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Archive for the ‘Oxford’ Category

Royalists detain Scots messenger at Oxford

In Oxford, Scotland on August 11 at 10:42 pm

11 Aug 1643 (Fri) || It was related the last week, that the Scots had sent a Messenger to the King, with a Declaration, to shew him their Reasons, why they must come into England with an Army: which Messenger went to Oxford, but found not the King there, yet his Message was taken, for Master Secretary Nicholas told him that he had Order from the King to give him an Answer, and so after he had kept him in a roome about foure or five houres, he sent him back with an Answer, and would not suffer him to go to the King, so that it is very likely his Message was well knowne before it came thither, which if he should have carried to the Campe before Glocester, it might have much disheartned the Cavaliers, made them to have deserted their enterprise, to have given over their cause, and plainly to have departed to their owne homes againe, there to sleep in whole skins, and to enjoy their former ease and quiet. But how the Scots will rellish the stop of their Declaration, and the keeping of their Messenger from the King, it is probable we shall heare shortly. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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Captured Roundway colours taken to Oxford

In Oxford on July 17 at 10:37 am

17 Jul 1643 (Mon) || This day were brought to Towne in testimony of those signall victories, which His Majesties Forces in the west had lately gotten on the Rebels, to the number of 48 Colours and Coronets of Horse, which had been taken at severall times; 19 Brasse Peeces of Ordnance, & 500 Prisoners or thereabouts: the residue of the Prisoners having taken oath not to serve any more against His Majesties, and many of them being entertained in His Majesties Army. And the same day it was advertised, that the Earle of Essex was come backe from Bedfordshire towards Northampton, with very little increase (if any) of his broken forces: a great part of his horse which were sent away to the aid of Waller, partaking of his generall defeate and not yet returned. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament doubts Royalist prisoner exchange requests

In London, Oxford on July 10 at 8:52 pm

10 Jul 1643 (Mon) ||  One thing more I shall  insert, which should have been informed in the last weeks news, There hath been of late sundry Messages passed from the Generall of the Kings Army to the Earl of Essex about exchange of prisoners, but tis doubted their sending so often is more to get intelligence from our Armie, then with intent to exchange prisoners, their demands are so unreasonable: And on Saterday last the House of Commons received a Letter from Captain Walton, a worthy Member of their House, but hath been prisoner at Oxford ever since Keinton fight, who writes, That after much entreaties, there hath been some consultation at Oxford for his exchange, andthat they demand for him Captain [William] Legg, that broke prison at the Gate-house, and is now safe prisoner in Warwick Castle, which motion the Commons ordered should be referred to the consideration of the L. Generall, if he think fit to be exchanged accordingly. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

Colonel Urrey defects to the Royalists

In Oxford on June 17 at 10:01 pm

17 Jun 1643 (Sat) || It is reported for Certaine, that Colonell Urrey, the Scottish man, hath now fully discovered the (ever suspected) treacheries of his false heart, by turning Apostata; for he hath deserted the Parliaments service, and is run away to the Cavaliers at Oxford. This man was well beloved, respected, and confided in, insomuch that he hath beene imployed in services of consequence, which how slightly he hath performed, and ill requited, is now conspicuous and obvious to all observers of these times, but it seemeth that Oxonian promises, and hope of vaine preferment, is more prevalent with him, then the true honour and reputation of an heroick and noble souldier. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus suggests ‘Waller’s Plot’ a Parliament projection

In London, Oxford on June 7 at 2:52 pm

7 Jun 1643 (Wed) ||  You heard last weeke of a great and terrible Treason against the Parliament which was discovered by the care and diligence of Master Pym and his accomplices; for which the Queens Attourny, Master [Edmund] Waller, and certaine others were instantly committed to prison, their pockets and chambers searched, the well affected Ministers in London plundered of their Sermon-notes, under pretence of looking for suspected Papers; and such a noyse and tumult raised about it all over the City, as if the Powder treason had not beene halfe so horrible. But upon further information (as doth appeare by letters of the 4 of June) it proved only this. His Majesties finding the Rebllion raised against him to be growne unto a monstrous height, especially in London and the parts adjoyning, from whence it had been fed and nourished; issued out a Commission unto certaine persons whom he might confide in, (according as had beene accustomed by his Royall Progenitors in all time of danger and desition) to draw together His Majesties well-affected Subjects for the suprpessing of all treasons, Rebellions, insurrections, and the like disturbances of publicke government, and for the apprehending of all Traitours, Rebells and seditious persons with severall powers and clauses in the said Commission, according to the usuall forme. Notice whereof being given to some leading members of the House of Commons (a they have very quicke intelligence) their guilty consciences made them apt to thinke (as there is no such dangerous accuser as a guilty conscience) that this Commission was intended to suppresse their faction, and to surprize their persons; and by applying the generall commands in that Commission unto their owne particular cases, made themselves the Traytors, which were to be suppressed and apprehended. Hereupon having found in whose hands the Commission was, on Wednesday May 31. when the rest of their body were at the Church to observe the fast, some 50 of them went into the House of Commons and delegated the whole power of the House to Master Pym, Master Glin, Mr St. Johns, Sir Henry Vane the younger, and Sir Gilbert Gerard: who raising the trained bands, seized upon such persons as they thought were likely to crosse their purposes, and filled the Towne with all the noyse and clamour before remembred. And having done the feat which they had in hand, on Friday June 2. Mr Glin (know how well they had placed their favours) comes into the House, and tels them (who knew well enough what he had to say) that the Committee had found a Treason of such dangerous consequence that the Powder-plot, the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre at Paris, were not to be compared unto it.¹  And thus you have the true Originall and progresse of this horrid Treason, of which such outcries have beene raised over all the Kingdome.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)
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¹  The ‘Sicilian Vespers’ was a massacre of the French in Sicily by the local population in 1282; the ‘massacre at Paris’ was the St Bartholomew’s Day massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572. The ‘Powder Plot’ was, of course, London’s Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Royalist ammunition convoy reaches Oxford

In Northamptonshire, Oxford on May 14 at 10:30 pm

Sunday 14 May 1643 || Newes is lately come hither out of Northamptonshire, that the Earle of Newcastle hath sent 1500. horse and foote, from Newarke upon Trent, to convoy above twenty Waggons laden with Powder, Match, and Armes to Oxford, which provisions were seeme at Haverboro in that County, from whence they went to Daventre, and were expected at Oxford the last night, and that Prince Maurice met them with many horse to guard them safe into Oxford. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

This day came in the Ammunition, which came to Woodstocke the last Saturday, as was told you then; there being forty loads in all, besides the Ordnance: 300 barrels of powder, 1500 Muskets, as many Bandeleeres, a proportionable quantity of Match, and some store of Corslets, Helmets, and other Armes. Concerning which it is advertised from London, that when the newes came first that it was brought in safety as farre as Banbury, and was within the protection of His Majesties quarters: it did so much deject the Leaders of the faction there, and utterly disanimate the greatest part of their followers, that the Earle of Essex, comming to the Parliament House was faine to put himselfe to an Apology, aswell to give them satisfaction, as for to justifie himselfe. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Sir John Digby escapes to Oxford; London soldiers allegedly defect

In Oxford on April 17 at 3:26 pm

17 Apr 1643 (Mon) || This day Sir John Digby, brother to Sir Kenelme Digby, who was taken Prisoner at Edge-hill, having made an escape out of the Fleete (where he had long beene kept Prisoner) by a ladder of ropes, came safely but disguised to the Court at Oxford, and the same day many of the Red-coates (which is the name of the best Regiment of all the Rebels) tendered their service to His Majestie, and by His Majestie were not onely pardoned for their former fault, but listed and disposed of into severall Companies. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament gives up on treaty with the King

