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Archive for July, 2013|Monthly archive page

Cromwell fails to prevent Royalist capture of Gainsborough

In Lincolnshire on July 31 at 12:22 am

31 Jul 1643 (Mon) || The first thing … is a Letter which the House of Commons received this day from the Lord Willoughby of Parham, and Colonell Cromwell, from Gainsborough, informing them of these particulars, viz. That after the taking of Burleigh-house Colonell Cromwell, with some additionall forces from Nottingham and Lincoln advanced to the relief of Gainsborough, besieged by at least 5000 of Newcastles Armie, and came before the Town, on Friday morning last, fought with the enemy, though with great disadvantage of place and number, got the Hill of them, charged them within Pistoll shot, fought with them a long time at swords point, Routed their whole body, and pursued the chase of them with great execution five or sixe miles, killed the chief men in the field, Generall [Charles] Cavendish, and another person of note, much like to Generall King,¹ one Colonell, Lieutenant-Colonell Serjeant Major, and a Captain, above 100 others found dead upon the place, and neer upon twice as killed in the pursuit, took prisoners above 150. and upon their retreat relieved the Town with Powder and other Provisions: After which they skirmished with a new supply of the Newcastles Army, that came against them, brought off their Foot, which was engaged with great disadvantage, and made a sure retreate into the Town with little losse; Desiring the Parliament, that some speedy course might be taken to relieve them with fresh supplies, and they doubt not, by Gods help, to dissipate the great power of the Newcastles Army, who are all advanced that wayes, and intend with all speed for the Southern parts. And since the receipt of this Letter, we hear they² have taken Gainsborough (a punctuall Relation whereof hereafter follows) and will be a great in-let to their advance this way, if not the more speedily prevented. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ Cavendish was indeed killed; King was not.
² i.e. the Royalists

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Scots officer occupies, then abandons Berkeley Castle

In Gloucestershire on July 30 at 12:19 am

Sunday 30 Jul 1643 || You heard before that Captaine Forbes a Scot had put himselfe with some considerable forces into Berkeley Castle, without the leave, and against the liking of the Lord thereof; and that when it was ordered by the Lords in the Upper House, that he should quit the place, and yeild up the possession of it to the proper owner; the peremptory fellow made reply, that by the sword he had got it, and by the sword he would keepe it. And now you may be pleased to know, that after the defeat of Waller neare the Devises, many of the Officers of his broken Army got thither also, as a place capable enough to receive their numbers, and strong enough as they conceived to secure their persons. In confidence thereof they and the rest (whom they found there) committed many horrible out-rages on the neighbouring Subjects, without distinction either of persons, or affections; especially on those of their owne party, who having escaped pretty well before, had now most to loose. But hearing that his Majesties Forces had taken Bristol, and that they were not like to finde much safety there, as before they dreamed of; they forsooke the place before the coming of an enemy (as was this day certified:) the bragging Rebell not daring to make good his words, of holding by the sword what the sword had gained him.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Oliver Cromwell takes Burleigh House from the Royalists

In Lincolnshire on July 29 at 12:16 am

29 Jul 1643 (Sat) || Out of Lincolnshire the Relation is come, that the Newarke Cavaliers with strong forces, were gotten into Burgleigh House neer Stamford, from whence they sent a Trumpet to Peterbrough, commanding them to deliver up their City, who returned answer, that they should have it when they could get it. But Colonell Cromwell being unwilling they should nestle there, withall the strength he could get, came upon them, tooke the said House, and in it two Colonells, sixe Captaines, four hundred foot, and two hundred horse, and slew fourscore of them, with the losse scarce of two of his owne. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Prisoner logistics in Derby & Nottingham

In Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire on July 28 at 12:14 am

28 Jul 1643 (Fri) || From Lecester they write, that it is reported there from Nottingham, that some of the Newarke forces lately faced that Towne, who did expect that a party there should have delivered it into their hands; but the Plot was discovered, and the Conspirators apprehended, to the number of twenty, whereof two were Aldermen, who are all sent to Derby to be kept there in safe custody, and Derby hath some of their Malevolents to be kept in Nottingham, as Master Spademan, Master Geare, and Master Flamsted; and Derby hath also sent Alderman Bruckhurst and Master Calner to be secured in Wingfield Manor, because they grow turbulent and begin to raise commotions in their Towne, and therefore Sir John Gell hath thought it best to remove them, and to send them into other places of security. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Bristol surrenders to the Royalists

In Bristol on July 27 at 6:22 pm

27 Jul 1643 (Thu) || This day came the newes from Bristol, on which His Majesties Army which lay about it had given a brave and gallant onset the day before, and gained the out-workes, (though with the losse of one of those three brave brothers the Lunsfords, and the wounding of some noble and valiant Gentlemen, as the Lord Grandison, Colonel Bellasis, Sir Nicholas Slayning,¹ and some others, who all carried themselves as bravely as themselves can wish, or we possibly imagine: ) insomuch that the Rebels seeing in what case they were, did earnestly desire a parley; the effect and issue of which was, that the Citie and Castle should be delivered by nine of the clocke this day to His Sacred Majestie, with all the Ordnance, armes, and Ammunition, the Citie to be left to the disposall of His Majestie, the Officers and Commanders to be dismissed in safety with their swords by their sides, the common Souldiers with no other weapons ten sticks or cudgels in their hands: which being condescended and agreed upon, was performed accordingly, His Majesties Forces takng possession at the time appointed: in which was found (as it is confidently reported) about 80 Peece of Ordnance mounted, many hundred Barrels of Powder, 6000 Armes, with other Ammunition answering thereunto. But for the certainty of these particulars, I have it onely by report, and not by Letters.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ Grandison died of his wounds in September; Slanning at the scene.

Rupert sieges Bristol; ships block Bristol Channel for the King

In Bristol on July 26 at 6:18 pm

26 Jul 1643 (Wed) || It was certified this day, that Prince Rupert having joyned his Forces to his Brothers, and the whole Body of their strength being brought together; they sate downe on Monday before Bristol: and that they began their batteries, and had bestowed no lesse then one hundred shot on the same already. As also that on the going off of the first peece of Ordnance from his Majesties Camp, five Ships which lay in Bristol rode advanced His Majesties Colours on the top of their masts, declaring that they would so keepe the Channell for the use of His Majesty, that neither any supplies should be brought into the Towne by Sea, nor any of the Rebels which were there get out that way. Which proved of such importance to the dispatch of the work that the Town was no likely to hold out long: whereof more tomorrow. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonel Goring ordered to be kept closer prisoner

In London on July 25 at 6:15 pm

25 Jul 1643 (Tue) || information was given to the Commons this day of the great intercourse and revelling that is daily with Colonell Goring since his coming to London and commitment to the Lord Peters house,¹ by divers suspitious persons about this city, and some of great rank, which might prove very dangerous, if not more timely looked unto: And thereupon, they sent an expresse Order to the Keeper of the said Prison, That Colonell Goring should be henceforth kept under more strict confinement, and that no suspitious persons should be permitted to have entercourse with him: And it were to be wished, the like order were taken in other prisons, for certainly the abuse in that kinde is very great, and far unsutable to the usage of our Prisoners at Oxford, such entercourse and Revelling is in most Prisons, through the corruption of the Keepers, and the Priviledge of the Cavaliers in some Prisons, far greater then any friend to the Parliament shall have. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ Goring had been captured at Wakefield in May.

Parliament’s forces attack Sir Richard Fleetwood’s house

In Derbyshire on July 24 at 6:10 pm

24 Jul 1643 (Mon) || Derby had some while since advertised us of their intended designe against Sir Richard Fleetwood, one of Colonell Hastings Fraternity of Robbers, as they terme him, which they have now freely imparted unto us in this manner; That a Captaine, with some gentlemen and their Souldiers, having beset his house called Wotton lodge, to keep him from pillaging and plundering, (according to his usuall manner) Captaine Mellers with some Companies, and two pieces of Ordnance marched thither from Derby, where being come, they presently fired their Ordnance upon the house, to give Sir Richard notice of their arrivall, and while they were planting [their ordnance], their Musketiers played upon the House, to keep the defendants in imployment, lest they should sally out to hinder them, which being effected, the Ordnance played hard, and made some battery, but for that time did little hurt. Then they called a Councell of War, who resolved to approach neerer to the house, and either to assault or undermine it, which some of their Souldiers presently put into execution, for they went downe and fired a Barne neere unto it, then Captaine Mellors Lieutenant went downe with one or two hundred of his men with spades and pickages, and tooke the Brew-house, set the gate of the Porters lodge on fire, and entred the Court-yard, where they turned out some horse and other Cattle, being very carefull of Mynes and Traines of gunpowder, lest they should have beene blowne up. Immediately after, the house was yeilded up, where they took Sir Richard Fleetwood and his two sons, with Master Vincent Pyne, and seventy other prisoners, whom they tied together with ropes, and so brought them all into Derby. This House was farre stronger then Ashby de la Zouch, and yet it was taken in a day and two nights, onely by three hundred men, notwithstanding Sir Richard Fleetwoods boasting, that he feared not all the forces of Derbyshire and Staffordshire, if they came against him, and he made no question (relying upon the strength of his house) but he could easily repell them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists take Malmesbury

In Wiltshire on July 23 at 6:07 pm

Sunday 23 Jul 1643 || It was advertised this day, that certaine of his Majesties forces, being in their march towards Bristol, had taken Malmesbury from the Rebels. The Town had been abandoned by his Majesty, and all the Garrison and Ordnance removed thence by his especiall command, at such time as the Earle of Essex had beleaguered Reading: and not possessed by the Rebels, till that of late it was thought fit by some of their principall leaders to put a Garrison of 80 horse and 400 Foot into it, with some 9. peeces of Cannon, for the better bridling of the Country, and awing of the parts adjoyning, whom they plagued sufficiently. But notice being given to some of his Majesties Commanders quartered thereabouts, where the Guards were weakest, and the Towne most fit for an assault, they fell upon it in the night, (about two nights since) and having forced an easie passage through the carelesse Guards, made themselves masters of the place; as also of the Cannon, Armes, and Ammunition; some of the Souldiers being killed, and the most part taken; the rest providng for themselves by some close conveyances, under the covert of the night. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament permits use of lethal force against Kent rebels

In Kent on July 22 at 6:03 pm

22 Jul 1643 (Sat) || The House by letters from Kent, having futher notice, that the insurrection there is no whit appeased, notwithstanding the Declaration sent by Sir Henry Vane, and that they refuse to lay down their Armes, to the great terrour of the Countrey, who besides the forces sent downe with Collonell Browne, have raised the Militia of the Country to suppresse them, but want an absolute Commission to fight with them as Enemies, which power also Colonell Browne upon his first sending forth was restrayned of, but now the House upon serious consideration of the businesse, and the great perrill that may befall, not onely that County, but the whole Kingdom through that insurrecton, if not the sooner supprest.

They have now given full power to Colonell Browne and the other forces, to use all wayes and meanes to disperse  the said tumult, and in case of opposition to fight with, kill, and slay them, as Enemies to the state, and disturbers of the peace of the Kingdome.

And at a conference of both Houses this afternoone, there was an Ordinance passed to be immediately sent into Kent for the suppressing of the insorection there, to the effect aforesaid. || A Perfect Diurnall Of Some Passages In Parliament (P)