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Posts Tagged ‘Catholicism’

Catholic items allegedly found at Lord Herbert’s house

In London on May 22 at 11:15 pm

22 May 1643 (Mon) || On Saturday last, by a speciall Warrant from the Parliament, the Lord Herberts house at Foxe Hall [Vauxhall], at the upper end of Lambeth was searched, where was found one of the fingers of Parsons the Jesuite, and some of the ashes of Stanley a Priest, both which were executed for Treason in Queen Elizabeths time, and there was found also some small Chips of the Image of the Lady of Loretto in Italy, which is the greatest Popish Idoll in the world, to whom all the Papists in Europe goe a Pilgrimage, for which shaddow, they leave large substances of gold and silver behind them, and returne in their owne superstitious and blind opinions most blessed from thence. These Reliques were found in the said house inclosed in severall boxes, with their names written upon the top of them, lest time should bring their holinesse into oblivion and neglect. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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Capuchin religious house raided in London

In London on April 3 at 6:28 pm

3 Apr 1643 (Mon) || It is also certified, that upon thursday last Mr. Martyn, Sir John Clotworthy, Bond and Goodyer, by order of the House of Commons, came unto Somerset-house, to deface all Popish and idolatrous pictures, and to seize the Capuchines: that comming to the House about one of the clocke they sent to Mr. Browne (the House keeper) commanding him to open all the passages of the House, and assist them in the execution of the Order; which being denied, they beset all the passages of the House with armed men of the trained bands, that attended that day on the Parliament; that having broken open a backe doore into the Chappell, they had spent all the afternoone, the whole night, and a great part of the following day in this worthy search, cutting some copes in pieces, and defacing some few images of lesse value, which they chanced to meet with: that the Capuchines being warned by some former Alarmes, had conveyed thence all their costliest furnitures, though there was left enough too (as being against a festivall time) to move the zeale and indiscretion of these great Reformers: that finding little of what they sought for in open sight, they searched the leads, and digged the bottome of the vaults, to the very dead; hoping they might discover somewhat which would serve to excuse this breach with France, and disrespect of her Majesty: that having failed of this hope, they seized on three of the Capuchines (two of them at that time being abroad, and so out of danger) and two lay-brothers, whom they committed to the custodie of Alderman Andrewes one of the Shriffes [Shrieves] of the Citie; and that since, order hath been taken to send them in the Arch-Bishop of Canterburies Barge to Gravesend, where they must be delivered to the Earle of Warwicke, and so shipped for France. And it was certified withall, that the Lords hearing of their purpose, had sent to have a Conference, to give their reasons for the stay of such harsh proceedings; but that in the Interim those of the faction taking the advantage of a thin house (there being but 60 in all present) carried it by a major part, and forthwith put the same in execution, to the great dishonour and contempt of the upper House; and made an Order to confine Browne, and bind him to attend their pleasure, for no other reason, but because he was an honest man, and would not willingly betray the trust reposed in him. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Reports from the Earl of Newcastle’s forces in the north

In North East, Yorkshire on January 29 at 11:55 pm

Sunday 29 January 1642/3 || Out of Yorkeshire it is signified, that the Earle of Newcastle hath imprisoned the Lord Savill, and Sir Thomas Gower, who was high Sheriffe of that County the last yeare (and as some say the Earle of Newport also) because they declare, that though they ever intended to maintaine the Kings Prerogative, yet they would not be a meanes to introduce Popery, which they saw the Earle aymed at; but the Earle giveth out (as it is reported) that hee hath restrained them, because they had a designe to apprehend the Queene as soone as she was come into England, and so bring her to the Parliament.¹

It is also informed from thence, that Captaine Fenwick, son unto Sir John Fenwicke, in Northumberland, who had the command of divers Troopes of horse in the Earle of Newcastles Army, bore this Motto in his Corners, For the King and Protestant Religion, Which latter words the Papists not enduring, would have effaced, whereat the Captaine taking distaste, hath deserted the Earle, and carried all his horse along with him to the Lord Fairfaxe. And also that Sir Hugh Cholmley, a Member of the House of Commons, is gotten between Yorke and Durham with his forces, and that they have given a great defeat to some of the Earle of Newcastles Army in that part of the County.

||  Out of Nottinghamshire it is informed, that the Earle of Newcastle tooke great distaste at the Earle of Newport, because he would not conforme himselfe to Popery (which the Earle of Newcastle with might and maine endeavours to set up, for he hath caused Masse to be frequently said at Yorke, and in all quarters) and thereupon he fought to lay hold of him, and commit him, but the Earle of Newport perceiving his intentions, hath deserted him, and is escaped safe to Nottingham. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ This was originally reported by the Royalist newsbook Mercurius Aulicus on 17 January.

