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Posts Tagged ‘Parliamentarian letters’

Earl of Warwick allegedly complains to Parliament

In Parliamentary business on September 14 at 2:03 am

14 Sep 1643 (Thu) || It was advertised this day from London, that the Earle of Warwicke had sent Letters of complaint to his friends and factors in the Houses, declaring that he was in much distresse for want of victuals, that his Mariners (never true watermen till now) had dranke nothing but water in foure dayes: and after that, another letter which came unto the Houses upon Monday last, complaining that they are so insolent that he cannot rule them, and that if present monies be not sent them in, they will carry the Ships unto the King… || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)


Letters from Hull

In North East on September 11 at 8:16 pm

11 Sep 1643 (Mon) || From the Lord Fairfax at Hull the Commons received Letters this day, signifying the reasons for his drawing the Garrison from Beverley (of which you heard sufficiently the last week). And that the New-castle Army being possessed of Beaverley, have laid a kinde of siege against Hull, lying with their Forces at the least 3 miles distance from the Towne, and have not as yet made the least attempt against it; But Sir Thomas Fairfax by a sally out from Hull, with a partie of Horse, fell upon one of the enemies Quarters, took about 50 Horse-men and Arms and some slain.

With these Letters were brought to the House some further Depositions and Examinations taken at Hull, against Sir John Hotham, of very bad consequence, which were referred to the Committee of the Commons, that are appointed to manage the whole businesse, touching him and his son the Captain, who are both of them disabled of their Membership in Parliament, and will be suddenly, as it is thought, turned over to the tryall of a Councell of War, for the severall crimes and misdemeanours alleadged against them. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Letters from London soldiers’ wives intercepted

In London on September 9 at 8:10 pm

9 Sep 1643 (Sat) || Many letters were this weeke intercepted from London, most of which are perswasory Epistles from the Trained band wives, labouring to recall their militant husbands, who (like true Londoners) are following their Leader the Earle of Essex; Take one for all, superscribed To her deare husband Master John Owen under Lieutenant Colonell West in the blew Regiment; the Contents to a syllable as followeth; Most tender and deare hearte my kind affection remembred unto you, I am like never to see thee more I feare, and if you aske the reason why, the reason is this, either I am afraid the Cavaliers will kill thee, or death will deprive thee of me, being full of griefe for you, which I feare will cost me my life. I doe much grieve that you be so hard hearted to me, why could not you come home with Master Marfey on Saturday? could not you venture as well as he? but you did it on purpose to shew your hatred to me; there is none of our Neighbours with you that hath a wife but Master Fletcher and Master Norwood and yourselfe, every body can come but you. I have sent one to Oxford to get a passe for you to come home, but when you come, you must use your wits; I am afraid if you doe not come home, I shall much dishonour God, more than you can honour him, therefore if I doe miscary, you shall answer for it: pitty me for Gods sake and come home. Will nothing prevaile with you? My Cozen Jane is now with me and prayes for your speedy returne, for Gods sake come home, so with my prayer for you I rest your loving wife. London Sept. 5. Susan Owen.

What a horrid odious Rebellion is this that forces good women to such piteous miscarriages! Here’s poore Mistresse Susan in danger to perish, through this unnaturall Rebellion. But the serious Reader may take notice, that divers of these intercepted London Letters come from factious Tradesmen to Officers in the Rebels Army, wherein these Londoners seeme to offer to the Souldiers more Apprentices, if the former be cut off (whereby their Masters may have more mony with new) so that if any man have a desire that his sonne or kinsmen should be knockt in the head for the good of his Master, let him send them now to London, and they will see them dispatched to the Army. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

King’s Lynn fears plunder & stands for the King

In Norfolk, Suffolk on August 29 at 11:39 pm

29 Aug 1643 (Tue) || This day by Letters from London we were certified, that the Earle of Pembrookes goods, which were shipped for the Isle of Wight, were seized by the vertuous Lord Major Isaac Pennington (the new and most faithful Lieutenant of the Tower) but whether they be as yet restored to the Earle we are not informed. And in the same Letter it was signified, that the Earle of Manchester (that famous good man) doth rob all Country people in Suffolke of their Cart-horses, so as they cannot possibly get in their harvest, which is one of those new blessings he intends to bestow upon their Associate-Counties: which the Inhabitants of the Towne of Lin perceiving, like honest Subjects and true Englishmen, they kept his Lordship out of their Towne, telling him flatly, They kept the Towne for His Majesty, and by the helpe of God would so keepe it against whomsoever; which they are able to doe, it being so strongly fortified, that Kimbolton may as soone raise his good father from the dead, as force his enterance into Lin. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Gloucester citizen begs London to send relief

