Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘notable deaths’

Royalist victory at Roundway Down

In Wiltshire on July 15 at 9:42 pm

15 Jul 1643 (Sat) || This was a day of joy, & most happy tidings, from the beginning to the end. Newes came betimes to Towne by Sir Robert Welch who was sent on purpose with that errand, that the Troopes of horse, which His Majesties had designed for the Westerne service, being come on Thursday about foure in the aftenoone, within three miles of the Devises, were met with by the Rebels forces, who lay betwixt them and the Towne, on Roundway-Downe (for so the place is usually called) to hinder them from joyning with the rest of the Army. The fight was first begun betwixt some Regiments of horse on eachside, and carried for a time on both sides with equall successe, But at last the Rebels horse beginning to retreate to the rest of their strength, which lay not farre off on an hill, Waller drew out his Foot, and commanded them to give the on-set; which whilest they repaired to do, the beaten Horse most valiantly fled the field and left the Foot (as usually they doe) unto slaughter, all of which (very few excepted) were either killed or taken Prisoners. Waller himselfe perceiving for the world went with him, followed his fugitive Horse, with as much diligence and speed as could be; and (as ’tis said) got a most terrible fall in his hasty flight, which endangered his life; leaving His Majesties Forces absolute Masters of the field.

And we may clearely say this was a most absolute victory, for His Majesties souldiers totally routed the Rebels Army, slew full 600 of them in the place, tooke above 900 prisoners, tooke All their cannon, being 7 faire brasse peeces, All their ammunition, which was a very great quantity, All their waggons and Baggage, among which one Cart loaden with Manacles (for the Liberty of the Subject) with all the Victuall which that seditious Country had abundantly brought in, Tooke also all their Armes, but what the fugitive Troopers had in their hands also, 28 Colours of foot, 9 Cornets of horse, and left not one Rebell but what was either killed, taken prisoner, or narrowly saved his life by his heels. Waller had formerly at severall times surprized 113 of the Kings souldiers, which 113 were now all releived, together with such other goods and plunder as he heretofore had gained at Malmsbury and Hereford, But that which made the Victory most sweet, was that few of His Majesties souldiers were slaine in this service, and not any of note but that worthy and valiant Gentleman Master Dudly Smith, who made the Rebells pay deare for his life before they had it. What eminent service was done by particular men, I shall not mention, the chiefe Commanders, and such as in this expedition (we are sure) deserved best, being unwilling to be named, as sensible that God Alnighty’s extraordinary mercy wrought this blessing for His Majesty; for this confluence of Rebellious Forces were almost treble to those His Majesty now sent, the Rebels having five Regiments of foot consisting of about 2500, six Regiments of horse containing full 2000, besides 500 dragooners, with 8 peeces of brasse ordnance; the forces sent by His Majestie being but 1500 horse only, with 2 small peeces of Cannon.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Battle of Lansdowne

In Somerset on July 8 at 6:46 pm

8 Jul 1643 (Sat) || The cheife intelligence of the day was the Westerne newes, which therefore was the more look’d after, because somebody out either out of feare or knavery had spread a false rumour that His Majesties Forces in the West had been worsted by Sir William Waller, which was most impudently false, as you shall heare by an impartiall collection out of 3 severall Expresses from such hands (should I name them) you would say are not capable of a lye.

On Wednesday July 5. Sir William Waller advanc’d with his whole Bodie upon the hither end of Lands downe, a place of very great advantage, whence he sent out a good Partee of Horse and Foot towards us, lyning the Hedges towards our champane, and there advanced a strong Partee of Horse under the protection of their Muskettiers, & some of our Horse being drawne out within musket shot, retired in some disorder towards the Reere of our Foot, whereupon Sir Bevill Greenvill and Sir Nicholas Slannings Regiments of Cornish Foot advance’d and bravely beat them out of the Hedges, but our Horse speedily rallyed again and recovered their ground: then a strong Partee of their Horse drew into a large Field upon our left Wing, which our Horse charged and entirely rowted, and our Cornish Foot drove theirs from Hedge to Hedge, through Woods and steepe Hills back to their maine Bodie, and at last forc’d them from the brow of the Hill which they had barrocadoed, and whereupon they had planted their Canon. For the ground they had was of mighty advantage, being a high Hill walled about behind and upon both sides, with works in the Front, the passage up very narrow and dangerous, one side being a Wood, the other full of hedges, both of them strongly lined with Muskettiers; and having gotten this ground wee found the Enemie in an entire Body, his Foot placed within certaine stony walls of great strength, through which he had prepared divers places for his Horse to sallye, being drawne up in Battalio in the reere of his foot. Before our Horse and Foot could draw up in Battalia they charged us with their Horse, and played so thick upon us with their Cannon and Muskettiers, that they (by advantage of the place) forc’d us from the hill, which notwithstanding wee assaulted againe and againe three severall times, and the fourth time with unimaginable difficulty wee possessed the top of it, which Sir Bevill Greenvill maintayned with his stand of Cornish Pikes against all their power of Horse, Foot, and Cannon, to the wonder and amazement of both friends and enemies, where this brave gentleman was most honourably, though unfortunately slayne in the front of his men, with his Serjeant Major and Captaine Lieutenant dead at his feet, ending his life with as much honour, as mortall flesh is capable of. Then wee rallyed our Horse and drew up our Cannon, and by that time it grew darke, notwithstanding shot of all sorts played on each side till midnight, when the Rebels stuck their Matches on the Hedges, upon which wee gave a volley from every part of our Bodie, which instead of answering they ran quite away, leaving us the Field, where wee found above 500. Muskets, 14. Barrells of Powder, a whole stand of Pikes, together with good store of all sorts of Armes, they having stollen away their Cannon when they left their light Matches. All which in the morning wee having carefully searched and viewed, our men being much tyred with extreame labour, and pin’d with hunger, retired into our Quarter. The Fight lasted from two in the afternoon till one the next morning, wherein (besides Sir Bevill Greenvill before mentioned) were slaine of His Majesties Forces 8. Officers and Gentlemen of note, viz. master Leak sonne to the Lord Daincourt, who with one Troop charged three of the Rebels Troops (being their Forlorne hope) where the brave Gentleman was slayn and found dead on the ground with a Colour taken of the Rebels found in his Armes; Master Barker a gallant Gentleman, which had each had a brother in the same Troop (Master Charles Leak and young Master Barker) who bravely revenged their brothers death; lieutenant Colonell Wall, Serjeant Major Lower, Captaine James, Captaine Cholwell, & Master Bostard, who all behaved themselves as well as possibly men could do, but of Common Soldiers so few as tis not credible in so long and disadvantageous Battaile as this was. The Rebels Foot were absolutely routed, and all dispersed or cut off, his losse of Officers and Horse very great, though wee know not the particulars as yet, wee are confident wee kill’d many hundred of his men, having the Field, the Armes, Pillage, and all other signes of an absolute Victory.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

John Hampden’s death reported

In Buckinghamshire on June 30 at 2:49 pm

30 Jun 1643 (Fri) || It hath pleased God to call to his mercy, that worthy and valiant Gentleman Colonell Hampden, who died lately at Thame in Oxfordshire of a fever, which was caused by the late shot he received in the late bickering at Chinner in the said County, who, as he lived, so he died, humbly, and sincerely to his God, and faithfull to the King and Parliament.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Earl of Denbigh reported dead

In Uncategorized on April 15 at 6:46 pm

15 Apr 1643 (Sat) || The Reader is to be advertised, that the Earle of Denbigh, having beene wounded at the taking of Burmingham, was somewhat well recovered of that danger, but that since having beene overthrowne in his Coach, by a carelesse Coachman, his wounds brake out againe so sorely, that he died shortly after. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)