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Archive for the ‘Oxford’ Category

Parliament allegedly refuses the King supplies

In Oxford, Parliamentary business on September 29 at 12:05 am

29 Sep 1643 (Fri) || We were certified this day, that upon a Motion made, that they would give way that some necessaries for his Majesties sacred person might be carried to Oxford, among which one particular was wine; but they (as men that three dayes before had tooke a solemne Covenant for the preservation of his Majesties person) denyed that his Majesty should have any wine. So that having laboured to murther him with their great Ordnance, seiz’d of all his revenues that should keepe him alive, they now most dutifully refuse to let him have meat and drinke for that mony which his good Subjects have lent him. Let all men that have the least sense of honour or goodnesse; consider, if any blessed Prince were ever thus used by men (if I may call them so) who are his owne sworne Subject, whom they can accuse of nothing but this, that he is too good to be their King. Nay, when the Kings Sergeant moved that his Majesties Woods might be exempt from being cut downe and destroyed, that noble and valiant Gentleman the Lord Wharton grew extreame angry that he would make such a motion, and commanded him silence. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)


Oxford reportedly fears Essex’s advance

In Oxford on August 24 at 12:54 am

24 Aug 1643 (Thu) || Just now our Scout comes in, and tells us that they begin to be afraid at Oxford, hearing of my Lord Generall advance, having but two thousand men-souldiers in the towne, and three thousand women. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

Royalists detain Scots messenger at Oxford

In Oxford, Scotland on August 11 at 10:42 pm

11 Aug 1643 (Fri) || It was related the last week, that the Scots had sent a Messenger to the King, with a Declaration, to shew him their Reasons, why they must come into England with an Army: which Messenger went to Oxford, but found not the King there, yet his Message was taken, for Master Secretary Nicholas told him that he had Order from the King to give him an Answer, and so after he had kept him in a roome about foure or five houres, he sent him back with an Answer, and would not suffer him to go to the King, so that it is very likely his Message was well knowne before it came thither, which if he should have carried to the Campe before Glocester, it might have much disheartned the Cavaliers, made them to have deserted their enterprise, to have given over their cause, and plainly to have departed to their owne homes againe, there to sleep in whole skins, and to enjoy their former ease and quiet. But how the Scots will rellish the stop of their Declaration, and the keeping of their Messenger from the King, it is probable we shall heare shortly. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Captured Roundway colours taken to Oxford

In Oxford on July 17 at 10:37 am

17 Jul 1643 (Mon) || This day were brought to Towne in testimony of those signall victories, which His Majesties Forces in the west had lately gotten on the Rebels, to the number of 48 Colours and Coronets of Horse, which had been taken at severall times; 19 Brasse Peeces of Ordnance, & 500 Prisoners or thereabouts: the residue of the Prisoners having taken oath not to serve any more against His Majesties, and many of them being entertained in His Majesties Army. And the same day it was advertised, that the Earle of Essex was come backe from Bedfordshire towards Northampton, with very little increase (if any) of his broken forces: a great part of his horse which were sent away to the aid of Waller, partaking of his generall defeate and not yet returned. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament doubts Royalist prisoner exchange requests

In London, Oxford on July 10 at 8:52 pm

10 Jul 1643 (Mon) ||  One thing more I shall  insert, which should have been informed in the last weeks news, There hath been of late sundry Messages passed from the Generall of the Kings Army to the Earl of Essex about exchange of prisoners, but tis doubted their sending so often is more to get intelligence from our Armie, then with intent to exchange prisoners, their demands are so unreasonable: And on Saterday last the House of Commons received a Letter from Captain Walton, a worthy Member of their House, but hath been prisoner at Oxford ever since Keinton fight, who writes, That after much entreaties, there hath been some consultation at Oxford for his exchange, andthat they demand for him Captain [William] Legg, that broke prison at the Gate-house, and is now safe prisoner in Warwick Castle, which motion the Commons ordered should be referred to the consideration of the L. Generall, if he think fit to be exchanged accordingly. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

Colonel Urrey defects to the Royalists

In Oxford on June 17 at 10:01 pm

17 Jun 1643 (Sat) || It is reported for Certaine, that Colonell Urrey, the Scottish man, hath now fully discovered the (ever suspected) treacheries of his false heart, by turning Apostata; for he hath deserted the Parliaments service, and is run away to the Cavaliers at Oxford. This man was well beloved, respected, and confided in, insomuch that he hath beene imployed in services of consequence, which how slightly he hath performed, and ill requited, is now conspicuous and obvious to all observers of these times, but it seemeth that Oxonian promises, and hope of vaine preferment, is more prevalent with him, then the true honour and reputation of an heroick and noble souldier. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus suggests ‘Waller’s Plot’ a Parliament projection

In London, Oxford on June 7 at 2:52 pm

7 Jun 1643 (Wed) ||  You heard last weeke of a great and terrible Treason against the Parliament which was discovered by the care and diligence of Master Pym and his accomplices; for which the Queens Attourny, Master [Edmund] Waller, and certaine others were instantly committed to prison, their pockets and chambers searched, the well affected Ministers in London plundered of their Sermon-notes, under pretence of looking for suspected Papers; and such a noyse and tumult raised about it all over the City, as if the Powder treason had not beene halfe so horrible. But upon further information (as doth appeare by letters of the 4 of June) it proved only this. His Majesties finding the Rebllion raised against him to be growne unto a monstrous height, especially in London and the parts adjoyning, from whence it had been fed and nourished; issued out a Commission unto certaine persons whom he might confide in, (according as had beene accustomed by his Royall Progenitors in all time of danger and desition) to draw together His Majesties well-affected Subjects for the suprpessing of all treasons, Rebellions, insurrections, and the like disturbances of publicke government, and for the apprehending of all Traitours, Rebells and seditious persons with severall powers and clauses in the said Commission, according to the usuall forme. Notice whereof being given to some leading members of the House of Commons (a they have very quicke intelligence) their guilty consciences made them apt to thinke (as there is no such dangerous accuser as a guilty conscience) that this Commission was intended to suppresse their faction, and to surprize their persons; and by applying the generall commands in that Commission unto their owne particular cases, made themselves the Traytors, which were to be suppressed and apprehended. Hereupon having found in whose hands the Commission was, on Wednesday May 31. when the rest of their body were at the Church to observe the fast, some 50 of them went into the House of Commons and delegated the whole power of the House to Master Pym, Master Glin, Mr St. Johns, Sir Henry Vane the younger, and Sir Gilbert Gerard: who raising the trained bands, seized upon such persons as they thought were likely to crosse their purposes, and filled the Towne with all the noyse and clamour before remembred. And having done the feat which they had in hand, on Friday June 2. Mr Glin (know how well they had placed their favours) comes into the House, and tels them (who knew well enough what he had to say) that the Committee had found a Treason of such dangerous consequence that the Powder-plot, the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre at Paris, were not to be compared unto it.¹  And thus you have the true Originall and progresse of this horrid Treason, of which such outcries have beene raised over all the Kingdome.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)
¹  The ‘Sicilian Vespers’ was a massacre of the French in Sicily by the local population in 1282; the ‘massacre at Paris’ was the St Bartholomew’s Day massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572. The ‘Powder Plot’ was, of course, London’s Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Royalist ammunition convoy reaches Oxford

In Northamptonshire, Oxford on May 14 at 10:30 pm

Sunday 14 May 1643 || Newes is lately come hither out of Northamptonshire, that the Earle of Newcastle hath sent 1500. horse and foote, from Newarke upon Trent, to convoy above twenty Waggons laden with Powder, Match, and Armes to Oxford, which provisions were seeme at Haverboro in that County, from whence they went to Daventre, and were expected at Oxford the last night, and that Prince Maurice met them with many horse to guard them safe into Oxford. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

This day came in the Ammunition, which came to Woodstocke the last Saturday, as was told you then; there being forty loads in all, besides the Ordnance: 300 barrels of powder, 1500 Muskets, as many Bandeleeres, a proportionable quantity of Match, and some store of Corslets, Helmets, and other Armes. Concerning which it is advertised from London, that when the newes came first that it was brought in safety as farre as Banbury, and was within the protection of His Majesties quarters: it did so much deject the Leaders of the faction there, and utterly disanimate the greatest part of their followers, that the Earle of Essex, comming to the Parliament House was faine to put himselfe to an Apology, aswell to give them satisfaction, as for to justifie himselfe. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliamentarian prisoners reported dead at Oxford

In Oxford on May 6 at 3:17 pm

6 May 1643 (Sat) || From Oxford it is Informed, that divers of the Parliaments Captaines are lately deceased there, as Captaine Fleming, Capt. Lidcote, Captaine Stevens, and some others; and amongst those is also dead, Mr. Wightman the East country Merchant, who was sent thither by his Company, to desire the King, that a ship of theirs, which was staied in the Sound, by the King of Denmark, might be released; but as soone as he came thither, hee was restrained from his liberty, because he had lent a small summe of money to the Parliament, and was after committed close Prisoner to the Castle, for refusing to take a new invented Protestation, where with griefe and ill usage he died, as the others also died. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

King orders wagons & waggoners to be retained in his service

In Oxford on May 2 at 4:59 pm

2 May 1643 (Tue) || This day came out a Proclamation signed the day before, touching Carts and Waggoners. In which His Majesty taking notice that man persons both of His Court and Army, contrary to his pleasure and without His knowledge, had dismissed many of the Carts and Carriages which were appointed for his service, and that many Carters and waggoners who had beene entertained in His Majesties service, were in like manner gone away also: commands that no many shall presume for the time to come, to dismisse any more of the said Carriages, and that no Waggoner or Carter so entertained by His Majesty as before is said, dare to leave his service, without the licence and consent of His Majesties Waggon-master Generall, upon paine of death. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)