In London, Oxford on April 14 at 3:52 pm

14 Apr 1643 (Fri) || This day came out in Print His Majesties last gracious message to both Houses, of the 12 of April, concerning the disbanding of both Armies, and his Majesties returne to both Houses of Parliament. In which his Majestie declareth, that as soone as he was satisfied in his first Proposition concerning his own Revenue, Magazine, Ships and Forts, in which he desired nothing but that the just, legall and known Rights of His Majestie, and of the persons trusted by him were restored unto them; as soone as the Members of both Houses should be restored unto the same capacitie of sitting and voting in Parliament, as they had upon the first of Jan. 1641. (exclusively of such whose voted have been taken away by Bill, or by new elections on new writs;) and that as soon as His Majestie and both Houses may be secured from such tumultuous assemblies, as to the high dishonour of Parliament had awed the Members of the same; which he conceived could not otherwise be done then by adjourning the Parliament to some place 20 miles from London, such as the Houses should agree on; His Majestie most chearfully and readily would consent, that both of the Armies be immediately disbanded, and returne speedily to his two Houses of Parliament, at the time and place, to which by their appointment it should be adjourned: His Majesty not doubting but that upon a free debate in a full and peaceable convention of Parliament, such provisions would be made against seditious preaching and printing against His Majestie and the Lawes, that they might both recover their due estimation; and such care taken concerning His Majesties legall and known rights, and the libertie and propertie of the Subject; that whatsoever hath beene done or published to the prejudice of either, would in such manner be recalled, disclaimed and provided against, as that the like might never happen in the time to come; and promising for his part, to concent to whatsoever shall be proposed to Him by Bill for the reall good of his Subjects, (and in particular for the suppression of Popery) as may make known to all the world how little cause there was of those feared and jealousies, which have so long distracted this wretched Kingdome. Which offer if it were not consented to, His Majestie was confident, that it would evidently appeare to all the world not onely who was most desirous of peace, but by whose fault it is that the progresse of our peace was first interrupted, and these Armies raised. A very gracious and Royall message, if considered rightly.

One would have thought that such a message, so full of eminent grace and goodnesse, would have produced some good effect in the two Houses of Parliament. But contrary to the expectation of all good men, those who there govern’d all, had resolved upon it (for feare lest peace might have ensued) to dissolve the Treaty, and call backe their Committee, which was done accordingly. And though it had beene moved by some moderate men, that seeing God Almighty had granted 40 days to Ninive, out of his mercifull intent to save that Citie; they after his example would allow 40 dayes for the present Treaty, out of their tender care to preserve this Kingdome; yet it would not edifie: For the Lord Say, Master Pym, and others of the leading Members were exceeding sensible, and sticked not to affirme to their private friends, that they had no hopes of safety in a peace, or any other course then the way of power. Insomuch, that when the Lords desired a conference to consider further of the businesse, it was determined otherwise in the House of Commons, and their Committee was commanded to returne without longer stay. Which being signified, those that had beene appointed for the lower House, began their journey hence this very day, leaving the Earle of Northumberland to follow after on the morrow.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus rubbishes claims of panic in Oxford, on the Earl of Essex’s approach

In Oxford on March 25 at 3:48 pm

25 Mar 1643 (Sat) || There came this weeke to towne one of the London Newes-bookes, wherein it is affirmed that on the noise of the Earle of Essex his approach towards Oxon on Sunday sevennight, the whole City was infinitely astonished, and the Ladies and Gentlemen so affrighted, that they knew not where to bestow themselves, insomuch that it was conceived, that if the Lord Generalls forces had approached the City the inhabitants thereof had totally deserted it. But had the foolish fellow seen with what contempt and indignation the tidings of his coming was received by all sorts of people, he would have found that they were onely sorry that he came no neerer, and staied no longer where he was. And for the Gentlewomen and the Ladies they bid mee say, they have heard too much of his excellency to be affraid of him.¹ || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹
This last comment sounds suspiciously like a highly personal slight on the Earl of Essex, whose early marriage to Francis Howard was famously dissolved in 1613 after she claimed that he was unable to consummate their marriage.

Merchant detained at Oxford after admitting lending money to Parliament

In Oxford on March 15 at 10:46 pm

15 Mar 1642/3 (Wed) || One Mr Wightman an East Countrey Merchant having had a ship staid in the Sound, by the King of Denmarks Officers, went to Oxford to the King to complaine thereof, where he was examined, whether he had lent the Parliament any money or no, which he freely confessed he had done, whereupon the King told him that he would protect neither the person nor goods of any of his Subjects, that had lent the Parliament any thing, to maintaine their Rebellion against him, insomuch that he is deteyned there as a Prisoner, and may not be suffered to returne to London, but Master Charles Dering Sir Edward Derings brother, that went along with him, is permitted to come back againe; And it is likewise Informed from Oxford, that the King hath a Catalogue of all the names of such Merchants as have lent the Parliament any moneys, and that he intendeth to take order in all Kingdomes beyond the Seas, that their persons, goods and ships shall not only be hindred from Traffique, but also be seized on for his use, which act will destroy all the Trade in the whole world. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)