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Archive for the ‘Buckinghamshire’ Category

John Hampden’s death reported

In Buckinghamshire on June 30 at 2:49 pm

30 Jun 1643 (Fri) || It hath pleased God to call to his mercy, that worthy and valiant Gentleman Colonell Hampden, who died lately at Thame in Oxfordshire of a fever, which was caused by the late shot he received in the late bickering at Chinner in the said County, who, as he lived, so he died, humbly, and sincerely to his God, and faithfull to the King and Parliament.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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John Hampden allegedly forced to recruit in Surrey

In Buckinghamshire, Surrey on June 6 at 1:27 pm

6 Jun 1643 (Tue) || It was advertised from London, that Master [John] Hampden Knight for Buckinghamshire, hath so lost the affection of his Country, that being to beat up the Drum for souldiers, to recruite his Regiment, he durst not doe it in his owne County, for feare he should receive a foyle, and finde new followers: and that presuming more on London and the parts djoyning, he had caused his Drum to be beaten all about the Citie and Suburbs of it, in Guilford, Chertsey, and other Market-townes in Surrey, but without successe. Which whether it be an Argument that Hampden or the Warre is growne more odious to them, I leave unto the Readers judgement. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Alleged Royalist deserter tells all at Aylesbury

In Buckinghamshire on June 3 at 12:04 pm

3 Jun 1643 (Sat) || From Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire they write, that about the beginning of this weeke, there came a Gentleman to that Town, who was Commanded by one of their Sentinells to stand, whereupon he called for a Corporall, who being come to him, he yeelded himselfe to him, and being brought into the Towne, the Colonels examined him what he was, and whence he came, who answered, that he came from Oxford, and had deferred the Kings service, and withall he told them, that the Cavaliers and all their forces were but weake, whatsoever shew or report they make to the Contrary, and he likewise told them, that the Lord Viscount Taffe, a Popish Irish Rebell, had gotten a Commission from the King to goe into Ireland, and to Proclaime a Pardon to all the Rebells there, and to grant them a tolleration of their religion, and to bring over with him an Army of Rebells to assist the Cavaliers, and that the Lord Taffe was either come, or shortly expected to come out of Ireland to Chester, and the Informer writeth, that this Gentleman was a very ingenious man, and of good deportment, but a great swearer. Howesoever, whether his talke be true or no, we wish he may have no Treachery in his Budget.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists abandon Brill garrison

In Buckinghamshire on May 2 at 6:02 pm

2 May 1643 (Tue) || From Alesbury in the County of Buckingham it is informed, that the Garrison there having notice, that their neighbour Cavaliers were all departed from Brill, and marched to Oxford by the Kings command; they presently sent out thither a great part of Colonell Bolstrodes and Colonell Tirrells Regiments, who comming upon the Townsmen unawares, and being nowe unprovided of strength to defend them, they fell upon the Workes and Fortifications, which they slighted, demolished, and beate downe to the ground; this being done, they went into the Town, and finding much of the Cavaliers Plunder, as Brasse, Linning, and Beds, they seised upon it; but as for Pewter there was none left, the Cavaliers wanting Lead, had cast it into Bullets & Pluggs; and as for money, they found onely 50l in one man’s house, the rest being carried from thence by the Cavaliers, who durst not trust it there in their absence, since which feates the Lord Digby is come thither with an 160. horse, where finding small refuge, he hath little desire to stay there.   || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists abort attempt to storm Aylesbury

In Buckinghamshire on March 21 at 9:29 am

21 Mar 1642/3 (Tue) || This day His Majesties forces returned from Aylesbury to which they came the day before, with an intent of falling on the place if they found it feasible. But finding that upon intelligence of their designe, the Rebels had caused 2000 men, & 4 peeces more of Ordinance to be put into the town the very night before their comming; and that the workes were stronger and more defensible, then their Espials had informed them; the Generals have notice of it to His Majesty, signifying withall that if His Majestie was pleased to have them adventure on it, they doubted not to storme the towne, and reduce it under his obedience, though they conceived that possibly it might cost much bloud, and hazard the lives of some gallant Gentlemen. On which advertisement, His Majesties preferring the life of one faithfull subject, before the gaining of the towne, (though of much importance) gave order that they should returne. All that was done on either side, was that upon the Approach of His Majesties forces, the Rebels horse appeared in fight, but on the first charge retired within the reach of their owne Ordinance, hoping to draw the Kings Army within the danger. But finding that it would not doe, advanced againe, and being charged the second time retreated backe into the towne, and came out no more; leaving some of their company dead behind them. By meanes whereof His Majesties Army being assured of a safe retreat, brought with them from the adjoyning Country a very great booty of Oxen, Calves, and other Cattel, and so returned. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Kings Army being in exceeding great want at Oxford, they made a sally out, under the Conduct of Prince Rupert to Thame, from thence they went into Buckinghamshire, and came to Wendover, hoping to get rich booties in that Towne, but by that time they had plundered two houses there, the the Country people came in so fast upon them, that they were glad to get cleare of from thence with a small pittance: In the interim, some of their forces, in a bravado, & plundering policy, faced the garrison at Aylesbury, to amuze and keep them in action, while the residue might have the freer liberty to plunder the Country, and they not be able to restraine them, which subtilty the English Nation ought to take notice of, and for the future to countermine; But Colonell Goodwin being impatient of their bravado, and knowing that they wanted Gunpowder, and other necessary Armes (which the Kingdome is also to take speciall notice of, that they may not feare their empty potguns)¹ drew out two of his Regiments out of the Town, whom they durst not abide, knowing that they were both well armed, and as well recolved to encounter them, and therupon fell off and retreated back to Oxford again. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ “Potgun” was slang for a mortar.

Aulicus denies Parliamentarian report about Brill garrison

In Buckinghamshire on March 17 at 3:11 pm

17 Mar 1642/3 (Fri) || You heard before what great successe the Rebells had in their designs for Brill, and their dreams of Oxford. But this is more then must be knowne in London, for feare it should discourage the good people there. And therefore they have raised a tale, as is advertised by some who are come from thence, that on the very newes of their preparation, His Majesties soldiers within Brill (having so oft beene terrified and beaten by them) withdrew themselves from such a troublesome and unquiet place, in which they never had enjoyed a good nights sleepe, taking with them all the victualls, and goods of house-holdstuffe which were fit for use, or would yeild money; that the inhabitants, being thus disfurnished of all things necessary for this life, and being sensible of some ill offices they had done the Parliament, had forsooke it also; inasmuch that when their Scouts came thither, whom they sent out to make discovery, they could find nothing in the Town, but a few olde folke, and such unprofitable lumber: and finally that on report of this to the approaching Forces, the valiant and victorious Army returned to Henley, there to expect his Excellencies further pleasure; as scorning to imploy their valour on so poore a place, as was abandoned by the enemy, and being well assured that the Kings men would never dare more to adventure thither. And ’twas advertised withall, that this ridiculous foppery was received in London with so strong a faith, that a thanksgiving is expected to be made in all the Churches of that City upon Sunday next. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliamentarian prisoners escape from Oxford

In Buckinghamshire on March 13 at 9:25 pm

13 March 1642/3 (Mon) || From Alesbury in the County of Buckingham, it is informed, that 24. of the Marleborow and Cirencester prisoners, are escaped from Oxford and come thither for succour, and they relate, that in all about 40. of them got away from thence, having little by little loosened the stones out of the walls with their knives, which was not at all perceived by their Keepers, by which meanes they having made a  wide hole in the wall, in the dead of the night they crope through the gap, and got out over the Outworkes, where there was no watch nor Sentinels, and pass over hedges and ditches in fields, avoyding the Roades and High-wayes, and so came off cleere unspied by any of the Scouts, but through what wayes the residue of them got off, they could not relate: Since which, some of them are come to London, and affirmed the same. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliament forces attack Royalist garrison at Brill

In Buckinghamshire on January 27 at 5:33 pm

27 January 1642/3 || This day the Rebels under the conduct of Master Arth. Goodwin, and Sir Robert Pye the younger, sonne of Sir Robert Pye aforesaid, to the number of 1800. foote, and seaven or eight Troopes of horse came before Brill, in which part of His Majesties Forces had been quartered ever since His last comming to Oxford; which place they thought to carry by assault, if they could not get it by surprisall. They came before the Towne about seaven of the clocke, and about eight gave on upon it. But his Majesties having there a Regiment of Foote, and some Troopes of Horse, under the Command of Sir Gilbert Gerrard Governour of the Towne, and Colonell Charles Gerrard, Colonell of a Regiment of Horse; they found too sharpe a welcome there, and that they stayed not long: for being valiantly repulsed, they made haste away, and were pursued as farre as the bad wayes would suffer, by His Majesties horse; which was some foure miles, or thereabouts. It is said, that there were neere eighty of their men found dead, the chiefe of which was Captaine Greenvill, High Sheriffe of the County of Buckingham for the yeare last past; beside such as they carryed away with them: forty or fifty men found wounded, which they had left together in a private house, and seven or eight horses found dead under severall hedges, which had beene wounded in the fight. His Majestie hearing of their comming gave order for two Troopes of Horse to be sent from Oxford, to the succour of His Souldiers there: but by that time they were gone but a mile from the Towne, they received advertisement that the Rebels had already forsooke the enterprise. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

At Brill in Buckinghamshire the Parliaments souldiers did beate upon their quarters close to their works, killed divers of them, and returned to Alesbury with the losse of a valiant Gentleman Captaine Jermaine, and some 10. common souldiers, the night before they of Brill had received three speciall troopes of horse. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

Parliament troops miss Hopton, but capture Crofts

In Buckinghamshire, Cornwall on January 18 at 11:13 am

18 January 1642/3 (Wed) || Letters from the West say, that Sir Ralph Hopton dispayring to hold Salt Ash, when he saw his most opportune time fled with some men, as is beleeved, [and] hath recovered the Castle of Pendenis. If our Souldiers had but sent out some horse to watch his running away (which they could not but imagine he would, in case of distresse, the Towne not being surrounded with power) they had got him prisoner, which had it proved so happy, then might the troubles there have been ended, and our forces have returned this way. Colonell [Arthur] Goodwin being about Alesbury, and watching the enemy narrowly, at last surprized one troupe of the Royall Armie, in which was some eight men of qualitie and Commanders, raising one other troupe; the Captaine was one [Sir William] Crofts, who was sent to strengthen Brill, but the Towne being little went a mile off for quarters, which the Colonell having notice of, sent out a partie against them, and tooke them in the night as they were in their beds, and suddenly hasted them away, horse, armes, and all, ere they had notice in the Towne (a very good busines, and as I remember the first that our Army hath done since the warre began) of that kinde: they are come to London but to lodge, because for the safetie of Souldiers, the best place is Winddsore Castle, whence they cannot make escape, and where they can doe no hurt by being heads of any faction, and without any charge to the State, there being in that Castle a Regiment, who have pay for the securing the same. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Royalists settled at Brill

In Buckinghamshire on December 30 at 11:24 pm

30 Dec 1642 || it was informed by letters out of Buckinghamshire that some of the cavaleers doe still remaine at Brill a little Towne about 4 or 5 myles from Oxford but in Buckinghamshire and that the Associated Counties of Bucks, Bedford Hartford are now gathering their forces which they raise upon assosiation, together with 1000 of the Parliaments forces which are in Buckinghamshire [and] will very shortly be ready to encounter with the Cavalers at Brill or any other place. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament