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Posts Tagged ‘Houses of Parliament’

Parliament allegedly refuses the King supplies

In Oxford, Parliamentary business on September 29 at 12:05 am

29 Sep 1643 (Fri) || We were certified this day, that upon a Motion made, that they would give way that some necessaries for his Majesties sacred person might be carried to Oxford, among which one particular was wine; but they (as men that three dayes before had tooke a solemne Covenant for the preservation of his Majesties person) denyed that his Majesty should have any wine. So that having laboured to murther him with their great Ordnance, seiz’d of all his revenues that should keepe him alive, they now most dutifully refuse to let him have meat and drinke for that mony which his good Subjects have lent him. Let all men that have the least sense of honour or goodnesse; consider, if any blessed Prince were ever thus used by men (if I may call them so) who are his owne sworne Subject, whom they can accuse of nothing but this, that he is too good to be their King. Nay, when the Kings Sergeant moved that his Majesties Woods might be exempt from being cut downe and destroyed, that noble and valiant Gentleman the Lord Wharton grew extreame angry that he would make such a motion, and commanded him silence. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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More details behind women’s petition riot emerge

In London on August 14 at 2:36 pm

14 Aug 1643 (Mon) || On Saterday last there was one Mistris Jorden a Citizen brought a Petition o the House of Commons, desireing leave to go into Holland, for that she went in great Jeopardy of her life here amongst her own Neighbours, in that she refused to joyn with them in their tumultuous rising against the Parliament on the Wednesday before, and being examined before the whole house, touching that tumult she declared at the Commons Barr, that she heard one Master Knowles in Chancery lane affirme, that many of the Women had been with a great Earle in this Kingdome, (whom that night or the next morning with some others in companie made escape from the Parliament and (as tis thought) gone to Oxford) who encouraged them in that tumultuous manner to come downe to the Parliament under pretence for peace, and told them that all the Lords but the Lord Say were for the Propositions for peace, and so also all of the House of Commons except foure or five, and that if they came downe in that manner but 3. or 4. dayes together these propositions for peace would passe the Houses and they would then have peace, but a very strange peace it would have beene certainely, when after the profuse expence of so much blood as hath beene spent in this warre, wee shall be left in a worse condition then we were at first, and surrender up all to the bare will and pleasure of his Majesty, or rather of his seducing Counsellors without any provision made for the securing of our Religion, Lawes, or Liberties otherwise then in such manner as His Majesty shall approve of, or give consent[;] which information of Mistris Jordans the Commons referred to a Committee throughly to examine the whole businesse, which Committee had appointed to sit on monday following about it, but on Monday the first thing we heard on, was that the said great Earle concerned in that businesse was escaped from the Parliament as aforesaid.

And since that wee understand from Windsor, that the Earle of Holland, Earle of Bedford, Lord Lovelace and Lord Conway are all gone to His Majesty; that some of the Souldiers at Windsor persued them to Marlow, where they found the Earle of Holland at his Daughter the Lady Pagetts House, but had so stronge a guard upon the House, they could doe no good with so small a force, and retreated backe to Windsor for more ayde, in the meane time the Earle went for Oxford, but Colonell Ven hath mett with some of Trunkes that were going after him, wherein doubtlesse there is some good booty.  || A continuation Of certain Speciall and Remarkable passages (P)

The Earl of Essex tries to shore up his position

In London on August 7 at 7:18 pm

7 Aug 1643 (Mon) || It was this day advertised, that the Earle of Essex finding himselfe abused in Pictures, censured in Pulpits, dishonoured in the table-talke of the common people, and a designe on foot of raising a new Army, under the conduct of Sir William Waller, which would soone put an end unto his authority, made complaint of it to the Lords, by them to be communicated to the other House: requiring that his Army be forthwith paid, and furnished with cloathes and all other necessaries, his broken and diseased Forces presently recruited, reparation to be given him in point of honour, for all the calumnies and scandals which falsely (as he saith) have been laid upon him, that Waller be called to an accompt for the losse of his Forces in the West; and finally, that no Commission may be issued out to any one to have the charge and conduct of any Forces, but by his authority. Which bold demands, though very unwelcome to the Citie-faction in the Lower House, who had resolved otherwise amongst themselves; yet the Lords ordered for their parts (referring the payment and clothing of the Souldiers to the care of the Commons) that his Army should be first recruited before any other Forces raised, that he and his Army should have reparation by a Declaration of boh Houses, for all the scandals vented against them, that miscarriage of the businesse in the West should be examined, and the blame laid on those whom it did belong to; and finally, that whosoever was appointed to any charge or command, should take his Commission from his Excellencie onely, and depend on him; and that he should have power to call backe such Commissions, as he saw occasion. And it is further certified, that thought these Votes may give content unto the Generall, which was the matter most intended, yet doe they yet much displease the faction in the House of Commons, and infinitely distast the Citizens, who are resolved to raise neither men nor money, if Waller may not have ordering and disposing of them, and this they sticking not to say openly as they walke the Streetes. And on the other side, Waller, and those who have before served under him are so inraged by these Votes, that an implacable and deadly feud is very like to grow amongst them, so as there is some hope when these plundering theeves once fall out, true men will come sooner to their goods. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament considers new peace propositions

In London on August 5 at 12:14 pm

5 Aug 1643 (Sat) || Both Houses as was appointed, had a Conference about cetain Propositions drawn up by the Lords to be sent to His Majestie for a Peace, the substance whereof are much in effect the same as was devated upon the last Treaty at Oxford, the chief heads of them being as followeth, Viz.

1. That both Armies may be presently disbanded, and His Majesty return to the Parliament.

2. That Religion may be setled by a Synod of Divines in such manner as His Majesty and both Houses shall appoint.

3. That the Militia both by Sea and Land may be setled by a Bill, and the Militia, Forts, and Ports of the Kingdom put into such hands as His Majesty shall appoint, with approbation of both Houses, And His Majesties Revenues to be absolutely and wholyy restored to Him, onely deducting such part as hath been of necessary expended for the maintenance of His Children, and otherwise.

4. That all the Members of both Houses that have been expelled only for their absenting themselves, or meer complince with His Majesty, & no other matter of Fact against them, may be restored to their places.

5. That all Delinquents from before the 10 day of January 1641, shall be delivered up to the Justiceof Parliament, and a generall Pardon for all others on both sides.

And lastly, That there may be an Act of Oblivion for all by-gone deeds and Hostility.

Which Propositions the Lords referred to the consideration of the Commons, and after the conference the Commons had a very large and serious debate about it: First, Whether these Propositions from the Lords, as the case now stands, should be at all insisted upon by the Commons; and there were many reasons alleadged to the contrary, whereof these, as they report, are some of the chief, viz. The consideration of the little effect the former Treaty for Peace took at Oxford, but rather the great prejudice we received by it. 2. That the Houses being now upon Treaty with the Scots, to send some Forces into this Kingdom to assist us, and have a Committee now in Scotland, and the Forces there in a great readinesse to send: Whether it might not give the Scots such occasion of distaste, when they shall hear we are upon concluding a Peace: Also whether it may not much dishearten the Citizens of London in their Listings and Subscriptions for the Forces, and divers other considerable reasons alleadged: By after a deliberate debate, it was put to the Vote, and then resolved, That the House should insist upon the said Propositions: Whereupon the debate was continued, that they might presently enter into consultation of the said Propositions, and declare the sense of the House upon them at that sitting; but by others it was moved that it might be deferred till Tuesday or Wednesday next; which motion for divers reasons was disapproved of, and after much consultation, agreed that they should presently insist upon then: And first of all they begun with that Proposition touching His Majesties Revenue; to which the whole House in generall declared their free consents to have it setled upon his Majesty as was propounded: And then falling into debate touching the surrender of the Navy Forts and Castles, the consultation grew so great about it, and the day so far spent, that  they adjourned till Munday morning to consult further thereof. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

More from Kent: the rioters’ demands, Parliament’s response

In Kent, London on July 20 at 10:59 am

20 Jul 1643 (Thu) || The Intelligence from Kent was, that the Kentish Malignants did still continue in their hostile and Rebellious posture (as you heard before) and (as some informed) there were neer 6000. of them were gathered together at Seveoke, Alford, and other places, those at Alford being about 2000. have planted 2. Peeces of Ordnance upon Alford-bridge, and the rest have some other Iron-peeces which gives us the more occasion to beleeve that this fine designe also was long since contrived at Oxford, which doth the more palpably appear by their peremptorie and triviall demands… || The Speciall Passages Continued (P)

The Insurrection of the Kentish Malignants was more fully represented to the House this day upon the returne of Sir Henry Vane, that came from thence yesterday, whereby it appeared that their number is increased to about 2000. but very few of them Armed, and though some report with much confidence that they have got divers of the Ordnance (and I have seene it since in print) tis a great mistake, for they have onely one old Iron Peece which for want of better carriage they draw upon a sledge. Tis true, they are growne to that insolency they begin to expostulate the business upon high termes with the Parliament demanding that they may have the Common Prayer Booke continued amongst them without any alteration. Secondly, that they the late Covenant may not bee prest upon such of them as are unwilling to take it, though they can make no just exception against it, or any clawse thereof, but in generall termes as they have learnt from their Malignant preachers, that it is against their late Protestation and Oath of Allegiance. Thirdly, they complaine that their Taxes of the twentieth part and weekely assessments are impartially rated upon them by their Assessors, and would have others of their owne choosing put in their places, that so the Assessors and they being all of one mind, the well affected (as hitherto for the most part it hath beene) may undergoe the whole charge of the worke, & they pay nothing or what they list: These are the chiefe causes as they pretend of their rising, which how poore a thing it is in them upon these grounds to bring the whole County into so great a distraction by exposing themselves & the whole County to ruin in a civil broyle, without ever making these or any other of their grievances first knowne to the Parliament, who would have doubtlesse omitted no meanes to give them redresse; and to preserve the peace of that late flourishing County who, Maugre the plots of all the Kingdomes Enemies when most of the other Counties in the Kingdome were in broyles and under a bloody persecution, they have injoyed the freedome and liberties of a happie peace.

The Houses this day upon serious consideration of Kents distraction, drew up a Declaration that the disturbers of the peace there, who in a tumultuous manner against all Lawes, had made an insurrection to the great terror of the whole County and Kingdome: if they should presently downe their Armes, restore those Armes they had taken from others, and returne in peace to their owne dwellings, they should be received into the mercy and protection of Parliament, and the Parliament would most willingly redresse all their just grievances, when they should bee in a peaceable way made knowne unto them, but if they refused this the Parliaments clemency, and persisted in their Rebellious courses, they should be proceeded against as disturbers of the peace of the County. And thereupon besides this Declaration which was sent unto them by Sir Henry Vane by Order of Parliament, Colonel Browne with two Regements of Foot, a Regement of Dragoneeres and some other Troopes went from London towards Sevenock on Fryday morning, and is to receive direction from Sir Henry Vane, that if they doe not lay downe their Armes upon the tender of the Paliaments Declaration, to proceede against them with all Rigour. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Londoners give money to fund Waller’s army

In London on July 18 at 10:41 am

18 Jul 1643 (Tue) || A Committee of the house of Commons according to former appointment mett at Grocers Hall at 3. of the clock in the afternoone to receive the voluntarie subscriptions of well affected persons, for Monies, Horse or Armes, to be sent to Sir William Waller, for the recruting and incouragement of the Armie under his command. To which place many well affected persons of the Citty of London also came and subscribed to send severall great sumes of Money speedily unto him, and divers of them immediately brought in the Money which they had then subscribed for that purpose. A course very requisite for the present, but it were much to bee desired that a more exact course were taken for collecting it in the severall wards and parishes about London and in other places neere, and that not onely the well affected but all others should be compelled to contribute according to their ability unto a worke so necessarilie conducing unto the publike weale. || Wednesday’s Mercurie. Or, Speciall Passages And Certain Informations … (P)

Aulicus alleges Parliament threatens the King’s person

In London on July 16 at 9:46 pm

Sunday 16 Jul 1643 || You heard last weeke of a Letter written to the remaining party in the House of Commons, from the Earle of Essex … And it was after certified, that on a following debate about those Letters on the morrow after, another clause was cavilled at with a greater vehemency. For whereas it was added (as in the Letters now in Print doth it full appeare) that if the King refused the Treaty, [Essex suggested] He should be moved to absent himself out of the fight for the preservation of His Person; Master Martyn (out of his wonted care of His Majesties safety) was offended at it: saying, that if the King would not withdraw, but put his finger to be cut, they could not help it; what was that to them? which (I must tell ye) passed the House without the least check or censure. And it seemes they would faine have His Majestie once more within the reach of their Cannon, in hope to take a better aime at him then they did before: and them impute it to himselfe for fighting to save his life and the Crowne, against the enemies of both. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus claims Londoners want to replace Essex with Waller

In London on July 13 at 9:35 pm

13 Jul 1643 (Thu) || It was advertised this day from London, that on the reading of the Letters from the Earle of Essex, in the Lower House (whereof you heard before on Wednesday) the Zelots there grew into very great distempers, though others very much commended and approved the Counsaile. Insomuch that Master Vassall (one of the Burgesses for London) moved exceeding earnestly, that their Generall should be pressed to speake more plainely: and that if after the expence of two millions of treasure, without any effect, he had a minde to lay downe his Armes, he should let them know it; and that there wanted not as good Souldiers as he which would take them up. Which motion, though it tooke not in the House for the present, yet generally (all about the Citie) they have designed Waller for the place, whose Conquests are their daily discourse: but you may heare them change their tone ere the weeke be out. So implacable are they against all inclinations to peace, as that this Letter of their owne Generall (who best knowes his and their strength) should thus inflame them, but whether it give them cause thus to sleight him, the Letter it selfe will shew; which within few houres you shall see in print. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Earl of Essex urges Parliament to seek peace with the King

In London on July 12 at 9:32 pm

12 Jul 1643 (Wed) || It was advertised this day, that Letters had beene sent by the Earle of Essex to the remaining party in both Houses to let them understand the weake condition of their Forces under his command, & the great losse their Forces had susteined in other places; and to advise them, whilest they had yet some strength remaining, to addresse an humble Petition to His Majestie for the obtaining of a safe and convenient peace. Which Letters being favourably entertained amongst many of the Lords, found not so kind an acceptation amongst some in the Lower House: who as they had beene alwayes enemies to the peace of the Kingdome, so were they more averse now from it then they had beene formerly, in regard they had received credible information (if they did not make the same themselves) that His Majesties Forces in the West had been worsted by Sir William Waller: yet to avoid the odium which might fall upon them, had they wilfully declined the businesse, they thought it best to make a reference thereof to their friends (or rather Masters) the Citizens, whom they knew how to worke to their owne conclusions: and did accordingly so contrive the matter, that Isaack [Penington] and his faction did so abhominate and detest the meere name of peace, that rather then such a motion should be hearkned to, they would engage themselves to raise present money to maintaine the warre, and raise such Forces in the Citie as should sufficiently serve to pursue the project of bringing the whole Kingdome to confusion. Which being signified to their good Subjects in the Lower House, there was no further speech of desiring peace, though very little hopes to uphold the warre. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Earl of Stamford reportedly under arrest

In Devon on June 28 at 2:33 pm

28 Jun 1643 (Wed) || The Reader is to be advertised, that whereas it was said in the 24th weeke of this Mercurius, that the Earle of Stamford was come to London, and had there laid downe his Commission; yet it proved otherwise, though confidently reported by one who came  from thence, and affirmed he saw him: it being signified this day, that the said Earle is still at Exeter, but of so little credit amongst the people, and under such an high displeasure with his good Masters of both Houses, that he is in the quality of a Prisoner, with a guard upon him. It seemes the leading Members are in that condition, that they know hardly whom to trust, being already growne suspicious of their principall Agents, and may in time grow jealous of the foure Members themselves.¹ || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ Presumably meaning Arthur Haselrig, Denzil Holles, John Pym and William Strode, four of the prominent Parliamentarians the King had attempted to arrest in 1642; the fifth member, John Hampden, had died a few days before from wounds sustained at Chalgrove Field. Pym was also to die, of suspected cancer, in December 1643.