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Archive for August, 2013|Monthly archive page

Unrest at Portsmouth garrison

In Hampshire on August 31 at 1:16 am

31 Aug 1643 (Thu) || This day we received intelligence, that the Garrison in Portsmouth, (consisting of 350 men onely) are very mutinous for want of pay, being above six weekes behind, which hath so deeply touched the Common Souldiers, that Captaine Thomas, Captaine of the ship called the Swift sure, was most conveniently beaten in the open streets by his owne Sailers, who all cryed, Let us have pay, let us have pay. Nor dare this Captaine offer to goe to Sea, lest his men carry him to Bristoll, as they have often threatened him: and on the other side the Earle of Warwicke (who is now in the Downes) dare not set foot on shore, lest his saylers (of the same perswasion with Captaine Thomas’s) when they have once gotten him a shoare, should keepe him there. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Dutch convoy approaches Newcastle

In Events at sea on August 30 at 1:31 am

30 Aug 1643 (Wed) || From Rotterdam in Holland they write, that thirteen Hoyes were going from Amsterdam to Newcastle to fetch Sea-coales, and that they had a man of War for their convoy, who carried Armes, Ammunition and moneys thither, which was much admired at, because it is against the custome for a Convoy to do any such thing, and therefore they hope that it will be met with by some of the Parliaments ships, before they can get into Newcastle. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

King’s Lynn fears plunder & stands for the King

In Norfolk, Suffolk on August 29 at 11:39 pm

29 Aug 1643 (Tue) || This day by Letters from London we were certified, that the Earle of Pembrookes goods, which were shipped for the Isle of Wight, were seized by the vertuous Lord Major Isaac Pennington (the new and most faithful Lieutenant of the Tower) but whether they be as yet restored to the Earle we are not informed. And in the same Letter it was signified, that the Earle of Manchester (that famous good man) doth rob all Country people in Suffolke of their Cart-horses, so as they cannot possibly get in their harvest, which is one of those new blessings he intends to bestow upon their Associate-Counties: which the Inhabitants of the Towne of Lin perceiving, like honest Subjects and true Englishmen, they kept his Lordship out of their Towne, telling him flatly, They kept the Towne for His Majesty, and by the helpe of God would so keepe it against whomsoever; which they are able to doe, it being so strongly fortified, that Kimbolton may as soone raise his good father from the dead, as force his enterance into Lin. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliamentarian pressed men allegedly drown themselves

In Oxfordshire on August 28 at 11:30 pm

28 Aug 1643 (Mon) || It was advertised this day, that the Earle of Essex was advanced towards Beconsfield (a village in the way to Oxford) with his puissant Army, compounded of such excellent ingredience as before you heard of, and that his soldiers, especially the Pressed men, went unto the worke with so great a cheerfulnesse, that being sent downe by water to him, many of them rather chose to expose themselves unto the mercy of the Thames (some of which were drowned as they swam the River) then venture soule and body both in such a desperate and damnable quarrel; and that of those who did permit themselves to be set on shore, there was so great a jealousie, that they were attended to his Excellency by 3. Troops of Horse, the one going before them, and the other 2. after. The Committee were resolved, it seems, to conduct them thither, and bring them safe unto the Generall to make up his tale. Let them run afterwards when and to whom they please. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Earl of Essex refuses Sir William Waller a commission

In Uncategorized on August 27 at 11:08 pm

Sunday 27 Aug 1643 || It was advertised from London, that his Excellency hath not yet beene pleased to issue a Commission to Sir William Waller; notwithstanding the readinesse of the three Houses (the House of three Lords, the Lower House, and the Common-Counsell) to recruit his Forces, according unto that Proportion which himselfe proposed. For when, as by the sending in of the Trained Bands, the Auxiliaries, the Pressed men, and the Volunteers, he saw his Army growne to be bigge of body, he would first trie what mettaile they were made of before he would put the least part of his power into the hands of his Rivall: and therefore found another way to elude his promise, which was to reserve unto himselfe the approbation of all such Officers and Commanders as Waller should make choyce of to serve under him. And though hee stood on these terms upon some good reason, some of the Officers, which had beene formerly appointed for the managery of this Rebellion (as Venn and others) not yeelding such conformity to his commands as he might expect, being Generalissimo; yet this was tooke so ill by his grand Directours of the Three Houses, that the Lord Say with Glyn and Pym, out of each House one (for Glyn is of the Common-Councel as sure as he is Recorder) were sent unto him to perswade him if it be possible, not to insist too much upon that particular; or otherwise to let him know, that if he did not yeeld unto it, they would grant Waller a Commission by the way of Ordinance. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Response to Royalist pamphlets

In ECW editor's comment, London on August 26 at 12:59 am

26 Aug 1643 (Sat) || Before I proceed to that which I have to relate, I will speake a word or two in answer of severall Pamphlets printed at Oxford, and privately disperst in and about London. They harpe much upon one string, and especially Mercurius Aulicus, who sayes that the forces now raised by the Parliament, are raised without any just ground, onely through Feared and Jealousies, To this I have briefly in answer collected these six particulars. First, the designe of altering the Religion in his Majesties Kingdomes, hath been potently carried on by those in greatest authority about his Majestie for divers yeares together, besides the policy of the Queenes Agent at Rome, and the Popes Nuncio in England. Secondly, the warre with Scotland was procured to make way for this intent, and chiefly contrived by Papists, whereof we have many evidences, especially their free and generall contribution towards it. Thirdly, the Rebellion in Ireland was contrived here, and the English Papists have risen about the same time, divers testimonies have beene produced in affirmation thereof. Fourthly, in hopes of the Papists good successe, there was fasting and prayers to be observed weekly by the English Papists, as by an intercepted Letter to a Jesuite more at large appeareth. Fifthly, the boldnesse of the Irish Rebels, in affirming they doe nothing but by authority from the King. And sixtly, the vast summes of money collected in forraigne parts towards the maintenance of the Catholic Cause in England, Scotland, and Ireland. || Bernard Alsop – The Weekly Account (P)

Colonel Massey deceives Royalist cavalry at siege of Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on August 25 at 1:11 am

25 Aug 1643 (Fri) || For better confirmation of the businesse at Glocester Sir William Waller on Thurseday last received letters from Colonell Massy the Governour dated on Munday, informing the true State of things there, but more chiefely of the defeate given to the Kings forces on Sunday to this effect, That the Governour after some skirmishing on Satterday, perceiving that the enemy began to be more eager in their assaults against the Towne on Sunday, issued out with a party of Horse, and fell upon a wing of the enemies Horse, and after a slight skirmish with small losse on either side, the Governours forces being much so few in number for the other, and the better to effect his intended Strategem made a disorderly retreate into the Towne, were pursued by the enemy, the Governours men (as hee had before taught them there lesson) crying out we are all lost, the Townes lost, &c. which made the Cavaliers with such eagernes follow the pursuit, that about eight Troopes of them on a sudden hurried into the Towne, but when the Governour perceived there were an amy entred the Towne as he could well deale withall, he caused the Gates to be shut, and Percullisse let downe, discharged some peeces of Cannon that he had placed in Ambuscado charged with Musquett bullets, and so well seconded them with his Musquetteeres, that he made a bloody execution amongst thm, and killed and tooke eight prisoners the whole eight Troopes not one escaped, there were divers persons of quality (it is said) amongst them slaine whereof one is said to be the Lord Grandison¹ & I heare divers others of note named, but I shall forbeare to recite them least they live againe as others whom formerly were supposed to be killed. || Samuel Pecke, A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

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¹ An error: Grandison had already received a mortal wound at the storming of Bristol, and died at the end of September.

Oxford reportedly fears Essex’s advance

In Oxford on August 24 at 12:54 am

24 Aug 1643 (Thu) || Just now our Scout comes in, and tells us that they begin to be afraid at Oxford, hearing of my Lord Generall advance, having but two thousand men-souldiers in the towne, and three thousand women. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

Alleged Royalist “impositions” on Bristol

In Bristol on August 23 at 12:36 am

23 Aug 1643 (Wed) || As for the City of Bristoll, besides the savage usage of the women and virgins there, [our scout] tells us that there are such impositions laid upon friend and foe, that they cry out, and some have sent to his Majesty to get ease. So that they that were so willing to have the towne surrendred, are like to smart as well as the other party, but that which sets that losse at so high a price, there are Letters come, that say, that the Dutch, had not Bristoll been taken, would have adventured great summes upon the former act, for the recovery of Ireland, but understanding of the losse of the aforesaid place, will doe nothing. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

Report from Gloucester; praise for the town’s self-defence

In Gloucestershire on August 22 at 1:03 am

22 Aug 1643 (Tue) || Our Scouts hath made a second returne from Glocester parts, he reports of severall Fights that hath been between the City and the besiegers Friday and Saturday, and that they not daring to storme the place, attempted to make Gallories, to facilitate their approaches, and to that purpose brought Faggots, but those were burnt, and the besiegers driven both from their Canon and ground, leaving many dead behinde them, some of which Ordnance they have got into the Towne, others lie, that neither part dare attempt the fetching: This not succeeding, there was order given to fetch in green wood, but whether these things be true in the circumstances, we will not be over confident, yet of this we are, that there hath been a Fight those daies before mentioned, and from hence we cannot but conclude, that Glocester hath done bravely, and deserves to be recorded for posterity, whereas some other places had need to have buriall in the grave of oblivion, and shall not the valour of this City of Glocester, edge all the souldiers spirits now in service for the Parliament, and put them upon those, or such like resolutions: What, shall such brave men as are in Glocester be destroyed, be prisoners? Shall these Citizens and Souldiers that have stood out thus bravely, given the enemy so many repulses, slaine so many of their enemies, wasted their Ammunition, not be assisted, relieved? Weele not regard money, nor stand upon this terme, or that, but goe and fall upon the weary enemy, and utterly destroy his power: when Sir William Waller had beene fighting many dayes, they by fresh supplies overcame him: we will now put both together, and goe on, and revenge both at once; so shall we haste an end of these present troubles, then which, nothing can be more acceptable to God and men that stand for true Religion and Liberty. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)