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Earl of Essex refuses Sir William Waller a commission

In Uncategorized on August 27 at 11:08 pm

Sunday 27 Aug 1643 || It was advertised from London, that his Excellency hath not yet beene pleased to issue a Commission to Sir William Waller; notwithstanding the readinesse of the three Houses (the House of three Lords, the Lower House, and the Common-Counsell) to recruit his Forces, according unto that Proportion which himselfe proposed. For when, as by the sending in of the Trained Bands, the Auxiliaries, the Pressed men, and the Volunteers, he saw his Army growne to be bigge of body, he would first trie what mettaile they were made of before he would put the least part of his power into the hands of his Rivall: and therefore found another way to elude his promise, which was to reserve unto himselfe the approbation of all such Officers and Commanders as Waller should make choyce of to serve under him. And though hee stood on these terms upon some good reason, some of the Officers, which had beene formerly appointed for the managery of this Rebellion (as Venn and others) not yeelding such conformity to his commands as he might expect, being Generalissimo; yet this was tooke so ill by his grand Directours of the Three Houses, that the Lord Say with Glyn and Pym, out of each House one (for Glyn is of the Common-Councel as sure as he is Recorder) were sent unto him to perswade him if it be possible, not to insist too much upon that particular; or otherwise to let him know, that if he did not yeeld unto it, they would grant Waller a Commission by the way of Ordinance. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Parliamentarians deface “popish” property in Thame

In Oxfordshire, Uncategorized on June 19 at 9:10 pm

19 Jun 1643 (Mon) || From Tame in Oxfordshire by an expresse it is Informed, that his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall, came with his whole Army into the Towne on the 11. of this Instant, where they are to reside untill more forces come in to them: that the Cavaliers were there the same Morning, but fled from thence before they came thither. That on Tuesday last, some hundreds of men came out of the Counties of Buckingham and Hartford to them, and that they expect more forces out of Bedfordshire, which when they arrive, will make them a considerable Army. That some of the Souldiers as soone as they came into the Towne pulled the Crosse downe to the ground, defaced many Popish Images in the Church, brake downe the Organs, and cut down the May-pole; whereat the Townes-men were extreamely inraged, so well had the Cavaliers Instructed them in Popery before their flight from thence. That the Souldiers of his Excellencies owne Regiment are quartered in the Church and Churchyard, and kept out the Greene-Coats, so that they cannot doe what they would in it. That the Cavaliers are also fled from Brill 3. miles from thence, and that they left such an ill favour behind them, which hath so infected the Towne, that the Inhabitants thereof die very fast. And that there came two Trulls from the Cavaliers at Oxford to Tame, to view their Army, and to doe mischiefe in their Campe, but they were discovered, and both of them were tied to a Carts taile and whipt soundly by the Souldiers. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Earl of Denbigh reported dead

In Uncategorized on April 15 at 6:46 pm

15 Apr 1643 (Sat) || The Reader is to be advertised, that the Earle of Denbigh, having beene wounded at the taking of Burmingham, was somewhat well recovered of that danger, but that since having beene overthrowne in his Coach, by a carelesse Coachman, his wounds brake out againe so sorely, that he died shortly after. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Berwick inhabitants refuse to pay Royalist tax

In Uncategorized on April 1 at 12:15 pm

1 Apr 1643 (Sat) || From Barwicke they write, that the Commissioners of Array in Northumberland, have imposed a Taxe of 1500.li. to be levied upon the Inhabitants thereof, towards the maintenance of the Queenes Jesuiticall Army, which they refuse to pay, because it is illegally imposed upon them, whereupon Colonell Muschampe is gone thither with foure Regiments of Souldiers, and two peeces of Ordnance to forces and constraine them to make payment of that Taxe; and to that purpose, the said Collonell and his Companies are come to Warke within fourteene miles of Barwicke; but it is thought, that they will not dare to enter the Towne in a Hostile way, for angring the Scots, and making a breach between the two Kingdomes of England and Scotland, yet the Townsmen are making ready to stand upon their guard, though without any Ordnance, for they were carried away to Hull when the last Pacification was made betweene the King and the Scots. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Success of treaty as yet uncertain

In Uncategorized on March 26 at 1:28 pm

Sunday 26 Mar 1643|| It is conceived that if the Treaty take not effect, there will be some great action very shortly, for the Parliaments forces that were on this side Oxford being advanced neere thereunto and Sir William Waller as it is informed having taken Ciciter [Cirencester], and made two Allarams to Oxford, it is thought they will keep Prince Rupert in imployment; but I beseech God that we may have a happy accommodation without the shedding of more blood: we doubt not but the next weeke will produce some good news of further hopes of peace, if the Cavaleers are not too prevalent to crosse the Treaty as they did the Cessation. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Waller cheats horses from Hampshire & Wiltshire Royalists

In Uncategorized on March 7 at 6:44 pm

7 March 1642/3 (Tue) || Sir William Waller was advanced as far as Salisbury at the latter end of the last week, with about 2000. Horse, where many in that County came to his aide, and that he got in his passage through the farther parts of Hampshire, and the hither parts of Wiltshire, about three thousand horse more, by demanding of them for Prince Rupert, which the people afterwards perceiving to be a stratagem, requested the restitution of their Horses, but Sir William answered, that in regard they had hitherto done nothing for the Parliament, they might now well afford them the use of their horses, which should be either restored unto them again, or they should be paid for them when the war was happily concluded. And by this time it is supposed that he is gotten to Gloucester. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Riot at Lambeth

In London, Uncategorized on February 12 at 9:00 pm

Sunday 12 February 1642/3 || Information was given of an unhappy accident which fell out at Lambeth on the Sunday, there being the drawer at the three Squerrils killed, and a water-man very dangerously hurt, and some others much wounded, which happened in this manner, viz. there being a usually before, a company of souldiers at the Court of Guard to prevent any mutiny that might arise in regard of the prisoners which are in Lambeth house, there being also a peece of Ordinance, one of the soldiers went into the Church in service-time, and sate with his hat on his head, and was being rebuked for it, hee answered, that he might as well have his hat on, as they to wear theirs at the sermon, whereupon his hat being catched off from his head, the quarrell began and some took up bricks, and others formes, &c. to throw at the souldiers, and one or two of them were sore hurt, before they got out of the Church, and comming to the Court of guard, were pursued by some with stones, &c. at which there was a file of Musketeers drawne out to appease the tumult and another or two of the souldiers being hurt at last a Corporall as it is reported bid give fire, at which time the man before mentioned was slayn, and the other hurt, the souldiers to excuse the matter say, that they were assaulted, and that they would have got the piece of Ordnance out of their possession. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Information was given to the Houses of the unhappy accident that fell out at Lambeth on the Sunday before, which was partly occasioned by the unmannerly carriage of one of the souldiers of the guard of Lambeth house, sitting in the Church with his hat on in the time of Common prayer, which a waterman perceiving, one Edward Joanes by name (a very troublesome and factious fellow, and one that for his tumultuous carriage, hath got the name of Generall Joanes) came in a violent manner, and pulled off the souldiers hat, struck him and forced him out of the Church, which occasioned the tumult, yet the Sold. (as the best reports goe) withdrew themselves to their Court of Guard with a desire to be quiet, but the violent watermen and tumult pursuing them with clubs & staves, and much terrifying them with the throwing of stones; they would by noe meanes, be kept off, but let fly at them, and killed one whom they observed had beene very busie in throwing of stones as he was looking over the wall at them viz. A drawer at the three squerrils Taverne, and shot the said Edward Jones into the thigh of which it is said he is since dead. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

The Commons on Munday considered that unhappy difference between the Souldiers and the Watermen at Lambeth upon Sunday, wherein one man was slaine, and divers hurt. The occasion of the difference is said to be this; a Souldier sate with his hatte on, either at the Reading of the Chapters, or the Common Prayers, or both, which the Church-wardens perceiving, rebuked him, but he persisted in his foolish and unmannerly carriage; Whereupon a Waterman came and pulled off his hatte, and struck him, and from thence the quarrell grew; the Souldiers withdrew to their Court of Guard, and as the best reports are, were desirous to be quiet; but the violence of the Watermen, and others, put them on with stones and staves; which the Souldiers seeing, and that by no meanes they would be kept off, let flie at them, killing one, and shooting another in the thigh. It hath still been the unhappines of these troublesome times, that when things have been drawing to a composier, then some ill accident did intervene. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

House of Commons prepares more propositions to the King

In Uncategorized on January 16 at 2:57 pm

16 Jan 1642/3 (Mon) || The House of Commons having fuly agreed and concluded upon the Propositions to be sent to his Majestie, they presented them to the Lords at a conference desiring their assent and concurrence with them that they might be forthwith sent to his Majesty, & the said Propositions were then read at the Conference, there being fourteene of them, the effect whereof being as hath beene formerly related, for the setling of Religion by the passing of such bills as have beene, and are made ready by both Houses, for his Majesties assent, that the processe of Parliament may have its free course for the punishment of Delinquents; For the suppressing of Popery throughout the Kingdome, and that the Children of all Papists may be trayned up in the Protestant Religion, and the fines and forfeitures of all Recusants to be levied upon their estates according to Law, for the setling of the Judges, Justices of the Peace and other officers that hath beene removed by his Majesty, for the paying of the debts of the Kingdome, upon the publique Faith, for the making of reparation to all such as have beene plundered in this warre, except such as have an hand in the Rebellion of Ireland, for a generall pardon to all that have beene ayding in the Warre from the tenth of Janary 1641. except the Lord Digby, and Earle of Newcastle, and that the Earle of Bristoll and Lord Herbert be not permitted to come within the verge of the Court. And that the Militia by Land and Sea, be setled by Bill and Cinque Ports secured in such hand as the Parliament may confide in, with some other perticulars, which have beene formerly related, which propositions the Lords promised to take into speedy consideration, and to joyne which the Commons in them. The Lords accordingly spending the greatest part of this and the next day about the same. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

The King responds to county petitions; grants general pardons

In Uncategorized on January 9 at 11:57 pm

9 Jan 1642/3 || This day the King returned in Scriptis an Answer unto the Petition brought unto him, from and in the name of the County of Essex; The Gentry, Clergie and Commonalty of that County, to the number of 6619. had on the fourth of January last, petitioned the Lords and Commons now in Parliament, to tender to his Majesty with all possible convenient speed, such propositions for Accommodation as might be for the preservation of the true Protestant Religion, His Majesties safety and honour, the peace and prosperity of all his Subjects. And in pursuance of those good desires, by a Petition presented to the King at Oxford, the same weeke also humbly besought his Majesty favourably to incline his eares to Propositions of that nature when they were presented. Which as His Majesty did graciously give eare unto, when it was first presented to him, so in His Answer now returned, he vouchsafed to signifie, how highly he was pleased that in a County so subject to the power of some of the greatest incendiaries in the Commonwealth, and from whence they had promised to themselves such aide and succours there should be such a gratefull sense of his Majesties compassion towards His people, (as was expressed in that Petition;) commending them for their addresse to His two Houses of Parliament, assuring them, that if such Propositions as were therein mentioned, should be brought unto him, he would not onely incline unto them, but meet and embrace them with His soule, as the greatest blessing Almighty God could bestow upon him: and finally, requiring them, that if no Propositions should be made unto him, or such as for his owne honour and safety, and for the peace and security of His Subjects his Majesty could not consent unto; they would then look upon the pressures they had undergone, and by declaring themselves, and joyning with their neighbours, so farre assist him, that both King and people enjoying what belong’d to such, might be mutually happy in one another. And for a further manifestation of his Majesties good and gracious intentions to that County; His Majesty was pleased to signe this day a generall pardon for all his Subjects of that County (without any exception or reservation) who had beene formerly inveigled by the malice, industry, and importunity of severall ill-affected and seditious persons, either to exercise the Militia against his consent, or to contribute mony, plate or horse towards the maintenance of the Rebellion: provided that for the time to come they neither did assist the Rebels by any loane or contribution, nor muster or assemble themselves in Armes without authority derived from His Majesty under His hand, nor enter into any oath of association for opposing his Majesty, or His Army, nor finally entertaine or succour any of the persons excepted in his Majesties declaration of the 12. of August.

The like was also done for the Inhabitants of the County of Hartford, being the same with this verbatim; which though it was signed on Saturday the weeke before came not out till now. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus denies Parliamentarian reports

In Uncategorized on January 8 at 11:26 pm

Sunday 8 Jan 1642/3 || By Letters brought from London of the third of January, the newes of Sir Ralph Hoptons successe at Topsham, wherewith wee ended the last weekes discourse was fully ratified: in which ’twas signified with all, how contrary to the truth thereof, it was reported in the City of London, That young Captaine Chudleigh¹ marching out of Exeter with 100. horse, and 200. Dragoneers had fallen upon Sir Ralphs forces at Topsham, killed a great many of his men, and beat the rest out of that Quarter; which was so credibly reported that it was Ordered by the House of Commons, that thankes should be given to Chudleigh for it: And the same day there was no small rejoycing for a great victory which the Parliament forces had obtained against the Earle of Derby in Lancashire, in which were taken 160. prisoners, as it was reported. But this upon examination was found to have but little more truth in it, then Sir Ralph Hoptons being beat from Topsham; or Sir John Byrons being driven out of Burford by the forces of Cyrencester, which was reported also with no lesse confidence then the other two. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ James Chudleigh, son of Sir George, Exeter’s military governor.