Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘army movements’

News from the siege of Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on August 16 at 2:43 pm

16 Aug 1643 (Wed) || The Cavaliers now strongly besieged Glocester, and some say, that the King lieth within two miles of that City to see the event of the siege. And it is certainely affirmed, that Colonell Massey who is the Governour thereof, together with all the Citizens, have resolved to make good that place against the Cavaliers, or else to loose their lives, because they cannot confide in the Cavaliers Compositions, since they perfidiously violated their Agreement at Bristoll.¹ And that the Cavaliers have twice or thrice assaulted the City, but have beene repelled with the losse of at least a thousand of their men, insomuch that the defendants hope to hold out as long as their Ammunition lasteth, and pitty it is that they should not be relieved before it be totally spent. And it is hoped, that the Lord Generall of the Parliaments Army will send some aide to them, because he Yesterday Mustered his Horse at Kingston upon Thames, and found them to amount to the number of 4000. compleate, whereupon it is thought that his Excellency will spare 2000 of them for so good a worke.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ However, the Parliamentarians had committed similiar breaches of faith: it was widely accepted that the Royalist troops plundered the departing Parliament garrison at Bristol, in contravention of the surrender agreement, because the Parliamentarians had done exactly the same to the departing Royalist garrison at Reading in April.

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Situation update from Hull

In Yorkshire on July 14 at 9:38 pm

14 Jul 1643 (Fri) || By Letters this day from the Lord Fairfax to the House of Commons, it was certified, That his Lordship¹ is in a very good condition at Hull, with about 1500 men; That only stayes there to recrewt his Forces, and intends very suddenly to advance again into the Field against the Popish Army, who of late do much tyrannize, by charging the Countrey with illegall Taxes and Compositions for Plundering; That Leeds and Bradford are for the present in the hands of the Popish Army, but he doubts not very suddenly to give accompt of some considerable service for the relief of the County against them. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ i.e. Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax

Aftermath of Adwalton Moor

In Yorkshire on July 7 at 10:00 am

7 Jul 1643 (Fri) || You heard on munday the fortunate successe which God gave His Majestie in the great fight on Bradford-more, where the body of the Yorkish Rebells was beaten out of the field, and those of Lancashire beaten backe againe into their owne Country: Which field was fought on Friday, the last of June. And this day it was signified by an expresse, that the Earle of Newcastle following the course of his good fortune had presently laid seige to Bradford, bestowing on the same on Saurday morning, for a salutation no lesse then forty shot from his great Artillery: and plying the businesse very closely he made himselfe master of the Towne on the morrow after: in which he tooke 2000 Prisoners, with all the Arms, Horse, & Ammunition, which either the Rebels found in the towne, or brought thither with them. As for their Generall Fairfax, finding the town unable to hold out against so strong and valiant an enemie (the so much celebrated Club-men being strangely shrunke up and now unable to relieve his Lordship) he was fled thence the night before with only one Troope of Horse, and with great difficultie recovered Leedes. Which is no more then to shift his place not to better his condition. As also that the Rebells in the town of Halifax hearing of the successe of Bradford, did desert the place, which thereupon did instantly submit to his sacred Majesty: so that the warre in these parts is reduced to a narrow compasse; there being now no place of strength remaining to the Rebels, but Leedes and Hull, of which more tomorrow. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus reports Parliament’s Notts forces dispersed

In Nottinghamshire on July 3 at 12:16 am

4 Jul 1643 (Tue) || It was advertised from Newarke, that the great body of the Rebels which hovered all this while about Nottingham, are separated and dispersed into their severall quarters; Gell being gone back againe to his holds in Darbyshire; those which were young Hotham’s Forces marched towards Lincolne; Cromwell and the Lord Grey to Leicester, (of which you had somewhat the last weeke) where on a difference fallen betweene them, they were like to part; and that there were no more left in Nottingham then 1500 foote, and 7 troopes of horse and Dragooners, which were under the Command of Sir John Meldrum; by which it is conjectured that they drew together to that place out of an hope to intercept the Queenes Majesty in Her passage towards Oxford, but finding her too strongly guarded, and come in safety unto Newarke (maugre all their Forces) they thought it fittest to returne to their owne homes, and looke unto the saving of themselves in their owne commands. But whatsoever the designe was, this generall dividing of their Forces, shewes it is come to nothing: and that they have but small hopes to subsist divided, since they could do so little being joyned together. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Captured Royalist ordnance distributed in Lancashire

In Lancashire on June 18 at 9:08 pm

Sunday 18 Jun 1643 || By letters from Lancaster it is informed, that the brasse Ordnance which were lately taken by the Parliaments Forces in that County are divided to Blackborne, Bolton and Manchester, and that the whole County, perceiving that the Malignants endeavour the destruction of the Kingdome, are generally resolved to stand for the Parliament. ||  Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer

Scots agree to raise army to assist the Parliament

In Scotland on June 9 at 8:20 pm

9 Jun 1643 (Fri) || From Edinburgh in Scotland they write, that the States of that Kingdome met and consulted this last moneth of May, that they Resolved upon the Question, First, that it was needfull to aide their Brethren in England; Secondly, that for that purpose they would raise an Army of 20000. men, which should be mustred on the 24 of this Instant June, that upon the 12 of this instant they intended to celebrate a Solemne Fast, to pray for the present Miseries of England and Ireland, and to beseech the Lord to prosper their good intentions, for the reliefe of both, and that on the 22 of this Instant, their Grand Assembly, which is equivalent to a Parliament, did begin.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Ralph Hopton approaches Exeter

In Devon on June 1 at 9:56 pm

1 Jun 1644 (Thu) || This day letters came from the West, advertising that Sir Ralph Hopton making the best use of his late great victory¹ had brought his conquering Army close unto Exeter, which was conceived was neither able nor disposed to hold out against him; (if so be he thought it his best course to spend time in besieging it) the country comming in so fast unto him that his strength was very much increased; besides the great advantage he had of so many Cannon, which he tooke from them in that fight. There was a speech also that  the Towne was delivered up, but not so well confirmed and seconded, as to be reported for a certaine. But if the old observation be of any credit, that rats and mice doe commonly forsake a ruinous and decaying house; that City is not like to continue long in the Rebels hands: the Earle of Stamford being gone thence already with his followers, and others packing after with all the speed they can.   || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ i.e. the battle of Stratton

Aulicus claims Royalist successes in Lancashire

In Lancashire on May 25 at 11:00 am

25 May 1643 (Thu) || Newes came this day, that the Lord Molineux, to whom the Earle of Derby had committed the command of his Army, during his stay at Yorke, (whither he went for some supplies) had reduced all the marish parts of Lancashire, being that part thereof which lyeth towards the Sea, to the Kings obedience; and by disarming many of the Malignants there, found Armes for many of his men, which before did want them. Some also of the Gentry of that County who had appeared in Rebellion against His Majestie, came this day to Court, to crave His Majesties Pardon for themselves and others of their friends, men of eminent note; by whose restoring unto favour, it was conceived good service might be done His Majestie for the time to come. And also that Commissarie Ward (Commissary of the Army of the Earle of Essex) came and submitted to His Majestie, and obtained His Majesties gracious Pardon. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

News from Exeter and Plymouth

In Devon on May 15 at 6:52 pm

15 May 1643 (Mon) || From Excester and Plymouth in Devonshire they write, that the Earle of Stamford is marched out of their County into Cornwall, with 8. or 9000 foote and 1500. horse, and that he intendeth to divide his army into two bodies, whereof the one part is to besiege the Towne of Launceston in Cornwall, which the Cavaliers had fortified for their shelter, and with the other part to pursue Sir Ralph Hopton and his Cavaliers, either totally to suppresse and apprehend them, or else to drive them out of Cornwall, if they can tell whither to fly to escape his hands.

And from Plymouth more particularly they write, that a ship of theirs hath taken a Dunkerke Frigot, which was going to Ireland, and is laden with Armes, Carbines, Pistols, Gunpowder, Wines, Crucifixes, and such like trash, and some Ordnance, whereof one peece was 400. weight, which Frigot the seizer hath brought safe into Plimouth. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalist ammunition convoy reaches Oxford

In Northamptonshire, Oxford on May 14 at 10:30 pm

Sunday 14 May 1643 || Newes is lately come hither out of Northamptonshire, that the Earle of Newcastle hath sent 1500. horse and foote, from Newarke upon Trent, to convoy above twenty Waggons laden with Powder, Match, and Armes to Oxford, which provisions were seeme at Haverboro in that County, from whence they went to Daventre, and were expected at Oxford the last night, and that Prince Maurice met them with many horse to guard them safe into Oxford. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

This day came in the Ammunition, which came to Woodstocke the last Saturday, as was told you then; there being forty loads in all, besides the Ordnance: 300 barrels of powder, 1500 Muskets, as many Bandeleeres, a proportionable quantity of Match, and some store of Corslets, Helmets, and other Armes. Concerning which it is advertised from London, that when the newes came first that it was brought in safety as farre as Banbury, and was within the protection of His Majesties quarters: it did so much deject the Leaders of the faction there, and utterly disanimate the greatest part of their followers, that the Earle of Essex, comming to the Parliament House was faine to put himselfe to an Apology, aswell to give them satisfaction, as for to justifie himselfe. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)