Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘contribution & free quarter’

Wealthy London citizens reportedly refuse to contribute

In London on July 6 at 9:57 am

6 Jul 1643 (Thu) || This day we had intelligence, that 60 able Citizens of London were in the beginning of this weeke summoned to appeare at Habberdashers hall, who being requested to lend 500l a man, answered, that they had lent, given and contributed according to their abilities and therefore desired now to be excused, which so discontented the Publike faith men, that they said openly, if a good bargaine or purchase should offer it selfe to them they would quickly finde monies, but the wise Cittizens perceived the reigne of these members begins to expire, and this over earnest scraping for mony is a shrewd signe they are packing up, to carry all they can to their Publique cheat beyond sea, where such vast summes are laid up in bance, for the future maintenance of the banished Members. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Shropshire news

In Shropshire on June 12 at 9:43 pm

12 Jun 1643 (Mon) || Shropshire affordeth us this week divers remarkable Occurrences worthy of information; as, first, That Sir William Brereton having now fully reduced the whole county of Chester (the City of Chester onely excepted) to the devotion and obedience of the King and Parliament, and forseeing that evill disaffected neighbours, if they should grow strong and powerfull, might by their incursions imbroile it againe, and disquiet the Peace thereof: wherefore to prevent their subtill Designes, and treacherous Plots; He issued out of Cheshire with his Army, and as hath been related in the last weeks Informations, surprised Whitchurch in the County of Salop, where, besides Armes, Ordnance, and three hundred Welch prisoners, he got five hundred pounds in money, which the Lord Capell had extorted in that County, and laid up in that Town to defray his charges. From thence he marched to two other Towns, called Prees and Wrem [Wem]; the first whereof, lieth about seven miles from Whitchurch, and the last about nine miles, where he hath seized upon the Armes, Horses, Plate and Moneys of Master Edward Kinnaston, and other Malevolents, not medling with any of their other Cattell, Corne, Goods or Houshold-stuffe, but onely taking such things as might inable them to endamage the present peace of Cheshire, and of the adjacent Counties. Secondly, That the lord Capell in much discontent, and perplexity, is departed with his few Forces from Shrewsbury to Oswestre, neare the borders of Denbighshire, because the Trained-Bands in Shrewsbury will no longer obey him in performing their Watches, or other military services, so long as the Papists (who are above the number of six or seven hundred) remain in that Towne, misdoubting that they will joyne with the Popish Irish Rebels, that are lately come into Chester and Northwales to subdue and ruine this Kingdome, whom they resolve with all their forces and power to resist.

Thirdly, That the inhabitants of the County of Salop are much imbittered against the Lord Capell, for his excessive and unreasonable Taxes and Impositions upon them, desiring that he might be recalled from his present government agmongst them, hoping thereby to be eased of those insupportable pressures, wherewith (to the ruine of their estates) they have been surcharged, ever since the Cavaliers and their Army first entered their County, which is now almost twelve moneths since, whereby they now both see and feele the errours of their admittance, and may, if they please, facily and speedily free themselves from their unnecessary charges, by driving them from thence, and submitting to the obedience of the King and Parliament, under whose mandates and protection they shall finde safety, ease and relaxation.

Fourthly, that the Lord Newport, Baron of Arkall, hath deserted the Lord Capell, withdrawne his assistance and compliance from him, and is retired to one of his houses in Northwales, disgusting the imperious commands of him that hath no reall terrene engagements amongst them, but is a meere stranger in those parts. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Southwark inhabitants refuse to pay war taxes

In London on March 18 at 12:58 pm

18 Mar 1642/3 (Sat) || It was advertised that there were 10000 men or upwards gathered together in the Burrough of Southwarke, to resist those that came to plunder for the 20. part, and did beate them backe: and that they continued in this posture till the Afternoone, when Captaine Mainwaring (he whom His Majesty hath branded for his seditious courses, both in his Proclamations, and other writings) came with his forces and dispersed them, taking some nine Apprentices and others of small note, who were committed to the Prisons. And it is signified withall, that whilest these tumults held, and as often as the Plunderers came, the people of Southwarke cried aloud, Cut the Round-heads throates, for they may as lawfully take our purses, as plunder our houses: which words were proved at a Committee, and makes some sober men believe that this is but the Prologue to a further play; and that the people will not long endure these pressures, which every day begin to increase upon them. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Sir William Waller’s progress through the West Country

In Dorset, Wiltshire on March 12 at 6:18 pm

Sunday 12 March 1642/3 || This day we had a clearer and more full Relation, then was brought before, of Sir William Wallers progresse thorow Hampshire, who hearing that Prince Rupert was returned to Oxford, reassumed his purpose of going Westward, accompanied with Sir Arthur Haslerigge: his whole force being 500 Foot, a Regiments of Horse, and another of Dragoons; sixe Field-peeces, and foure Cart-loades of Muskets, to furnish the ill-affected of those parts withall. He came to Winchester on Friday, March 3. where, (being an Inhabitants and Free-man of the Citie) he promised that no man should suffer any losse or dammage by him; and he performed it for as much as it concerned himselfe: but when he went away on Saturday, he left behind him Sergeant Major Carie with a Troope of Horse, to levie 600l upon the same: A most unreasonable summe to be imposed upon a Towne so lately and so miserable plundered. But say they what they could in their owne behalfe, no lesse then 500l would be accepted, and that accordingly was raised: viz. 350l out of the Inhabitants of the Citie, and 150l on one Sir Henry Clerke, a neighbouring Gentleman. But that which was of greatest note in all his Progresse, was the most barbarous and inhumane handling of one Master Say, whose father had beene once a Prebendary of the Cathedrall (you may be sure he fared never the better for that) who being betrayed by his neighbours (as they are servilely officious in these kindes of treacherie) and being brought before Sir William Waller, was commanded to send in his Horses; and when he answered, that he knew not where his man had hid them, Sir William Waller gave command unto his Marshall to take him, and force him to confesse. The Marshall having this Commission, first pinnioned the Gentleman, and led him to the George, an Inne in Winchester, where he clapt an halter about his necke, and so examined him upon the point; and as often as the Gentlemen denied the Horses, he hoysed him up upon the Rack in the stable, till he had almost strangled him; then let him downe againe to come unto a further examination: And he continued this inhumanity till al the company, wearied with that horrid spectacle, had left the place; and then with many kickes and blowes (seeing he could get nothing out of him) he dismissed him thence: but in so evill plight, that it is generally believed, the Gentleman will hardly scape it.

From thence they marched to Rumsey [Romsey], (pillaging the Country as they went) where the first work they went about (the Reformation of Religion being a chiefe incentive of the present Warre) was to deface the Church, being a faire and goodly building, and heretofore a Monastery, which scaping in the time of dissolution, was kept from spoil and ruine till these dissolute times. But now these excellent Reformers defaced it utterly, pulled up the Seates, brake downe the Organs, and committed many other outrages, according as they used to doe in other places. Which was no sooner done, but a zealous brother of the Ministry dwelling not farre off, got into the Pulpit, and for the space of two houres in a furious zeale, applauded that religious Act, encouraging them to goe on as they had begun. Thence after this exploit they passed into Wilts, and plundering and spoiling all the Country as they passed along, but most especially of Horses (in which they spared no more their owne, then the Kings good Subjects) till they came to Salisbury: from whence Sir William Waller sent abroad his tickets into the Country, commanding the Inhabitants to bring in their Money, Armes, and Horses, as Hungerford and Baynton had done before. Which done, and that poore Country being drained sufficiently, he fell downe into Dorsetshire, committing the like spoiles and outrages there, as he had done in those other parts which he had passed thorow with his Army. And it is said, that fo the better Reformation of Religion, being the chiefest thing pretended, there are in this small Armie, consisting of no more then 500 Foot, and two Regiments of Horse and Dragoons, (as before was said) no lesse then two Troopes of French and Dutch Papists, under the command of Sergeant Major Carie, and Captaine Carr. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Sir William Waller having gotten such armes and horse in Wiltshire as he could, is advanced into Dorsetshire to disarme all the Malevolents in that County, whereof there is no small number, at whose appearance there, Sir John Strangwayes, and all his Malignant crew are fled from thence, whereby that County is quite freed from those disturbers of their Peace; and the only rumor of his coming into Somersetshire, hath also freed that County from those that began to raise combustions in it, insomuch that he is much applauded for his wisdome, in clearing all the Counties through which he passeth from such as may prove obnoxious unto him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sussex inhabitants forced to contribute to Parliament

In Sussex on March 11 at 12:11 pm

11 March 1642/3 (Sat) || Out of the County of Sussex they write, that the Inhabitants of Petworth and Pulborow, refused to contribute any moneyes for the defence of the King and Parliament, whereupon Colonell Morley with some Troopes of horse went thither to know the reasons of their refusall, whither being come, they stood upon their guard, and would not admit of his entrance, which notwithstanding their opposition he forced, with the losse of one of his men, and so he hath disarmed them, and brought them under contribution. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir William Russell allegedly tyrannises Worcester & Tewkesbury

In Gloucestershire, Worcestershire on February 27 at 10:00 pm

27 February 1642/3 (Mon) || Out of Worcestershire it is informed, that the King hath made Sir William Russell High Sheriffe of that County, and Governor of the City of Worcester, by force whereof he Tyranniseth with such insolency, that he hath deprived the Major of his Authority and government, and made him a meere cypher, he hath Violated the Ancient Charters and Priviledges of that City, and like an absolute Conqueror, he hath imposed an arbitrary and illegall tribute and monethly Taxe of 3000 li. upon that County, and with rigour and severity compelleth the Inhabitants to make strict and exact payment there, whereby the City and whole County of Worcester is utterly disabled, to yeeld the weekely contribution of 566. poundes 13 shillings, lately ordered by the Parliament, to be paid by them for the supporting of their Army, unlesse he be driven from thence by force and armes, which is not likely to be effected yet, because the Parliament hath no forces, nor any considerable partie in that County, the most part of the Inhabitants thereof being disaffected Malevolents , who, as it seemeth by their ready complyance with the Cavaliers, ardently desire to grone under the yoke of their bondage.

And it is further Informed from thence, that the said Sir William Russell dealt most perfidiously with Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, for he promised the Inhabitants thereof, that if they would peaceably admit him into their towne, that he would not injure or damnifie any of them which they granted upon those conditions: and hee was no sooner gotten in, but presently he began to search for armes, and finding none, in an Imperious manner he menaced to pillage them if they would not discover where they were hidden, the Townsmen submisly and truly answered, that the Souldiers which were lately departed from thence to Gloucester, had taken them all along with them, whereat he grew inraged, and imposed a fine of 3000. li. upon them for suffering their armes to be carried away: ut canem cedas facile invenies baculum, he had an intent to get their monyes from them, and made that a colour for it, which they could not remedy. In his words, he professeth himselfe to be a Protestant, but all his Councell of warre are known to be strong Papists, whose irrefragable¹ Principle is not to keepe promise with those whom they may terme Hereticks. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ indisputable, incontestable

Both sides demand contributions for the war effort

In London, Oxford on February 17 at 2:00 pm

17 February 1642/3 (Fri) || This day it was advertised from London, that the two Houses of Parliament, or some at least of both the Houses, finding the many inconveniences which were occasioned in their Army for want of money, and the little obedience they had or could expect from their Souldiers for want of pay, established a Committee for the setling of a weekely contribution in London, and the Suburbs of it; and that the businesse being taken into consideration by that Committee, the House of Commons did in fine conclude, that London hould contribute weekely 10000 l. and the Suburbs of the same, and in Middlesex, and the rest of that County, should be assessed at 3000 l. weekely: which if it come no faster in, then the payment of the twentieth part, it is conceived that there will be no way to keep their Army together, then by granting them free plunder in all places. So that as it appeares by that which hath beene formerly observed, there are required three sorts of payments (and the more the merrier) of all the people in that Citie: The first by way of benevolence, and for that they send tickets from house to house, to know what they will give in money or plate: The second by the Ordinance of the twentieth part, now re-inforced by a subsequent Ordinance, which came out last Friday, giving many new powers to the Distreiners, which before they had not: The third, by the new Contribution and Assesement, which before we spake of; excellent wayes to bring both beggery and slavery on that City: which would by no meanes understand her owne former happinesse , nor be thankefull to the Author and Promoter of it; and now sinkes under the calamity which she hath drawne upon her selfe, by her owne pride and disobedience unto just Authority. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Houses also taking into consideration the great danger of the City of London, and the whole Kingdome notwithstanding the treaty and cessation of armes if provisions be not made for the maintaining of the forces, whereby strict watches and Guards may be kept for our better security, have therefore agreed upon an Ordinance of Parliament for the raising of moneys by a Weekely, or monethly contribution for the maintaining of 20000. men, for six moneths.

And they have also desired of the City the loane of 60000. pounds for the service of the Lords Generall army, to pay the souldiers withall, which is granted, to be repayed out of the first moneys that shall be raised out of the Malignants estates.

By Letters out of  Worcestershire it is informed, that the whole County are much awed by the Kings Forces, and forced to maintain a monethly contribution of 3000. l. per mensem, and that out of the taxes of money raised in that County, Sir William Russell, and other of the Array-men of that County have sent some store of money to the King at Oxford. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Reading Royalists short of fuel

In Berkshire on December 23 at 11:58 pm

23 Dec 1642 || At Reding there is great scarcity of fuel; for the Cavaliers have been so free in making good fires, that they have burnt it all, and they have pulled downe two old houses, and burnt all the timber of them; besides they have made such havock of the Inhabitants pales and hedges, that their Orchards, Gardens and Grounds lie open to the high-wayes, and are made common for Man and Beast. This and much more such good they¹ have gotten by those that endeavour to destroy both them, and the whole Kingdome; and they may thank themselves for giving such dilapidators admittance: but had I wist [it] is now too late for them. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

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¹ i.e. the inhabitants

Royal declaration objects to forced contributions in London

In London on December 17 at 11:40 pm

17 Dec 1642 (Sat) || A Declaration is published and printed at Oxford in the Kings name, to contradict the assessing of all such in London and the Suburbs thereof, who have not sufficiently contributed for the defence of the King and the Parliament, wherein the Parliament in bitter and unbeseeming language is sharply inveighed against, for taking away the Subjects Property, by their Ordinance for that purpose; and he willeth and requireth all his loving Subjects, that they in no degree submit to that wild pretended Ordinance, &c. But the Penners of this Declaration doe not remember who illegally and unjustly bereft the Subjects of the Property of their Armes, Goods, and Moneys in Yorkshire, New-castle, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Darbishire, Staffordshire, Shropshire, Warwickshire, Banbury, (notwithstanding the Kings promise to the contrary), in Oxford, Abington, Reding, Braintford, Kingston, Guilford, and very lately at Marlborow, even since the Kings Proclamation, that none of the Officers or Souldiers of his Army, should plunder any of his Subjects, under the penalty of being executed by Martiall Law: and if to assesse disaffected people, that will not contribute moneys, to help to rescue and redeeme their King out of the hands and slavery of abominable swearers, drunkards, murderers, theeves, constupraters,¹ Rebels, and Traytors, be against right and equity, let God and Man judge; and no doubt they both will very speedily. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

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¹ To constuprate means to ravish; debauch

Dubious “Royal” proclamation alleges Parliamentarian plunder

In Oxfordshire on December 15 at 11:27 pm

15 Dec 1642 || A Proclamation is divulged in the Kings Name, but not attested by him, nor any Printer, wherein these imputations are cast upon the Lord Generalls souldiers, (but falsely) that they seize the Horses of his loving Subjects without their consents, and to which they are authorised by a late pretended Ordnance, that they pillage and plunder his good subjects with unheard of Rapine, Insolence and Inhumanity, whilest his horse for want of assistance of Dragoons, in respect of the Lanes and deepe narrow wayes, cannot prevent those outrages, though he hopeth never to bee forced to follow the example of those ill men who having received such vast summes of money from his Subjects, and seised all his, can yet have no cause of such impositions, but their love of Rapine. Under colour of which untruthes he declareth, that it will be an acceptable service to him for any to send him in at this time, Horses, Geldings, Mares or Naggs to bee used as Dragoon-Horses for his service, and the defence of Oxfordshire, not doubting but that every man will send in such horses with Saddles and bridles, and whosoever can send in men armed with Muskets upon those horses, shall much adde to this service, and those horses are to be sent in to the signe of the Katharine Wheele in Oxford, and to be delivered to Winter Grant his Wagon Master generall. Behold herein a subtile trick of the Cavaliers, to defraud people of their Horse and Armes. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents