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Archive for the ‘Cornwall’ Category

Pirate vessel captured at Falmouth

In Cornwall on September 5 at 2:29 pm

5 Sep 1643 (Tue) || From Sea they write, that eleven of the ships which are under the Earle of Warwicks command, and lay all this last Summer upon the Irish and English coasts for the safeguard of them from Strangers, and to hinder the Irish Rebells transportation into this Kingdom, are now returning home to be re-victualled, and stored with other necessary provisions, that so they may returne to their charges againe, for the safeguard of both the Kingdomes all this ensuing winter, And that some of them in their returne, took the greatest ship that now belongeth to Falmouth, with fourteene or sixteene pieces of Ordnance in her, which Falmouth Pyrate had a little before taken another English ship, and was carrying her away to their Den of thieves as a prize, by which meanes she was rescued, and saved from being made their booty.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations


Parliamentarian ships take Falmouth “Pyrate”

In Cornwall on September 1 at 12:45 pm

1 Sep 1643 (Fri) || From Sea they write, that eleven of the ships which are under the Earle of Warwicks command, and lay all this last Summer upon the Irish and English coasts for the safeguard of them from Strangers, and to hinder the Irish Rebells transportation into this Kingdome, are now returning home to be revictualled, and stored with other necessary provisions, that so they may returne to their charges againe, for the safeguard of both the Kingdomes all this ensuing winter. And that some of them in their returne, took the greatest ship that now belongeth to Falmouth, with fourteene or sixteene pieces of Ordnance in her, which Falmouth Pyrate had a little before taken another English ship, and was carrying her away to their Den of theeves as a prize, by which meanes she was rescued, and saved from being made their booty. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalist victory at Stratton in Cornwall

In Cornwall on May 20 at 11:13 pm

20 May 1643 (Sat) || This day there came intelligence, that Sir Ralph Hopton had obtained another, but more signall victory against the Rebels of Devon-shire and their confederates of that faction: it being advertised by an expresse from thence, dated the 18 of this moneth, that the Devon-shire forces, having raked together as many as possibly they could get, advanced to a Towne called Stratton on the edge of Cornwall (hoping to destroy the brave & loyall Cornish) were set upon on Tuesday last by the Cornish Army, who suddenly assailing and towting them tooke “16 pieces of Ordinance, whereof 10 brasse, 4000 mens Arms, 3000l in money, 100 barrels of powder, with a great quantity of match and bullets, 1000 of their men being slaine in the place, and most of their best Commanders either killed or taken Prisoners, with very little losse to the Cornish, as the Rebels themselves confesse: and that Sir George Chudeleigh and Sir John Poole being at that instant with 1500 horse and Dragooners at a Towne some distance from the place where they fought, were so beset by the Cornish forces, that it was wthought they could not possibly escape.” So farre the very words of the said letter: wherewith came also this report, that many of the principall men who escaped unkilled, fled with their wounds undressed to such severall friends as they thought most like to entertaine them; and thence dispatched advertisements to others of their party who lived furthest off, to provide for themselves; the Country being left so open by this great defeat, that the Cornish might march without controule as farre as Exeter. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

This morning Letters came out of Devonshire, Informing, that the Devonians were defeated by the Cornish men, neere a towne called Stratton in Cornwall, by their owne negligence in suffering their horse to depart from them to Bodman [Bodmin], in the said County, whither they were gone upon more remote imployment, more minding that then the safety of their foot, whereby they were left naked to the fury of their Enemies, who slew 140. of them, tooke 8. or 900. of them prisoners, amongst whom, Serjeant Major Chudleigh, that did that late brave service at Swarton Downe [Sourton Down] neere Okehampton, was the chiefe, and they got 8. or 10. peeces of Ordnance from them, which happened through the cowardice of the Devonian foot, who ran away and threw down their armes, whereof they lost also about 2000; and if one Regiment of London Grey Coats, which the Earle of Stamford brought thither, together with a Regiment of Dartmouth and Plymouth Marriners, had not fought it out, the whole Army had been cut off. Since which defeat Sir Ralph Hopton hath sent a Letter to Plymouth, to summon them to yeeld, but what answer they have given them, is not yet related. As for the Devonian Horse and Dragooners that went to Bodman, they were forced to breake their way through with the losse of some of their Dragoneres, into which, as it is said, Sir Ralph Hopton marched furiously, hopeing thereby so to terrifie the Devonians, that they will not date to hinder his march towards Oxford, but therein hee may be deceived, for the Inhabitants of the Counties of Dorset, and Somerset are raising of forces to send to helpe the Devonians, who are also making all their souldiers Horsemen and Dragoones to stop him from getting through their County. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Earl of Warwick sends ships to guard the North East and Cornwall

In Cornwall, North East on April 12 at 6:30 pm

12 Apr 1643 (Wed) || The Earle of Warwick, in his care and vigilancy for the good and welfare of this kingdome, hath sent foure lusty ships to the Northwards to guard Tinmouth-Haven and the Easterne coastes, against the Importation of forraigne forces and supplies, and they are gone thither in good time, for it is credibly written from Dunkerke in Flaunders, that there is gone from thence the last weeke, a Frigot laden with many hundred of armes and other hostile provisions for Newcastle.

And the said Earle hath also sent five great ships to guard Falmouth Haven, and not without needed, fot the Pyrats there have lately taken a westcountry ship comming from Bilbo in Biscay, either to Dartmouth or Plymouth, and carried her into Falmouth to make prize of her, because she had not the Kings warrant of compliance for her Protection, to safeguard her selfe, men, and goods. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Status of West Country peace treaty uncertain

In Cornwall, Devon on March 21 at 3:12 pm

21 Mar 1642/3 (Tue) || The Letters out of Devonshire this Weeke yeeld no certaine Informations of the Affaires there, for some of them affirme, that the Cessation of Armes betweene Cornwall and Devon is prolonged for ten dayes more; others of them assert, that the Citizens of Exeter refused to permit the Gentry of the two Counties to treat there, and that they have protested against the Treaty, because they deeme it not to be bona fide, but of dangerous consequence to the safety of their County, and that their forces, by this delay, have lost a faire opportunity of suppressing their enemies, who by this intermission have ample meanes to Recreute their weakned Troopes, and furnish themselves with such hostile provisions as they wante, and also to fortifie the Frontier Cornish Townes, to their future disadvantage, and prolonging of the intestine combustions amongst them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

From the West it is certified that the Treaty with Sir Ralph Hopton goes on, that they are to meete neere Plimouth, that ten dayes Cessation more is agreed on; but if the Treaty between the King and the Parliament go not on (for as yet it is not known whether the King will accept of the Cessation as it is limitted) there is no expectation that that Treaty will proceed, but in reference to the grand Treaty; the president would be dangerous to proceed in, or conclude a Treaty without the approbation of Parliament. The Devonshire men, now that they see Sir Ralph Hopton prepares and fortifies all this while, are not backward in doing the like. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer (P)

Hopton reportedly victorious in Cornwall

In Cornwall on January 31 at 8:31 pm

31 January 1642/3 || It was reported in the Hall and Court of Requests, that there was a generall Thankesgiving throughout all Oxford, and particularly in the private Chappell of Christ-Church before the King in the morning, and more private againe in the Presence-chamber at night, or Evening-prayer, before His Majesty, for the victory of Sir Ralph Hopton in Devonshire, nigh Plimouth, upon Colonel Ruthen and the Earle of Stamford, obtained about ten dayes since and how it was specified in their Thanksgiving, a very glorious overthrow, to the number of eight or nine hundred; yet certaine information is come to the House, that the Parliament lost but thirty men, horses killed but eight, and eighty taken prisoners, and that the rest were Crowes (but it may be more like Jack-Dawes). || John Tompson – The Daily Intelligencer

It is said that Sir Ralph Hopton hath retaken Salt Ash, and summoned Plimouth in which are most of the forces the Parliament hath in those parts. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Letter summarises action in Cornwall

In Cornwall on January 27 at 1:26 pm

27 January 1642/3 (Fri) – “An extract of a Letter from Coll. [William] Strowd in Cornwall” || The 13. of this present moneth (by Gods goodnesse to us, and the valour and conduct of Sommerset Forces) we took New-bridge passage into Cornwall, which our enemies held impregnable; An indeed (had God not deprived them, and furnished us with courage) it had been a most heavy and difficult attempt; with this we got Salt Ash, Milbrook, and Mount Edgcome; and thence chased Sir Ralph Hopton, Slanning, Slingsby,¹ &c. and also we got Lauston [Launceston], and this town, and chased Sir Jo. Barcly [Berkeley], Asbburnan [William Ashburnham], [Sir William] Killigrew, Greenfield,² and the Lord Mohun. But if the passage had not been first gained, nothing of this had been as yet done, nor the Cornish men yet entred their Countrey, but hope this day to place them at Bodnyn [Bodmin] in the verie heart of the Countie; we are not so forward to do the Countrey good as they are to acknowledge it; and truly under God, our small forces have hitherto been her safety, and God sending safe our Forces by Sea which are shipt, we hope in very short time to give a good account of the warre, wherein depends very much the peace of England. At the passage we took 43. prisoners, Lieutenant Grinway, and Captain Hartgill, in to the River where he was drowned, and slew two others, and but one of our men hurt. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

¹ Unidentified, but not Sir Henry Slingsby, who was active in the north.
² Unidentified; possibly one of the Grenviles.

Sir Ralph Hopton beats off Ruthen’s force in Cornwall

In Cornwall on January 24 at 11:37 am

24 January 1642/3 (Tue) || This day, but not will towards evening newes came of a most notable defeat given by Sir Ralph Hopton to the Rebels, not far from Bodmine: who being informed, that his affaires were in farre worse condition, then indeed they were, made up what power they could under the conduct of Colonell Ruthin Commander of the forces in the Towne of Plimmouth, and so marched against him, intending to 200[?] which were taken Prisoners, whereof Ruthen above named was said to be one, together with all their Ordinance and Ammunition. It seemes the rowt was great and generall: it being signified by one in Plimmouth to a friend of his, who looked for better newes from him then it chanced to prove, (which letter amongst others had beene intercepted) that of 1500. men who went out from Plimmouth, on this brave exploit, there was but one returned when hee writ that letter. Which newes hath beene confirmed since that by severall letters and advertisements from divers places, with this addition that on the 17. day of Jan being 2. dayes before the fight, Sir Ralph had taken 40. saile of ships, being bound for London, which had beene driven by the weather within command of Pendennis Castle, in which hee found not onely a good quantity of Armes, but such store of money as served to pay his souldiers all their wages which was then behind, besides a fortnights pay beforehand: As also that amongst the Prisoners were found [Colonel William] Strode and [Colonel John] Pine two men which stand excepted in his Majesties Pardon for the County of Sommerset, with divers other men both of name and quality. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

It is informed by Letters out of the West Country, that after Sir Ralph Hopton was beaten out of Salt-Ash, he marched about twelve Miles from thence, and that Collonell Ruthen pursued him, and quartered his men at Liscond [Liskeard], within two miles of Sir Ralph Hopton, thinking he would fly directly to Pendennis Castle, and thereupon Collonell Ruthen the next day marched from thence with intention to execute his speed in the pursuite of the Enemy, who having intelligence thereof, layd an Ambuscado in a very advantagious place, and defeated Collonell Ruthen, and put his Foote to flight, tooke foure pieces of Ordnance, and some Armes, with about two hundred prisoners. The Earle of Stamford was upon march with eight pieces of Ordnance, and sufficient strength, to have joyned with Collonell Ruthen the next day, but he had the day before frustrated the expectation of the Issue of that joyning, which hath occasioned Salt-Ash to bee the place of Randevouz for the present for the Parliaments Forces, and it is reported that Sir Ralph Hopton is gone to Pendennis Castle, and it is also reported that some of the Kings forces are gone against Ciciter [Cirencester], but no doubt the men of Gloucestershire will shew themselves as stout and couragious as they have already done for the Parliament. || Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Parliament troops miss Hopton, but capture Crofts

In Buckinghamshire, Cornwall on January 18 at 11:13 am

18 January 1642/3 (Wed) || Letters from the West say, that Sir Ralph Hopton dispayring to hold Salt Ash, when he saw his most opportune time fled with some men, as is beleeved, [and] hath recovered the Castle of Pendenis. If our Souldiers had but sent out some horse to watch his running away (which they could not but imagine he would, in case of distresse, the Towne not being surrounded with power) they had got him prisoner, which had it proved so happy, then might the troubles there have been ended, and our forces have returned this way. Colonell [Arthur] Goodwin being about Alesbury, and watching the enemy narrowly, at last surprized one troupe of the Royall Armie, in which was some eight men of qualitie and Commanders, raising one other troupe; the Captaine was one [Sir William] Crofts, who was sent to strengthen Brill, but the Towne being little went a mile off for quarters, which the Colonell having notice of, sent out a partie against them, and tooke them in the night as they were in their beds, and suddenly hasted them away, horse, armes, and all, ere they had notice in the Towne (a very good busines, and as I remember the first that our Army hath done since the warre began) of that kinde: they are come to London but to lodge, because for the safetie of Souldiers, the best place is Winddsore Castle, whence they cannot make escape, and where they can doe no hurt by being heads of any faction, and without any charge to the State, there being in that Castle a Regiment, who have pay for the securing the same. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Falmouth Royalists make use of captured Spanish vessel

In Cornwall on December 31 at 2:30 pm

31 Dec 1642 || The Cavaliers in Pendennys Castle at Falmouth, have set out one of the Malaga Ships (that came ignorantly into that Harbour)¹ to Sea, for a man of War, and put Land Souldiers into her, to take the Roundheads when they meet with them; but the Souldiers being only fresh-water-men, and never before tossed by the lofty and high dwelling waves, and through too free tipling of the Spanish wine, became so Sea-sick that they were not able to stir or help themselves; which the Marriners beholding, tooke opportunity by the forelock, and secured them all under Hatches, and with this present faire Westerne gale of winde, are bringing them hither to London.|| Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

¹ See report from 21 Dec.