In Gloucestershire on August 20 at 12:15 am

Sunday 20 Aug 1643 || Our Scout, by reason the enemy is possest of the West, is forced to passe in by-wayes; he brings no other news from Exeter, but that it remains blockt up, and hath only relieved it selfe two or three times, and fetched in some cattell, beating up now one, and then another quarter of the enemy: Who pities not Exeter? Most constant, most faithfull, yet farthest from helpe, and neerest to misery: as he passed along, he understood of some ships taken in the Irish seas; and so went as neere Glocester as he could, but was not so neere, as to be able to tell, as some undertake, how many men the enemy hath lost, and who, and of what quality; nor is he able to say that any attempt had beene to storme the Towne the fourteenth past, or that the enemy then was come so neere as musquet shot: it is true, he heard the great Cannon play fiercelie for many dayes, but thinkes that the enemy will not be so prodigall of his men as he was before Bristoll: as he was comming from Glocester a back-way, he met with a woman, who had beene in Gloucester, she intreated him to bring a Letter to a friend in London, which he did, the Contents whereof was to this effect, and written by one of quality that is dangerously wounded.

Noble Sir,
There can be nothing more sad to a valiant and faithfull heart then neglect, what would more provoke, then to see men and water enough, yet none take a bucket to quench a fire? They say in other Countreys the English are the worst at this of all Nations, we in the poore City of Gloecester are like to finde it true in the quenching that fire which so violently burns us: The enemy batters us continually with their great Cannon, making breach after breach, (for thank the losse of Bristoll, they have powder enough) but God giving courage, we have hitherto made them up as fast as they beat them downe; But who relieves us? Nay, who comes and tells us we shall have reliefe? We can challenge it, for it was promised, and that largely; out of that confidence we have slighted all overtures: What is become of the Parliament Where is my Lord Generall? What do the City of London? Where is Sir William Waller? Must we perish? We are sensible of the miseries at Bristoll; and are not our friends so, if we have any? Sure there is no enemy that the City, or my Lord Generall need fear, unless those that are here; What people would fight for them that will not send them reliefe when they have wherewith? Can it be that in such a Cause as we have, one party should draw one way, and another the other? The God of heaven look upon us: If the West be not regarded; once as able and ready to serve the Parliament as any part of England, yet let our poore wives and children be subject to the beastly lust of the enemy: out estates all to be lost, and many other estates brought hither; our City threatened to be turned into ashes, and we put all to the sword; work a little compassion, beget some reliefe: The City of London we know are willing to part with their money, and want of reliefe sticks not with them, there are souldiers enough, hearts enough: we think that men should lay aside self-respects, and whatever for the common good, we have done so; we are yet able to hold out fourteen dayes, our souldiers and inhabitants are couragious, and shall Glocester be lost? The enemy knowes where our defect lies, and as it puts courage into them, so let it adde wings to our reliefe: Sir, send us reliefe, or send us some body to tell us we can have none, that we may shift for our selves, we are sure some are the cause reliefe comes not, knew we them, we would name them, were they never so great: and desire that those that can deliver us from misery, and will not, may have miseries as great, as can be here inflicted; or if any Counsell be against us, that it may be infatuated: The City of London were used to have power with the Parliament, with the Lord Generall: Will they now not use their interest? They may be the next, who shall pity them? Is this the reward to those that take up armes for Religion and Liberties? Will not honour protect the Cause, not nothing fire those Cannons, edge those swords, charge those muskets that must raise our enemies? Shall relief come as to Cirencester, set out after the Town is taken? But if it must be so, we must perish: Sir, these are the last breathings of your dying servant. || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

Brampton Bryan Castle besieged

In Herefordshire on August 1 at 12:32 am

1 Aug 1643 (Tue) || On Tuesday, August the first, by a Letter from Herefordshire to Sir Robert Harly, a Member of the Commnos House in Parliament it is certified, That his Castle at Brampton Bryan in that County, was upon Thursday last besieged, by 4000 of the Cavaliers, under the command of the Lord Molineux, who is lately by the King sent into that County for the raising of forces (as they pretend) for his Majesties service. His honorable Lady is in the said Castle, with about 100 men compleatly armed, they have no great peeces, only two Drakes, they are provided both with bullet, powder and other necessaries for two moneths, so that if they had a convenient supply by that time from London, they might possibly raise the siege; For that there is very little hopes of doing any thing by any forces in those parts, that County and the adjacent Counties, viz. the Counties of Worcester, Salop, and Radner, being wholly for the Cavaliers. This honorable Lady hath ever from the beginning of these distractions kept the Castle for the service of King and Parliament, though it hath bin often summoned by the Marquesse of Hartford, Colonell Conisby, and others to be surrendred up only for the service of the Cavaliers. || Wednesday’s Mercurie. Or, Speciall Passages And Certain Informations … (P)

