Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘military action’

Lord Grey’s cavalry skirmish with Henry Hastings at Bagworth

In Leicestershire on August 18 at 12:15 am

18 Aug 1643 (Fri) || From Leicester it is informed, That Manchester Carriers came lately with forty packs from London to that Towne, with whom the Lord Grey of Groby sent out a hundred horse to guard them to Derby, which they having effected, in their returne home, they met with another hundred of their owne Horse, at Copt-Oake, in the Forrest of Leicester, where they joyned together, and went towards Ashby de la Zouch, within about two miles whereof, they met with an hundred of Colonell Hastings Horse and Dragoones, founded them a charge, and advanced to encounter them, but Hastings Horse wheeled about, and made with all speed to Bagworth-Heath whither the Leicester Horse followed them; and after the first charge, Hastings men ran away, the other pursued them eagerly, trasht and cut them sorely, killed six of them, tooke sixty of them prisoners, with their horses, amongst which was a Serjeant Major, a Captaine, and a Lieutenant: Which good piece of Service, hath diminished some of those Rob-Carriers, who, like the Arabians, or Italian Banderroes, lie sculking upon the Leicestershire and Staffordshire Roads, to intercept all travellers and passengers into the North-west parts of the Kingdome. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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Parliament’s forces attack Sir Richard Fleetwood’s house

In Derbyshire on July 24 at 6:10 pm

24 Jul 1643 (Mon) || Derby had some while since advertised us of their intended designe against Sir Richard Fleetwood, one of Colonell Hastings Fraternity of Robbers, as they terme him, which they have now freely imparted unto us in this manner; That a Captaine, with some gentlemen and their Souldiers, having beset his house called Wotton lodge, to keep him from pillaging and plundering, (according to his usuall manner) Captaine Mellers with some Companies, and two pieces of Ordnance marched thither from Derby, where being come, they presently fired their Ordnance upon the house, to give Sir Richard notice of their arrivall, and while they were planting [their ordnance], their Musketiers played upon the House, to keep the defendants in imployment, lest they should sally out to hinder them, which being effected, the Ordnance played hard, and made some battery, but for that time did little hurt. Then they called a Councell of War, who resolved to approach neerer to the house, and either to assault or undermine it, which some of their Souldiers presently put into execution, for they went downe and fired a Barne neere unto it, then Captaine Mellors Lieutenant went downe with one or two hundred of his men with spades and pickages, and tooke the Brew-house, set the gate of the Porters lodge on fire, and entred the Court-yard, where they turned out some horse and other Cattle, being very carefull of Mynes and Traines of gunpowder, lest they should have beene blowne up. Immediately after, the house was yeilded up, where they took Sir Richard Fleetwood and his two sons, with Master Vincent Pyne, and seventy other prisoners, whom they tied together with ropes, and so brought them all into Derby. This House was farre stronger then Ashby de la Zouch, and yet it was taken in a day and two nights, onely by three hundred men, notwithstanding Sir Richard Fleetwoods boasting, that he feared not all the forces of Derbyshire and Staffordshire, if they came against him, and he made no question (relying upon the strength of his house) but he could easily repell them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists take Malmesbury

In Wiltshire on July 23 at 6:07 pm

Sunday 23 Jul 1643 || It was advertised this day, that certaine of his Majesties forces, being in their march towards Bristol, had taken Malmesbury from the Rebels. The Town had been abandoned by his Majesty, and all the Garrison and Ordnance removed thence by his especiall command, at such time as the Earle of Essex had beleaguered Reading: and not possessed by the Rebels, till that of late it was thought fit by some of their principall leaders to put a Garrison of 80 horse and 400 Foot into it, with some 9. peeces of Cannon, for the better bridling of the Country, and awing of the parts adjoyning, whom they plagued sufficiently. But notice being given to some of his Majesties Commanders quartered thereabouts, where the Guards were weakest, and the Towne most fit for an assault, they fell upon it in the night, (about two nights since) and having forced an easie passage through the carelesse Guards, made themselves masters of the place; as also of the Cannon, Armes, and Ammunition; some of the Souldiers being killed, and the most part taken; the rest providng for themselves by some close conveyances, under the covert of the night. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Royalist victory at Roundway Down

In Wiltshire on July 15 at 9:42 pm

15 Jul 1643 (Sat) || This was a day of joy, & most happy tidings, from the beginning to the end. Newes came betimes to Towne by Sir Robert Welch who was sent on purpose with that errand, that the Troopes of horse, which His Majesties had designed for the Westerne service, being come on Thursday about foure in the aftenoone, within three miles of the Devises, were met with by the Rebels forces, who lay betwixt them and the Towne, on Roundway-Downe (for so the place is usually called) to hinder them from joyning with the rest of the Army. The fight was first begun betwixt some Regiments of horse on eachside, and carried for a time on both sides with equall successe, But at last the Rebels horse beginning to retreate to the rest of their strength, which lay not farre off on an hill, Waller drew out his Foot, and commanded them to give the on-set; which whilest they repaired to do, the beaten Horse most valiantly fled the field and left the Foot (as usually they doe) unto slaughter, all of which (very few excepted) were either killed or taken Prisoners. Waller himselfe perceiving for the world went with him, followed his fugitive Horse, with as much diligence and speed as could be; and (as ’tis said) got a most terrible fall in his hasty flight, which endangered his life; leaving His Majesties Forces absolute Masters of the field.

And we may clearely say this was a most absolute victory, for His Majesties souldiers totally routed the Rebels Army, slew full 600 of them in the place, tooke above 900 prisoners, tooke All their cannon, being 7 faire brasse peeces, All their ammunition, which was a very great quantity, All their waggons and Baggage, among which one Cart loaden with Manacles (for the Liberty of the Subject) with all the Victuall which that seditious Country had abundantly brought in, Tooke also all their Armes, but what the fugitive Troopers had in their hands also, 28 Colours of foot, 9 Cornets of horse, and left not one Rebell but what was either killed, taken prisoner, or narrowly saved his life by his heels. Waller had formerly at severall times surprized 113 of the Kings souldiers, which 113 were now all releived, together with such other goods and plunder as he heretofore had gained at Malmsbury and Hereford, But that which made the Victory most sweet, was that few of His Majesties souldiers were slaine in this service, and not any of note but that worthy and valiant Gentleman Master Dudly Smith, who made the Rebells pay deare for his life before they had it. What eminent service was done by particular men, I shall not mention, the chiefe Commanders, and such as in this expedition (we are sure) deserved best, being unwilling to be named, as sensible that God Alnighty’s extraordinary mercy wrought this blessing for His Majesty; for this confluence of Rebellious Forces were almost treble to those His Majesty now sent, the Rebels having five Regiments of foot consisting of about 2500, six Regiments of horse containing full 2000, besides 500 dragooners, with 8 peeces of brasse ordnance; the forces sent by His Majestie being but 1500 horse only, with 2 small peeces of Cannon.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Battle of Lansdowne

In Somerset on July 8 at 6:46 pm

8 Jul 1643 (Sat) || The cheife intelligence of the day was the Westerne newes, which therefore was the more look’d after, because somebody out either out of feare or knavery had spread a false rumour that His Majesties Forces in the West had been worsted by Sir William Waller, which was most impudently false, as you shall heare by an impartiall collection out of 3 severall Expresses from such hands (should I name them) you would say are not capable of a lye.

On Wednesday July 5. Sir William Waller advanc’d with his whole Bodie upon the hither end of Lands downe, a place of very great advantage, whence he sent out a good Partee of Horse and Foot towards us, lyning the Hedges towards our champane, and there advanced a strong Partee of Horse under the protection of their Muskettiers, & some of our Horse being drawne out within musket shot, retired in some disorder towards the Reere of our Foot, whereupon Sir Bevill Greenvill and Sir Nicholas Slannings Regiments of Cornish Foot advance’d and bravely beat them out of the Hedges, but our Horse speedily rallyed again and recovered their ground: then a strong Partee of their Horse drew into a large Field upon our left Wing, which our Horse charged and entirely rowted, and our Cornish Foot drove theirs from Hedge to Hedge, through Woods and steepe Hills back to their maine Bodie, and at last forc’d them from the brow of the Hill which they had barrocadoed, and whereupon they had planted their Canon. For the ground they had was of mighty advantage, being a high Hill walled about behind and upon both sides, with works in the Front, the passage up very narrow and dangerous, one side being a Wood, the other full of hedges, both of them strongly lined with Muskettiers; and having gotten this ground wee found the Enemie in an entire Body, his Foot placed within certaine stony walls of great strength, through which he had prepared divers places for his Horse to sallye, being drawne up in Battalio in the reere of his foot. Before our Horse and Foot could draw up in Battalia they charged us with their Horse, and played so thick upon us with their Cannon and Muskettiers, that they (by advantage of the place) forc’d us from the hill, which notwithstanding wee assaulted againe and againe three severall times, and the fourth time with unimaginable difficulty wee possessed the top of it, which Sir Bevill Greenvill maintayned with his stand of Cornish Pikes against all their power of Horse, Foot, and Cannon, to the wonder and amazement of both friends and enemies, where this brave gentleman was most honourably, though unfortunately slayne in the front of his men, with his Serjeant Major and Captaine Lieutenant dead at his feet, ending his life with as much honour, as mortall flesh is capable of. Then wee rallyed our Horse and drew up our Cannon, and by that time it grew darke, notwithstanding shot of all sorts played on each side till midnight, when the Rebels stuck their Matches on the Hedges, upon which wee gave a volley from every part of our Bodie, which instead of answering they ran quite away, leaving us the Field, where wee found above 500. Muskets, 14. Barrells of Powder, a whole stand of Pikes, together with good store of all sorts of Armes, they having stollen away their Cannon when they left their light Matches. All which in the morning wee having carefully searched and viewed, our men being much tyred with extreame labour, and pin’d with hunger, retired into our Quarter. The Fight lasted from two in the afternoon till one the next morning, wherein (besides Sir Bevill Greenvill before mentioned) were slaine of His Majesties Forces 8. Officers and Gentlemen of note, viz. master Leak sonne to the Lord Daincourt, who with one Troop charged three of the Rebels Troops (being their Forlorne hope) where the brave Gentleman was slayn and found dead on the ground with a Colour taken of the Rebels found in his Armes; Master Barker a gallant Gentleman, which had each had a brother in the same Troop (Master Charles Leak and young Master Barker) who bravely revenged their brothers death; lieutenant Colonell Wall, Serjeant Major Lower, Captaine James, Captaine Cholwell, & Master Bostard, who all behaved themselves as well as possibly men could do, but of Common Soldiers so few as tis not credible in so long and disadvantageous Battaile as this was. The Rebels Foot were absolutely routed, and all dispersed or cut off, his losse of Officers and Horse very great, though wee know not the particulars as yet, wee are confident wee kill’d many hundred of his men, having the Field, the Armes, Pillage, and all other signes of an absolute Victory.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Royalist victory at Adwalton Moor

In Yorkshire on July 3 at 12:13 am

3 Jul 1643 (Mon) || Newes came this day by an expresse of a great Victorie the Earle of New-Castle had obtained against the Rebels in the North; the substance of the which is this. The Rebels under the command of the Lord Fairfax being in a manner blocked up at Leedes, and finding their condition desperate, if they should be streightly besieged, were willing to do somewhat for their own preservation, before the Earle of New-Castle had made up his Army, which could not but be much diminshed by withdrawing of so many of his Forces both Horse and Foot, for a Convoy to the Queens Majesty. Notice whereof being given unto the rest of their faction dispersed up and downe the Country, especially unto their Brethren in Lancashire, and a day set to fall upon the Earle of New-Castle with all their power: they did accordingly issue out of Leedes with the greatest part of their Forces, leaving three hundred onely in the Towne to make good the Ports. The Earle being thus assaulted by so great a Force commanded a strong Partee of his choycest Horse to get betwixt them and the Towne; and so prepared himselfe to receive their charge; which was at first so strong and violent, that His Majesties Forces were fain to give ground untill they came within the reach of their owne Canon, which the Earle of New-Castle perceiving, he presently alighted from his Horse, went himselfe to his Foot, and taking a Pike into his hand, bid them follow him assuring them, not a man should goe further then he himselfe would lead them, bidding them now shew themselves for King Charles and their Countrey, and by the help of God they would not leave one Rebel in the North; wherby the Noble Earle so animated the whole Army that they charged with unexpressible courage, and so amazed the Rebels with the bravery of their coming on, that the Rebels soon fell into confusion, and were not brought againe into rank and order, till the Earle made himselfe master of the Rebels Canon, which he presently turned against the Rebels; The fight whereof wrought such astonishment amongst them, that they fled disorderly towards Leedes; but finding the passage intercepted by His Majesties Horse, they made what speed they could to recover Bradford, but the Earle so bravely pursued his victory, that in the Fight and chase there were killed and taken above 2000. whereof above 1500. Prisoners, 5. peeces of Canon taken, and all the rest shut up in Bradford and Leedes, whereof more anon. This newes as it was entertained with Bells and Bonefires, so a true Thanksgiving for it was appointed on the Thursday following to be held in all the principall Churches of Oxford, which was performed accordingly. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Cheshire Parliamentarians fall for enemy trick

In Cheshire on June 29 at 2:41 pm

29 Jun 1643 (Thu) || Out of Cheshire they write, that some of Sir William Breretons Horse, received a late foyle at Hamnere in that County, by a subtile wile; for one from the Lord Capell (though unknowne to be from him) brought an advertisement to Sir William, that there were many good armes and much good booty at Sir Thomas Hamners house in that Towne, whereupon he sent a partee of his Horse thither to seize upon it, and to bring it to Namptwich, where they arriving, were set upon by an Ambuscado of Welch and Irish Rebells; who tooke and slew about 20 of Sir Williams horse, the rest of them scaping away safe, but before they departed, they paid their enemies in their own coin, for they killed many of them, amongst which two Irish Rebells Commanders lost their lives for their cruelty to the English, in not giving quarter to those that craved it of them, so mercilesse are they, and also intend to be to all Protestants, if they should get the dominion, which God in his tender mercy to us, graciously avert and inhibite.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalist agitators cause trouble in Dorset

In Dorset on June 27 at 2:23 pm

27 Jun 1643 (Tue) || From Dorchester by an expresse it is informed, that with their few forces, consisting onely of eight companies of foot, and three halfe Troopes of Horse, they endeavour to keep their Countrey quiet; but young Brag of Sodbury and young Barcroft endeavoured to raise two Troopes of Horse, and having gotten up fourscore, did much disturbe the Countrey with them, robbing and plundring all that were well affected to the King and Parliament: for the remedying thereof, they sent out a Troope of Horse with a company of Dragoneers, hoping to take them at old master Braggs house which was their Rendezvous, but they had notice thereof, and were fled from thence, where their Souldiers got store of silke  gownes and scarlet cloathes, with much other rich pillage.

The two aforesaid young Gentlemen stirring again about Marshwood Vale, notice soon came unto them, whereupon they sent out againe one Company of foot and a Troope of Horse to Quarter at Bruteport [Bridport] to quiet them, who joyning with about fourty Dragoneers from Lyme, went to Chard in Somersetshire where they might have taken both those Gentlemen and all their Horse, had they well managed their affairs: for Captaine Pyne with about fourty Horse and Dragoneers, got early in the morning to Chard, and there took about sixteene of the Cavaliers and nineteen of their horses, which were Quartered in that Towne, the rest of them lay a mile and a halfe from thence towards Taunton: having onely effected so much, their men departed  from Chard in good order, and at the Towns end met with a Troope of their Companions who would needs perswade them to returne unto the Towne to refresh themselves; back they went, and set their Sentinells, who instead of watching fell to drinking in a house, which the enemy hearing of, came upon them with fourty horse, and recovered seven of their men and seven of their horses, killed the Lyme Captaine, and took one of their men prisoners, the residue of them got way with the remainder of their booty.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Skirmish near Rockingham, Northants

In Northamptonshire on June 15 at 12:26 am

15 Jun 1643 (Thu) || Out of Lincolnshire they write, that the Cavaliers of Belvoir Castle in that County, went towards Rockingham, and took seven or eight hundred cattell, whereof Captaine Wollaston having notice, and lying about three miles from Rockingham, onely with 136. men, drew them all towards Kellington, where he left Captaine Dickinson with a hundred and twenty of them, selecting onely sixteen of the choicest of them, with whom he made to the said Towne, where he met with 24. of the Cavalier, whereof one demanded the Word, whom the Captaine chimed, and forced the rest to flie into the Towne, and in their slight they cryed to their Commander, these Roundheads fall from the skie, and some of them spring out of the earth, but the Cavaliers getting all their strength out of the Towne, which were about 300. fled to Stanford, whom captaine Wollaston pursued with his 136. men, whither being come, he found the gates of the Towne shut against  him, yet they recovered on the way thither, about six or seven hundred sheepe, forty head of cattell and some horse, and they took 18. of them prisoners, and killed seven or eight of them, without any losse of their own men.   || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Wakefield for the Parliament

In Yorkshire on May 28 at 12:16 pm

Sunday 28 May 1643 || The certainty and manner of the losse received at Wakefield by His Majestie, whereof there was a rumour the day before, was this day made knowne: it being certified by one who was present there, that the Enemy having appeared in view, and fallen of againe (as many times they use to doe) gave an assault upon the Towne on Sunday morning, May 21. after the Officers had beene up all night upon double watches; and forced their passage into it at a place where the workes were slightest. The noyse whereof coming to Colonell Goring, then sicke of a Feaver in his bed, hee got on horse-backe, and flew amongst the Rebels, with some few followers, couragiously making good the entries, till being over-pressed by the number of the Rebels, and not well seconded by his owne men, none but the Troopes of Captaine Carnaby and Captaine Lampton coming in to helpe him, hee was taken Prisoner. For the Souldiers there in Garrison being gone to rest after so long watching, and somewhat amazed at the suddainnesse of the accident; and withall being neither well advertised of the strength of the Enemy, nor in what numbers they had entred the Towne already, could not so easily be brought together; but that before the Colonell could be relieved, and the souldirs gathered into a body, the Rebels had possessed themselves of the streets and market-place. Upon report whereof the Horse made out of the Towne with all speed they could, and recovered Pontefract, so that but few of them were missing: a great part of the Foot escaped also thither, the rest being taken Prisoners, & some 30 slain. Sr Thomas Fairefaxe who had the conduct of the Rebels, was like to have payed dearely for his purchase, being so farre ingaged amongst His Majesties men before he was aware, that he might very easily have beene taken Prisoner if he had beene knowne; but finding his mistake before he was discovered, he got off againe and escaped the danger.

The taking of this Towne, as it was the greatest losse that hath befallen His Majestie in the North, during the course of all this Warre; so is it like to be the occasion of a greater good, in bringing the Warre there to a speedy end. For it was certified withall, that the Earle of Newcastle being advertised hereof at Sheafield, where he then resided, gave order for drawing Sir William Witherington [Widdrington] and Throckmortons Forces out of Derby-shire (some parts whereof he had brought lately under contribution) to the maine body of his Army, and the next morning marched to Doncaster, and that night to Pontefract, where Darcyes and Sibthorps Regiments being 1400 good men, and all well armed, came unto him also; 4000 Foot exceeding well appointed being commanded to be drawne up from other places, to joyne together with them for some speciall service. So that the Army now on foot is verily conceived to be a third part stronger, and ten times more inflamed, and better stomacked to the businesse then before they were: whereof wee doubt not but to heare somewhat shortly, which will give ample satisfaction for the late disaster. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)