Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘army finances’

The Earl of Essex tries to shore up his position

In London on August 7 at 7:18 pm

7 Aug 1643 (Mon) || It was this day advertised, that the Earle of Essex finding himselfe abused in Pictures, censured in Pulpits, dishonoured in the table-talke of the common people, and a designe on foot of raising a new Army, under the conduct of Sir William Waller, which would soone put an end unto his authority, made complaint of it to the Lords, by them to be communicated to the other House: requiring that his Army be forthwith paid, and furnished with cloathes and all other necessaries, his broken and diseased Forces presently recruited, reparation to be given him in point of honour, for all the calumnies and scandals which falsely (as he saith) have been laid upon him, that Waller be called to an accompt for the losse of his Forces in the West; and finally, that no Commission may be issued out to any one to have the charge and conduct of any Forces, but by his authority. Which bold demands, though very unwelcome to the Citie-faction in the Lower House, who had resolved otherwise amongst themselves; yet the Lords ordered for their parts (referring the payment and clothing of the Souldiers to the care of the Commons) that his Army should be first recruited before any other Forces raised, that he and his Army should have reparation by a Declaration of boh Houses, for all the scandals vented against them, that miscarriage of the businesse in the West should be examined, and the blame laid on those whom it did belong to; and finally, that whosoever was appointed to any charge or command, should take his Commission from his Excellencie onely, and depend on him; and that he should have power to call backe such Commissions, as he saw occasion. And it is further certified, that thought these Votes may give content unto the Generall, which was the matter most intended, yet doe they yet much displease the faction in the House of Commons, and infinitely distast the Citizens, who are resolved to raise neither men nor money, if Waller may not have ordering and disposing of them, and this they sticking not to say openly as they walke the Streetes. And on the other side, Waller, and those who have before served under him are so inraged by these Votes, that an implacable and deadly feud is very like to grow amongst them, so as there is some hope when these plundering theeves once fall out, true men will come sooner to their goods. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Londoners give money to fund Waller’s army

In London on July 18 at 10:41 am

18 Jul 1643 (Tue) || A Committee of the house of Commons according to former appointment mett at Grocers Hall at 3. of the clock in the afternoone to receive the voluntarie subscriptions of well affected persons, for Monies, Horse or Armes, to be sent to Sir William Waller, for the recruting and incouragement of the Armie under his command. To which place many well affected persons of the Citty of London also came and subscribed to send severall great sumes of Money speedily unto him, and divers of them immediately brought in the Money which they had then subscribed for that purpose. A course very requisite for the present, but it were much to bee desired that a more exact course were taken for collecting it in the severall wards and parishes about London and in other places neere, and that not onely the well affected but all others should be compelled to contribute according to their ability unto a worke so necessarilie conducing unto the publike weale. || Wednesday’s Mercurie. Or, Speciall Passages And Certain Informations … (P)

Wealthy London citizens reportedly refuse to contribute

In London on July 6 at 9:57 am

6 Jul 1643 (Thu) || This day we had intelligence, that 60 able Citizens of London were in the beginning of this weeke summoned to appeare at Habberdashers hall, who being requested to lend 500l a man, answered, that they had lent, given and contributed according to their abilities and therefore desired now to be excused, which so discontented the Publike faith men, that they said openly, if a good bargaine or purchase should offer it selfe to them they would quickly finde monies, but the wise Cittizens perceived the reigne of these members begins to expire, and this over earnest scraping for mony is a shrewd signe they are packing up, to carry all they can to their Publique cheat beyond sea, where such vast summes are laid up in bance, for the future maintenance of the banished Members. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Lord Capel’s estates seized, for redistribution

In London on May 19 at 10:55 pm

19 May 1643 (Fri) || Yesterday in the Evening, his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall departed from hence towards Redding, being requested by the Lords and Commons, to advance with all speed, and for the better encouragement of his Army, they sent 25000. pounds after him this morning to pay them. And both the Houses have concurred in a Vote and Order, that all the Lord Capells estate and Rents shall be sequestred, and that the sequestrators shall pay them to his Excellency, in recompense of his Estate, which is taken from him by the Cavaliers in Staffordshire.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Essex vindicates himself to the House of Lords

In London on May 16 at 10:09 pm

16 May 1643 (Tue) || As it is advertised by letters of the 12 of May, the Earle of Essex, unknowne to any of his Army, came to the Towne on Thursday night, and the next day vouchsafing his presence in the House of Peeres, he gave their Lordships an Accompt of his coming thither, and the reasons of it: which was that whereas they had sent unto him 15000l, it was so farre from satisfying the Souldiers, that except 100000 were raised immediately to discharge the Arreires, and that some certaine course were taken, for raising such a stocke of money that they might receive their payment weekely, or every fortnight at the furthest, his souldiers would be run out of heart, and not stirre a foote. And this was the right to aime at the Excise upon Commodities, according to the rates agreed on (which before you heard of) but not yet pressed upon the City, though proposed unto them; for setling which, or on some other project for adva nce of mony some Lords were to attend the Common Councell in the afternoone, in hope the patient Citizens might be brought to bleed more treasure. He gave them also an accompt of the good service which was done at the seige of Reading, endeavouring to beare downe a growing rumour, that had got the Towne by Treachery; but yet left it doubtful: and told them what great care he tooke to prevent the passage of the Armes and Ammunition designed for Oxford, casting the blame thereof (for he perceived how much their partie in both Houses was dejected by it) on Cromwell, Gell, and the Lord Grey, whom he commanded to unite their divided forces, and jointly to attend that service, but was not obeyed. This was the summe of his discourse, in which it was observed by the standers by, that as often as he spake of himselfe, he alwaues used the plurall number, saying We and Us, which did not onely relish of the stile of Excellencie, but of Majestie also. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament employs troops to enforce London tax collection

In London on April 9 at 9:18 am

Sunday 9 Apr 1643 || This day we had particular intelligence, that according to an Order made in the House of Commons the weeke before, for taking six Musketeers from the Court of Guard, to assist their Officers in collecting the monethly Taxe, and plundering the houses of all such as refused to pay it, there was great spoile committed in the Citie of Westminster; most of the Inhabitants thereof, out of their duty and obedience to their Soveraigne Lord, refusing to contribute to the Warre against him: and that they did begin to Plunder in the Prebendaries houses, none of which they spared, because they met with none but refused to pay so unjust a Taxe (but for a more unjust imployment) as was set upon them; which done, they fell upon the Towne, spoiling and robbing every one, of what sort soever, who had denied to yeild his purse at the first demand. So that it seemeth by the method, that the best way to spoile and oppresse the Subjects, is to begin in the oppression and spoile of the Clergy. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Danish King raises money for King Charles

In Foreign News on March 7 at 12:39 pm

7 March 1642/3 (Tue) || From Hamburg they write, that the King of Denmarke hath raised many men, and is rigging a great Fleete of Ships, and that he sent Commanders to raise men in that Towne, who openly declared that they were raised to go into England, to serve the King against the Parliament. And further they write, that the King of Denmarke caused a collection of monies throughout his Dominions to be made, towards the maintenance of this designe, and that the whole collected summe amounted to 60000.li or thereabouts, some of his Subjects freely contributing towards it, and others refusing to give any thing to foment so unnaturall a war. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Both sides demand contributions for the war effort

In London, Oxford on February 17 at 2:00 pm

17 February 1642/3 (Fri) || This day it was advertised from London, that the two Houses of Parliament, or some at least of both the Houses, finding the many inconveniences which were occasioned in their Army for want of money, and the little obedience they had or could expect from their Souldiers for want of pay, established a Committee for the setling of a weekely contribution in London, and the Suburbs of it; and that the businesse being taken into consideration by that Committee, the House of Commons did in fine conclude, that London hould contribute weekely 10000 l. and the Suburbs of the same, and in Middlesex, and the rest of that County, should be assessed at 3000 l. weekely: which if it come no faster in, then the payment of the twentieth part, it is conceived that there will be no way to keep their Army together, then by granting them free plunder in all places. So that as it appeares by that which hath beene formerly observed, there are required three sorts of payments (and the more the merrier) of all the people in that Citie: The first by way of benevolence, and for that they send tickets from house to house, to know what they will give in money or plate: The second by the Ordinance of the twentieth part, now re-inforced by a subsequent Ordinance, which came out last Friday, giving many new powers to the Distreiners, which before they had not: The third, by the new Contribution and Assesement, which before we spake of; excellent wayes to bring both beggery and slavery on that City: which would by no meanes understand her owne former happinesse , nor be thankefull to the Author and Promoter of it; and now sinkes under the calamity which she hath drawne upon her selfe, by her owne pride and disobedience unto just Authority. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Houses also taking into consideration the great danger of the City of London, and the whole Kingdome notwithstanding the treaty and cessation of armes if provisions be not made for the maintaining of the forces, whereby strict watches and Guards may be kept for our better security, have therefore agreed upon an Ordinance of Parliament for the raising of moneys by a Weekely, or monethly contribution for the maintaining of 20000. men, for six moneths.

