Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘army movements’

Earl of Essex advances towards Gloucester

In Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire on September 4 at 1:36 am

4 Sep 1643 (Mon) || The last Weekes informations related how farre his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall was advanced to the reliefe of Glocester, viz. That on Thursday last¹ he was about Bicester in Oxfordshire, where we then left him. To proceed, on Friday last his Excellency drew up all his Army at Bayards Greene on the plaine of Biciter, from whence the Army marched towards Chipping-norton, and one of the Colonells of this City was with his Regiment about Banbury, where he was on Friday last. As for their farther Progresse, we shall make a daily relation of it, as we receive information. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

¹ i.e., Thursday 31 August


News from the siege of Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on August 16 at 2:43 pm

16 Aug 1643 (Wed) || The Cavaliers now strongly besieged Glocester, and some say, that the King lieth within two miles of that City to see the event of the siege. And it is certainely affirmed, that Colonell Massey who is the Governour thereof, together with all the Citizens, have resolved to make good that place against the Cavaliers, or else to loose their lives, because they cannot confide in the Cavaliers Compositions, since they perfidiously violated their Agreement at Bristoll.¹ And that the Cavaliers have twice or thrice assaulted the City, but have beene repelled with the losse of at least a thousand of their men, insomuch that the defendants hope to hold out as long as their Ammunition lasteth, and pitty it is that they should not be relieved before it be totally spent. And it is hoped, that the Lord Generall of the Parliaments Army will send some aide to them, because he Yesterday Mustered his Horse at Kingston upon Thames, and found them to amount to the number of 4000. compleate, whereupon it is thought that his Excellency will spare 2000 of them for so good a worke.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

¹ However, the Parliamentarians had committed similiar breaches of faith: it was widely accepted that the Royalist troops plundered the departing Parliament garrison at Bristol, in contravention of the surrender agreement, because the Parliamentarians had done exactly the same to the departing Royalist garrison at Reading in April.

Scots troops expected to enter England

In Scotland on August 15 at 2:40 pm

15 Aug 1643 (Tue) || From Scotland there is expectation daily of letters from the Parliament Committee but as none as yet come, so that I dare not report the news thence, so confidently as otherwise I might, however thus much I have heard confirmed by private letters from very good hands, that there was about 12000 men already raised in Scotland about the beginning of the last Weeke, and that it was conceived their number would be doubled within a weeke following; that part of them are already upon their march, & some 1000 of them come to Barwick. But whether any of them be as yet come to Hull to the Lord Fairfax, though I heare some report so, I much question it, but doubtlesse if not as yet, there will be some of there ere long there. And Sir William Fairfax is gone downe from the Parliament by Sea to Hull, to supply his Lordship with Armes and Ammunition as is before specified. || A continuation Of certain Speciall and Remarkable passages (P)

Situation update from Hull

In Yorkshire on July 14 at 9:38 pm

14 Jul 1643 (Fri) || By Letters this day from the Lord Fairfax to the House of Commons, it was certified, That his Lordship¹ is in a very good condition at Hull, with about 1500 men; That only stayes there to recrewt his Forces, and intends very suddenly to advance again into the Field against the Popish Army, who of late do much tyrannize, by charging the Countrey with illegall Taxes and Compositions for Plundering; That Leeds and Bradford are for the present in the hands of the Popish Army, but he doubts not very suddenly to give accompt of some considerable service for the relief of the County against them. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

¹ i.e. Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax

Aftermath of Adwalton Moor

In Yorkshire on July 7 at 10:00 am

7 Jul 1643 (Fri) || You heard on munday the fortunate successe which God gave His Majestie in the great fight on Bradford-more, where the body of the Yorkish Rebells was beaten out of the field, and those of Lancashire beaten backe againe into their owne Country: Which field was fought on Friday, the last of June. And this day it was signified by an expresse, that the Earle of Newcastle following the course of his good fortune had presently laid seige to Bradford, bestowing on the same on Saurday morning, for a salutation no lesse then forty shot from his great Artillery: and plying the businesse very closely he made himselfe master of the Towne on the morrow after: in which he tooke 2000 Prisoners, with all the Arms, Horse, & Ammunition, which either the Rebels found in the towne, or brought thither with them. As for their Generall Fairfax, finding the town unable to hold out against so strong and valiant an enemie (the so much celebrated Club-men being strangely shrunke up and now unable to relieve his Lordship) he was fled thence the night before with only one Troope of Horse, and with great difficultie recovered Leedes. Which is no more then to shift his place not to better his condition. As also that the Rebells in the town of Halifax hearing of the successe of Bradford, did desert the place, which thereupon did instantly submit to his sacred Majesty: so that the warre in these parts is reduced to a narrow compasse; there being now no place of strength remaining to the Rebels, but Leedes and Hull, of which more tomorrow. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus reports Parliament’s Notts forces dispersed