Aulicus alleges Parliament threatens the King’s person

In London on July 16 at 9:46 pm

Sunday 16 Jul 1643 || You heard last weeke of a Letter written to the remaining party in the House of Commons, from the Earle of Essex … And it was after certified, that on a following debate about those Letters on the morrow after, another clause was cavilled at with a greater vehemency. For whereas it was added (as in the Letters now in Print doth it full appeare) that if the King refused the Treaty, [Essex suggested] He should be moved to absent himself out of the fight for the preservation of His Person; Master Martyn (out of his wonted care of His Majesties safety) was offended at it: saying, that if the King would not withdraw, but put his finger to be cut, they could not help it; what was that to them? which (I must tell ye) passed the House without the least check or censure. And it seemes they would faine have His Majestie once more within the reach of their Cannon, in hope to take a better aime at him then they did before: and them impute it to himselfe for fighting to save his life and the Crowne, against the enemies of both. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Situation update from Hull

In Yorkshire on July 14 at 9:38 pm

14 Jul 1643 (Fri) || By Letters this day from the Lord Fairfax to the House of Commons, it was certified, That his Lordship¹ is in a very good condition at Hull, with about 1500 men; That only stayes there to recrewt his Forces, and intends very suddenly to advance again into the Field against the Popish Army, who of late do much tyrannize, by charging the Countrey with illegall Taxes and Compositions for Plundering; That Leeds and Bradford are for the present in the hands of the Popish Army, but he doubts not very suddenly to give accompt of some considerable service for the relief of the County against them. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

¹ i.e. Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax

Aulicus claims Londoners want to replace Essex with Waller

In London on July 13 at 9:35 pm

13 Jul 1643 (Thu) || It was advertised this day from London, that on the reading of the Letters from the Earle of Essex, in the Lower House (whereof you heard before on Wednesday) the Zelots there grew into very great distempers, though others very much commended and approved the Counsaile. Insomuch that Master Vassall (one of the Burgesses for London) moved exceeding earnestly, that their Generall should be pressed to speake more plainely: and that if after the expence of two millions of treasure, without any effect, he had a minde to lay downe his Armes, he should let them know it; and that there wanted not as good Souldiers as he which would take them up. Which motion, though it tooke not in the House for the present, yet generally (all about the Citie) they have designed Waller for the place, whose Conquests are their daily discourse: but you may heare them change their tone ere the weeke be out. So implacable are they against all inclinations to peace, as that this Letter of their owne Generall (who best knowes his and their strength) should thus inflame them, but whether it give them cause thus to sleight him, the Letter it selfe will shew; which within few houres you shall see in print. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Earl of Essex urges Parliament to seek peace with the King

In London on July 12 at 9:32 pm

12 Jul 1643 (Wed) || It was advertised this day, that Letters had beene sent by the Earle of Essex to the remaining party in both Houses to let them understand the weake condition of their Forces under his command, & the great losse their Forces had susteined in other places; and to advise them, whilest they had yet some strength remaining, to addresse an humble Petition to His Majestie for the obtaining of a safe and convenient peace. Which Letters being favourably entertained amongst many of the Lords, found not so kind an acceptation amongst some in the Lower House: who as they had beene alwayes enemies to the peace of the Kingdome, so were they more averse now from it then they had beene formerly, in regard they had received credible information (if they did not make the same themselves) that His Majesties Forces in the West had been worsted by Sir William Waller: yet to avoid the odium which might fall upon them, had they wilfully declined the businesse, they thought it best to make a reference thereof to their friends (or rather Masters) the Citizens, whom they knew how to worke to their owne conclusions: and did accordingly so contrive the matter, that Isaack [Penington] and his faction did so abhominate and detest the meere name of peace, that rather then such a motion should be hearkned to, they would engage themselves to raise present money to maintaine the warre, and raise such Forces in the Citie as should sufficiently serve to pursue the project of bringing the whole Kingdome to confusion. Which being signified to their good Subjects in the Lower House, there was no further speech of desiring peace, though very little hopes to uphold the warre. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)