Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘executions’

Wiltshire Royalists defuse Waller’s recruiting trick

In Wiltshire on July 9 at 8:51 pm

Sunday 9 Jul 1643 || You heard before of the great defeate given by His Majesties Forces to Sir William Waller, upon Lands downe hill; and with what Strategem he stole away with his horse and cannon: as also how His Majesties soldiers being tired with extreame labour in so long and difficult a fight, withdrew themselves the morrow after into their owne quarters. Which being observed by the Rebels, they husbanded the little resting time which His Majesties Commanders tooke to refresh their soldiers, to the best advantage; in drawing togeather their routed and disordered foote, and filling up their broken companies with some new supplies. And to this end Waller sends out his Emissaries to the parts adjoyning, to informe the people that he had given a notable defeat to the Princes Army, and broken the whole body of his Forces; and therefore if they would now cheerefully come in (before those scatteed Forces were againe united) and shew their zeale to Religion, Lawes, and Libertie, by joyning with him in pursuit of so great a victory; they might soone make an end of the Cavaliers and conclude the warre. Which false report being credulously enterteined by some factious spirits, who have had too much inflience of that part of the Countrey, they began to drawe together into a body, and to the number of 3 or 4000 advanced as farre as the Devises; not doubting but great multitudes of abused people would be very speedily added to them. But the Earle of Craford being then at Marleburgh with his troopes of horse, came sooner to the worke then was expected: and being withall exasperated by some vile usage which they shewed his Quarter-Master, hanged up one of the Rebels (who had beene pardoned once before) and committed the High Constables and others who had beene most active, to the Castle-prison, untill His Majesties further pleasure were declared in it; and with good words dismissed the residue in peace to their owne dwellings. The terrour of which seasonable execution together with the discovery of the cheat which was put upon them, stopped the intended rising of the Country people, and frustrated the cunning Rebels of their expectation. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)


Royalist conspirators executed at Bristol

In Bristol on June 4 at 1:00 pm

Sunday 4 Jun 1643 || You had the last week the substance of His Majesties Letters to the Maior and Aldermen of Bristol, which any man of sense and reason would have thought effectuall, being written from a King unto his Subjects, and in a cause so consonant to the rules of Justice and compassionate humanity, as the preserving of the innocent from a blloudy death. But contrary to the expectation of all good men, and in defiance of His Majestie and the Lawes to boote, (and if I added in despight of God and the powers of Heaven, I should say but truth) two of those innocent persons, Master Ro. Yeomans, and Master Boucheir, were most barbarously and inhumanely murdered by the hand of the publike Hangman, upon Tuesday last, at the command of Master Fines (heire to his Fathers good affections, though not of his Lands) whom nothing else would satisfie but the bloud of the guiltlesse. Which being doubfully reported a day or two before, was this day verified and confirmed for a most sad truth to the extreame horrour and amazement of all honest men, and the great griefe of His Sacred Majestie, who could not choose but looke upon it as the most barbarous Act which the impudence and cruelty of this Rebellion had produced against Him; and which all the Subjects of this Kingdome can behold with no other eyes (if that infatuation be not fallen upon them ) That seeing they shall see, but not perceive) then as the last gaspe of that deplored and dying liberty, the losse whereof they have procured and purchased for themselves with such cost and care. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

By Letters from Bristoll it is informed, that on Tuesday last, the elder Yeomans and Butcher were executed there for their conspiracie, and that at the same time there came a Trumpet from Oxford, to inhibite their Execution, who threatned, that Halters were ready for those Members of the Honourable House of Commons that are in durance there, and have beene most wofully handled and abused, not for any Conspiracie against the King or State, but for defending their persons, goods, and estates (as the Laws of this Land warrant them to doe) against the outrages and plunderings of the Cavaliers and their exorbitant partie. This Trumpeter, after many insufferable jeeres and affronts upon the Governour and Councell of warre at Bristoll, which are indignities contrary to the Law of Armes, but what careth that party what Lawes they violate; was committed into safe custody, untill he shall learne better manners. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Prisoner exchange row continues

In Bristol on June 2 at 8:35 pm

2 Jun 1643 (Fri) || There hath beene some Propositions for the exchange of Prisoners betweene the King and Parliament;¹ and his Excellencie, the Parliaments Lord Generall, would willingly exchange a Nobleman of the Kings party, for two of his Captaines now in miserable durance at Oxford, and the Earle of Forth, the Kings Lieutenant Generall, would have all the Prisoners in the Parliaments custody, exchanged for the Prisoners in Oxford, (which is an unequall demand, because there is now in the Parliaments custody at least ten for one) but the Earle of Forth will not quit the said two Captaines, nor any Members of the Parliament now his prisoners upon any termes, neither will the Parliament make so unequall exchange as is demanded of them, insomuch that this treaty is become of none effect; wherein chiefely is to be observed; that the Cavaliers greatest spight is against the Parliament, because they will not release any of their Members, but against the Law of Armes, and all reason still detaine. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

This day came out in Print His Majesties Letter to the Maior and Aldermen of Bristoll, bearing date, May 29. In which His Majesty taking notice, that diverse of his Majesties good Subjects, viz. Roland Yeomans,² George Bouchier, William Yeomans, Edw. Dacers, & others by the power and authoritie of certain factious & rebellious persons of that City were condemned to die, for the expression of their loyaltie and dutie to his Sacred Majestie, was pleased to signifie to the said Maior, Aldermen, and Common Counsell, that if they suffered that horrible murder to be committed on the persons aforesaid, his Majestie would look upon it as the most barbarous Act that had been committed against him; and upon them as the most desperate betrayers of his Majestie, and their fellow Subjects: commanding that no violences be done unto them, but that if  any be attempted, the said Maior and Aldermen should raise the power and strength of that Citie for their rescue, whom his Majesty requires on their Allegeance to be aiding and assisting in it, and as they hope for grace and favour at his Majesties hands, and that they kill and slay all such as shall attempt or endeavour to take away the lives of His Majesties said Subjects, for which that Letter was to be their warrant. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

¹ See report of May 24
² Other sources give his name as Robert

Mutual threats to execute prisoners

In Bristol, London on May 24 at 10:57 am

24 May 1643 (Wed) || From Bristoll they write, that the Earle of Forth, who is Lieutenant Generall of the Kings Army, and commonly called Generall Ruthen, hath sent a Message to Collonell Fines their Governour, therein menacing, that if he execute any of the Conspirators that are condemned to be hang’d there for plotting the Massacre of the well affected People in that city, that he will execute all those Prisoners of the Parliaments party that are now in Oxford; whereupon Collonell Fines returned an Answer, that he is onely the Parliaments Servant, and bound to obey their commands, if they require the said Conspirators should be executed; and that if the said Generall doe execute his Prisoners, that the Parliament hath under their present command many considerable persons to make retaliation, witnesse those in the Tower of London, at Lambeth and Winchester Houses, in Warwicke Castle, in Manchester, Glocester, Bristoll, and those that were lately taken at Stafford and Wulverhampton, besides others at Cambridge, and in divers other places, all which being summed up, will at the least make ten for one, for those infinitely wronged and abused poore men at Oxford, who are ready to starve there, while the Cavalier party in the before mentioned places enjoy to the full, excepting their Liberties, what their sensuall hearts can wish; so full of clemencie is the Parliament, to their perpetuall honour and commendation. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Bristol conspirators to be executed; Colonel Essex to face censure

In Somerset on March 18 at 3:02 pm

18 Mar 1642/3 (Sat) || The Parliament hath sent an Order to his Excellency the Lord Generall at Windsor, wherein they request him to send a Martiall Commission to the Governour of Bristoll, to trie the late Conspirators there, and to put them to execution of death, for their horrid treachery to deliver up that City yo the enemy, and to Massacre the good and innocent people amongst them.

Colonell [Thomas] Essex who was lately apprehended at Bristoll and carried to Gloucester, is now brought a prisoner to Windsor, and committed to safe custody there, where he is to abide the censure of the Lord Generall, for the murther which he acted at Bristoll, and for other heynous crimes perpetrated by him there, and it is verily supposed, that he would have furthered Prince Ruperts entrance into that City, if he had not been prevented by that timely apprehension. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus defends Reading governor’s actions

In ECW editor's comment on March 18 at 9:52 am

18 Mar 1642/3 (Sat) || In the beginning of this weeke there came to towne a London Pamphlet, wherein Sir Arthur Aston, the vigilant and valiant Governour of Reading, is stiled a bloud thirsty Papist, and charged to have put to death severall men of the Parliament side, upon suspicion of giving intelligence. Whereas he never put to death but one upon that occasion, which was Boyes the distiller of hot waters. And it appeareth by his owne Confession signed with his hand, and subscribed by sufficient wtnesses, that he was one in all the tumults of London, viz. in that seditious assembly of unruly people crying for justice, against the Earle of Strafford, in that for the Assistance of the five Members against His Majesty, and that in many of those tumults, he had procured others to come down to Westminster: as also that of his own voluntary offer, and at his own charges, he went from London to the Earle of Essex immediately after the battaile of Edge-hill, to carry and bring back intelligence; and that hee after was imployed on the like errands to Winchester, Southampton, Basingstoke, and Reading, where he was discovered and apprehended; and that (contrary to the lawes, His Majesties known commands, and the duty of his allegiance) he had from time to time contributed for aintenance of this Rebellion, Plate, Money, Armes, and Horse. And if all this were not sufficient ground for his execution, let any man that knows what Treason is against the supremee Majesty, in a time of Peace, and what a capitall crime it is to give intelligence to the enemy in time of warre, be a judge betwixt them. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Reading’s military governor hangs visiting civilian

In Berkshire on December 30 at 11:11 pm

30 Dec 1642 || The House of Commons hath taken into serious consideration the death of Master Boyes, who was wrongfully executed by Martiall Law by Collonell [Sir Arthur] Aston, a great Papist in the Kings Army at Reading,¹ about tenne days since, he being a Citisen in London, and a great Dealer in strong Waters² and other Commodities, and went downe into the Countrey as usually hee did use to do every yeare about this time, to receive and gather up such Money as was due unto him for commodities, and at Reading he was apprehended and hanged, but the Causers thereof will have time to repent it, for spilling the bloud of so just a man. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

¹ Aston, a professional soldier and declared Catholic, was Reading’s military governor. The Royalists liked him little better: when later governor of Oxford, he was attacked while completing his rounds and forced to appoint a bodyguard.
² i.e. alcoholic drink of some description.