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Posts Tagged ‘plots’

Plot to betray Plymouth fort uncovered

In Devon on September 17 at 2:13 am

Sunday 17 Sep 1643 || The Cavaliers in the West have not onely corrupted Sir Alexander Carew to betray the Island-Fort at Plimouth (who was apprehended by his owne men, for his intended treachery) but have corrupted Captaine Brooks, Captain of the good ship the Providence of forty peeces of Ordnance, who writ a Letter to Sir John Pennington, that at such an houre, he would come in to him, and described the plot and manner how in a Letter, which the honest saylors intercepted, and sent it to the Earle of Warwick, and have made sure of the Captaine for committing such a treacherous act againe. || Robert White & George Bishop – Mercurius Britanicus (P)


Plymouth plot discovered

In Devon on September 4 at 2:26 pm

4 Sep 1643 (Mon) || At Plymouth … there hath been lately a notable Treachery of the Governours of the Fort and Iland (through Gods mercifull providence) prevented, which is thus related, the Maior of Plymouth sent to Sir Alexander Carew Baronet, the Governour of the Iland, to desire him to give an Accompt of some Moneys he had received, which while it was doing, word was brought from the Governor, that a great ship under the Earle of Warwickes command was come into the Harbour, and the Gunner asked him with how many pieces of Ordnance he should salute her, he answered sinke her, which the Gunner refusing to doe, the Governour fell to buffets with him, whereupon the Governours owne man, tooke his master by the choller of his dublet, and strucke up his heeles, and then they bound him hand and foot and carried him aboard that great ship, where the Captaine of the ship would have hanged him, but the rope being about his necke, by the entreaty of some he was spared, and sent a shore to Plymouth, where the women of the Towne fell upon him, and would have beaten out his braines, if the Maior of the Towne had not rescued him, and guarded him to safe custody. He should have been sent up to London the last weeke, but that they hoped there to draw from him the depth of the Plot, some part whereof he hath confessed, as that the Cornish men had perswaded him to it, and had sent him three hundred pound for an encouragement, and that there were many hundreds of them at Mount Edgcomb on the other side of the River, ready with boats to have come and surprized the Iland.

As for Master Arundell the Governour of the Fort, the Maior of Plymouth and the Committee there (having knowledge of his purposes and intentions to betray that strong Pile to the Cornish, who lay also ready at Mount Edgcumb upon the watch-word to come and seize upon it) sent for him into the Towne, and committed him likewise to safe custody, whereby they timely prevented the Plot, and have secured those two considerable places, which otherwise might have proved of such Malevolent influence, as to become and Inlet to all strangers, that might have come from the Southern parts of the world to invade the Land. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

More details behind women’s petition riot emerge

In London on August 14 at 2:36 pm

14 Aug 1643 (Mon) || On Saterday last there was one Mistris Jorden a Citizen brought a Petition o the House of Commons, desireing leave to go into Holland, for that she went in great Jeopardy of her life here amongst her own Neighbours, in that she refused to joyn with them in their tumultuous rising against the Parliament on the Wednesday before, and being examined before the whole house, touching that tumult she declared at the Commons Barr, that she heard one Master Knowles in Chancery lane affirme, that many of the Women had been with a great Earle in this Kingdome, (whom that night or the next morning with some others in companie made escape from the Parliament and (as tis thought) gone to Oxford) who encouraged them in that tumultuous manner to come downe to the Parliament under pretence for peace, and told them that all the Lords but the Lord Say were for the Propositions for peace, and so also all of the House of Commons except foure or five, and that if they came downe in that manner but 3. or 4. dayes together these propositions for peace would passe the Houses and they would then have peace, but a very strange peace it would have beene certainely, when after the profuse expence of so much blood as hath beene spent in this warre, wee shall be left in a worse condition then we were at first, and surrender up all to the bare will and pleasure of his Majesty, or rather of his seducing Counsellors without any provision made for the securing of our Religion, Lawes, or Liberties otherwise then in such manner as His Majesty shall approve of, or give consent[;] which information of Mistris Jordans the Commons referred to a Committee throughly to examine the whole businesse, which Committee had appointed to sit on monday following about it, but on Monday the first thing we heard on, was that the said great Earle concerned in that businesse was escaped from the Parliament as aforesaid.

And since that wee understand from Windsor, that the Earle of Holland, Earle of Bedford, Lord Lovelace and Lord Conway are all gone to His Majesty; that some of the Souldiers at Windsor persued them to Marlow, where they found the Earle of Holland at his Daughter the Lady Pagetts House, but had so stronge a guard upon the House, they could doe no good with so small a force, and retreated backe to Windsor for more ayde, in the meane time the Earle went for Oxford, but Colonell Ven hath mett with some of Trunkes that were going after him, wherein doubtlesse there is some good booty.  || A continuation Of certain Speciall and Remarkable passages (P)

Prisoner logistics in Derby & Nottingham

In Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire on July 28 at 12:14 am

28 Jul 1643 (Fri) || From Lecester they write, that it is reported there from Nottingham, that some of the Newarke forces lately faced that Towne, who did expect that a party there should have delivered it into their hands; but the Plot was discovered, and the Conspirators apprehended, to the number of twenty, whereof two were Aldermen, who are all sent to Derby to be kept there in safe custody, and Derby hath some of their Malevolents to be kept in Nottingham, as Master Spademan, Master Geare, and Master Flamsted; and Derby hath also sent Alderman Bruckhurst and Master Calner to be secured in Wingfield Manor, because they grow turbulent and begin to raise commotions in their Towne, and therefore Sir John Gell hath thought it best to remove them, and to send them into other places of security. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir John Hotham and his son brought to London

In London, Yorkshire on July 11 at 9:19 pm

11 Jul 1643 (Tue) || Information was given to the Commons, that Sir John Hotham and his son were come from Hull to Tilbury Hope, where the Ship stayes, untill such time as Barges are sent down to fetch them up to London, Sir John writ in a Letter to the Speaker, to desire that he might not be brought thorow the City to the Parliament, but might come privately by water, he being so conscious of his own guiltinesse, that he now fears the reproach of the Londoners, as he did of the Inhabitants of Hull, when he was first apprehended, desiring to be conveyed away privately on Ship-board by a back way from Hull; for had he come thorow the Town, it is verily believed (such was the rage of the Inhabitants against him, then they perceived his treachery) that they would scarce have been withheld from tearing him to pieces.¹

The Commons also received Letters from the Maior and present Governours of Hull, Informing all the particulars in their securing of Hull, and apprehending of Sir John Hotham and his son, and Sir Edward Roades,² upon discovery of an intended designe to betray the Town to the Papists:³ But of this I conceive the whole Kingdom is already fully satisfied.

It was by the said Letterrs further certified, that since the apprehending of Sir John Hotham, the Earl of Newcastle sent a Letter to the Maior of Hull, offering great Rewards, and His Majesties Pardon and Protection, if he would secure the Town, or deliver it up unto him for His Majesties use, against the Parliament: But the Maior returned an Answer, That he scorned to betray the Cause, and Trust reposed in him for the King and Parliament, to a Popish Army, whose courses he saw tended to destruction, both of the King and Parliament.

Touching the late perfidious carriage of Sir John Hotham and his son, the Committee at Hull sent up to the Parliament the Examination upon Oath of a servant of Capt. Hothams, who saith, That he lived with the Captain about twelve yeers, That his Master was a good Master to him; and he speaketh nothing out of ill will or hatred: but being examined upon his Oath, he is willing to discharge his conscience in what he knoweth: And proves it fully, That there hath been a constant intercourse between the Queen, and Sir John Hotham, and his son especially, ever since her coming into those parts; And that Letters and Messages have passed betwixt them, till the very time of their apprehending; And since that Captain Hotham received a Pardon from the Queen, when he was prisoner at Nottingham Castle. And divers other matters proved against them which for the present (I conceive) are not fit to be divulged, and I shall omit to write of.  || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

¹ Sir John had been governor of Hull since the start of the war. The relationship between the Hothams and Parliament – so strong at first that in 1642 Sir John denied the King access to his magazine in the town – had deteriorated to the point that Captain John (his son) was briefly imprisoned by their own side, and Sir John was preparing to defect to the Royalists when he was arrested for suspected treachery and sent with his son to London.
² Rhodes was subsequently released, as no evidence could be found against him.
³ i.e., the Royalists. In an intercepted letter, the King had advised the Earl of Newcastle not to use religion as a recruiting criterion; hence the myth had evolved that he deliberately recruited Catholics, and his was a “Papist” army.

Sir Hugh Pollard moved to safer custody

In London on June 21 at 9:46 pm

21 Jun 1643 (Wed) || Sir Hugh Pollard, who was some while since taken at Modbury in Devonshire,¹ and from thence sent up to the Parliament, and by them committed to the Counter in the Poultry, is found to have a hand amongst the London Conspirators, whereupon the Parliament hath freed him out of the Counter, and committed him to the safe custody of Captaine Vaughan in Cornhill, because they finde that private Houses are safer places for them, then prisons or Counters. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations 

¹ It was indeed “some while since”: the Modbury skirmish had occurred in December 1642.

Royalist conspirators ordered to turn themselves in

In London on June 17 at 9:59 pm

17 Jun 1643 (Sat) || Both the Houses of Parliament, upon the discovery of the late horrid Plot against them and the City of London, had ordered and published, that whosoever of the Conspirators, or any other that were privie, aiding or abetting thereunto, should within fifteen dayes after publication of their Order, come in, and confesse, and submit himselfe to the Parliament, [and] should finde favour and pardon from them: which clement gracious invitation (though able to incline the most perversest of them) hath yet had so little operation upon any of them, that onely Captain Edmund Foster, who was named one of the Commissioners, hath relented and retracted, is come in, and  hath submitted himselfe, whereby he hath found the favour and pardon which was promised.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Thanksgiving in London for discovery of ‘Waller’s Plot’

In ECW editor's comment on June 16 at 9:45 pm

16 Jun 1643 (Fri) || Yesterday the Publique Thanksgiving was celebrated in all the Churches in and about London, for the discovery of the late hainous and prodigious Conspiracy against the Parliament and City, the Plot being clearly made knowne, both by bookes which were by the Parliaments command openly read, and by the Preachers in their Sermons; who in their instructions generally gave us this wholesome advice: Not to rest secure though it be disclosed, and yet prevented, because wicked Pates will still be contriving of mischiefe, and take their opportuities to put it in execution. But that this nefarious and ever to be execrated Designe, is countenanced and seconded by a Regall Commission advised by evill Councellours, and passed under the great Seale of England, puts both men and Angells into astonishment, which giveth the bloody minded Actors ample warrant to slay and destroy, all sorts and degrees of true Protestants, under the names of the Kings enemies and Rebells, as being the best meanes the King can give to relieve Papists, Atheists, and Malevolents to all Piety, who are therein termed his good Subjects, withall expressing that he hath no other end but to preserve the true Protestant Religion, the integrity and purity thereof, to maintaine the Laws of the Land, the liberty of persons, and the property of the estates of His Subjects, and the just Priviledges of Parliament, all which are apparent and notorious contradictions; included in sanguinary Paradoxes, for, is it the best meanes to preserve the integrity and purity of the true Protestant Religion, in murthering those true Protestants that endeavour to uphold and maintaine it? Can the Laws of the Land, the liberty and propriety of the Subject and the just Priviledges of Parliament be supported, by shedding the innocent blood of those worthy persons, who now sit in Parliament to defend and maintaine all these? Monstrum horrendum informes, ingens, cui lumen Pietatis ademptum est!¹ But when we consider that by this Commission the King hath engaged and obliged himself, His Heires, and Successors to repay such moneys as the Conspirators shall disburse for the execution of their purposes, we cannot but conceive, as many others doe, that it is high time to suppresse  that bloody great Seale at Oxford, and to make a new one in the place thereof, which hath been formerly some while in agitation in the Parliament, and is now ready by the concurrence of the Noble Peers to receive its perfection. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)
¹ ‘[It is] A monster frightful, formless, immense, with sight removed.’ (Virgil’s Aeneid)

Details of ‘Waller’s Plot’ made public

In London on June 8 at 8:15 pm

8 Jun 1643 (Thu) || On Tuesday last, the Examinations of the Conspiracy against the parliament and City of London, were read in the Honourable House of Commons, which in briefe was, that Master Waller and about 20. more of the chiefe Plotters, with the aide of the Malevolents in and about London, and some Horse from the King, should have seized the Tower, the Magazines, and the new erected Forts about the City, and to have seized upon the persons, of divers Members of both Houses of Parliament, the Lord Major of London, the two Sheriffes and others, and to have massacred all the honest and well-affected People in and about London, and they had elected for their Generall, the Earle of Bath, who is now a Prisoner in the Tower. The Examinations being read, the said House presently entred into a solemne Vow and Covenant to defend the true reformed Protestant Religion, and the Liberty of the Subject, and not to lay down armes untill all the Popish armies now on foot had laid down their armes, and were brought to the Justice of the Parliament, &c. This Covenant was Solemnly taken by all the said House, onely sixteene of them desired a day or two respite to consider of it, which was granted them. And Yesterday at a Conference betweene both Houses, the said Conspiracy was discovered to the Noble Peeres by Master Pym, who were desired to enter also into the said Covenant. And this day, all the Freemen of the City of London, being Convoked into the Guild-Hall, the said examinations were openly read there, and the Plot and Conspiracy was fully discovered unto them, by an especiall Committee of both the Houses of Parliament, and they were desired to enter into the same Vow and Covenant, which they willingly and readily assented unto, and then they requested that Justice might be speedily executed upon the Conspirators, which the Lords and Commons there present promised should be done.

The aforesaid horrid and bloody minded Conspirators, to colour their treacherous Designe, had gotten an illegall Commission of array from the K. to be setled in and about London, (such is the Kings present infelicity to be made a Countenancer of their most execrable plotts and contrivements) which, in the reading thereof Yesterday in Guild-hall, nominated one Steven Bolton a Seller of painters Colours in Corn-Hill, to be one of the Commissioners, who was then present in the Hall, and denied himselfe to be the person intended in the Commission, but confessed it to be his name, whereupon he was instantly apprehended and Committed to safe custody. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus suggests ‘Waller’s Plot’ a Parliament projection

In London, Oxford on June 7 at 2:52 pm

7 Jun 1643 (Wed) ||  You heard last weeke of a great and terrible Treason against the Parliament which was discovered by the care and diligence of Master Pym and his accomplices; for which the Queens Attourny, Master [Edmund] Waller, and certaine others were instantly committed to prison, their pockets and chambers searched, the well affected Ministers in London plundered of their Sermon-notes, under pretence of looking for suspected Papers; and such a noyse and tumult raised about it all over the City, as if the Powder treason had not beene halfe so horrible. But upon further information (as doth appeare by letters of the 4 of June) it proved only this. His Majesties finding the Rebllion raised against him to be growne unto a monstrous height, especially in London and the parts adjoyning, from whence it had been fed and nourished; issued out a Commission unto certaine persons whom he might confide in, (according as had beene accustomed by his Royall Progenitors in all time of danger and desition) to draw together His Majesties well-affected Subjects for the suprpessing of all treasons, Rebellions, insurrections, and the like disturbances of publicke government, and for the apprehending of all Traitours, Rebells and seditious persons with severall powers and clauses in the said Commission, according to the usuall forme. Notice whereof being given to some leading members of the House of Commons (a they have very quicke intelligence) their guilty consciences made them apt to thinke (as there is no such dangerous accuser as a guilty conscience) that this Commission was intended to suppresse their faction, and to surprize their persons; and by applying the generall commands in that Commission unto their owne particular cases, made themselves the Traytors, which were to be suppressed and apprehended. Hereupon having found in whose hands the Commission was, on Wednesday May 31. when the rest of their body were at the Church to observe the fast, some 50 of them went into the House of Commons and delegated the whole power of the House to Master Pym, Master Glin, Mr St. Johns, Sir Henry Vane the younger, and Sir Gilbert Gerard: who raising the trained bands, seized upon such persons as they thought were likely to crosse their purposes, and filled the Towne with all the noyse and clamour before remembred. And having done the feat which they had in hand, on Friday June 2. Mr Glin (know how well they had placed their favours) comes into the House, and tels them (who knew well enough what he had to say) that the Committee had found a Treason of such dangerous consequence that the Powder-plot, the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre at Paris, were not to be compared unto it.¹  And thus you have the true Originall and progresse of this horrid Treason, of which such outcries have beene raised over all the Kingdome.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)
¹  The ‘Sicilian Vespers’ was a massacre of the French in Sicily by the local population in 1282; the ‘massacre at Paris’ was the St Bartholomew’s Day massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572. The ‘Powder Plot’ was, of course, London’s Gunpowder Plot of 1605.