And they have also desired of the City the loane of 60000. pounds for the service of the Lords Generall army, to pay the souldiers withall, which is granted, to be repayed out of the first moneys that shall be raised out of the Malignants estates.

By Letters out of  Worcestershire it is informed, that the whole County are much awed by the Kings Forces, and forced to maintain a monethly contribution of 3000. l. per mensem, and that out of the taxes of money raised in that County, Sir William Russell, and other of the Array-men of that County have sent some store of money to the King at Oxford. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Parliament discusses more loans to fund the army

In London on February 11 at 11:45 pm

11 February 1642/3 (Sat)|| A Committee of the Lords and Commons on Saturday last came to a Common Counsell at Guild-Hall, and made request in behalfe of the Parliament to the City for the loane of three-score thousand pounds, to be paid on munday following into the treasury at Guild-Hall, or the present supply of the great wants and payment of the Army under the command of his Excellency the Earl of Essex, which is very much in arreare in their pay: The Lord Major, Aldermen, and common Counsell-men there present did freely declare what summe of money they would bring in towards the same: and for the more speedy advancement of the remainder of the said threescore thousand pounds, it was conceived requisite, that the Minister of every Parish should publish this unto his Parishioners, and effectually move them freely to advance some good summe towards the raising of the remainder of the said money; and the common Counsell-men and Churchwardens of every Parish, with such others as the said common-Counsell-men shall think fit were desired to repaire to every inhabitant and lodger within their severall Parishes, and earnestly perswade them to this good work, and set downe all their names, together with the summes of money they shall respectively lend, and the particular answers of such as refuse to lend; and the said Common Counsell-men and the Churchwardens were desired to collect the said moneys so to be lent, and pay the same into the treasury at Guild-hall, and to give receipts for what they shall Collect, and upon their payment to take a receipt from the Treasures: All which money so to be lent, the Lords and Commons declared, should be repayed unto the severall lenders, out of the first money that shall be received out of the weekly payments of money agreed upon, by an ordinance made in Parliament, for that purpose: And the Lords and Commons likewise declared, that they hope this would be the last money that they shall require from the citie in this kinde.

This being moved accordingly in every Church in London, the said sum of threescore thousand pounds was collected and  brought into Guild-Hall on Munday last, and is now gone down to his Excellency to pay the Army. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

News from London via Aulicus: Aldermen imprisoned; reports of heavy taxes across London

In London on February 5 at 9:56 pm

Sunday 5 January 1642/3 || This day by Letters of 31. of January it was advertised that Sir George Whitmore, Sir Henry Windham, and five or six others of the most substantiall Citizens of London, were sent by Sea to Yarmouth, a Sea-town of Norfolk from thence to be dispersed into severall Gaoles, because they would not submit themselves to the arbitrary impositions of the two Houses of Parliament: that Sir William Acton, another of the Aldermen of that City, was plundered on the same occasion, & a guard of Souldiers put into his house to keep possession of it against the owner, who to avoid their fury & his own imprisonment did absent himselfe; and that it was reported an excise was suddainly to be laid not only on Tobacco, Wine, but also on Victuall; which if it should proceed, would prove the heaviest pressure that ever was laid upon this Nation, and was very likely to cause a mutinie in the City. And it was further certified by other Letters brought this day, of a later date besides those remembred; Caldwell and Clerke, two of the Aldermen were committed for the like refusall, and Sir John Garret forced to play least in sight; and by the hiding of his head to save the rest of his body. That cloath to a good vallue had been taken from one Price a Draper; 10. Chests of Sugar from one Grimes a Grocer; and 900.l of other mens money from a Scrivener: besides which violent taxations and other intolerable pressures, there were some every day imployed in going from house to house to know what men would give of their owne accord towards the maintenance of the Warre. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)