupon Collonell Fines returned an Answer, that he is onely the Parliaments Servant, and bound to obey their commands, if they require the said Conspirators should be executed; and that if the said Generall doe execute his Prisoners, that the Parliament hath under their present command many considerable persons to make retaliation, witnesse those in the Tower of London, at Lambeth and Winchester Houses, in Warwicke Castle, in Manchester, Glocester, Bristoll, and those that were lately taken at Stafford and Wulverhampton, besides others at Cambridge, and in divers other places, all which being summed up, will at the least make ten for one, for those infinitely wronged and abused poore men at Oxford, who are ready to starve there, while the Cavalier party in the before mentioned places enjoy to the full, excepting their Liberties, what their sensuall hearts can wish; so full of clemencie is the Parliament, to their perpetuall honour and commendation. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Coal crisis in London

In London on May 23 at 11:19 pm

23 May 1643 (Mon) || The Lord Major, Aldermen, and Common Councell of London, assembled at the Guild-hall on Saturday last, and consulted about the present dearth and scarcity of Sea-Coales, and when they had some while debated by what wayes and meanes they might be obtained, at length they Elected a Committee to present their desires therein to the Parliament, to direct them in a course for the getting of Sea coales before the next Winter. But to give some satisfaction in this point to the City of London, and to the Kingdome, some persons have made these Propositions, that many ships from London, Lyn, Ipswich, and Yarmouth, are willing to adventure to Newcastle to get them, being provided with store of men, victuall, Ordnance, and Ammunition, and whosoever will suscribe 100li for a yeare towards the setting of them forth, shall at the yeares end receive 133li. 6s. 8d. if the expedition succeed well, if not, then they are to have their 100li againe with allowance of 8li per cent. And whosoever of the subscribers, have heretofore lent the Parliament either Money or Plate, or both, shall be repayed it upon the future sale of  the Coales, & for those disbursements they shall have the Publique Faith. Hereupon let all men well consider, whether it not be better to adventure some Moneyes for this resolution and hopefull Expedition, then that themselves, their Wives and Children should starve this next Winter for want of Fuell and Firing, the scarcity whereof will deprive them of Beere, and of good warne food, with other necessaries. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Catholic items allegedly found at Lord Herbert’s house

In London on May 22 at 11:15 pm

22 May 1643 (Mon) || On Saturday last, by a speciall Warrant from the Parliament, the Lord Herberts house at Foxe Hall [Vauxhall], at the upper end of Lambeth was searched, where was found one of the fingers of Parsons the Jesuite, and some of the ashes of Stanley a Priest, both which were executed for Treason in Queen Elizabeths time, and there was found also some small Chips of the Image of the Lady of Loretto in Italy, which is the greatest Popish Idoll in the world, to whom all the Papists in Europe goe a Pilgrimage, for which shaddow, they leave large substances of gold and silver behind them, and returne in their owne superstitious and blind opinions most blessed from thence. These Reliques were found in the said house inclosed in severall boxes, with their names written upon the top of them, lest time should bring their holinesse into oblivion and neglect. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)