In Nottinghamshire on July 3 at 12:16 am

4 Jul 1643 (Tue) || It was advertised from Newarke, that the great body of the Rebels which hovered all this while about Nottingham, are separated and dispersed into their severall quarters; Gell being gone back againe to his holds in Darbyshire; those which were young Hotham’s Forces marched towards Lincolne; Cromwell and the Lord Grey to Leicester, (of which you had somewhat the last weeke) where on a difference fallen betweene them, they were like to part; and that there were no more left in Nottingham then 1500 foote, and 7 troopes of horse and Dragooners, which were under the Command of Sir John Meldrum; by which it is conjectured that they drew together to that place out of an hope to intercept the Queenes Majesty in Her passage towards Oxford, but finding her too strongly guarded, and come in safety unto Newarke (maugre all their Forces) they thought it fittest to returne to their owne homes, and looke unto the saving of themselves in their owne commands. But whatsoever the designe was, this generall dividing of their Forces, shewes it is come to nothing: and that they have but small hopes to subsist divided, since they could do so little being joyned together. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliamentarians deface “popish” property in Thame

In Oxfordshire, Uncategorized on June 19 at 9:10 pm

19 Jun 1643 (Mon) || From Tame in Oxfordshire by an expresse it is Informed, that his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall, came with his whole Army into the Towne on the 11. of this Instant, where they are to reside untill more forces come in to them: that the Cavaliers were there the same Morning, but fled from thence before they came thither. That on Tuesday last, some hundreds of men came out of the Counties of Buckingham and Hartford to them, and that they expect more forces out of Bedfordshire, which when they arrive, will make them a considerable Army. That some of the Souldiers as soone as they came into the Towne pulled the Crosse downe to the ground, defaced many Popish Images in the Church, brake downe the Organs, and cut down the May-pole; whereat the Townes-men were extreamely inraged, so well had the Cavaliers Instructed them in Popery before their flight from thence. That the Souldiers of his Excellencies owne Regiment are quartered in the Church and Churchyard, and kept out the Greene-Coats, so that they cannot doe what they would in it. That the Cavaliers are also fled from Brill 3. miles from thence, and that they left such an ill favour behind them, which hath so infected the Towne, that the Inhabitants thereof die very fast. And that there came two Trulls from the Cavaliers at Oxford to Tame, to view their Army, and to doe mischiefe in their Campe, but they were discovered, and both of them were tied to a Carts taile and whipt soundly by the Souldiers. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Captured Royalist ordnance distributed in Lancashire

In Lancashire on June 18 at 9:08 pm

Sunday 18 Jun 1643 || By letters from Lancaster it is informed, that the brasse Ordnance which were lately taken by the Parliaments Forces in that County are divided to Blackborne, Bolton and Manchester, and that the whole County, perceiving that the Malignants endeavour the destruction of the Kingdome, are generally resolved to stand for the Parliament. ||  Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer

Royalist army movements in Devon

In Devon on June 14 at 11:45 pm

14 Jun 1643 (Wed) || It was advertised from the West, that after the reducing of Taunton and Bridgwater to His Majesties service, and the setling of his Majesties affaires in Somerset-shire, a great part of his Majesties forces went back towards Devon, for the totall reduction of that Countie and that being gone as far as Honnington, within twelve miles of Exeter, they received intelligence, that almost all the Souldiers who had beene brought thither for the garrison by the Earle of Stamford, or before, were departed thence, and left the Towne to be defended by the Townesmen principally, insomuch that there was little doubt but that they should be Masters of it within little time.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Scots agree to raise army to assist the Parliament

In Scotland on June 9 at 8:20 pm

9 Jun 1643 (Fri) || From Edinburgh in Scotland they write, that the States of that Kingdome met and consulted this last moneth of May, that they Resolved upon the Question, First, that it was needfull to aide their Brethren in England; Secondly, that for that purpose they would raise an Army of 20000. men, which should be mustred on the 24 of this Instant June, that upon the 12 of this instant they intended to celebrate a Solemne Fast, to pray for the present Miseries of England and Ireland, and to beseech the Lord to prosper their good intentions, for the reliefe of both, and that on the 22 of this Instant, their Grand Assembly, which is equivalent to a Parliament, did begin.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)