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Archive for the ‘Lincolnshire’ Category

Marquess of Newcastle continues to siege Hull

In Lincolnshire on September 28 at 11:55 pm

28 Sep 1643 (Thu) || For the siege of Hull, or rather the blocking up of it; its prosecuted by my Lord Newcastle, and if reliefe and supplies come not, or the enemy be not busied another way; time may gaine the greatest and strongest Hold that is, but we hope the Marquisse will be busied ere long some other way. As for Colonell Cromwell, we do not beleeve what is said of his enemies, that he is routed or taken prisoners, or that as yet any action hath been betwixt them: we hope my Lord Manchester will in short time be considerable, and that he will be in Lincolnshire within fourteen dayes to joyne with Colonell Cromwell. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

28 Sep 1643 (Thu) || For the siege of Hull, or rather the blocking up of it; its prosecuted by my Lord Newcastle, and if reliefe and supplies come not, or the enemy be not busied another way; time may gaine the greatest and strongest Hold that is, but we hope the Marquisse will be busied ere long some other way. As for Colonell Cromwell, we do not beleeve what is said of his enemies, that he is routed or taken prisoners, or that as yet any action hath been betwixt them: we hope my Lord Manchester will in short time be considerable, and that he will be in Lincolnshire within fourteen dayes to joyne with Colonell Cromwell. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

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Cromwell fails to prevent Royalist capture of Gainsborough

In Lincolnshire on July 31 at 12:22 am

31 Jul 1643 (Mon) || The first thing … is a Letter which the House of Commons received this day from the Lord Willoughby of Parham, and Colonell Cromwell, from Gainsborough, informing them of these particulars, viz. That after the taking of Burleigh-house Colonell Cromwell, with some additionall forces from Nottingham and Lincoln advanced to the relief of Gainsborough, besieged by at least 5000 of Newcastles Armie, and came before the Town, on Friday morning last, fought with the enemy, though with great disadvantage of place and number, got the Hill of them, charged them within Pistoll shot, fought with them a long time at swords point, Routed their whole body, and pursued the chase of them with great execution five or sixe miles, killed the chief men in the field, Generall [Charles] Cavendish, and another person of note, much like to Generall King,¹ one Colonell, Lieutenant-Colonell Serjeant Major, and a Captain, above 100 others found dead upon the place, and neer upon twice as killed in the pursuit, took prisoners above 150. and upon their retreat relieved the Town with Powder and other Provisions: After which they skirmished with a new supply of the Newcastles Army, that came against them, brought off their Foot, which was engaged with great disadvantage, and made a sure retreate into the Town with little losse; Desiring the Parliament, that some speedy course might be taken to relieve them with fresh supplies, and they doubt not, by Gods help, to dissipate the great power of the Newcastles Army, who are all advanced that wayes, and intend with all speed for the Southern parts. And since the receipt of this Letter, we hear they² have taken Gainsborough (a punctuall Relation whereof hereafter follows) and will be a great in-let to their advance this way, if not the more speedily prevented. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ Cavendish was indeed killed; King was not.
² i.e. the Royalists

Oliver Cromwell takes Burleigh House from the Royalists

In Lincolnshire on July 29 at 12:16 am

29 Jul 1643 (Sat) || Out of Lincolnshire the Relation is come, that the Newarke Cavaliers with strong forces, were gotten into Burgleigh House neer Stamford, from whence they sent a Trumpet to Peterbrough, commanding them to deliver up their City, who returned answer, that they should have it when they could get it. But Colonell Cromwell being unwilling they should nestle there, withall the strength he could get, came upon them, tooke the said House, and in it two Colonells, sixe Captaines, four hundred foot, and two hundred horse, and slew fourscore of them, with the losse scarce of two of his owne. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliament takes Gainsborough

In Lincolnshire on July 21 at 11:18 am

21 Jul 1643 (Fri) || On Sunday there came letters to the close Committee from Lincolneshire, signifying that; that right noble Gentleman, the Lord Willoughby of Parham hath with a party of  the Lincolneshire forces taken in the Town of Gainsbrough by a desperate assault in the night time, forcing upon their Courts of Guard, which was but negligently manned, and entred the Town, without any bloody shed took prisoners about 60. Knights, Gent. & Commanders all men of very good worth, & cheife Agents of the War in those parts prisoners, the Earl of Kingston was also taken there, being a man for estate as considerable as most noblemen in the Kingdom and by the Kings Commission made Generall of all the forces in those parts raised in opposition to the Parliament; who upon the first taking of the Towne, betooke himselfe to his house, where he stood upon his guard for neare upon a whole day after, but was at length forced to surrender himselfe a prisoner to the Lord Willoughby; and they found in his house a great quantity of moneys and rich prize, released 200. of the Parliaments prisoners that were at sundry times taken in Yorkshire, and about Lincolne, tooke about 50. other prisoners in the Towne, and great store of Armes and Ammunition, the Town it selfe if very considerable in divers respects, and through the benefit of the River, will be of great use to us, and a prejudice to the enemy Northwards. All the Prisoners taken there are sent safe to Hull, Boston, and some other places thereabouts.

And for the better defence of the Towne upon notice, that Generall King was gathering all the forces he could about Newarke, to come against the Lord Willoughby at Gainsborough, the Lord Fairefax hath sent a Pinnace thither with 200. Musqueeters, and 8. peece of Ordinance, whereby with the assistance of the Countrey forces that are also joyned with them, the Towne is so well fortified they feare not any attempt of the Popish army, that are comming to besiege them. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Lincolnshire Parliamentarians plunder local Royalist’s estate

In Lincolnshire on April 16 at 9:40 am

Sunday 16 Apr 1643 || It was advertised that the Rebels of Lincolnshire having committed many spoiles and outrages over all the Countrie, plundering and robbing His Majesties good and loyall Subjects, as namely Sir Philip Terwhit, Sir Rob. Thurold, Master Thom. Thuree (whom they plundered both of his office, and goods) and Sir Will. Pelham whom they plundered thrice, first of his horses, next of his sheepe, and lastly of his goods and houshold-stuffe, came not long since to Master Dymockes house at Methringham, by the appointment of the Earle of Lincolne, the Lord Willoughby of Parham, and others of their cheife Commanders; which house they did not onely plunder of very much costly and rich furnitures, of severall sorts and uses, which were stored up there, amounting in the whole to 3 or 4000l, but did descend at last unto so poore a degree of pilfering, as to loade away the turfe and coale laid in for fewell, and to steale the frocke belonging to the very scullions; and that when as a servant of the said Master Dymocks, desired that he might take an Inventory of his Masters goods, being then carried unto Lincolne, the Earle did threaten the poore fellow to set him fast in the stocks, for such a faithfull peece of sawcinesse. All which said Gentleman have been thus dealt with by the Rebels there, for no reason but because they have bin attendant on His sacred Majesty, according to their bounden duty; the last of them (Master Dymmocke) being hereditary Champion to the Kings of England, was more rudely handled, because conceived to be more specially ingaged in this present service, for maintenance of His Majesties Crowne, and Regall dignity.

It was this day advertised out of those parts also, that His Majesties Commissioners for the County of Lincoln, being sensible of those rebellious Acts, and other misdemeanors committed daily, by the said Earle of Lincolne, the Lord Willoughy, and the Committee for the two Houses of Parliament, now resident in the said County, by whose authority and power, Armes have been raised against His Majesty, and His good Subjects there destroyed, robbed, and ruined, had warned a Sessions to be held at Grantham on Tuesday last, for framing an enditement to be presented to the Grand Jurie for that County, against those perturbatours of the publicke peace. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Lord Camden takes Stamford for the King; attacks property of local knight

In Lincolnshire on April 12 at 12:14 pm

12 Apr 1643 (Wed) || This day we had a confirmation of that which had been signified in General the day before: viz. that the Lord Camden had raised a strength of 1100 men or thereabouts, and had possessed himselfe of Stamford for the Kings Majestie, by meanes whereof he had obtained a great command on Rutlandshire, and some part also both of Lincoln and Northampton shires, upon all which it did adjoyn: and that being so conveniently seated, he had fallen upon the house of Sir Gilbert Pickering; a man most dangerously active against his Majestie, and took thence all his Armes and Horses, which had been housed there for the maintainance of the Rebellion; the noise of which comming to Northampton did strike so great a feare amongst the Rebels, that many of the Souldiers fled and forsook the towne. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

MP’s troopers reportedly desert en masse to the Royalists

In Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire on March 24 at 1:10 pm

24 Mar 1642/3 (Fri) || Newes of this day was of Captaine Griffith, who having beene indicted of an attempt to ravish the Lady Sedley, and freed by Vote and Order of the House of Commons, whereof he was a Member, became the darling of that House: and after, having raised a Troope of Horse, went thorow the streetes of London with two silver Trumpets blowing before him, and his Foot-men waiting upon him in rich velvet jackets, with 7 or 8 laces on a seame. This was about a fortnight since or more, when he went towards Lincolneshire, to assist those parts in the Rebellion. But as it seemes his faculty lay more in a Ladies Chamber, then in the conduct of a Warre: Which being espied by his Lieutenant, and other Officers of his Troope, they practiced so powerfully upon his Troopers, that all with one consent forsooke him and came in to Newarke, and have there put themselves into His Majesties service, not leaving the gallant Captaine so much as one silver trumpet. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Opposing forces gather near Grantham

In Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire on March 2 at 11:55 pm

2 March 1642/3 (Thu) || It was informed by letters from Lincolne dated 27. of Februarie to this effect, our forces marched out of Lincolne on Satterday last against Newarke there being eleven foote Companies of them that went from hence, and they marched that night some within seaven some six and some five miles of Newarke; there are also 500. more come out of Holland in our County¹ with such weapons as they can procure, and there is abundance of volunteeres. More came yesterday out of the Marsh, and this morning (being Munday last) marched after the Army which came yesterday within three miles of Newarke. They had nine peeces of Ordinance with them, 16. Carriages with provisions of Ammunition and victualls. Word came the last night that there were other forces quartered both horse and foote in all the Townes betweene this and Grantham, which is tenn miles, and are drawing up to our forces who are in all 7. or 8000. Today it is thought before this time they are (although not now full seaven a Clocke in the morning) before Newarke, and that they will give them a sufficient charge on the one side, and the Lord Gray from Nottingham with 250 men, and some peeces of Ordnance on the other side, so it is conceived the Cavalliers will be in a very great straight, having one place to retreat unto. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

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¹ Holland is a region of Lincolnshire

Lincolnshire Royalist gentry allegedly ready to desert the King

In Lincolnshire on February 20 at 10:50 pm

20 February 1642/3 || They write out of Lincolneshire, that that Countie begins to be discouraged and complaine, that some body is come amongst them from about London, that hath so busled among the Lords and gentlemen, that divers of them are thinking how to sit downe and save themselves, who but a few weekes since, to the number of neere ten thousand men, would have chearfully gone together against a common Enemy. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Aulicus declares a victory for Hopton; Royalists admitted to Grantham

In Devon, Lincolnshire on January 15 at 11:45 pm

Sunday 15 January 1642/3 || This day produced but little newes, more then a confirmation of the victory obtained upon the edge of Cornwall, by Sir Ralph Hopton, against that aggregate body of the Rebels, which comming from so many parts, had joyned their forces together, to suppresse him: and a more perfect information of some of the Earle of Newcastles forces comming to Grantham in Lincoln-shire (the declaring of which towne for the King, we spake of formerly) the people of the Town went to meete them with Joy and musicke, admitted willingly two Troopes of Horse for the securing of that passe, and tooke great care to see them billeted, and disposed of to their best content: and finally, that although the Committee for both Houses of Parliament had destroyed as many boats as they could find, to hinder the passage of his forces over the Humber, which divides Lincoln-shire from Yorkshire; yet some of his men were already got over, who were exceeding well received by the Countrey, and carried themselves with such respect unto the people, that they had done no dammage to any of them. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)