Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘plots’

More details behind women’s petition riot emerge

In London on August 14 at 2:36 pm

14 Aug 1643 (Mon) || On Saterday last there was one Mistris Jorden a Citizen brought a Petition o the House of Commons, desireing leave to go into Holland, for that she went in great Jeopardy of her life here amongst her own Neighbours, in that she refused to joyn with them in their tumultuous rising against the Parliament on the Wednesday before, and being examined before the whole house, touching that tumult she declared at the Commons Barr, that she heard one Master Knowles in Chancery lane affirme, that many of the Women had been with a great Earle in this Kingdome, (whom that night or the next morning with some others in companie made escape from the Parliament and (as tis thought) gone to Oxford) who encouraged them in that tumultuous manner to come downe to the Parliament under pretence for peace, and told them that all the Lords but the Lord Say were for the Propositions for peace, and so also all of the House of Commons except foure or five, and that if they came downe in that manner but 3. or 4. dayes together these propositions for peace would passe the Houses and they would then have peace, but a very strange peace it would have beene certainely, when after the profuse expence of so much blood as hath beene spent in this warre, wee shall be left in a worse condition then we were at first, and surrender up all to the bare will and pleasure of his Majesty, or rather of his seducing Counsellors without any provision made for the securing of our Religion, Lawes, or Liberties otherwise then in such manner as His Majesty shall approve of, or give consent[;] which information of Mistris Jordans the Commons referred to a Committee throughly to examine the whole businesse, which Committee had appointed to sit on monday following about it, but on Monday the first thing we heard on, was that the said great Earle concerned in that businesse was escaped from the Parliament as aforesaid.

And since that wee understand from Windsor, that the Earle of Holland, Earle of Bedford, Lord Lovelace and Lord Conway are all gone to His Majesty; that some of the Souldiers at Windsor persued them to Marlow, where they found the Earle of Holland at his Daughter the Lady Pagetts House, but had so stronge a guard upon the House, they could doe no good with so small a force, and retreated backe to Windsor for more ayde, in the meane time the Earle went for Oxford, but Colonell Ven hath mett with some of Trunkes that were going after him, wherein doubtlesse there is some good booty.  || A continuation Of certain Speciall and Remarkable passages (P)

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Prisoner logistics in Derby & Nottingham

In Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire on July 28 at 12:14 am

28 Jul 1643 (Fri) || From Lecester they write, that it is reported there from Nottingham, that some of the Newarke forces lately faced that Towne, who did expect that a party there should have delivered it into their hands; but the Plot was discovered, and the Conspirators apprehended, to the number of twenty, whereof two were Aldermen, who are all sent to Derby to be kept there in safe custody, and Derby hath some of their Malevolents to be kept in Nottingham, as Master Spademan, Master Geare, and Master Flamsted; and Derby hath also sent Alderman Bruckhurst and Master Calner to be secured in Wingfield Manor, because they grow turbulent and begin to raise commotions in their Towne, and therefore Sir John Gell hath thought it best to remove them, and to send them into other places of security. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir John Hotham and his son brought to London

In London, Yorkshire on July 11 at 9:19 pm

11 Jul 1643 (Tue) || Information was given to the Commons, that Sir John Hotham and his son were come from Hull to Tilbury Hope, where the Ship stayes, untill such time as Barges are sent down to fetch them up to London, Sir John writ in a Letter to the Speaker, to desire that he might not be brought thorow the City to the Parliament, but might come privately by water, he being so conscious of his own guiltinesse, that he now fears the reproach of the Londoners, as he did of the Inhabitants of Hull, when he was first apprehended, desiring to be conveyed away privately on Ship-board by a back way from Hull; for had he come thorow the Town, it is verily believed (such was the rage of the Inhabitants against him, then they perceived his treachery) that they would scarce have been withheld from tearing him to pieces.¹

The Commons also received Letters from the Maior and present Governours of Hull, Informing all the particulars in their securing of Hull, and apprehending of Sir John Hotham and his son, and Sir Edward Roades,² upon discovery of an intended designe to betray the Town to the Papists:³ But of this I conceive the whole Kingdom is already fully satisfied.

It was by the said Letterrs further certified, that since the apprehending of Sir John Hotham, the Earl of Newcastle sent a Letter to the Maior of Hull, offering great Rewards, and His Majesties Pardon and Protection, if he would secure the Town, or deliver it up unto him for His Majesties use, against the Parliament: But the Maior returned an Answer, That he scorned to betray the Cause, and Trust reposed in him for the King and Parliament, to a Popish Army, whose courses he saw tended to destruction, both of the King and Parliament.

Touching the late perfidious carriage of Sir John Hotham and his son, the Committee at Hull sent up to the Parliament the Examination upon Oath of a servant of Capt. Hothams, who saith, That he lived with the Captain about twelve yeers, That his Master was a good Master to him; and he speaketh nothing out of ill will or hatred: but being examined upon his Oath, he is willing to discharge his conscience in what he knoweth: And proves it fully, That there hath been a constant intercourse between the Queen, and Sir John Hotham, and his son especially, ever since her coming into those parts; And that Letters and Messages have passed betwixt them, till the very time of their apprehending; And since that Captain Hotham received a Pardon from the Queen, when he was prisoner at Nottingham Castle. And divers other matters proved against them which for the present (I conceive) are not fit to be divulged, and I shall omit to write of.  || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ Sir John had been governor of Hull since the start of the war. The relationship between the Hothams and Parliament – so strong at first that in 1642 Sir John denied the King access to his magazine in the town – had deteriorated to the point that Captain John (his son) was briefly imprisoned by their own side, and Sir John was preparing to defect to the Royalists when he was arrested for suspected treachery and sent with his son to London.
² Rhodes was subsequently released, as no evidence could be found against him.
³ i.e., the Royalists. In an intercepted letter, the King had advised the Earl of Newcastle not to use religion as a recruiting criterion; hence the myth had evolved that he deliberately recruited Catholics, and his was a “Papist” army.

Details of ‘Waller’s Plot’ made public

In London on June 8 at 8:15 pm

8 Jun 1643 (Thu) || On Tuesday last, the Examinations of the Conspiracy against the parliament and City of London, were read in the Honourable House of Commons, which in briefe was, that Master Waller and about 20. more of the chiefe Plotters, with the aide of the Malevolents in and about London, and some Horse from the King, should have seized the Tower, the Magazines, and the new erected Forts about the City, and to have seized upon the persons, of divers Members of both Houses of Parliament, the Lord Major of London, the two Sheriffes and others, and to have massacred all the honest and well-affected People in and about London, and they had elected for their Generall, the Earle of Bath, who is now a Prisoner in the Tower. The Examinations being read, the said House presently entred into a solemne Vow and Covenant to defend the true reformed Protestant Religion, and the Liberty of the Subject, and not to lay down armes untill all the Popish armies now on foot had laid down their armes, and were brought to the Justice of the Parliament, &c. This Covenant was Solemnly taken by all the said House, onely sixteene of them desired a day or two respite to consider of it, which was granted them. And Yesterday at a Conference betweene both Houses, the said Conspiracy was discovered to the Noble Peeres by Master Pym, who were desired to enter also into the said Covenant. And this day, all the Freemen of the City of London, being Convoked into the Guild-Hall, the said examinations were openly read there, and the Plot and Conspiracy was fully discovered unto them, by an especiall Committee of both the Houses of Parliament, and they were desired to enter into the same Vow and Covenant, which they willingly and readily assented unto, and then they requested that Justice might be speedily executed upon the Conspirators, which the Lords and Commons there present promised should be done.

The aforesaid horrid and bloody minded Conspirators, to colour their treacherous Designe, had gotten an illegall Commission of array from the K. to be setled in and about London, (such is the Kings present infelicity to be made a Countenancer of their most execrable plotts and contrivements) which, in the reading thereof Yesterday in Guild-hall, nominated one Steven Bolton a Seller of painters Colours in Corn-Hill, to be one of the Commissioners, who was then present in the Hall, and denied himselfe to be the person intended in the Commission, but confessed it to be his name, whereupon he was instantly apprehended and Committed to safe custody. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Aulicus suggests ‘Waller’s Plot’ a Parliament projection

In London, Oxford on June 7 at 2:52 pm

7 Jun 1643 (Wed) ||  You heard last weeke of a great and terrible Treason against the Parliament which was discovered by the care and diligence of Master Pym and his accomplices; for which the Queens Attourny, Master [Edmund] Waller, and certaine others were instantly committed to prison, their pockets and chambers searched, the well affected Ministers in London plundered of their Sermon-notes, under pretence of looking for suspected Papers; and such a noyse and tumult raised about it all over the City, as if the Powder treason had not beene halfe so horrible. But upon further information (as doth appeare by letters of the 4 of June) it proved only this. His Majesties finding the Rebllion raised against him to be growne unto a monstrous height, especially in London and the parts adjoyning, from whence it had been fed and nourished; issued out a Commission unto certaine persons whom he might confide in, (according as had beene accustomed by his Royall Progenitors in all time of danger and desition) to draw together His Majesties well-affected Subjects for the suprpessing of all treasons, Rebellions, insurrections, and the like disturbances of publicke government, and for the apprehending of all Traitours, Rebells and seditious persons with severall powers and clauses in the said Commission, according to the usuall forme. Notice whereof being given to some leading members of the House of Commons (a they have very quicke intelligence) their guilty consciences made them apt to thinke (as there is no such dangerous accuser as a guilty conscience) that this Commission was intended to suppresse their faction, and to surprize their persons; and by applying the generall commands in that Commission unto their owne particular cases, made themselves the Traytors, which were to be suppressed and apprehended. Hereupon having found in whose hands the Commission was, on Wednesday May 31. when the rest of their body were at the Church to observe the fast, some 50 of them went into the House of Commons and delegated the whole power of the House to Master Pym, Master Glin, Mr St. Johns, Sir Henry Vane the younger, and Sir Gilbert Gerard: who raising the trained bands, seized upon such persons as they thought were likely to crosse their purposes, and filled the Towne with all the noyse and clamour before remembred. And having done the feat which they had in hand, on Friday June 2. Mr Glin (know how well they had placed their favours) comes into the House, and tels them (who knew well enough what he had to say) that the Committee had found a Treason of such dangerous consequence that the Powder-plot, the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre at Paris, were not to be compared unto it.¹  And thus you have the true Originall and progresse of this horrid Treason, of which such outcries have beene raised over all the Kingdome.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)
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¹  The ‘Sicilian Vespers’ was a massacre of the French in Sicily by the local population in 1282; the ‘massacre at Paris’ was the St Bartholomew’s Day massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572. The ‘Powder Plot’ was, of course, London’s Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Royalist conspirators executed at Bristol

In Bristol on June 4 at 1:00 pm

Sunday 4 Jun 1643 || You had the last week the substance of His Majesties Letters to the Maior and Aldermen of Bristol, which any man of sense and reason would have thought effectuall, being written from a King unto his Subjects, and in a cause so consonant to the rules of Justice and compassionate humanity, as the preserving of the innocent from a blloudy death. But contrary to the expectation of all good men, and in defiance of His Majestie and the Lawes to boote, (and if I added in despight of God and the powers of Heaven, I should say but truth) two of those innocent persons, Master Ro. Yeomans, and Master Boucheir, were most barbarously and inhumanely murdered by the hand of the publike Hangman, upon Tuesday last, at the command of Master Fines (heire to his Fathers good affections, though not of his Lands) whom nothing else would satisfie but the bloud of the guiltlesse. Which being doubfully reported a day or two before, was this day verified and confirmed for a most sad truth to the extreame horrour and amazement of all honest men, and the great griefe of His Sacred Majestie, who could not choose but looke upon it as the most barbarous Act which the impudence and cruelty of this Rebellion had produced against Him; and which all the Subjects of this Kingdome can behold with no other eyes (if that infatuation be not fallen upon them ) That seeing they shall see, but not perceive) then as the last gaspe of that deplored and dying liberty, the losse whereof they have procured and purchased for themselves with such cost and care. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

By Letters from Bristoll it is informed, that on Tuesday last, the elder Yeomans and Butcher were executed there for their conspiracie, and that at the same time there came a Trumpet from Oxford, to inhibite their Execution, who threatned, that Halters were ready for those Members of the Honourable House of Commons that are in durance there, and have beene most wofully handled and abused, not for any Conspiracie against the King or State, but for defending their persons, goods, and estates (as the Laws of this Land warrant them to doe) against the outrages and plunderings of the Cavaliers and their exorbitant partie. This Trumpeter, after many insufferable jeeres and affronts upon the Governour and Councell of warre at Bristoll, which are indignities contrary to the Law of Armes, but what careth that party what Lawes they violate; was committed into safe custody, untill he shall learne better manners. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Panic in London over Royalist plot

In London on June 1 at 8:16 pm

1 Jun 1643 (Thu) || Concerning the Plot which was yesterday discovered, wee can say little, in regard that it pleaseth not the Parliament yet to disclose it, because they have not perfected their Examinations about it; but as for some of the Conspirators, they are said to be Mr. Waller a Buckinghamshire man, and one of the Members of the House of Commons, Mr. Ball the Queenes Atturney, Mr. Chaloner a Linnin Draper in Cornhill, and his Partner Norton, who is sent for out of Bedfordshire by some Horse from hence, and some more Citizens, as one Tompkins, Williams, and some of their wives; these were examined this day, as being complotters in the Conspiracie; more of them are detected, who must also passe the scrutinie. And yesterday in the Evening the Prisons in and about London were searched, because as it seemeth, some there are parties to the Conspiracies; and amongst the rest, Dr. Laud the Archbishop of Canterburies chamber in the Tower of London was searched, upon a Warrant from the Parliament, which was put in execution by Mr. Prynn of Lincolnes Inne, who heretofore suffered much under his power (Tempora mutantur)¹ and he seized upon all his Manuscrips, Papers, and Letters, and whatsoever else might induce suspition, sealed them up and carried them to the Parliament, to be perused by them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

From London it was advertised that on Wednesday last (the fast day) there was a great tumult raised in London, on pretence (forsooth) of a horrible Treason then discovered against the City and the worthy Members; and to make it passe more currantly, they (who were both the authors and discoverers of this plot) Ordered that Master Waller of the House of Commons and Master Ball the Queens Attourney should be both sent to prisons, and to make it compleat, all the Prisons in London were searched, and every mans pockets, where by the way they robbed the poore imprisoned Ministers of all their Sermon notes, taking from one man (Doctor Oldsworth by name) above 60 severall papers of Collections for Sermons; and all this noise and distraction any understanding man may see is but to affright the poore people with an apprehension of horrible danger, on purpose to make them lend some present money to be eased of this imaginary destruction, which the fine contrivers an quickely raise againe, when they want more more money. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

This puts one in minde of a dangerous plot against the Parliament and City, discovered on Tuesday night last, which was of such concernment, that on Wednesday when the Members of the House of Commons were at Westminster at Church, the Mace was sent to command them forthwith to the House, which caused an amazement to be had in the Church, some infusing it into the peoples heads, that surely the Danes were landed in Kent, and would be presently in London; this beleefe was held till towards Eve, that all prisons had beene searched and many committed close prisoners, and divers Citizens seized upon and secured, one Parliament man and some Ladies; and then wee understood the nature of the businesse to be a Domesticke Designe, not Forraigne; the Particulars of it are not yet knowne, onely this in generall, for I have it from a good hand, that one of the five appointed to examine the businesse, after two dayes examination openly affirmed to the Parliament that it was a mischievous a Plot to the Parliament and Kingdome as ever was hatched, and the deliverance as great, and the Plot as fully discovered; they have beene ever since Wednesday in Examination of it, and it is expected it will come to the publike notice of the Parliament, but I thinke it not so timely as to give you any full knowledge of it in this Weekes Intelligence. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer
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¹ ‘Times change’

Royalist plot discovered in London

In London on May 31 at 9:27 am

31 May 1643 (Wed) || This day the monethly Fast was celebrated, and there Preached in the Parish Church at Westminster, before the Honourable House of Commons, in the forenoone Mr. Perne, and in the afternoone Mr. Chanell, both of them being Ministers in Northamptonshire, but before the morning Sermon began, Mr. Speaker of the House of Commons, sent his Macebearer into the Church, to desire some of the Members to come speake with him, who being come into the House, he read some intercepted Letters that were brought unto him, going to Oxford, which declared a horrible plot against the Parliament, and the City of London, whereupon they have Order to raise some Troopes of Horse, and Trained-bands to guard  them, and repaired to the Church againe.¹ || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ The conspiracy was significant, and became known as ‘Waller’s Plot’ after Edmund Waller, the MP primarily involved.

Report of examination of Bristol conspirator

In Somerset on March 19 at 8:16 pm

Sunday 19 Mar 1642/3 || From Bristoll it is informed, that upon inquisition and examination of the late horrid conspiracy there, Yeomans, one of the chiefe Conspirators, produced a Commission from the King, whereby he is made a Colonell of that City, and hath power to raise a Regiment for the strengthening of his part, but hee had no power thereby given him to massacre innocent and harmlesse people, unlesse he also produce some secret instructions to that purpose: And it is likewise certified from thence, that one of the Colstons is acquitted, which the next weekes newes will more certainly informe. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Bristol conspirators to be executed; Colonel Essex to face censure

In Somerset on March 18 at 3:02 pm

18 Mar 1642/3 (Sat) || The Parliament hath sent an Order to his Excellency the Lord Generall at Windsor, wherein they request him to send a Martiall Commission to the Governour of Bristoll, to trie the late Conspirators there, and to put them to execution of death, for their horrid treachery to deliver up that City yo the enemy, and to Massacre the good and innocent people amongst them.

Colonell [Thomas] Essex who was lately apprehended at Bristoll and carried to Gloucester, is now brought a prisoner to Windsor, and committed to safe custody there, where he is to abide the censure of the Lord Generall, for the murther which he acted at Bristoll, and for other heynous crimes perpetrated by him there, and it is verily supposed, that he would have furthered Prince Ruperts entrance into that City, if he had not been prevented by that timely apprehension. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)