House of Commons prepares more propositions to the King

In Uncategorized on January 16 at 2:57 pm

16 Jan 1642/3 (Mon) || The House of Commons having fuly agreed and concluded upon the Propositions to be sent to his Majestie, they presented them to the Lords at a conference desiring their assent and concurrence with them that they might be forthwith sent to his Majesty, & the said Propositions were then read at the Conference, there being fourteene of them, the effect whereof being as hath beene formerly related, for the setling of Religion by the passing of such bills as have beene, and are made ready by both Houses, for his Majesties assent, that the processe of Parliament may have its free course for the punishment of Delinquents; For the suppressing of Popery throughout the Kingdome, and that the Children of all Papists may be trayned up in the Protestant Religion, and the fines and forfeitures of all Recusants to be levied upon their estates according to Law, for the setling of the Judges, Justices of the Peace and other officers that hath beene removed by his Majesty, for the paying of the debts of the Kingdome, upon the publique Faith, for the making of reparation to all such as have beene plundered in this warre, except such as have an hand in the Rebellion of Ireland, for a generall pardon to all that have beene ayding in the Warre from the tenth of Janary 1641. except the Lord Digby, and Earle of Newcastle, and that the Earle of Bristoll and Lord Herbert be not permitted to come within the verge of the Court. And that the Militia by Land and Sea, be setled by Bill and Cinque Ports secured in such hand as the Parliament may confide in, with some other perticulars, which have beene formerly related, which propositions the Lords promised to take into speedy consideration, and to joyne which the Commons in them. The Lords accordingly spending the greatest part of this and the next day about the same. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Collings condemns “libellous, false, and infamous” Royalist pamphlet

In ECW editor's comment, London on January 4 at 8:10 pm

4 Jan 164/3 (Wed) – delayed report from Tuesday 3 Jan || The last thing fitting for the Kingdome to take notice of in this weeks intelligence¹ is, of a Pamphlet, entituled, A Complaint to both Houses of Parliament, &c.² published in Print by scattering them in the streets, in Westminster-hall, Pauls Churchyard, & Westminster Abbey, which is stuffed with insufferable language, full of falsities, and of bitternesse and railing against the Parliament, and desires the people to take up Arms to destroy the Parliament, calling the Parliament a Corporation of Projectors. In some places of that Pamphlet are these expressions, That the people about London and Westminster are resolved to put their resolutions in practice, that the things (mentioned in the pamphlet) may be suddenly done, and this Parliament dissolved, for they are resolved to defend themselves by Arms, and make use of what is next. And concludes with a desire to the people of all the Counties of England to assist them with life and fortune against the proceedings of the Parliament.

The thing observable upon the publishing of this Pamphlet is the secret way of divulging it on Saturday, the last of December, and of the publique disposing of it from one Malignant to another, then the Apprentices of the Malignants in the City setting up Bills on Sunday the day after, upon Posts, desiring their fellowes to meet on Munday morning in Coven Garden, where this dangerous Pamphlet was much applauded by them, at last they agreed for this time to come in a civill manner to the Lords with a Petition, which they did accordingly, being in number about 1000 their expectation was of 20000. (but they failed) and offered no affront; onely in their returne they laid hold of the Lord Say in his Coach, and demanded of his Lordship to deliver unto them their masters that were in prison, or they would fetch them out and break open the prison doors: And it is most certaine the designe is by the malignants of the City and suburbs, Prisoners out, and they they will get Commanders sufficient to instruct them in their resolved way of taking up Arms against the Parl.

One notorious falshood (among the rest) in that Pamphlet is in these words, That God he thanked our Papists and Jesuits pull in their heads, &c. By this any man may perceive the impudency of the Author, for who are so much in request at Court as the Papists? Is there no one Army of Papists already raised in the North by the great Seale of England?³ Is there not a Commission under the great Seale of England likewise granted to the Marquesse of Worcester to raise an Army, to whom all the Papists of the West are to flock? Doe the Papists then pull in their heads, when they are so impudent to being ove a Catholique Standard to be carryed in the head of the Northern popish Army? Doth the papists pull in their heads, when the Lo: Goring (more puffed up with vanity than Religion) is gone into France to raise Catholique Souldiers there to guard her Majesty over into England?

This pamphlet is condemned to be burnt by the hand of the Hangman, and that enquiry be made of the names of all the Malignants that have published this pamphlet: And for the present some Stationers that published the same, are committed to prison to be made examples of for divulging such a libellous, false, and infamous Booke. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

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¹ Collings’ paper ran from Tuesday to Tuesday
² A Royalist pamphlet; the full and correct title was A complaint to the House of Commons, And Resolution taken up by the free Protestant Subjects of the cities of London and Westminster and the Counties adjacent. It was originally published at York and Oxford in 1642.
³ Referring to the army raised by the Earl of Newcastle. The repeated Parliamentarian claims that it was a “Catholic” army were based on the King’s encouraging Newcastle to accept both Protestants and Catholics into its ranks.

Skirmishes at Wigan and Blackburn

In Lancashire on January 1 at 10:41 pm

Sunday 1 Jan 1642/3 ¹ || The Parliament forces about Manchester under the command of Collonell Holland, and Master Egerton and others, issued out with some 3000 horse and foote towards Wiggon, met with 600. men, or thereabouts, of the Earle of Darbies forces in Legh, and set upon them, and fought three houres with them upon disadvantages: the enemies being equall in number, and fortified with houses and trenches; our men shot downe their houses and workes, and after entred the towne, and tooke two Captaines two Liuetenants, 180. souldiers, and good store of armes, besides colours and drummes, the rest fled, and we lost not a man, the Earle himselfe was in Wiggon at the same time with his owne troope, and other of his forces within foure miles of Legh, but had no minde to meete Colonell Holland; but as we here since, tooke his troope of horse and went to Latham his owne house, which we esteeme a valiant exploit.

The Parliament forces at Blackburne, under command of Master Shaickway for the Parliament, wherein was 500. armed men, and some 500 with other weapons, were beset with Sir Gilbert Houghton, and Sir John Girlington, and Master Clifton, and all the great Papists in that part of the Countie, and being to the number of 6000. men and horse; and the Parliament forces they presently made to their trenches, which they had made before the towne for their owne defence, and they fought against the power that was come against them, beate their enemy, and slew seven of them; and the day being farre spent, the night approaching, they ceased for that time, and in the night the towne sent out to the number of twenty Musqueteeres as a spie, and they approaching night to Sir Gilbert and the others, let fly at them, and presently came to the towne againe, and morning approaching, Sir Gilbert came, and let flie a peece of Ordnance at them, and demanded the towne, and seeing their resolution to fight it out, he departed.

It is credibly reported by Letters intercepted in that County, and the Papists in such abundance rising, that the quarrell is onely whither Protestants or Papists, and they are resolved to die every man before they would yeeld. Our souldiers are confident one to beate ten, for they fight it out at all meetings, and God protects us, they are most of them fled for Religion from all parts of the Country, having forsaken their wives, children, and estates, to maintaine the generall cause, and we are resolved to live and die, though but few, yet they seek place of us; and though our estates be daily exposed to ruine, yet we shall not yeeld without the consent of both houses. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations

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¹ From 1155 to 1751 England used the Julian calendar, under which the new year did not start until March 25. Thus a seventeenth century document giving a date in February 1642 almost certainly means, to us, February 1643: for the document writer the year 1642 had not yet ended, whereas we would have switched to 1643 on January 1. To avoid any confusion on this blog, all dates between January 1 and March 24 inclusive will be styled “year/year” (e.g. 1642/3), indicating contemporary date/modern date.

Reading’s military governor hangs visiting civilian

In Berkshire on December 30 at 11:11 pm

30 Dec 1642 || The House of Commons hath taken into serious consideration the death of Master Boyes, who was wrongfully executed by Martiall Law by Collonell [Sir Arthur] Aston, a great Papist in the Kings Army at Reading,¹ about tenne days since, he being a Citisen in London, and a great Dealer in strong Waters² and other Commodities, and went downe into the Countrey as usually hee did use to do every yeare about this time, to receive and gather up such Money as was due unto him for commodities, and at Reading he was apprehended and hanged, but the Causers thereof will have time to repent it, for spilling the bloud of so just a man. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

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¹ Aston, a professional soldier and declared Catholic, was Reading’s military governor. The Royalists liked him little better: when later governor of Oxford, he was attacked while completing his rounds and forced to appoint a bodyguard.
² i.e. alcoholic drink of some description.

Eastern counties ordered to associate

In Military News on December 22 at 11:45 pm

22 Dec 1642 (Thu) || The Parliament by a speciall and particular Declaration have ordered (because Papists and other wicked and ill-affected persons have combined and associated themselves to destroy the true Protestant Religion, the Lawes of the Land, the Priviledges of Parliament, and the Liberty of the Subject) that the Counties of Cambridge, Essex, Hartford, Norfolk and Suffolk, shall and may associate themselves, and mutually succour and assist one another, in the mutuall defence and preservation of themselves and of the Peace of the said Counties from all rapines, plundrings and spoylings of the said Papists and ill affected persons. And they have given them power to fight with all such as or shall be raised to levy Warre against the Parliament, and them to resist, suppresse, pursue, kill and slay, and to put to execution of death, and by all meanes to destroy as Enemies to the Kingdome, and they have constituted William Lord Gray of Warke to command in chief, as Major Generall of all the Forces to be raised in the said Counties &c. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

Royalist force defeated at Winchester

In Hampshire on December 16 at 11:41 pm

16 Dec 1642 (Fri) || The Lord Viscount Grandison and all his forces that were at the sacking of Marlborow, were so hotly and neerely pursued by Colonel Brown and Colonel Urrey that went to relieve that Town, that he was forced to put into Winchester in Hant-shire for safegard, but to little purpose, for they got into the City, and have taken him and 26 Commanders, and 6oo of his Troupers mounted upon great Horses, withall their Carbines and Pistols, and such moneys as they had taken in pillageing, and it is also said, that they have taken at the least 400 Dragoners which were also there with him, and it is also reported, that many of this Lords men were slaine upon the way in the pursuite as they fled from Andover to Winchester, and by this meanes the Cavaliers have lost the flower and prime of their Horse. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

There came letters to the House from Winchester, informing of a great victory obtained upon the Cavalliers that were lately at Marlborough. That the Lord Grandison is taken prisoner & about 40 Commanders and Gentlemen of good worth, foure peeces of Ordinance, six hundred Horse, two hundred Dragooneers, six hundred Armes, the Common souldiers were all discharged, but first pillaged, the prisoners are sent to Portsmouth, but Colonell Browne and the other forces are gone to Chichester.

And it was also further informed, that the Parliaments forces before they left Winchester, assessed them at a thousand pound for their malignancy in opposing of them, and made them pay the same or else they threatned to plunder, and they also searched and pillaged some Papists houses and Cathedrall men, where they found great store of Papists Bookes, Pictures and Crucifixes, which they carryed into the street and set fire of. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

Parliamentary business

In Durham, Wales, Yorkshire on December 15 at 11:55 pm

15 Dec 1642 || The House of Commons had some debate of the Yorkeshire businesse. It being further informed that the Earle of Newcastle marcheth with seven thousand Papists and eleven pieces of Ordnance in that County, whereupon they agreed in an order, that all the Northerne Counties should forthwith associate themselves together and raise forces to suppresse the said army of Papists to prevent their passage to the King. And they also upon farther consideration of the businesse appointed a Committee to consider of a way for the raising of forces in all Counties thereabouts, to stop their passage over the river of Trent. ||

It was ordered by the Commons that Colonell Cockram the great delinquent taken by Captaine Hotham in the Bishoprick of Durham since his returne from Denmarke, and now prisoner in Hull, should be sent for up to the Parliament. ||

There was a Conference of the Houses at which the Lords moved the Commons to joyne with them in giving leave to some of the Kings and Princes servants here in Towne to goe to his Majestie to attend upon their places, but the Commons would not condescend unto it. ||

Both Houses passed a large Declaration to be published to the Kingdome, in answer to some of his Majesties late expressions, viz. His Declaration concerning the Parliaments entertaining of Papists in their Army, a Declaration concerning the businesse at Braineford, and some others.

They also spent a good part of the day in agreeing upon an Ordinance of Parliament for a generall taxe throaghout the Kingdome of Twelve pence in the pound out of the Malignants estates and others that have not contributed according to their abilities. ||

The Commons sent a Message to the Lords, desiring them to joyne with them in their Votes for the appointing of the Earle of Stamford to be Generall in chiefe of all Southwales and the foure next adjacent Counties, it being informed that the Marquesse of Hartfort is forced into Worcester since Colonell [Thomas] Essex his comming from thence, which puts Gloucester and Hereford into great feares. || Samuel PeckeA Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament