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Archive for June, 2013|Monthly archive page

Devon residents raise troops to relieve Exeter

In Devon on June 30 at 6:52 pm

30 Jun 1643 (Fri) || Out of Devonshire it is informed, that the inhabitants of Barnstable, Boddyford [Bideford] and Torrington, are raising of any Army in the North parts of that County to relieve the City of Excester, which is now besieged at foure miles distance by the Lord Mohun, Sir Nicholas Slanning, Sir Peter Courtney, Crew the high Sheriffe, and one Ackland, who having gotten the scum of the Counties of Cornwall and Devon, have blocked up all the Roads and wayes thereto, and have seized upon Apsom [Topsham], which lieth upon the River of Ex, towards the sea; who, though they are not able to win that City by assault, yet may starve them for want of Horse to open their passages: which Army may (by Gods blessing) bring them some succour, untill the Earle of Warwick can land his men at Tro-bay [Torbay], to drive those lewd persons from thence, who gape and thirst, not onely for the Wealth and Riches of that City, but also for the bloud of all the well-affected People in it.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)


John Hampden’s death reported

In Buckinghamshire on June 30 at 2:49 pm

30 Jun 1643 (Fri) || It hath pleased God to call to his mercy, that worthy and valiant Gentleman Colonell Hampden, who died lately at Thame in Oxfordshire of a fever, which was caused by the late shot he received in the late bickering at Chinner in the said County, who, as he lived, so he died, humbly, and sincerely to his God, and faithfull to the King and Parliament.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Cheshire Parliamentarians fall for enemy trick

In Cheshire on June 29 at 2:41 pm

29 Jun 1643 (Thu) || Out of Cheshire they write, that some of Sir William Breretons Horse, received a late foyle at Hamnere in that County, by a subtile wile; for one from the Lord Capell (though unknowne to be from him) brought an advertisement to Sir William, that there were many good armes and much good booty at Sir Thomas Hamners house in that Towne, whereupon he sent a partee of his Horse thither to seize upon it, and to bring it to Namptwich, where they arriving, were set upon by an Ambuscado of Welch and Irish Rebells; who tooke and slew about 20 of Sir Williams horse, the rest of them scaping away safe, but before they departed, they paid their enemies in their own coin, for they killed many of them, amongst which two Irish Rebells Commanders lost their lives for their cruelty to the English, in not giving quarter to those that craved it of them, so mercilesse are they, and also intend to be to all Protestants, if they should get the dominion, which God in his tender mercy to us, graciously avert and inhibite.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Earl of Stamford reportedly under arrest

In Devon on June 28 at 2:33 pm

28 Jun 1643 (Wed) || The Reader is to be advertised, that whereas it was said in the 24th weeke of this Mercurius, that the Earle of Stamford was come to London, and had there laid downe his Commission; yet it proved otherwise, though confidently reported by one who came  from thence, and affirmed he saw him: it being signified this day, that the said Earle is still at Exeter, but of so little credit amongst the people, and under such an high displeasure with his good Masters of both Houses, that he is in the quality of a Prisoner, with a guard upon him. It seemes the leading Members are in that condition, that they know hardly whom to trust, being already growne suspicious of their principall Agents, and may in time grow jealous of the foure Members themselves.¹ || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

¹ Presumably meaning Arthur Haselrig, Denzil Holles, John Pym and William Strode, four of the prominent Parliamentarians the King had attempted to arrest in 1642; the fifth member, John Hampden, had died a few days before from wounds sustained at Chalgrove Field. Pym was also to die, of suspected cancer, in December 1643.

Royalist agitators cause trouble in Dorset

In Dorset on June 27 at 2:23 pm

27 Jun 1643 (Tue) || From Dorchester by an expresse it is informed, that with their few forces, consisting onely of eight companies of foot, and three halfe Troopes of Horse, they endeavour to keep their Countrey quiet; but young Brag of Sodbury and young Barcroft endeavoured to raise two Troopes of Horse, and having gotten up fourscore, did much disturbe the Countrey with them, robbing and plundring all that were well affected to the King and Parliament: for the remedying thereof, they sent out a Troope of Horse with a company of Dragoneers, hoping to take them at old master Braggs house which was their Rendezvous, but they had notice thereof, and were fled from thence, where their Souldiers got store of silke  gownes and scarlet cloathes, with much other rich pillage.

The two aforesaid young Gentlemen stirring again about Marshwood Vale, notice soon came unto them, whereupon they sent out againe one Company of foot and a Troope of Horse to Quarter at Bruteport [Bridport] to quiet them, who joyning with about fourty Dragoneers from Lyme, went to Chard in Somersetshire where they might have taken both those Gentlemen and all their Horse, had they well managed their affairs: for Captaine Pyne with about fourty Horse and Dragoneers, got early in the morning to Chard, and there took about sixteene of the Cavaliers and nineteen of their horses, which were Quartered in that Towne, the rest of them lay a mile and a halfe from thence towards Taunton: having onely effected so much, their men departed  from Chard in good order, and at the Towns end met with a Troope of their Companions who would needs perswade them to returne unto the Towne to refresh themselves; back they went, and set their Sentinells, who instead of watching fell to drinking in a house, which the enemy hearing of, came upon them with fourty horse, and recovered seven of their men and seven of their horses, killed the Lyme Captaine, and took one of their men prisoners, the residue of them got way with the remainder of their booty.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Alarm in London at Colonel Urrey’s approach

In London on June 26 at 6:15 pm

26 Jun 1643 (Mon) || Yesternight an Alarme came to the City of London and the Suburbs, occasioned by the beating up of one of the Lord Generalls Quarters at [High] Wickham in Buckinghamshire, where Colonell Hurry the late Renegado, set upon a Troope or two of Horse or Dragoneers that were Quartered in that Towne, some of the men he tooke in their beds, and all their Horse being at grasse, few of them were slaine, because they could not make resistance. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Being so jealous and afraid of one another, it cannot be but [the Parliamentarians] must needes be very fearefull of their enemies, as indeed they are: it being advertised this day, that the noise of Colonel Urreys being at Wickham (whereof there is a punctuall Relation printed, together with Prince Rupert’s victory in Chalgrove field) being brought to London, strooke such a Pannicke feare amongst them, that in a very great fright and agonie they made towards their workes, as if the King had beene at hand with all His Army; but went withall in such confusion, that it was easie to be seene what Souldiers they were like to prove, and what a weake resistance they were like to make, if His Majestie had beene there indeed to have given the onset.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonel Hastings allegedly plunders in Staffordshire

In Staffordshire on June 26 at 2:12 pm

26 Jun 1643 (Mon) || Derby affordeth us this weeke divers advertisements worthy of Information, as first, that their Souldiers having notice that Colonell Hastings would send some of his forces to extort Moneys from divers Townes beyond the Trent, upon which he had imposed sundry illegall and unwarrantable Taxes, set forth of the Towne to intercept them and their felonious booties, and having met with them, they tooke some of their Horse and men, wherewith being not contented, but hoping to get more of them, they divided themselves into Partees, and negligently  straggled up and downe the Country, whereof Colonell Hastings, who lay upon the watch, being speedily advertised, came out of Ashby de la Zouch with all his forces, the most of which he had gotten a little before from Captaine Bagot, who is the Commander of the Cavaliers in the Close at Lichfield, and set upon one Partee of the Derby Horse, and tooke about seaventeene of their horses and men, whom they hope to redeeme, by their exchange for some Prisoners which they have at Derby, belonging to the Earle of Newcastle. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Halton Castle holds out for the King

In Cheshire on June 25 at 2:08 pm


Sunday 25 Jun 1643 || Ths day it was advertised, that on Monday last Captaine Walter Primrose (whom the Earle Rivers appointed to keepe Halton Castle in Cheshire for His Majestie) apprehending an opportunity that the Rebels who had besieged the Castle were gone to their old trade of Plundering: The Captaine issued 32 of his Souldiers out of the Castle, gell upon the house where the Rebels kept their Centries, killed one of them, the other fled; tooke from them 20 good Muskets, their provisions of Match, Powder, and Bullet, besides good store of Victuall, which they out of zeale had robbed from His Majesties good Subjects. The Rebels finding that Castle was relieved, which they for a moneth before had strongly besieged, and being enraged to see anything which concerned His Majestie undestroyed, they with fresh Forces approached and faced the Fort, but were so entertained by this valiant Captaine, that they all fled, leaving some of their friends dead on the place. On Tuesday evening they appeared againe before the Castle, but received better welcome then before, for the Souldiers forth of the Castle killed 10 of them presently, and made the rest fly; which their Commanders pereiving, comforted themselves with some new Plunder, which is their chiefe errand. They have now procured severall Peeces of Ordinance from Warrington, threatning to batter the Castle wals; but the Captaine hangs out his flagge of defiance, resolving to loose his life rather then the Castle. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

County of Essex raises & pays troops

In Essex on June 24 at 9:05 pm

24 Jun 1643 (Sat) || The Inhabitants of the County of Essex, are raising more men to send to his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall, to re-inforce his Army, and they are so willing to testifie their readinesse to fight for the King and Parliament, that some Townes there send 40. men, others 30. and some twenty, and small villages afford ten men a piece for this service, and those forces intend to take six weekes pay in their pockets to sustaine themselves, because they will not be burdensome to the Parliament, nor the City of London, and they are so desirous to free the king from the bondage and slavery of evill Councellours and Cavaliers, that they are fully resolved to adventure their lives in the prosecution of those intents.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Kent sends men to join Earl of Essex in Oxon

In Kent, Oxfordshire on June 23 at 9:02 pm

23 Jun 1643 (Fri) ||  The Inhabitants of the County of Kent, have raised 500 men more for the defence of the King and Parliament, and this day they were all to meete at Gravesend which is their Rendezvous, from whence they were to be conveyed in Barges to Brainford in the County of Middlesex, and from thence they are to march to Thame, to his Excellencie the Parliaments Lord Generall, to recreut his Army, and every man of them is furnished with money for some weekes pay, to defray their charges. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)