Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘national security’

Royal proclamations issued concerning bullion, and the navy

In Oxford on February 18 at 5:00 pm

18 February 1642/3 (Sat) || This day came out two [Royal] Proclamations both bearing the date the tenth of this present February. The first was for the strict observance and execution of the Lawes and Statutes made against carrying or sending of gold or silver out of the Kingdome, set out upon an information that there was a designe of sending away much of the treasure of this Realme into forreigne parts, to lye in banke till those that sent it should have opportunity to make use thereof. In which his Majesty requireth all the Wardens and searchers of the Ports, and all other Officers whom it may concerne, to use their utmost diligence and endeavour that no gold or silver in money, Bullion, Plate or vessell, be carried or transported out of the Kingdome, and that they faile not of their duty for an in respect of any Ordinance or command of one both houses of Parliament made unto the contrary, on paine of suffering such punishment as by the Law of the Land may be inflicted upon them, and with this intimation, that besides the reward promised unto them and provided for them in that case by the Lawes and Statutes, His Majesty would take it for good and acceptable service to himselfe and his Kingdome. The other was for the safety of the Royall Navy. In which his Majesty taking notice how it had beene imployed against him the last yeere by the Earle of Warwicke under pretence of some authority derived from the Earle of Northumberland then Lord Admirall, and that by order of the two houses of Parliament it was to be set forth againe without his consent, upon no other purpose then to carry away the said Navy, whereby the Realme must be disfurnished if its greatest strength, and consequently lye more open to the attempts of a forreigne Enemy, or else be used for the assistance of strangers to invade this Kingdome by Sea, as they had invited the Scots to invade it by Land, commands that neither any of the Officers of His Navie, or any Masters, Bote-swaines, or other Officers or Mariners belonging to it, doe yeeld obedience to the Earle of Warwicke, nor any of the Commands or Ordinances of the said two Houses nor that any of His Ship-wrights, Calkers, Carpenters, or others, shall mend, calke, rigge or put in readinesse to goe to Sea any of his Majesties ships whatever without His authority; nor that any of those who have the keeping of His Store-houses do furnish them with Talke, Cordage, Ancors, Sayles, or any manner of provisions for that use; upon paine of loosing their places, offices, fees, and profits, and on such other forfeitures as are therein signified. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliament rigs ships; King demands mariners’ defection

In Oxford on February 17 at 6:00 pm

17 February 1642/3 || Notwithstanding the Treaty and Cessation of Armes, the Parliament is not negligent of their security: For both Houses have passed an Ordinance for a weekly or monethly Contribution for the maintenance of twenty thousand men, some subscribing for the maintenance of two men, some five, some ten by the weeke or moneth, for six moneths, which most can better doe weekly, then pay the summe in grosse for such a service: They have likewise fully Rigged and Victualled sixteen Saile of great Ships, ten of the Kings, and sixe Merchant men, most of them are manned, and provision is made for the impressing of Sailors to man the rest, which Fleete may be a meanes to prevent and hinder the mischiefe intended either out of Denmarke, Dunquerque, or from the bloody, cruell, and barbarous Rebels in Ireland, who have so many Agents and friends in England to pursue their designe, The extirpating the Protestant Religion here as well as in Ireland: This part of the Fleete will be at Sea by the first of March; the Earle of Warwicke Commands in chiefe, of whose fidelity, the Kingdome hath that experience, that if a Treaty be concluded of, his Lordship yet from that imployment can hardly be omitted. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

The Parliament upon consideration of the great danger that lyes upon this Kingdome, if the designe of the Rebells should take any effect, have ordered for the present that the sixteene saile of great Ships that are ready rigged and fitted for Sea, shall be forthwith fully manned and victualled, and set out to Sea under the Command of the Earle of Warwick, by the first of March next, to hinder the mischiefe of the said Rebells or other forraigne forces against this Kingdome. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

By Letters [from] Oxford it is enformed: that his Majestie by warrants under his hand hath sent for all the Gunners in the Ships under the Earle of Warwicks command, to leave that service, and to repair to him to Oxford (a very dangeros plot as tis conceived to make the Ships uselesse for the service of the Parliament) And that his Majesty having notice of Prince Ruperts comming from his plundering progresse in Gloucestershire to Reading went from Oxford thither on Tuesday to see the prize which he had got, and the five hundred Horse hee robbed the Countrey of, but his Majesty retourned to Oxford the next day, upon whose returne such provisions were made at Oxford, that the Cavaliers expected to advance with their whole army to Reading, on the Monday following to joyne with the other forces there and Prince Rupert, what the designe is, is not as yet knowne, for matters are kept very secret, but London as much talked of, God divert their intentions, for assuredly the Cavaliers what ever is pretended have little thoughts of peace. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Collected acounts from Nottinghamshire & Lincolnshire

In Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire on January 14 at 1:15 pm

14 Jan 1642/3 (Sat) || From Lincolneshire they write that about 120. of the Earle of New-Castles men, got into Lincolnshire, and have plundred Stockwith, and taken their Boats laden with Malt from them. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

As also that Grantham, a Town of Lincoln-shire, and chiefe Passe for those that travail towards the North, was taken for the King, and a considerable force of men put into it; that Newarcke upon Trent was manned and fortified for the Kings service. And that although the Rebels had taken Nottingham, which they now were fortifying, and had put victuals into the Castle: yet there was hope that by the forces of the Earle of New castle, which were neere at hand, and the diligence of Colonel Hastings who had an eye upon the place, it might be easily reduced, or made unservisable to the Enemy. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

From Nottinghamshire it is informed that … one day there was some of Newarke Cavaliers in Grantham, but upon the approach of Capt. John Wray with some horse, they forsooke the Towne, and some of the Parliaments forces are now in it. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

Colonell Ballard this weeke was made Major Generall for Lincolneshire, and dispatch downe with fifteene Troopes of horse, to whom my Lord Gray [of Groby] may possibly joyne, who is gone towards Leicester-shire, these with the Lincolneshire-men may (at least) fright the Lord of Newcastles great power, when the Lord Fairefax on the one side, and they on the other, shall be ready to encounter him, and its possible to keep provisions and supplyes from comming to Oxford. Here you may take notice of my Lord Generals care to hinder the conjunction of those powers, and the comming of supplyes. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

By Letters from Oxford it is writ, that about 500 Horse and Dragoones are gone into Leicestershire, and Nottinghamshire, to assist the Forces at Newarke, against Lincolne or rather to assist the Commissioners of Array in Rutlandshire under the command of Sir Guy ___ and so to annoy Lincolneshire, on that side of the Countrey. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

His Excellency the Lord Generall, hath sent Colonell Ballard with considerable Forces to Newarke upon Trent, and hath made him Serjeant Major Generall of all the forces by him to be raised, in Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire; with which all conjoyned, hee is to take that Towne and drive all the Malignants from thence, which have seized upon it since the Earle of Newcastle sent for his forces that were quartered there and this place hee is to defend and secure, and to stop the Earle of Newcastles passage into the Southern parts, which having effected, he is to advance into Yorkshire to aid the Lord Fairefax, and Captaine Hotham, against the Popish Army that molests that County.

For the better security of the County of Lincolne, being now so neere unto danger in regard of the Earle of Newcastles vicinity in Yorkeshire, with his Popish and Malignant Army: the Lords and Commons by speciall Order have associated all the Corporate Townes in the said County with the Citie of Lincolne, and given them full power mutually to aid, succour and assist one another, in the mutuall preseveravation and defence of themselves, from all Rapines, plunderings and spoylings of any Papists, and ill afected persons aswell under the Command of the said Earle of Newcastle, as any other of his or their Adherents. And they have given power to the Lord Willoughby of Parham, Lord Lieutenant of that County, &c. to raise forces both of Horse and Foot, and with them to fight against all such Enemies, and to kill and slay them and to performe all things else needfull for the preservation of the safety and peace of the said County, &c. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents (P)

Regarding Newcastle

In North East on December 30 at 11:18 pm

30 Dec 1642 || The Parliament have ordered that certaine ships should bee sent towards Newcastle and Hull as well to secure those places from any invasions [and] to prevent Aide from coming to New-Castle to assist the Papists and Malignants, and their Adherents, who doth dayly put in executien their bloudy and Tyrannicall Actions in those parts, and doth live only by plundering and pillaging, and most barbarously and inhumanely take all they can get from the poore distressed Inhabitants thereabouts. ||

By Letters from New-castle it is informed that New-castle men begin to decline the courses of the Cavalliers, and that the neather Towne sent to the upper Towne to joyne with them in securing their Towne for the King and Parliament, and to drive out the Earle of New-castle his Garrison Souldiers, which if they refuse, they threaten to set fire of their Towne. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

Parliament encourages privateers

In Military News on December 13 at 11:15 pm

13 Dec 1642 || Whereas very great quantities of Ordnance, Armes, and other Warlike Amunition, and many Commanders and Souldiers have bin brought to Newcastle, and other places of this Kingdom from forraigne parts, and especially from Holland to be imployed against the Parliament, and the well affected people of this Nation that adhere unto them: for the future prevention of the like, divers owners and Masters of Ships have made knowne to the Parliament their voluntary disposition and readinesse to set forth some Ships and Pinaces in all points Warlikely appointed at their own proper costs and charges, which the Lords and Commons doe well approve of as a good and acceptable service, and tending very much to the honour of the King and the welfare of this Nation, and they have ordained and established that it shall and may be lawfull for any of the Kings good and loyall Subjects of this Kingdom to furnish for this intended imployment, so many Ships and other Vessells as they shall thinke fitting, and to put in them such numbers of Souldiers, Mariners and Gunners, Armes and Provisions, and to appoint over them such Commanders, Captaines and Officers as they shall thinke fit and set them forth to Sea. And with the same to seize and take all Ships with whatsoever shall be found in them, that shall come upon the English Coasts to the prejudice of this Kingdome, as also all Pyrates and Sea Rovers of what Nation soever, and their ships and goods whatsoever, and that the said Adventurers shall have and enjoy to their owne use without any account rendring, all ships, Goods, moneys, Plate, Armes, Ammunition, Victualls, Pillage, and spoyle, which they shall take comming into this Kingdome, against the Parliament and their adherents, onely reserving the tenths accustomed in such cases to be payd to the Admirall, &c. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

Towns arm against perceived Royalist threat

In Essex, Suffolk, Surrey on November 21 at 11:54 pm

21 Nov 1642 – final || When the Kings forces were at Gilford, it was conceived they intended for Chichester in Sussex, but such was the care of the Townesmen there, yea, and of the Cathedrall men too, (having heard of their plundering at Brainford) that they put themselves in Armes, and out of their owne subscription monies maintained a considerable strength.

Maulden in Essex hath provided to defend that place, five pieces of Ordnance, and powder and shot proportionable: And now most Corporation Townes begin to looke about themselves, and to contribute largely for their defence, such is the cruelty of the Cavaliers. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages and Certain Informations

Lambeth to be secured against the Royalists

In London, Military News on November 14 at 2:29 pm

14 Nov 1642 (Mon) || Information was given against one Master Lewellin (that is imployed as a Gunner for the King and Parliament at Lambeth neare unto Westminster) for that he was conceived to be of the Malignant Party, diverse reasons being shewed for to prove that affection upon which he was sent for to be examined, and the Parliament ordered that some Bulwarks and other fortifications should be forthwith made about Lambeth least the Cavalliers should suddainly make any attempt against the Towne, which if they should get it would prove very prejuduciall to the City of London, but especially to Westminster. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

Strangers in London to be examined, asked to contribute

In London on November 12 at 8:50 pm

12 Nov 1642 ||  It was also this day ordered by the Honourable the High Court of Parliament, That the Lord Mayor of London should cause a daily and diligent enquiry in the said City and the Suburbs thereof, what store of strangers are arrived there, and of what quality; to whom for the better discovery how their intentions are to the Common-wealth, he has to offer them the Propositions for Money and Plate, that those who malignantly refuse, may be disposed of according to the direction of the Parliament. || John Johnson – The English Intelligencer

“Diligent watch” ordered on shipping

In Uncategorized on October 28 at 2:03 pm

28 Oct 1642 – update || Severall orders were drawne up to be sent into all the Maritime Counties in this Kingdome, that they should place diligent watch over their Shipping, and apprehend all persons that cannot produce their warrants from the House or Tickets from the Farmours of the Custome-house. || A Collection of Speciall Passages and Certaine Informations

Ordnance to be moved, ships unrigged

In London on October 27 at 5:11 pm

27 Oct 1642 – update || There was an Order drawne up by the Parliament, that the Ordnance and other Ammunition that is at Chattam should be fetched from thence and laide up safe in London for more security, to prevent treachery and that the Kings shipps that are lately come from the fleet into harbour should be presently unrigged and their Ordnance to bee also laid up in London. || Contributor: Anonymous – A Collection of Speciall Passages and Certaine Informations