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Posts Tagged ‘prisoners’

Royalist prisoners to be transported to America

In London on August 12 at 2:18 pm

12 Aug 1643 (Sat) || According to the Order of Parliament, many of the Cavaliers who have been brought Prisoners hither, are carried down to Wolwich, and put aboorde some great ships provided for them, to be kept there untill they can be transported into the English Plantations in America.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Oliver Cromwell takes Burleigh House from the Royalists

In Lincolnshire on July 29 at 12:16 am

29 Jul 1643 (Sat) || Out of Lincolnshire the Relation is come, that the Newarke Cavaliers with strong forces, were gotten into Burgleigh House neer Stamford, from whence they sent a Trumpet to Peterbrough, commanding them to deliver up their City, who returned answer, that they should have it when they could get it. But Colonell Cromwell being unwilling they should nestle there, withall the strength he could get, came upon them, tooke the said House, and in it two Colonells, sixe Captaines, four hundred foot, and two hundred horse, and slew fourscore of them, with the losse scarce of two of his owne. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Prisoner logistics in Derby & Nottingham

In Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire on July 28 at 12:14 am

28 Jul 1643 (Fri) || From Lecester they write, that it is reported there from Nottingham, that some of the Newarke forces lately faced that Towne, who did expect that a party there should have delivered it into their hands; but the Plot was discovered, and the Conspirators apprehended, to the number of twenty, whereof two were Aldermen, who are all sent to Derby to be kept there in safe custody, and Derby hath some of their Malevolents to be kept in Nottingham, as Master Spademan, Master Geare, and Master Flamsted; and Derby hath also sent Alderman Bruckhurst and Master Calner to be secured in Wingfield Manor, because they grow turbulent and begin to raise commotions in their Towne, and therefore Sir John Gell hath thought it best to remove them, and to send them into other places of security. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Colonel Goring ordered to be kept closer prisoner

In London on July 25 at 6:15 pm

25 Jul 1643 (Tue) || information was given to the Commons this day of the great intercourse and revelling that is daily with Colonell Goring since his coming to London and commitment to the Lord Peters house,¹ by divers suspitious persons about this city, and some of great rank, which might prove very dangerous, if not more timely looked unto: And thereupon, they sent an expresse Order to the Keeper of the said Prison, That Colonell Goring should be henceforth kept under more strict confinement, and that no suspitious persons should be permitted to have entercourse with him: And it were to be wished, the like order were taken in other prisons, for certainly the abuse in that kinde is very great, and far unsutable to the usage of our Prisoners at Oxford, such entercourse and Revelling is in most Prisons, through the corruption of the Keepers, and the Priviledge of the Cavaliers in some Prisons, far greater then any friend to the Parliament shall have. || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

¹ Goring had been captured at Wakefield in May.

Parliament’s forces attack Sir Richard Fleetwood’s house

In Derbyshire on July 24 at 6:10 pm

24 Jul 1643 (Mon) || Derby had some while since advertised us of their intended designe against Sir Richard Fleetwood, one of Colonell Hastings Fraternity of Robbers, as they terme him, which they have now freely imparted unto us in this manner; That a Captaine, with some gentlemen and their Souldiers, having beset his house called Wotton lodge, to keep him from pillaging and plundering, (according to his usuall manner) Captaine Mellers with some Companies, and two pieces of Ordnance marched thither from Derby, where being come, they presently fired their Ordnance upon the house, to give Sir Richard notice of their arrivall, and while they were planting [their ordnance], their Musketiers played upon the House, to keep the defendants in imployment, lest they should sally out to hinder them, which being effected, the Ordnance played hard, and made some battery, but for that time did little hurt. Then they called a Councell of War, who resolved to approach neerer to the house, and either to assault or undermine it, which some of their Souldiers presently put into execution, for they went downe and fired a Barne neere unto it, then Captaine Mellors Lieutenant went downe with one or two hundred of his men with spades and pickages, and tooke the Brew-house, set the gate of the Porters lodge on fire, and entred the Court-yard, where they turned out some horse and other Cattle, being very carefull of Mynes and Traines of gunpowder, lest they should have beene blowne up. Immediately after, the house was yeilded up, where they took Sir Richard Fleetwood and his two sons, with Master Vincent Pyne, and seventy other prisoners, whom they tied together with ropes, and so brought them all into Derby. This House was farre stronger then Ashby de la Zouch, and yet it was taken in a day and two nights, onely by three hundred men, notwithstanding Sir Richard Fleetwoods boasting, that he feared not all the forces of Derbyshire and Staffordshire, if they came against him, and he made no question (relying upon the strength of his house) but he could easily repell them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliament takes Gainsborough

In Lincolnshire on July 21 at 11:18 am

21 Jul 1643 (Fri) || On Sunday there came letters to the close Committee from Lincolneshire, signifying that; that right noble Gentleman, the Lord Willoughby of Parham hath with a party of  the Lincolneshire forces taken in the Town of Gainsbrough by a desperate assault in the night time, forcing upon their Courts of Guard, which was but negligently manned, and entred the Town, without any bloody shed took prisoners about 60. Knights, Gent. & Commanders all men of very good worth, & cheife Agents of the War in those parts prisoners, the Earl of Kingston was also taken there, being a man for estate as considerable as most noblemen in the Kingdom and by the Kings Commission made Generall of all the forces in those parts raised in opposition to the Parliament; who upon the first taking of the Towne, betooke himselfe to his house, where he stood upon his guard for neare upon a whole day after, but was at length forced to surrender himselfe a prisoner to the Lord Willoughby; and they found in his house a great quantity of moneys and rich prize, released 200. of the Parliaments prisoners that were at sundry times taken in Yorkshire, and about Lincolne, tooke about 50. other prisoners in the Towne, and great store of Armes and Ammunition, the Town it selfe if very considerable in divers respects, and through the benefit of the River, will be of great use to us, and a prejudice to the enemy Northwards. All the Prisoners taken there are sent safe to Hull, Boston, and some other places thereabouts.

And for the better defence of the Towne upon notice, that Generall King was gathering all the forces he could about Newarke, to come against the Lord Willoughby at Gainsborough, the Lord Fairefax hath sent a Pinnace thither with 200. Musqueeters, and 8. peece of Ordinance, whereby with the assistance of the Countrey forces that are also joyned with them, the Towne is so well fortified they feare not any attempt of the Popish army, that are comming to besiege them. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Captured Roundway colours taken to Oxford

In Oxford on July 17 at 10:37 am

17 Jul 1643 (Mon) || This day were brought to Towne in testimony of those signall victories, which His Majesties Forces in the west had lately gotten on the Rebels, to the number of 48 Colours and Coronets of Horse, which had been taken at severall times; 19 Brasse Peeces of Ordnance, & 500 Prisoners or thereabouts: the residue of the Prisoners having taken oath not to serve any more against His Majesties, and many of them being entertained in His Majesties Army. And the same day it was advertised, that the Earle of Essex was come backe from Bedfordshire towards Northampton, with very little increase (if any) of his broken forces: a great part of his horse which were sent away to the aid of Waller, partaking of his generall defeate and not yet returned. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Royalist victory at Roundway Down

In Wiltshire on July 15 at 9:42 pm

15 Jul 1643 (Sat) || This was a day of joy, & most happy tidings, from the beginning to the end. Newes came betimes to Towne by Sir Robert Welch who was sent on purpose with that errand, that the Troopes of horse, which His Majesties had designed for the Westerne service, being come on Thursday about foure in the aftenoone, within three miles of the Devises, were met with by the Rebels forces, who lay betwixt them and the Towne, on Roundway-Downe (for so the place is usually called) to hinder them from joyning with the rest of the Army. The fight was first begun betwixt some Regiments of horse on eachside, and carried for a time on both sides with equall successe, But at last the Rebels horse beginning to retreate to the rest of their strength, which lay not farre off on an hill, Waller drew out his Foot, and commanded them to give the on-set; which whilest they repaired to do, the beaten Horse most valiantly fled the field and left the Foot (as usually they doe) unto slaughter, all of which (very few excepted) were either killed or taken Prisoners. Waller himselfe perceiving for the world went with him, followed his fugitive Horse, with as much diligence and speed as could be; and (as ’tis said) got a most terrible fall in his hasty flight, which endangered his life; leaving His Majesties Forces absolute Masters of the field.

And we may clearely say this was a most absolute victory, for His Majesties souldiers totally routed the Rebels Army, slew full 600 of them in the place, tooke above 900 prisoners, tooke All their cannon, being 7 faire brasse peeces, All their ammunition, which was a very great quantity, All their waggons and Baggage, among which one Cart loaden with Manacles (for the Liberty of the Subject) with all the Victuall which that seditious Country had abundantly brought in, Tooke also all their Armes, but what the fugitive Troopers had in their hands also, 28 Colours of foot, 9 Cornets of horse, and left not one Rebell but what was either killed, taken prisoner, or narrowly saved his life by his heels. Waller had formerly at severall times surprized 113 of the Kings souldiers, which 113 were now all releived, together with such other goods and plunder as he heretofore had gained at Malmsbury and Hereford, But that which made the Victory most sweet, was that few of His Majesties souldiers were slaine in this service, and not any of note but that worthy and valiant Gentleman Master Dudly Smith, who made the Rebells pay deare for his life before they had it. What eminent service was done by particular men, I shall not mention, the chiefe Commanders, and such as in this expedition (we are sure) deserved best, being unwilling to be named, as sensible that God Alnighty’s extraordinary mercy wrought this blessing for His Majesty; for this confluence of Rebellious Forces were almost treble to those His Majesty now sent, the Rebels having five Regiments of foot consisting of about 2500, six Regiments of horse containing full 2000, besides 500 dragooners, with 8 peeces of brasse ordnance; the forces sent by His Majestie being but 1500 horse only, with 2 small peeces of Cannon.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Plot to burn Norwich foiled

In Norfolk on July 12 at 9:19 pm

12 Jul 1643 (Wed) || From Norwich they write, that there hath lately been some Conspirators discovered and apprehended, whose designe was to have fired the City in two places, whereof the one was Sir John Hobarts house, and the other was the Countrey prison, and when all was in combustion, then about an 100. horse from Saint Faiths and those parts, joyning themselves with other forces raised about Cunsford and other parts of the City, should have seized upon the Ordnance, and drawne them up to the Castle Hill, to have commanded the whole City and Countrey, for which Conspiracy some are committed to the Gaole. It was through Gods mercy strangely discovered; thus, one Allen of Saint Faiths (who was put upon the Plot by one Master Balden as great Papist in the City) being a prime Conspirator, and shortly intended to have put this blood-fiery Plot in execution, wanting some assistance to put it in action, discovered his intention to a dis-affected Minister thereabouts, desiring his advise and aid therein, who being exceedingly molested in his Conscience at the hearing thereof, could by no means pacifie and quiet it, untill he had discovered the Plot to Sir John Hobart, and so the Conspirators were apprehended, examined and committed, and shall be shortly tried, by a Martiall Commission from the Parliaments Lord Generall, as the London Conspirators have been.¹ || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

¹ The plot is significant, in that Norwich was at the time England’s second biggest city, after London.

Sir John Hotham and his son brought to London

In London, Yorkshire on July 11 at 9:19 pm

11 Jul 1643 (Tue) || Information was given to the Commons, that Sir John Hotham and his son were come from Hull to Tilbury Hope, where the Ship stayes, untill such time as Barges are sent down to fetch them up to London, Sir John writ in a Letter to the Speaker, to desire that he might not be brought thorow the City to the Parliament, but might come privately by water, he being so conscious of his own guiltinesse, that he now fears the reproach of the Londoners, as he did of the Inhabitants of Hull, when he was first apprehended, desiring to be conveyed away privately on Ship-board by a back way from Hull; for had he come thorow the Town, it is verily believed (such was the rage of the Inhabitants against him, then they perceived his treachery) that they would scarce have been withheld from tearing him to pieces.¹

The Commons also received Letters from the Maior and present Governours of Hull, Informing all the particulars in their securing of Hull, and apprehending of Sir John Hotham and his son, and Sir Edward Roades,² upon discovery of an intended designe to betray the Town to the Papists:³ But of this I conceive the whole Kingdom is already fully satisfied.

It was by the said Letterrs further certified, that since the apprehending of Sir John Hotham, the Earl of Newcastle sent a Letter to the Maior of Hull, offering great Rewards, and His Majesties Pardon and Protection, if he would secure the Town, or deliver it up unto him for His Majesties use, against the Parliament: But the Maior returned an Answer, That he scorned to betray the Cause, and Trust reposed in him for the King and Parliament, to a Popish Army, whose courses he saw tended to destruction, both of the King and Parliament.

Touching the late perfidious carriage of Sir John Hotham and his son, the Committee at Hull sent up to the Parliament the Examination upon Oath of a servant of Capt. Hothams, who saith, That he lived with the Captain about twelve yeers, That his Master was a good Master to him; and he speaketh nothing out of ill will or hatred: but being examined upon his Oath, he is willing to discharge his conscience in what he knoweth: And proves it fully, That there hath been a constant intercourse between the Queen, and Sir John Hotham, and his son especially, ever since her coming into those parts; And that Letters and Messages have passed betwixt them, till the very time of their apprehending; And since that Captain Hotham received a Pardon from the Queen, when he was prisoner at Nottingham Castle. And divers other matters proved against them which for the present (I conceive) are not fit to be divulged, and I shall omit to write of.  || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

¹ Sir John had been governor of Hull since the start of the war. The relationship between the Hothams and Parliament – so strong at first that in 1642 Sir John denied the King access to his magazine in the town – had deteriorated to the point that Captain John (his son) was briefly imprisoned by their own side, and Sir John was preparing to defect to the Royalists when he was arrested for suspected treachery and sent with his son to London.
² Rhodes was subsequently released, as no evidence could be found against him.
³ i.e., the Royalists. In an intercepted letter, the King had advised the Earl of Newcastle not to use religion as a recruiting criterion; hence the myth had evolved that he deliberately recruited Catholics, and his was a “Papist” army.