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Posts Tagged ‘Edgehill’

Malignants detained; Parliament to petition the King

In London on November 2 at 3:31 pm

2 Nov 1642 – update || There was two or three malignants brought before the Commons that day as delinquents, one of them was a Doctor of Divinitie who was committed for divulging false reports concerning the Armie and fight at Kinton, and another was committed for speaking words against the Parliament and saying that he hoped shortly to see M. Pym M. Hampden and divers other such as they were hanged or words to that effect. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

At a Conference this day in the painted Chamber, the Earle of Northumberland in the name of the Peeres, acquainted the Commons how the Committee for the safety of the Kingdome have had thoughts of certaine Propositions to be made to his Majesty, to prevent the further effusion of blood, and to settle the peace of the Kingdome; That before they descended to any conclusions, they held it fit to send to the Lo: Generall to acquaint his Excellency with their intentions who so returned his answer to this purpose: That what he had done hitherto, was in obedience to the Commands of both Houses, and what they should Command  for the future, he would obey; that he was now with his Army, and could not leave that charge to come in person to contribute any thing for his Majesties honour, and security, and to the setling the peace of the Kingdome, that he believed the Committee had such reasons for these Propositions, as were laid on sure grounds, and that he hoped they had no thoughts of the weaknes of his Army, or that the courage in those that stood to it so stoutly in the late Battle would faile them, if nothing but a second encounter must decide the quarrell: This being communicated to the house of Commons, they held it fit thus far to condescend, That the Committee for the safety of the Kingdome should draw up a petition to his Majesty, to give way that some Propositions of both Houses may be presented unto him, but withall they passed a Vote (which they ordered should forthwith bee Printed and published) That the Parliament should notwithstanding with all vigour proceed in using all meanes for the strengthening of the Army, and raysing additionall Forces for the defence of the Parliament and City. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations

The state of the King’s army

In Military News, Oxford on November 2 at 12:34 pm

2 Nov 1642 (Wed)|| There came letters to some members of the House of Commons from Oxford, and were shewed to the Parliament, in which letters there was a full description of the state of the Kings Army since the fight at Kynton, by which it was informed that the Kings army is very weake, and that he had in that fight a great defeat, and lost more than hath beene related; however so many false reports have beene raised to the contrary. That upon his comming to Oxford he brought with him divers Cart-loads of maimed Souldiers and most of his chiefe Commanders are slaine, and divers hurt, that three or foure Lords that were dangerously wounded are dead since their comming to Oxford, and that the King as yet stayes at Oxford, but there is great talke of his remove, but not to London as was supposed, but rather to Salisbury or Sussex. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Prisoner news

In London on October 31 at 2:31 pm

31 Oct 1642 || Mr John Wentworth of the Temple who was committed to prison on the Saturday before, for raising and divulging false rumours concerning the fight at Kinton, petitioned the House for his enlargement, but it would not be granted.

There was an Order made that the Prisoners in the Tower should be kept asunder, and not be permitted to hold such Conventicles together as formerly they have done, which hath produced no good effects, and that they should not be permitted to eat their dyet together as formerly. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

There was one Captaine Fleming¹ brought before the Parliament, and committed to prison, for raising false reports of the Lord Generalls Army, and the fight at Kynton, he being also a Captaine of the Kings party.

This day the Lord Dungarvey a Scotch Lord² was brought up to London with a strong guard from Northamptonshire and by Order of the House of Peeres was committed to the Custodie of the Gentleman Usher of the black Rodd, he was taken about some 4. miles from Northampton coming from the Kings Armie presently after the fight at Kinton, and was going back to Scotland, but upon what occasion is not known, the cause of his commitment was for that he hath assisted his Majestie in this Warr against the Parliament and Kingdome.

A rich citizen (I forebeare to name him) being one of them that by order of the Houses are disarmed, and their persons secured as malignants for that they refused to contribute towards the charge of the Common-wealth in these times of imminent danger. Since his imprisonment being much ashamed of his folly in refusing to assist the Parliament, for the Parliament, and proferreth to lend two hundred pound upon the propositions, and to set forth and maintaine ten foot Souldiers at his own charge, for the service of the Common-wealth. Whereupon a motion being made to the House of Commons in his behalfe, the matter is referred to a Committee to consider of. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Sir William Fleming (Commons Journal and A Perfect Diurnall, both 1 Nov)

² The Commons Journal calls him “Domfaerling”, almost certainly meaning “Dunfermline” and in that case must refer to Charles Seton, 2nd Earl of Dunfermline. His DNB entry states that he had been in England but returned to Scotland in September 1642; the documentary evidence presented here suggests that in fact he was still in the country in late October and was picked up by Parliament after Edgehill.

Lawyer imprisoned for speaking against Parliament

In London on October 30 at 10:29 pm

30 October 1642 – Sabbath extra || [On 29 October] there was one Master Jo. Wentworth a Lawyer of Lincolnes Inne apprehended and brought to the Parliament for divulging of false and scandalous untruths, concerning the fight at Kinton and casting aspersions upon the Parliament as if they should go about to hinder the discoverie of the truth of things concerning that busines, which matter was discovered by certaine letter of his writing intercepted and brought to the Parliament, for which by Order of the House he was committed to prison. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Speeches at the Guildhall

In London, Military News on October 29 at 9:44 pm

29 Oct 1642 – update || There was a booke published of the severall speeches which were spoke by the Lords to the City of London, at a common Councell in Guild Hall, upon Thursday night the 27, of October.

The First that spoke was the Lord Wharton, who made a full discovery to the City of the fight at Kinton, the substance in effect was the same that is formerly related, only some passages were inserted which I shall nominate. As 1. of the occasion why so many of the Lord Generals forces were absent at the time of the fight, which was for that a Regiment of foot, and a troop or two of horse was left at Hereford under the command of the Earle of Stamford, to prevent the Welsh for falling in upon Gloucestershire, and the river of Severne and so into the West, also a regiment of the Lord Saint Johns and Sir John Merricks at Worcester, which place is seated upon the river of Severne, and intercepteth all force that commeth from Shrewsbury into the West, there was another regiment of the Lord Rochfords left at Coventry, also Colonell Hampdens and Collonell Granthams Regiment and ten or twelve troopes of Horse were a days march behinde, by reason of the Lord Generals suddaine march, who brought some powder, ammunition and artillery after the army, so that at the time of the fight there was with the Lord Generall but eleven Regiments of foot, and about forty Troopes of horse.

That the Lord Generall in his owne person came up to the charge at severall times, once with his owne troope of horse, and with his owne Regiment of foot, which were raised in Essex.

That they tooke the prisoner afore named, viz. the Earle of Lindesey, Lord Willoughby hs sonne, Colonell Lunsford and his brother slaine,¹ Sir Ed. Stradling prisoner, and divers other of quality by the Lord Awberney [D’Aubigny] Colonell Vavasor, and Sir Edward Munroy a Scotch man of great qualitie. That by all the information that can be gathered there were three thousand of the Kings slaine, and but three hundred of the Parliaments. That by all that could be gathered there were but twenty of our men killed with the Kings Cannon. That Colonell Hampden Colonell Grantham and those other ten Troopes formerly spoke of, came not to the Lord Generalls army, but about one a clocke at night. That the Lord Generall kept the field all night and next day, but the Kings forces never appeared but some scattering men of three or foure troopes of  horse that came to bury their men, and however it was fully reported there was no fight Munday or Tuesday, &c.

After the Lord Wharton, M. Strode made a speech to the City, confirming the former relation made by the Lord Wharton, further adding, that the two regiments raised in London for the Lord Brookes, and Master Hollis, and the one regiment raised in Essex for the Lord Generall, were the chiefe men that wone the day, that by these men that were ignominiously reproached by the name of Roundheads did God shew himselfe to bee a glorious God. || A Collection of Speciall Passages and Certaine Informations

¹ A false report. Although Thomas Lunsford was captured, neither of his brothers, Henry and Humphrey, were killed at Edgehill. Henry died at the storming of Bristol in 1643; Humphrey was also active in the war, and appears to have survived it.

Fast observed at Westminster; official report from the army in Warwickshire

In London, Military News, Warwickshire on October 26 at 12:55 am

26 Oct 1642 (Wed early edition) || The Houses of Parliament kept Fast at Saint Margarets Westminster Doctor Usher the Bishop Armagh preached in the forenoone and Master Case in the afternoone.

A little before the end of the evening Sermon the Lord Wharton and Master Stroud [Strode] came to Westminster from the Army, and they writt a note and sent it to the Minister to read openly in the Church at the end of the Sermon, which note in short, discovered the successe of the battle on Sunday last, the effect whereof was that the Earle of Lindsay Lord Generall of the Feild for his Majesty is hurt and taken and also the Lord Willoughby his sone Sir Thomas Lunsford Edward Stradling and Colonell Vavasor, and that they are all now prisoners in Warwick Castle.

That they have also taken six Colours his Majesties Standerd five Waggons laden with Ammunition and plate, a Coach, and eight pieces of Ordnance, the King and Prince being all the time of the fight at Sir Edward Copes house at Hanwell, that the Kings losse was 3000. men, and but 300 of the Parliaments. That the rest of the Kings Army were routed, and the Earle of Essex remaines Master of the feild. || A Collection of Speciall Passages and Certaine Informations

A fuller report || The Lord Wharton and Master Strode came to the Parliament from the Lord Generalls Army, and informed the passages of the Fight, which was much to the same effect as was formerly related confirming the relation of the taking of the prisoners and Standerd, and that the Earle of Lindesey was very sorely wounded, that there was 3000. of the Kings men slaine, and but 300. of the Lord Generalls, That there was 15. Troopes of the Lord Generalls horse and 4. Regiments of foote of the left wing run away, which brought the Army into great distresse for the present, but Lord Brooks with his forces, Colonell Hollis, Colonell Hampden, Sir Arthur Haslerigg and some others bravely supplyed the Lord Generall, and his Excellencie in his owne person led up a Regiment against the enemie, which put the Souldiers into such heart, that they sound recovered their ground and waggons and six pieces of Ordnance, which the enemy had taken upon their retreate, at length wholly routed the Kings Army, and the Earle of Essex remayned Master of the field. The fight continued from 12. a clocke Sunday till after sixe at night.

The Lord Generalls Army continued in the field all Sunday night, and on Munday morning the Lord Generall caused some peeces of Ordnance to be shot off and played about the Hills for some time to invite the enemy to a second onset, and continued in the field that day, but they never appeared. All the Kings foote in the height of the battell on Sunday ranne away, and are dispersed about the Countreys, and also the horse, there remaining not above 300 with his Maiesty, who are marched with him toward Northampton. The King all the time of the fight was at Sir Edward Copes house at Hanwell. There was eight of the Kings pieces of Ordnance taken, a Coach, and five Wagons with Ammunition and plates. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Hoax battle reports; safety of the King’s children

In London on October 25 at 12:46 am

25 Oct 1642 (Tue early edition) || There came three of the Lord Generalls Officers Post to London from the Army, and being brought to the Parliament and examined, it appeared that they were not sent from the Army with any Letters or otherwise, but in a very cowardly manner ran from their Companies at the beginning of the fight, and in a base and unworthy manner had possessed the people as they rode along with false rumours and untruths, telling of great losses, that there were twenty thousand men killed on both sides, and that there were not foure men of all their companies escaped with life besides themselves, and other strange wonders, though nothing so, it being rather conceived that their Companies like themselves upon the beginning of the fight, very valiantly tooke to their heeles and ran away.

But after some further inquiry was made after these Commanders, it appeared no wonder to heare their strange newes, their names were captaine Wilson, Lieutenant Whitney, and one Shankes a Player, and there was an Affidavit offered to bee given upon oath against them, that one of them said before he went out with the Earle of Essex, that he would take the Parliaments pay but would never fight for them against any of the Kings partie: and the other two very dissolute and rude persons, whereupon the houses ordered that they should bee all three committed to the Gatehouse, and brought to condigne punishment according to Marshall law, for their base cowardise.

The Houses of Parliament taking into consideration the great danger the Kings Children at Saint James in Westminster would be in case of any invasion, Ordered that they should be removed from thence, for more security into London, and that some convenient House in the Citty should be appointed for their aboade, and that untill such times as a Convenient place should be found out, there should be a strong Guard of the Trained bands placed about Saint James House day and night, for their better safety and protection, they have appointed the Earle of Pembrooke their protector. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Upon consideration of the great danger the Kings Children at Saint James House Westminster would be in, in case the Cavaliers should come to London, the Parliament Ordered that for their safe security they should be removed to the Lord Cottingtons house in Breadstreet London, and the Earle of Pembrooke should be their Protector. || A Collection of Speciall Passages and Certaine Informations

London on high alert

In Berkshire, London, Military News on October 24 at 3:59 pm

24 Oct 1642 – final || It was for Certaine informed by Letters from the Army that the King with his Cavalliers was marched by Coventrie and came to Southam on friday night, and the next day marched towards Bandbury; That the Earle of Essex with his Army came to Warwicke and is now marched after his Majesty towards Banbury, and is within lesse then tenne miles of him, having left some forces at Stratford upon Avon, and it was confidently informed that his Maiesty intends to come to London.

It was also informed that a part of his Maiesties Cariages comming by Warwicke, Guarded with Musqueteers, some Troopes of Horse were sent after them, upon whose approach the Musqueteeres tooke flight, whereby three of the Kings Carriages were taken without any opposition, and brought to Warwick.

Upon apprehension of the great danger the City of London might fall into by his Maiesties so neere approach, they raised their Trained Bands to guard the City both night and day, and are raising Garison Souldiers for the City; And by Order of Parliament sent 12. of their Companies to Windsor Castle to secure the same, in case the Cavalliers should make any attempt thither, the Lord Maior sending out warrants throughout the Citty that every man should stand upon his guard, and the Officers of the Citty to use their vigilancy for feare least any conspiracy should bee agitated against the Citty by the Malignant party, either by fire or otherwise.

And a Committee was appointed according to an Order of Parliament to take care for the speedy setting up of Courts of guard and raising of workes for the planting of Ordnance in all speciall places in and about the Citty and suburbs.

And it was also Ordered that there should be Bulworkes presently raised in the Fields before the Citty, to Fortifie the same against any Invation, whereupon hundreds of men presently fell to worke about diging of trenches and raising of workes in the Field neare Panchridge, and High-parke corner as being places of great consequence and for the present conceived to bee most in danger.

There was also an Order made by the Parliament for the speedy raising of Sea men to be imployed for the Guard of the River of Thames in case of opposition, and also to be drawne up for land service in case of any imminent occasion. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Update from the field

In Military News, Warwickshire on October 24 at 11:17 am

24 Oct 1642  breaking || There came a Gentleman post from the army by order from the Lord Generall to informe the Parliament of his proceedings, who declared that the fight was very hot on Sunday night, as was formerly expressed.

After the fight had continued a short time, the left wing of the Lord Generalls horse, were drawne up to service, but before they had once discharged, they ran away, amongst whom were Colonell Ramsey and fifteen Troopes of horse, by whose base cowardice the army was put to a great straight, the Cavaliers falling upon the Lord Generalls Waggons, killed their Horses and Wagoners, and set the Wagons on fire, but the right wing of the Lord Generall stood it out bravely, and for the London boyes, never men fought with more courage then they did, and on a suddaine the Lord Generals forces advanced so furiously against the enemy, that they forced them from their ground, and tooke three of their great pieces of Ordnance from them, and at length beat them cleare out of the field.

So neare as could be guessed there was about three thousand of the Kings side slaine, but not a fift part so many of the Lord Generalls side, what men of note are killed cannot of any Certainty as yet be informed, but for certaine the Lord Generall and all the other Lords with him are all safe and in good health, whether Prince Robert [Rupert] if slaine or no is not certaine, but his Plume was taken up in the fields and brought to the Lord Generall, Sir Edmund Varney [Verney] Knight Marshall a member of the house of Commons, and the Kings Standerd-bearer was slaine, and the Standard was taken in the field by the Lord Generall himselfe. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Fighting reported in Warwickshire

In Military News, Warwickshire on October 24 at 12:48 am

24 Oct 1642 (Mon – early edition) || On Sunday before noone both Armies mett in the valley neare Kinton in the mid way betwene Banbury and Stradford upon Avon, and they have had a very hott Skirmish, their Ordnance playing very hott from 12. a clock till three in the after noune and made great slaughter, and then the maine forces joyned Battle both horse and foot, and had a furious Skirmish on both sides which continued for all that day.

Upon the first beginning of the skirmish the Beacons all about the Countreys thereabouts were set on fire, and great preparations were made in all places to assist the Lord Generall, and much company came with all speed from Warwick, Coventry, and Oxford-shire to assist them.

The Lord Brookes marching after the army with six thousand men and seventeene pieces of Ordnance, with whom also came Colonell Hollis, Colonell Hampden, and some others came, and joyned themselves to the Lord Generall, soone after the beginning of the fight, whose forces stood the Lord Generall in great stead.

There were many killed on both sides, but what number this Post could not informe, nor what was the successe of the day, for that he came away before the end of the fight. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages