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Archive for the ‘Leicestershire’ Category

Lord Grey’s cavalry skirmish with Henry Hastings at Bagworth

In Leicestershire on August 18 at 12:15 am

18 Aug 1643 (Fri) || From Leicester it is informed, That Manchester Carriers came lately with forty packs from London to that Towne, with whom the Lord Grey of Groby sent out a hundred horse to guard them to Derby, which they having effected, in their returne home, they met with another hundred of their owne Horse, at Copt-Oake, in the Forrest of Leicester, where they joyned together, and went towards Ashby de la Zouch, within about two miles whereof, they met with an hundred of Colonell Hastings Horse and Dragoones, founded them a charge, and advanced to encounter them, but Hastings Horse wheeled about, and made with all speed to Bagworth-Heath whither the Leicester Horse followed them; and after the first charge, Hastings men ran away, the other pursued them eagerly, trasht and cut them sorely, killed six of them, tooke sixty of them prisoners, with their horses, amongst which was a Serjeant Major, a Captaine, and a Lieutenant: Which good piece of Service, hath diminished some of those Rob-Carriers, who, like the Arabians, or Italian Banderroes, lie sculking upon the Leicestershire and Staffordshire Roads, to intercept all travellers and passengers into the North-west parts of the Kingdome. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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Royalists allegedly plunder in Leicestershire

In Leicestershire on May 21 at 11:10 pm

Sunday 21 May 1643 || From Lecester they write, that the Lord Grey of Groby, their Commander in chiefe, hath lately been sicke, but is now newly recovered, and that the Kings forces marched through that county, and have done much hurt by pillaging the Countrey men of their horses, and other goods, that they went by Leicester with many carriages, the most of them being laden with Pillaged goods, as they are informed from their Rendezvous, by one that stood by and saw them unladen, and that many of the Kings forces are returned backe againe toward Newarke, and in their returned they faced the Towne of Northampton, while some of their fellows plundered and pillaged the Countrey thereabouts, where some of them were slaine and taken prisoners. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Army movements in Staffordshire

In Leicestershire, Staffordshire on May 1 at 1:38 pm

1 May 1643 (Mon) || From Derby they write, that Colonell Ridgley was so affrighted with the bare Report, of Prince Ruperts advancing to Uttoxate [Uttoxeter] in Staffordshire, after he had gotten the Close at Lichfield, that he presently left the Town of Uttoxate, and went with his forces to Leyke [Leek] in the North part of Staffordshire to secure himself, whereas it would have been better and safer for him, to have retired to Burton upon Trent, where he might have joyned himselfe with Sir John Gell and his Army.

After whose departure, the Towne of Uttoxate, through the Treachery of some of their owne Townsmen, Compounded with Captaine Bagot¹ for a summe of money, to be exempted from Plundring and Saccage, yet they conditioned to deliver up their Armes to the Cavaliers, having compleate armes for at least an hundred and fiftie men, and they were also to receive 300. of the Cavaliers men and horse, to be billetted in their Towne.

And they further write from thence, that Master Henry Hastings, hath lately taken 60 Horses with their Packs from severall Carriers, that travelled in those parts neere Tamworth and Ashby de la zouch, which hath made the people thereabouts dignifie him with the title of Rob-Carrier. He is daily expected at Derby, where they prepare to give him whole Vollies both of great and small shot for his welcome, but his courage will not yet suffer him to accept of such rude entertainment. He hath had great forces about Tamworth, which are since marched to Oxford, being sent thither by the King, where a thick cloud and inpetuous storme is drawing together, but where it will light, God only knoweth, howsoever, Derby provideth for it, for they daily fetch in Rents from the Malevolents in that County, and the Countrey people come in to their aide with their Armes; but because they have no present neede and use of them, they have desired them to retire to their homes, and to returne to them againe, when upon any pressing emegents they shall require their loving and brotherly assistance.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ Richard Bagot, the new Royalist governor of Lichfield

Further allegations of Royalist highway robbery

In Leicestershire on April 8 at 12:47 pm

8 Apr 1643 (Sat) || Whereas it hath been lately reported, that Master Henry Hastings, the Earle of Huntingtons second sonne, was dead of the wounds which he received in the late battell, against Sir John Gell, and Sir William Brereton, in Staffordshire, it seames now to be a misreport, for it is now ascertayned, that some of his Troopers, which lie at Ashby de la Zouch in Leicestershire, are fallen to their old Trade of robbing and stealing, for want of better warlike imployments, for they have also robbed the Carrier of Leeds in Yorkeshire, of 22. Packs of Cloth, and of 24. horses, and they have also robbed the Carrier of Kendall in Westmerland, of 9. Packs of Cloth, and of his 9. horses that carried them, about Mount-Sorrell, and Loughborough in Leicestershire, and these enormities they ordinarily commit, notwithstanding the Kings Proclamation to the contrary, so little respect and obedience they give to his commands, for whom, (as they make the world beleeve) they now so eagerly fight and contend. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Reports of Hastings’ activities in Leicestershire and Derbyshire

In Derbyshire, Leicestershire on February 8 at 8:30 pm

8 February 1642/3 || From Leicestershire it was advertised, that Colonell Hastings hearing that certain of the Rebels horse were plundring the Kings good subjects on the edge of Darbyshire, where it joyneth to Stafford; sent out 12. of his choicest horse to make discovery of their doings, and if they saw occasion, to adventure further. Who finding a party of 48. horse of the Rebels, fell in upon them on a sudden and charged upon them with such force and fury, that they killed 18. in the place, took six of them prisoners, put the rest to flight, and returned backe againe without any losse. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

From Darby they write, that Mr. Henry Hastings hath robbed the Ashborn and Uttoxate Carriers,² and the report is there, that he is gone from Ashby de la Zouch, to help the Cavaliers at Newarke upon Trent, or else to get more Forces in some other place. The Lord Grey went lately out of Derby to Nottingham, and from thence he was to goe to Newarke aforesaid, where he was to meet the Lo: Willoughby of Parham, who bringeth ten pieces of Ordnance with him to force that place. And as Mr. Hastings stops all the Carriers that goe into those parts, so the Cavaliers at Newark stayes all Barges and Boats, that none can passe up the River of Trent to Nottingham.¹

The Inhabitants of Derby have pulled up the great Arch of Swarston Bridge, to keep Mr. Hastings from invading their County, and the like they hope will be done at Burton Bridge, and Muncks Bridge,³ to hinder his passage through these places. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ For his goods-seizing activities, Hastings was given the facetious nickname, “Rob the Carrier”.
² i.e. of Uttoxeter, Staffs.
³ Monks Bridge spanned the river Dove between Staffordshire and Derbyshire. It survives, but only as part of the modern river crossing.

Hastings defends his father’s house at Ashby-de-la-Zouch

In Leicestershire on January 21 at 10:57 pm

21 January 1642/3 (Sat) || Newes came, about the middle of this weeke, that Colonell Hastings, of whom so much hath beene reported in the former weekes, was besieged in the Earle of Huntingdons (his Father’s) house at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, by the joynt forces of the Lord Gray, Sir William Brereton, and Sir John Gell; of whose drawing their severall Forces towards that point, wee have spoken before. But whilest things were in preparation for his speedy succours; there came advertisement this day by some letters thence, that on a provident foresight of what might follow, he had well manned the house, and furnished it with all things necessary for his owne defence: and that upon the first approach of the Rebels thither, before they had finished their intrenchment; or done much hurt unto the place, he had given them such a bitter welcome, that they were weary of the worke ere they begun it, and the siege was likely to be raised, before it did amount to a formall siege: the circumstance of which notable piece of service we shall know hereafter.|| John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Activities of Colonel Hastings in Derbyshire & Leicestershire

In Derbyshire, Leicestershire on January 19 at 11:37 pm

19 Jan 1642/3 (Thu) || From Darby it is certified, that Master Hastings had fortified Swarton Bridge to hinder all entercourse into that County from the South parts, whereupon the Inhabitants thereof, went with seven Companies of foot, and two peeces of Ordinance, to demolish his Works, & drive him from thence, which they valiantly performed, without the losse of one man, but they slew six of his men, and forced them to take horse and ride away, leaving two Drakes, and one Barrell of Gunpowder behind them, which they cast into the River of Trent, the Darby souldiers having thus freed the Bridge of their Enemies, they would faine have plundred Sir John Harpers house, but their noble Colonell Sir John Gell would not suffer it, yet to quiet them, he promised to give them as much money, at their returne to Darby, as the pillage should be worth, and this he nobly performed when they came home.

During the absence of the Darby men from their Towne, the Countrey people, to the number of six hundred, with Bils, and Clubs, guarded it safely for them.

Master Hastings departing from thence, went to Kegworth, where he seized upon the Darby Carrier, and tooke all his goods and Letters from him, and carried them to Ashby de la Zouch in Leicestershire, and from thence sent the poore man home onely with his seven horses, and wrote a Letter to the major of Derby, telling him that he came not to fight, and that if the goods belonged to any of the Kings true subjects, if they would come to Ashby and own them, they should have them, but he afterwards hearing that the Lord Grey was come into Leicestershire, hath left Ashby, and is fled out of that County. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

News from around the country

In Devon, Gloucestershire, Leicestershire, Military News, Norfolk, North East, Yorkshire on November 24 at 6:10 pm

24 Nov 1642 || This day Letters came from Newcastle, that testified that there lately, since the last newes arrived, [were] two more ships with Ammunition, and that the Queene is expected there daily. ||

This day also it was assured from Excester, that Sir Ralph Hopton being well beaten with his Cavaliers from that City, was retir’d againe with Sir Bevil Greenvill into Cornwall. ||

A memorable accident happened at Norwich, certaine Cavaliers comming into that City, and one of them drinking a health to the confusion of the Parliament, was choak’d with his sudden draught, and fell downe dead. || John Johnson – The English Intelligencer

Information was given by letters from Leicester, that his Majesty hath commanded the Major of that Town, to pay certaine monies that have bin raised upon the subsidy bil to Mr Hastings,¹ and if he refuse the payment thereof that then to be apprehended and brought to his Majesty to receive punishment for his contempt therein. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

The Gloucester-shire Clothiers, that lately had their cloth taken from them neer Abbington by the Cavaliers, have Petitioned the King for the restitution of them, who answered, as it is reported, that his souldiers had then need of clothes, which he desired might be converted to their use, but he withall told them, that if they would come to him when his affaires were setled, hee would see they should have ample recompence for those commodities. ||

Out of Yorke-shire it is signified, that the Lord Fairefax with above 10000 men is drawne nearer unto the City of Yorke, and now straitly besiegeth it and that he battereth it with great Ordnance brought from Hull, and that Sir John Hotham hath also sent him a great Mortar piece, that will shoot many granadoes at once and it is also from thence informed that Ca. Hotham hath with twelve or thirteen troops of Horse, is gone into Lancashire, to suppresse the Earle of Darby and the insolent Papists in that county, where it is expected that the well affected persons will assist him, to drive that disturbing Earle from thence, and bring the work to a speedy Period. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

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¹ Henry Hastings, High Sheriff of Leicestershire. In February 1643 he was appointed the King’s colonel-general of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Rutland, and Lincolnshire.