Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘Houses of Parliament’

More details behind women’s petition riot emerge

In London on August 14 at 2:36 pm

14 Aug 1643 (Mon) || On Saterday last there was one Mistris Jorden a Citizen brought a Petition o the House of Commons, desireing leave to go into Holland, for that she went in great Jeopardy of her life here amongst her own Neighbours, in that she refused to joyn with them in their tumultuous rising against the Parliament on the Wednesday before, and being examined before the whole house, touching that tumult she declared at the Commons Barr, that she heard one Master Knowles in Chancery lane affirme, that many of the Women had been with a great Earle in this Kingdome, (whom that night or the next morning with some others in companie made escape from the Parliament and (as tis thought) gone to Oxford) who encouraged them in that tumultuous manner to come downe to the Parliament under pretence for peace, and told them that all the Lords but the Lord Say were for the Propositions for peace, and so also all of the House of Commons except foure or five, and that if they came downe in that manner but 3. or 4. dayes together these propositions for peace would passe the Houses and they would then have peace, but a very strange peace it would have beene certainely, when after the profuse expence of so much blood as hath beene spent in this warre, wee shall be left in a worse condition then we were at first, and surrender up all to the bare will and pleasure of his Majesty, or rather of his seducing Counsellors without any provision made for the securing of our Religion, Lawes, or Liberties otherwise then in such manner as His Majesty shall approve of, or give consent[;] which information of Mistris Jordans the Commons referred to a Committee throughly to examine the whole businesse, which Committee had appointed to sit on monday following about it, but on Monday the first thing we heard on, was that the said great Earle concerned in that businesse was escaped from the Parliament as aforesaid.

And since that wee understand from Windsor, that the Earle of Holland, Earle of Bedford, Lord Lovelace and Lord Conway are all gone to His Majesty; that some of the Souldiers at Windsor persued them to Marlow, where they found the Earle of Holland at his Daughter the Lady Pagetts House, but had so stronge a guard upon the House, they could doe no good with so small a force, and retreated backe to Windsor for more ayde, in the meane time the Earle went for Oxford, but Colonell Ven hath mett with some of Trunkes that were going after him, wherein doubtlesse there is some good booty.  || A continuation Of certain Speciall and Remarkable passages (P)

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The Earl of Essex tries to shore up his position

In London on August 7 at 7:18 pm

7 Aug 1643 (Mon) || It was this day advertised, that the Earle of Essex finding himselfe abused in Pictures, censured in Pulpits, dishonoured in the table-talke of the common people, and a designe on foot of raising a new Army, under the conduct of Sir William Waller, which would soone put an end unto his authority, made complaint of it to the Lords, by them to be communicated to the other House: requiring that his Army be forthwith paid, and furnished with cloathes and all other necessaries, his broken and diseased Forces presently recruited, reparation to be given him in point of honour, for all the calumnies and scandals which falsely (as he saith) have been laid upon him, that Waller be called to an accompt for the losse of his Forces in the West; and finally, that no Commission may be issued out to any one to have the charge and conduct of any Forces, but by his authority. Which bold demands, though very unwelcome to the Citie-faction in the Lower House, who had resolved otherwise amongst themselves; yet the Lords ordered for their parts (referring the payment and clothing of the Souldiers to the care of the Commons) that his Army should be first recruited before any other Forces raised, that he and his Army should have reparation by a Declaration of boh Houses, for all the scandals vented against them, that miscarriage of the businesse in the West should be examined, and the blame laid on those whom it did belong to; and finally, that whosoever was appointed to any charge or command, should take his Commission from his Excellencie onely, and depend on him; and that he should have power to call backe such Commissions, as he saw occasion. And it is further certified, that thought these Votes may give content unto the Generall, which was the matter most intended, yet doe they yet much displease the faction in the House of Commons, and infinitely distast the Citizens, who are resolved to raise neither men nor money, if Waller may not have ordering and disposing of them, and this they sticking not to say openly as they walke the Streetes. And on the other side, Waller, and those who have before served under him are so inraged by these Votes, that an implacable and deadly feud is very like to grow amongst them, so as there is some hope when these plundering theeves once fall out, true men will come sooner to their goods. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

More from Kent: the rioters’ demands, Parliament’s response

In Kent, London on July 20 at 10:59 am

20 Jul 1643 (Thu) || The Intelligence from Kent was, that the Kentish Malignants did still continue in their hostile and Rebellious posture (as you heard before) and (as some informed) there were neer 6000. of them were gathered together at Seveoke, Alford, and other places, those at Alford being about 2000. have planted 2. Peeces of Ordnance upon Alford-bridge, and the rest have some other Iron-peeces which gives us the more occasion to beleeve that this fine designe also was long since contrived at Oxford, which doth the more palpably appear by their peremptorie and triviall demands… || The Speciall Passages Continued (P)

The Insurrection of the Kentish Malignants was more fully represented to the House this day upon the returne of Sir Henry Vane, that came from thence yesterday, whereby it appeared that their number is increased to about 2000. but very few of them Armed, and though some report with much confidence that they have got divers of the Ordnance (and I have seene it since in print) tis a great mistake, for they have onely one old Iron Peece which for want of better carriage they draw upon a sledge. Tis true, they are growne to that insolency they begin to expostulate the business upon high termes with the Parliament demanding that they may have the Common Prayer Booke continued amongst them without any alteration. Secondly, that they the late Covenant may not bee prest upon such of them as are unwilling to take it, though they can make no just exception against it, or any clawse thereof, but in generall termes as they have learnt from their Malignant preachers, that it is against their late Protestation and Oath of Allegiance. Thirdly, they complaine that their Taxes of the twentieth part and weekely assessments are impartially rated upon them by their Assessors, and would have others of their owne choosing put in their places, that so the Assessors and they being all of one mind, the well affected (as hitherto for the most part it hath beene) may undergoe the whole charge of the worke, & they pay nothing or what they list: These are the chiefe causes as they pretend of their rising, which how poore a thing it is in them upon these grounds to bring the whole County into so great a distraction by exposing themselves & the whole County to ruin in a civil broyle, without ever making these or any other of their grievances first knowne to the Parliament, who would have doubtlesse omitted no meanes to give them redresse; and to preserve the peace of that late flourishing County who, Maugre the plots of all the Kingdomes Enemies when most of the other Counties in the Kingdome were in broyles and under a bloody persecution, they have injoyed the freedome and liberties of a happie peace.

The Houses this day upon serious consideration of Kents distraction, drew up a Declaration that the disturbers of the peace there, who in a tumultuous manner against all Lawes, had made an insurrection to the great terror of the whole County and Kingdome: if they should presently downe their Armes, restore those Armes they had taken from others, and returne in peace to their owne dwellings, they should be received into the mercy and protection of Parliament, and the Parliament would most willingly redresse all their just grievances, when they should bee in a peaceable way made knowne unto them, but if they refused this the Parliaments clemency, and persisted in their Rebellious courses, they should be proceeded against as disturbers of the peace of the County. And thereupon besides this Declaration which was sent unto them by Sir Henry Vane by Order of Parliament, Colonel Browne with two Regements of Foot, a Regement of Dragoneeres and some other Troopes went from London towards Sevenock on Fryday morning, and is to receive direction from Sir Henry Vane, that if they doe not lay downe their Armes upon the tender of the Paliaments Declaration, to proceede against them with all Rigour. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Londoners give money to fund Waller’s army

In London on July 18 at 10:41 am

18 Jul 1643 (Tue) || A Committee of the house of Commons according to former appointment mett at Grocers Hall at 3. of the clock in the afternoone to receive the voluntarie subscriptions of well affected persons, for Monies, Horse or Armes, to be sent to Sir William Waller, for the recruting and incouragement of the Armie under his command. To which place many well affected persons of the Citty of London also came and subscribed to send severall great sumes of Money speedily unto him, and divers of them immediately brought in the Money which they had then subscribed for that purpose. A course very requisite for the present, but it were much to bee desired that a more exact course were taken for collecting it in the severall wards and parishes about London and in other places neere, and that not onely the well affected but all others should be compelled to contribute according to their ability unto a worke so necessarilie conducing unto the publike weale. || Wednesday’s Mercurie. Or, Speciall Passages And Certain Informations … (P)

Aulicus alleges Parliament threatens the King’s person

In London on July 16 at 9:46 pm

Sunday 16 Jul 1643 || You heard last weeke of a Letter written to the remaining party in the House of Commons, from the Earle of Essex … And it was after certified, that on a following debate about those Letters on the morrow after, another clause was cavilled at with a greater vehemency. For whereas it was added (as in the Letters now in Print doth it full appeare) that if the King refused the Treaty, [Essex suggested] He should be moved to absent himself out of the fight for the preservation of His Person; Master Martyn (out of his wonted care of His Majesties safety) was offended at it: saying, that if the King would not withdraw, but put his finger to be cut, they could not help it; what was that to them? which (I must tell ye) passed the House without the least check or censure. And it seemes they would faine have His Majestie once more within the reach of their Cannon, in hope to take a better aime at him then they did before: and them impute it to himselfe for fighting to save his life and the Crowne, against the enemies of both. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Aulicus claims Londoners want to replace Essex with Waller

In London on July 13 at 9:35 pm

13 Jul 1643 (Thu) || It was advertised this day from London, that on the reading of the Letters from the Earle of Essex, in the Lower House (whereof you heard before on Wednesday) the Zelots there grew into very great distempers, though others very much commended and approved the Counsaile. Insomuch that Master Vassall (one of the Burgesses for London) moved exceeding earnestly, that their Generall should be pressed to speake more plainely: and that if after the expence of two millions of treasure, without any effect, he had a minde to lay downe his Armes, he should let them know it; and that there wanted not as good Souldiers as he which would take them up. Which motion, though it tooke not in the House for the present, yet generally (all about the Citie) they have designed Waller for the place, whose Conquests are their daily discourse: but you may heare them change their tone ere the weeke be out. So implacable are they against all inclinations to peace, as that this Letter of their owne Generall (who best knowes his and their strength) should thus inflame them, but whether it give them cause thus to sleight him, the Letter it selfe will shew; which within few houres you shall see in print. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Earl of Essex urges Parliament to seek peace with the King

In London on July 12 at 9:32 pm

12 Jul 1643 (Wed) || It was advertised this day, that Letters had beene sent by the Earle of Essex to the remaining party in both Houses to let them understand the weake condition of their Forces under his command, & the great losse their Forces had susteined in other places; and to advise them, whilest they had yet some strength remaining, to addresse an humble Petition to His Majestie for the obtaining of a safe and convenient peace. Which Letters being favourably entertained amongst many of the Lords, found not so kind an acceptation amongst some in the Lower House: who as they had beene alwayes enemies to the peace of the Kingdome, so were they more averse now from it then they had beene formerly, in regard they had received credible information (if they did not make the same themselves) that His Majesties Forces in the West had been worsted by Sir William Waller: yet to avoid the odium which might fall upon them, had they wilfully declined the businesse, they thought it best to make a reference thereof to their friends (or rather Masters) the Citizens, whom they knew how to worke to their owne conclusions: and did accordingly so contrive the matter, that Isaack [Penington] and his faction did so abhominate and detest the meere name of peace, that rather then such a motion should be hearkned to, they would engage themselves to raise present money to maintaine the warre, and raise such Forces in the Citie as should sufficiently serve to pursue the project of bringing the whole Kingdome to confusion. Which being signified to their good Subjects in the Lower House, there was no further speech of desiring peace, though very little hopes to uphold the warre. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Captain Hotham impeached and apprehended

In North East on June 22 at 8:52 pm

22 Jun 1643 (Thu) || From Nottingham it is informed, that Sir John Meldrum, whom the Earle of Essex hath made Commander in Chiefe in those parts, hath apprehended Captaine Hotham, & committed him to the Castle there, by an especiall command from his Excellency and the Parliament, for divers misdemeanors by him committed, for which the Honorable House of Commons have impeached him: as first, for his sending a Challenge to the Lord Grey of Groby, Secondly, for plundering the Parliaments friendes in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire. Thirdly, for turning his Cannon against Colonell Cromwell. Fourthly, for having correspondency with the Cavaliers at Newarke upon Trent, &c.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus suggests ‘Waller’s Plot’ a Parliament projection

In London, Oxford on June 7 at 2:52 pm

7 Jun 1643 (Wed) ||  You heard last weeke of a great and terrible Treason against the Parliament which was discovered by the care and diligence of Master Pym and his accomplices; for which the Queens Attourny, Master [Edmund] Waller, and certaine others were instantly committed to prison, their pockets and chambers searched, the well affected Ministers in London plundered of their Sermon-notes, under pretence of looking for suspected Papers; and such a noyse and tumult raised about it all over the City, as if the Powder treason had not beene halfe so horrible. But upon further information (as doth appeare by letters of the 4 of June) it proved only this. His Majesties finding the Rebllion raised against him to be growne unto a monstrous height, especially in London and the parts adjoyning, from whence it had been fed and nourished; issued out a Commission unto certaine persons whom he might confide in, (according as had beene accustomed by his Royall Progenitors in all time of danger and desition) to draw together His Majesties well-affected Subjects for the suprpessing of all treasons, Rebellions, insurrections, and the like disturbances of publicke government, and for the apprehending of all Traitours, Rebells and seditious persons with severall powers and clauses in the said Commission, according to the usuall forme. Notice whereof being given to some leading members of the House of Commons (a they have very quicke intelligence) their guilty consciences made them apt to thinke (as there is no such dangerous accuser as a guilty conscience) that this Commission was intended to suppresse their faction, and to surprize their persons; and by applying the generall commands in that Commission unto their owne particular cases, made themselves the Traytors, which were to be suppressed and apprehended. Hereupon having found in whose hands the Commission was, on Wednesday May 31. when the rest of their body were at the Church to observe the fast, some 50 of them went into the House of Commons and delegated the whole power of the House to Master Pym, Master Glin, Mr St. Johns, Sir Henry Vane the younger, and Sir Gilbert Gerard: who raising the trained bands, seized upon such persons as they thought were likely to crosse their purposes, and filled the Towne with all the noyse and clamour before remembred. And having done the feat which they had in hand, on Friday June 2. Mr Glin (know how well they had placed their favours) comes into the House, and tels them (who knew well enough what he had to say) that the Committee had found a Treason of such dangerous consequence that the Powder-plot, the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre at Paris, were not to be compared unto it.¹  And thus you have the true Originall and progresse of this horrid Treason, of which such outcries have beene raised over all the Kingdome.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)
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¹  The ‘Sicilian Vespers’ was a massacre of the French in Sicily by the local population in 1282; the ‘massacre at Paris’ was the St Bartholomew’s Day massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572. The ‘Powder Plot’ was, of course, London’s Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Major-General James Chudleigh defects to the Royalists

In London on June 5 at 1:22 pm

5 Jun 1643 (Mon) || it as advertised, that Letters from the West were published in the House of Commons, signifying that young [James] Chudleigh whom they had made the Major Generall of their Westerne Forces, had not onely deserted the cause himselfe, and give great commendation in a Letter (which was intercepted) of the Cornish Gentry, and so the piety of their intentions, and the gallantry of their behaviour, but did sollicit his Father Sir George Chudleigh to returne unto His Majesties service, and to bring over with him Sir Nicholas Martyn and Sir John Bamfeild, who depended alltogether on his Counsels: and that a Passe was sent from Sir Ralph Hopton: and if they did not like the Propositions which he made unto them, to returne as safely. There were also Letters sent from the Earle of Stamford full of aspersion against the Father and the Sonne, charging the one with betraying the Army by carrying away the Horse to Bodmin, the other with betraying to the power of the Enemy the Ordinance and Ammunition, which he was commanded to blow up, but did not. And though these Letters wrought so much upon the temper of the House, as to occasion many bitter invectives and vehement testimonies of displeasure against the Chudleighs, whom before they had so highly magnified for the sole authors of all their party in that County, yet it was found (for some of them are quicke of scent) that the Earle of Stamford did but labour by aspersing them to take off from himselfe the miscarriage of the businesse and continue in the good opinion of the House. But of so little credit is he growne amongst them, that they fell presently on a resolution (to his great honour be it spoken) of withdrawing him from the service, and making Waller Generall of the West in his Lordships place. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

From the Westerne parts it is certified, that after the prefidious treachery of Serjeant-Major Chudleigh, and desertion of the footmen which cowardly left the field, the Earl of Stamford gathered his forces together, placing instead of the said Chudleigh Captain Tompson, and captain Gould in the room of his father: Also that Sir William Waller is marched into those parts after the Marquesse of Hartford (who is gone with his forces to the assistance of the Hoptonians) and to assist the Earl of Stamford against the Cornish delinquents. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer