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Archive for the ‘Norfolk’ Category

King’s Lynn fears plunder & stands for the King

In Norfolk, Suffolk on August 29 at 11:39 pm

29 Aug 1643 (Tue) || This day by Letters from London we were certified, that the Earle of Pembrookes goods, which were shipped for the Isle of Wight, were seized by the vertuous Lord Major Isaac Pennington (the new and most faithful Lieutenant of the Tower) but whether they be as yet restored to the Earle we are not informed. And in the same Letter it was signified, that the Earle of Manchester (that famous good man) doth rob all Country people in Suffolke of their Cart-horses, so as they cannot possibly get in their harvest, which is one of those new blessings he intends to bestow upon their Associate-Counties: which the Inhabitants of the Towne of Lin perceiving, like honest Subjects and true Englishmen, they kept his Lordship out of their Towne, telling him flatly, They kept the Towne for His Majesty, and by the helpe of God would so keepe it against whomsoever; which they are able to doe, it being so strongly fortified, that Kimbolton may as soone raise his good father from the dead, as force his enterance into Lin. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Plot to burn Norwich foiled

In Norfolk on July 12 at 9:19 pm

12 Jul 1643 (Wed) || From Norwich they write, that there hath lately been some Conspirators discovered and apprehended, whose designe was to have fired the City in two places, whereof the one was Sir John Hobarts house, and the other was the Countrey prison, and when all was in combustion, then about an 100. horse from Saint Faiths and those parts, joyning themselves with other forces raised about Cunsford and other parts of the City, should have seized upon the Ordnance, and drawne them up to the Castle Hill, to have commanded the whole City and Countrey, for which Conspiracy some are committed to the Gaole. It was through Gods mercy strangely discovered; thus, one Allen of Saint Faiths (who was put upon the Plot by one Master Balden as great Papist in the City) being a prime Conspirator, and shortly intended to have put this blood-fiery Plot in execution, wanting some assistance to put it in action, discovered his intention to a dis-affected Minister thereabouts, desiring his advise and aid therein, who being exceedingly molested in his Conscience at the hearing thereof, could by no means pacifie and quiet it, untill he had discovered the Plot to Sir John Hobart, and so the Conspirators were apprehended, examined and committed, and shall be shortly tried, by a Martiall Commission from the Parliaments Lord Generall, as the London Conspirators have been.¹ || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

¹ The plot is significant, in that Norwich was at the time England’s second biggest city, after London.

King’s Lynn refuses entrance to Parliament troops

In Norfolk on April 7 at 5:59 pm

7 Apr 1643 (Fri) || From Lyn Regis¹ in the County of Norfolk it is informed, that the Maiors son of that Towne, by the aide of some lewd Saylors there, have combustions and distractions amongst them, and that they would not suffer some of the Parliaments forces to enter the Towne, and have much abused and wronged a Messenger from the Parliament, and that they turned the Ordnance there upon the well-affected of the Towne, and all this began through the incitation of the Maior and Recorder, insomuch that it is feared, that if they be not timely suppressed, they may doe much mischiefe there, and call in to them the Malevolent party that begin to be in motion at Crowland and Spalding in Lincolnshire, but there is hope that Sir Anthony Irby will speedily overawe those Malevolents at Crowland, for he is marched towards them with some forces from Boston, whose approach hath so affrighted them, that they sent a messenger to him, desiring that they might Treat with him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

¹ King’s Lynn

Artillery accident in Norwich

In Norfolk on March 14 at 8:32 pm

14 March 1642/3 (Tue) || From Norwich, in the County of Norfolke they write, that some hurt hath beene done there lately, by a strange accident, which hapned thus, The Peece of Ordnance which was planted against Mr. Holls house, was brought back againe into the City, charged with powder and bullet, which the Cannonier through covetousnesse (it being his fees) thought to save and make money of, and thrusting his Spoone into the Peece to unlade it, the handle of the Spoone unloosed out of the socket, whereat the Cannonier being vexed, in a fury he violently struck a half pike into the Peece supposing to have fastned it into the socket of the Spoone, and so to have drawne it out, but the steele of the half pike striking upon the bullet, by force of the strong concussion betweene those two hard things, struck fire, which tooke hold upon some gunpowder that lay scattered about the bullet, wherewith the Peece being fired, of it selfe discharged, and the bullet raked downe the length of a whole street, and hurt and maimed divers men, women, and children, and slew two outright, and the Cannonier escaped with the losse of one arme: but that which is most remarkable in this accident, as the Letter relateth, is that none were hurt by the Bullet, but such as were known to be disaffected men, and children and servants of such kinde of people. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Letters from Ireland, Exeter, Plymouth & Norfolk; intercepts from Reading

In Berkshire, Devon, Ireland, Norfolk on December 11 at 10:46 pm

11 Dec 1642 (Sun) || The Lord Generall sent some Letters to the Houses, which were interrupted by a Scout betweene Oxford and Redding, one of them was a Letter from Secretary Nicholas to the Cavalliers in Redding, wherein he writes, that hee hath sent them three hundred pound and will send them more suddainly, That sir Ralph Hopton hath taken Plymouth, and the Earle of Newcastle beaten Captaine Hotham into Hull, that sir Ralph Hopton is fortifying againe at Sherburne Castle, and that the Lord Digby hath taken Marlborough.

Also there was another Letter of Prince Ruperts to Redding, intimating that they shall suddainly receive some more aide from him, and that the Earle of Essex he is enformed intends not to stirre this Winter, &c. The Scout that tooke these Letters, the Commons ordered should have forty pound given him as a reward for that he came by them with much difficultie and danger of his life.

Letters came to the Commons from Ireland, setting forth their lamentable and distressed condition, for want of some reliefe and supplyes from England, which they conceived would not have beene so much neglected by the Parliament but that the great distractions of this Kingdome hath diverted it, whereupon they drew up a Petition and sent it to his Majestie, laying open their distressed condition, and to beseech his Majestie to endeavour the setling of the distraction here that so some speedy supplyes may be sent unto them, and that in the meane time his Majesty would afford them some reliefe.

There came Letters to the Commons from Exeter in Devonshire by one Captaine Plunkett, desiring the Commons with much earnestnesse that they would take order for the sending of some speedy reliefe unto them, for that their dangers were very great, Sir Ralph Hopton being comming against them with about 5000 men, and the High Sheriffe of their County¹ using all meanes to assist him, and hath set on foote againe the Commission of Array which draweth many to that party, So that they are no wayes able to defend themselves against so great a force without some supplyes from the Parliament. It was also informed that Sir Ralph Hopton hath made some attempts against Plymouth but they as yet defend themselves and keepe him out, that upon his first comeing hither the Soldiers within the Towne would have marched out and given him battle, and a Councell of Warr was called to consider of it, but the Captains and Officers proved very bad and declined the businesse which hath been very prejudiciall unto them. The Commons upon consideration of this businesse referred the said letters to a speciall Committee to consider of a speedy course for the sending of reliefe into Devonshire.

The Commons received letters from Norfolk informing them of the great distractions that are in that County by reason of the Malignants amongst them who doe oppose the ordinance of Parliament and those that endeavour the settling of the Militia, and stand up with much bouldnesse for the commision of Array, the cheife Actors in such businesse are Sir John Spilman, Sir Duell,² Captaine Crane, Master Hamon,³ and one Story who by order of the Commons are all of them to be sent for as delinquents, and the Trained Bands of the County are to be raised to apprehend them. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

¹ Edmund Fortescue
² Clearly part of the name is omitted; whether first or last is unclear.
³ Probably Hamon Claxton, clerk, of Norfolk: sent for as a delinquent on Oct 24, and on Nov 11 imprisoned in London for “disaffecting People in the County of Norfolk, to the Service of the Parliament.” (Source: Commons Journal).

Eastern counties to associate

In Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk on November 29 at 8:55 pm

29 Nov 1642 || The Counties of Essex, Suffolk, and Norfolk are now entring into an association for their mutuall defence and safety, so that all the Easterne, Westerne, Northerne and Southerne Counties standing upon their Guard by such conjunctures, the Cavaliers must of necessity crowd back againe into Wales, as soone as the Lord Generall shall unkennell them out of Oxford, or if they will there abide his coming they must be either forced to starve, or render themselves at discretion. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

News from around the country

In Devon, Gloucestershire, Leicestershire, Military News, Norfolk, North East, Yorkshire on November 24 at 6:10 pm

24 Nov 1642 || This day Letters came from Newcastle, that testified that there lately, since the last newes arrived, [were] two more ships with Ammunition, and that the Queene is expected there daily. ||

This day also it was assured from Excester, that Sir Ralph Hopton being well beaten with his Cavaliers from that City, was retir’d againe with Sir Bevil Greenvill into Cornwall. ||

A memorable accident happened at Norwich, certaine Cavaliers comming into that City, and one of them drinking a health to the confusion of the Parliament, was choak’d with his sudden draught, and fell downe dead. || John Johnson – The English Intelligencer

Information was given by letters from Leicester, that his Majesty hath commanded the Major of that Town, to pay certaine monies that have bin raised upon the subsidy bil to Mr Hastings,¹ and if he refuse the payment thereof that then to be apprehended and brought to his Majesty to receive punishment for his contempt therein. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

The Gloucester-shire Clothiers, that lately had their cloth taken from them neer Abbington by the Cavaliers, have Petitioned the King for the restitution of them, who answered, as it is reported, that his souldiers had then need of clothes, which he desired might be converted to their use, but he withall told them, that if they would come to him when his affaires were setled, hee would see they should have ample recompence for those commodities. ||

Out of Yorke-shire it is signified, that the Lord Fairefax with above 10000 men is drawne nearer unto the City of Yorke, and now straitly besiegeth it and that he battereth it with great Ordnance brought from Hull, and that Sir John Hotham hath also sent him a great Mortar piece, that will shoot many granadoes at once and it is also from thence informed that Ca. Hotham hath with twelve or thirteen troops of Horse, is gone into Lancashire, to suppresse the Earle of Darby and the insolent Papists in that county, where it is expected that the well affected persons will assist him, to drive that disturbing Earle from thence, and bring the work to a speedy Period. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

¹ Henry Hastings, High Sheriff of Leicestershire. In February 1643 he was appointed the King’s colonel-general of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Rutland, and Lincolnshire.

Pirates repelled off the English east coast

In Military News, Norfolk on November 20 at 6:05 pm

Sunday 20 Nov 1642 || The Dunkirke Frigotes thinking to surprize divers of the Hollanders Herring busses comming from [Great] Yarmouth, were by their convoy of men of war, shrewdly beaten, so that they will hardly come abroad any more this Winter into these seas. From Yarmouth it is certified that the Mary Rose, a good stout Ship of theirs at Sea, bound from France homeward, was set upon by two Pyrats men of War, with whom after a long and desperate cruel fight, Mary Rose sunke one of them and layd the other aboard, which was found to be when they had taken her an ArgierVessell¹ laden with Ammunition, most of her men being Irish, and bound for Berehaven.² ||

Out of Norfolke Letters testifie, that the Yarmouth men have had a fight at Sea with some Dunkirk Frigotes that would not come in to them, nor strike their tops, they had a conflict for very neere two houres, and at last, two of them being very nimble vessels, tack’d about, and got away before the wind, the other being shot thorow and thorow, they boarded and tooke, and found in her much ammunition bound for Ireland to assist the Rebels about Wexford. || reports collated by John Johnson – The English Intelligencer

¹ “Argier” was Algiers. Like Dunkirk, it was at that time a centre of piracy.
Berehaven harbour, on the west coast of Ireland, in Co. Cork.

All post halted in Norwich; city requests military assistance

In Norfolk on November 5 at 11:34 pm

5 Nov 1642 – final || There came letters to the parliament from Norwich, informing that their posts are all made stop of, so that they cannot send to nor heare from the parliament, desiring they may have some Officers sent unto them to exercise their forces for their own defence. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament