Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘plunder’

The first Battle of Newbury: Royalist account (Mercurius Aulicus; cont.)

In Berkshire on September 21 at 2:40 am

21 Sep 1643 (Thu) || This day was not altogether more free from action, and towards noon (hunger & scarcity of Ammunition pressing them) the Rebels were forced to rise, and were couragiously followed by a great fresh body of our Horse, and such Forces as His Majesties thought fit to send in the Reare of them, under the command of the Lord Wilmott, Lieutenant Generall of the Horse, and the noble Earle of Northampton. These Lords having faced the fugitive Rebels Army late the last night, advertised His Mahesty thereof, desiring part of the Foot to march up to them, which accordingly was ordered, and instantly put in execution: by these the last blow was given to the Rebels (who made all shifts possible to get and steale severall wayes in the night) about three miles from Newbury towards Reading, in which Prince Rupert (who had three horses shot under him) giving them a fierce charge in their Reare, two of their Horse Regiments were routed and chased into their Foot, we doing good execution upon them for a farewel, that so they might carry assured tokens of their own defeat to their friends at London, whither they hasd with as much speed, as feare and a victorious Army pursuing them did enforce.

As a further evident Argument of the Victory His Majesties Army obtained over the Rebels, they were forced to leave behind their heavy Carriages, with many Barrels of Musket and Pistoll Bullets, and very many Chirurgions Chests full of Medicaments. Some of the Cannon they buried is since taken up, and severall heapes of their dead were found cast into Wells, Ponds, and Pits, one Draw-well of 30 fathoms deepe being filled to the top with dead bodies, 8 or 9 whereof some of His Majesties owne Troop tooke the paines to pull up, but left off the rest as not able to endure the noysomenesse of the implyoment; and in sundry places with armes and legges sticking out, besides those above ground whom they had not time to cover: great numbers of their maimed Officers and common men they shamefully left behind, they being so struck with an apprehension of His Majesties pursuing them, that the Earle of Essex was faine to dispatch his Tickets to a Levite of their owne, for the speedy buriall of his Souldiers to save his credit, not daring to stay to see it done himselfe, An originall whereof came to our hands under the Earles owne hand and seale in these words:

These are to will and require, and straightly charge and command you, forthwith upon sight hereof, to bury all the dead bodies lying in and about Enborn and Newbery-wash, as you or any of you will answer the contrary at your utmost perill. Dated 21 of Septemb. 1643.

To. M. Fulke Minister, and the Constables of the Parish of Enborne. Essex.

But His Majesty taking pious care of the one and the other, gave a strict command for the buriall of their dead, and the cure of the wounded by His owne Warrant to the Maior of Newbury, a Copy whereof we have here transcribed.

Our will and Command is that you forthwith send into the Townes and Villages adjacent, and bring hence all the sicke and hurt Souldiers of the Earle of Essex’s Army, and though they be Rebels and deserve the punishment of Traytours, yet out of Our tender compassion upon them as being Our Subjects, Our Will and pleasure is that you carefully provide for their recovery, as well for those of Our owne Army, and then to send them to Oxford. Given, &c.
To the Maior of Newbury and the Officers thereof.

Divers scores of Prisoners of all sorts wee have taken, and the Marquesse of Winchester with his forces at Basing hath also gathered up many straglers, whereof some are Officers. These Prisoners say (and wee find it with the least) that wee have slaine above 1000 of the Rebels and wounded a great multitude, as we find true by those they left in our hands.

The Rebels espying from the Hill where many in the Field stood bare-headed in a part of our Army, made above fortie great shot at the place, doubtlesse for the safetie of the Kings Royall Person, whom by that token they beleeved to be there; doing as much at night as the greatest fire for the like loyall reason: But Almighty God coveted the head of his Anointed.

His Majesties Army is now returning with the spoyles, and this day solemne Thanksgivings have beene publikely performed for the safetie of His Majesties Sacred Person, which He spared not to expose to the danger and incommodities of so long and troublesome a march. But you will have a more perfect and exact Relation of all particulars within a few houres from a farre better hand. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

King’s Lynn fears plunder & stands for the King

In Norfolk, Suffolk on August 29 at 11:39 pm

29 Aug 1643 (Tue) || This day by Letters from London we were certified, that the Earle of Pembrookes goods, which were shipped for the Isle of Wight, were seized by the vertuous Lord Major Isaac Pennington (the new and most faithful Lieutenant of the Tower) but whether they be as yet restored to the Earle we are not informed. And in the same Letter it was signified, that the Earle of Manchester (that famous good man) doth rob all Country people in Suffolke of their Cart-horses, so as they cannot possibly get in their harvest, which is one of those new blessings he intends to bestow upon their Associate-Counties: which the Inhabitants of the Towne of Lin perceiving, like honest Subjects and true Englishmen, they kept his Lordship out of their Towne, telling him flatly, They kept the Towne for His Majesty, and by the helpe of God would so keepe it against whomsoever; which they are able to doe, it being so strongly fortified, that Kimbolton may as soone raise his good father from the dead, as force his enterance into Lin. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Royalists reportedly impose heavy taxes on Bristol

In Bristol on August 3 at 11:59 am

3 Aug 1643 (Thu) || Since the Surrendring of Bristoll, it is reported, that the King hath forbidden the Inhabitants thereof to pay any money that they owe to the City of London, but they must pay them yo such as He hath appointed to receive them, and that He will give them discharges for such debts, which, if it be true, how contrary such Commands are to Gods word, any man may discerne that readeth Ezek. 45.9.

And now it is more fully related, that Bristoll hath beene pillaged, and whereas they had compounded to pay 50000. pounds; Prince Rupert hath imposed 150000. pounds upon then, and they are also commanded to maintaine 6000. men in garrison, and to set forth 30. ships presently for the Kings service, whence they may perceive that their cowardly yeilding, hath brought upon themselves, a slavish and arbitrary government, and whereas not long since they refused to lend Sir William Waller 10000. pounds, they are now forced to part with greater summers, but it may be, as seemeth by their easie yeilding, they love the Cavaliers better then them, and desire to be rid of their moneys by force and constraint, and then, Volenti non fit injuria.¹ || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

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¹ “To a willing person, no injury is done”; a principle of law, by which if someone willingly puts themselves in danger, they can’t blame anyone else.

Scots officer occupies, then abandons Berkeley Castle

In Gloucestershire on July 30 at 12:19 am

Sunday 30 Jul 1643 || You heard before that Captaine Forbes a Scot had put himselfe with some considerable forces into Berkeley Castle, without the leave, and against the liking of the Lord thereof; and that when it was ordered by the Lords in the Upper House, that he should quit the place, and yeild up the possession of it to the proper owner; the peremptory fellow made reply, that by the sword he had got it, and by the sword he would keepe it. And now you may be pleased to know, that after the defeat of Waller neare the Devises, many of the Officers of his broken Army got thither also, as a place capable enough to receive their numbers, and strong enough as they conceived to secure their persons. In confidence thereof they and the rest (whom they found there) committed many horrible out-rages on the neighbouring Subjects, without distinction either of persons, or affections; especially on those of their owne party, who having escaped pretty well before, had now most to loose. But hearing that his Majesties Forces had taken Bristol, and that they were not like to finde much safety there, as before they dreamed of; they forsooke the place before the coming of an enemy (as was this day certified:) the bragging Rebell not daring to make good his words, of holding by the sword what the sword had gained him.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Situation update from Hull

In Yorkshire on July 14 at 9:38 pm

14 Jul 1643 (Fri) || By Letters this day from the Lord Fairfax to the House of Commons, it was certified, That his Lordship¹ is in a very good condition at Hull, with about 1500 men; That only stayes there to recrewt his Forces, and intends very suddenly to advance again into the Field against the Popish Army, who of late do much tyrannize, by charging the Countrey with illegall Taxes and Compositions for Plundering; That Leeds and Bradford are for the present in the hands of the Popish Army, but he doubts not very suddenly to give accompt of some considerable service for the relief of the County against them. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ i.e. Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax

Royalist agitators cause trouble in Dorset

In Dorset on June 27 at 2:23 pm

27 Jun 1643 (Tue) || From Dorchester by an expresse it is informed, that with their few forces, consisting onely of eight companies of foot, and three halfe Troopes of Horse, they endeavour to keep their Countrey quiet; but young Brag of Sodbury and young Barcroft endeavoured to raise two Troopes of Horse, and having gotten up fourscore, did much disturbe the Countrey with them, robbing and plundring all that were well affected to the King and Parliament: for the remedying thereof, they sent out a Troope of Horse with a company of Dragoneers, hoping to take them at old master Braggs house which was their Rendezvous, but they had notice thereof, and were fled from thence, where their Souldiers got store of silke  gownes and scarlet cloathes, with much other rich pillage.

The two aforesaid young Gentlemen stirring again about Marshwood Vale, notice soon came unto them, whereupon they sent out againe one Company of foot and a Troope of Horse to Quarter at Bruteport [Bridport] to quiet them, who joyning with about fourty Dragoneers from Lyme, went to Chard in Somersetshire where they might have taken both those Gentlemen and all their Horse, had they well managed their affairs: for Captaine Pyne with about fourty Horse and Dragoneers, got early in the morning to Chard, and there took about sixteene of the Cavaliers and nineteen of their horses, which were Quartered in that Towne, the rest of them lay a mile and a halfe from thence towards Taunton: having onely effected so much, their men departed  from Chard in good order, and at the Towns end met with a Troope of their Companions who would needs perswade them to returne unto the Towne to refresh themselves; back they went, and set their Sentinells, who instead of watching fell to drinking in a house, which the enemy hearing of, came upon them with fourty horse, and recovered seven of their men and seven of their horses, killed the Lyme Captaine, and took one of their men prisoners, the residue of them got way with the remainder of their booty.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Colonel Hastings allegedly plunders in Staffordshire

In Staffordshire on June 26 at 2:12 pm

26 Jun 1643 (Mon) || Derby affordeth us this weeke divers advertisements worthy of Information, as first, that their Souldiers having notice that Colonell Hastings would send some of his forces to extort Moneys from divers Townes beyond the Trent, upon which he had imposed sundry illegall and unwarrantable Taxes, set forth of the Towne to intercept them and their felonious booties, and having met with them, they tooke some of their Horse and men, wherewith being not contented, but hoping to get more of them, they divided themselves into Partees, and negligently  straggled up and downe the Country, whereof Colonell Hastings, who lay upon the watch, being speedily advertised, came out of Ashby de la Zouch with all his forces, the most of which he had gotten a little before from Captaine Bagot, who is the Commander of the Cavaliers in the Close at Lichfield, and set upon one Partee of the Derby Horse, and tooke about seaventeene of their horses and men, whom they hope to redeeme, by their exchange for some Prisoners which they have at Derby, belonging to the Earle of Newcastle. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Shropshire news

In Shropshire on June 12 at 9:43 pm

12 Jun 1643 (Mon) || Shropshire affordeth us this week divers remarkable Occurrences worthy of information; as, first, That Sir William Brereton having now fully reduced the whole county of Chester (the City of Chester onely excepted) to the devotion and obedience of the King and Parliament, and forseeing that evill disaffected neighbours, if they should grow strong and powerfull, might by their incursions imbroile it againe, and disquiet the Peace thereof: wherefore to prevent their subtill Designes, and treacherous Plots; He issued out of Cheshire with his Army, and as hath been related in the last weeks Informations, surprised Whitchurch in the County of Salop, where, besides Armes, Ordnance, and three hundred Welch prisoners, he got five hundred pounds in money, which the Lord Capell had extorted in that County, and laid up in that Town to defray his charges. From thence he marched to two other Towns, called Prees and Wrem [Wem]; the first whereof, lieth about seven miles from Whitchurch, and the last about nine miles, where he hath seized upon the Armes, Horses, Plate and Moneys of Master Edward Kinnaston, and other Malevolents, not medling with any of their other Cattell, Corne, Goods or Houshold-stuffe, but onely taking such things as might inable them to endamage the present peace of Cheshire, and of the adjacent Counties. Secondly, That the lord Capell in much discontent, and perplexity, is departed with his few Forces from Shrewsbury to Oswestre, neare the borders of Denbighshire, because the Trained-Bands in Shrewsbury will no longer obey him in performing their Watches, or other military services, so long as the Papists (who are above the number of six or seven hundred) remain in that Towne, misdoubting that they will joyne with the Popish Irish Rebels, that are lately come into Chester and Northwales to subdue and ruine this Kingdome, whom they resolve with all their forces and power to resist.

Thirdly, That the inhabitants of the County of Salop are much imbittered against the Lord Capell, for his excessive and unreasonable Taxes and Impositions upon them, desiring that he might be recalled from his present government agmongst them, hoping thereby to be eased of those insupportable pressures, wherewith (to the ruine of their estates) they have been surcharged, ever since the Cavaliers and their Army first entered their County, which is now almost twelve moneths since, whereby they now both see and feele the errours of their admittance, and may, if they please, facily and speedily free themselves from their unnecessary charges, by driving them from thence, and submitting to the obedience of the King and Parliament, under whose mandates and protection they shall finde safety, ease and relaxation.

Fourthly, that the Lord Newport, Baron of Arkall, hath deserted the Lord Capell, withdrawne his assistance and compliance from him, and is retired to one of his houses in Northwales, disgusting the imperious commands of him that hath no reall terrene engagements amongst them, but is a meere stranger in those parts. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Traveller allegedly robbed by troopers

In Northamptonshire on May 29 at 8:47 am

29 May 1643 (Mon) || So implacable is the Infernall malice of the Cavaliers and their party, against any that truly affect the King and Parliament, that they chiefly delight in casting of opprobrious names and contumelious speeches upon them, and in offering illegall wrongs and injuries to their persons, goods and Estates; as amongst many others, this example may sufficiently attest. Master Daniell Gittins a Factor at Blackwell-Hall in London, travailed lately from hence to Shrewsbury, onely to perfect his affaires and Accompts there about his Trade and Calling, which having effected, in his peaceable returne from thence, he arrived at Daventre in Northamptonshire, where he lodged himselfe at the signe of the Wheat-sheafe, and Inne which is kept by one Younger, whither came Colonell Hastings Troopers, who are no other then felonious Theeves, and abominable drunkards, and they violently and by force tooke from him in the said Inne, his Horse and clokebag, wherein were his Letters and bookes of Accompts of his Factorage, they also bereaved him of his Riding-Coate, his hanger, his Cane and Buck-skinne gloves, and wrung his finger to get off his Gold-Ring, which sticking close on, they got water and soape to slip it off, but could not, then they beate him about the head with their swords, and wounded him, swearing most execrable Oathes, which were so heynous, that he could not have beleeved it, had he not heard them, as Gods woundes, Gods side, God damne them and sinke them, that they would carry him away, and strip him, and cut his throate, as he feared, then they trode him under their Horses heeles, but by Gods mercifull deliverance, and the helpe of the good women in the Towne he escaped their cruell rage and saved his life, neither the Host of the Inne, nor any man in the Towne daring to rescue and helpe him, though they were willing and ready so to have done, if their owne lives might not have beene endangered thereby. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists allegedly plunder in Leicestershire

In Leicestershire on May 21 at 11:10 pm

Sunday 21 May 1643 || From Lecester they write, that the Lord Grey of Groby, their Commander in chiefe, hath lately been sicke, but is now newly recovered, and that the Kings forces marched through that county, and have done much hurt by pillaging the Countrey men of their horses, and other goods, that they went by Leicester with many carriages, the most of them being laden with Pillaged goods, as they are informed from their Rendezvous, by one that stood by and saw them unladen, and that many of the Kings forces are returned backe againe toward Newarke, and in their returned they faced the Towne of Northampton, while some of their fellows plundered and pillaged the Countrey thereabouts, where some of them were slaine and taken prisoners. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)