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Posts Tagged ‘religion’

Severe thunderstorm thought to be God’s judgment on the Royalists

In Norfolk on August 4 at 12:07 pm

4 Aug 1643 (Fri) || From Norwich they write, that about a fortnight since, they had a terrible storme of thunder and lightning upon a Wednesday night, the thunder sounding distinctly, as if great peeces of Ordnance had beene shot off, and such a vehement showre of taine, that boates might have floated in the streetes, so withall the lightning struck so thick and full upon the water, that it made some of the watchmen blinde for the time, and that this Tempest was so furious about a mile and a halfe from Norwich, at a place called Eaton-wood neere a famous farmers house, that aboundance of Rookes and Dawes sitting upon the trees, were stricken dead, insomuch that one hundred and eleven of their carcases were found the next morning by the farmers servants, which they gathered up and laid upon an heape, and have beene since viewed by credible persons; some of those fowle had their neckes broken, and others of them had their bones and bodies terribly rent and shattered, and not one drop of bloud was to be seene, either upon the ground, the trees, or their carkases, and that which hath made this Accident the more observable is, that not any profitable creature about the farmers house was so much as touched, or had any harme by this furious Tempest, but that it fell onely upon those ravenous and sharking creatures, that are detrimentall to man; and to his profitable labours upon the earth. What this may presage is yet unknown to many but from the inference we may conjecture, that it may menace Gods Judgment upon the plundring and pillaging Cavaliers, who like Rookes and Dawes live now ravenously by the sweate of honest mens browes.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliamentarians deface “popish” property in Thame

In Oxfordshire, Uncategorized on June 19 at 9:10 pm

19 Jun 1643 (Mon) || From Tame in Oxfordshire by an expresse it is Informed, that his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall, came with his whole Army into the Towne on the 11. of this Instant, where they are to reside untill more forces come in to them: that the Cavaliers were there the same Morning, but fled from thence before they came thither. That on Tuesday last, some hundreds of men came out of the Counties of Buckingham and Hartford to them, and that they expect more forces out of Bedfordshire, which when they arrive, will make them a considerable Army. That some of the Souldiers as soone as they came into the Towne pulled the Crosse downe to the ground, defaced many Popish Images in the Church, brake downe the Organs, and cut down the May-pole; whereat the Townes-men were extreamely inraged, so well had the Cavaliers Instructed them in Popery before their flight from thence. That the Souldiers of his Excellencies owne Regiment are quartered in the Church and Churchyard, and kept out the Greene-Coats, so that they cannot doe what they would in it. That the Cavaliers are also fled from Brill 3. miles from thence, and that they left such an ill favour behind them, which hath so infected the Towne, that the Inhabitants thereof die very fast. And that there came two Trulls from the Cavaliers at Oxford to Tame, to view their Army, and to doe mischiefe in their Campe, but they were discovered, and both of them were tied to a Carts taile and whipt soundly by the Souldiers. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Book of Common Prayer publicly ridiculed in London

In London on June 13 at 11:40 pm

13 Jun 1643 (Tue) || It was advertised from London, that upon Thursday last a party of Horse was sent out of the Citie, who in their returned marched the streets in great pompe and triumph; first, 4 in Buffe-coates, next 4 in Surplices with the Book of Common Prayer in their hands, singing in derision thereof, and tearing it leafe by leafe, and putting every leafe to their Posteriours, with great scorne and laughter, to the exceeding just offence of all honest men: which I should not hastily believe if they had not certified it who saw it done.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonel Cromwell allegedly tortures outspoken priest

In Huntingdonshire on May 7 at 8:30 pm

Sunday 7 May 1643 || It as this day advertised by letters out of Huntingdonshire, that Colonell Cromwell had committed many barbarous outrages in severall parts of that County, robbing and spoyling all men of what sort soever, whom hee was pleased to stile Malignants. And in particular, that having made great havocke there amongst the Orthodoxe Clergie of those parts, hee came at last unto the house of one Master Wilson, an ancient and painfull Minister, whom hee handled in so rough and rude a manner, that a sonne of his being then in the house (who also was in holy orders) was forced (according to his naturall duty) to make intercession for his Father: and amongst other motives, which hee laid before him told Cromwell that the wheele might turne, and he might stand in need of that mercy, which now was in his power to shew. At which Cromwell became so furious and impatient, that hee told him hee would spoyle his Preaching, and presently caused him to be hanged up, and bored his tongue thorow with an hot iron. An act so barbarous, that it may be very well affirmed of these desperate wretches, that they have not onely rebelled against God and the King, but against nature also. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Cromwell raids Peterborough Cathedral

In Cambridgeshire on April 28 at 10:23 pm

28 Apr 1643 (Fri) || It was advertised this day from Peterborough, that Colonell Cromwell had bestowed a visit on that little city, and put them to the charge of his entertainment, plundering a great part thereof to discharge the reckoning, and further that in pursuance of the thorow Reformation, he did most miserably deface the Cathedrall Church, breake downe the Organs, and destroy the glasse windowes, committing many other outrages on the house of God which were not acted by the Gothes in the sack of Rome, and are most commonly forborn by the Turks when they possesse themselves by force of a Christian city. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Colonell Cromwell since his departure from Cambridge, hath spent some time in the County of Huntington in collecting of monies, and gathering up men to encrease his Army, which having in some measure effected, he is departed from thence to Peterborough, where he doth the like, that thereby he may be the better enabled to resist the Newarke Cavaliers, who lately came down into those parts to plunder and pillage the Inhabitants thereabouts, but since his appearance there, they are vanished, and have betaken them to their shelters at Grantham and Belvoir Castle. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Capuchin religious house raided in London

In London on April 3 at 6:28 pm

3 Apr 1643 (Mon) || It is also certified, that upon thursday last Mr. Martyn, Sir John Clotworthy, Bond and Goodyer, by order of the House of Commons, came unto Somerset-house, to deface all Popish and idolatrous pictures, and to seize the Capuchines: that comming to the House about one of the clocke they sent to Mr. Browne (the House keeper) commanding him to open all the passages of the House, and assist them in the execution of the Order; which being denied, they beset all the passages of the House with armed men of the trained bands, that attended that day on the Parliament; that having broken open a backe doore into the Chappell, they had spent all the afternoone, the whole night, and a great part of the following day in this worthy search, cutting some copes in pieces, and defacing some few images of lesse value, which they chanced to meet with: that the Capuchines being warned by some former Alarmes, had conveyed thence all their costliest furnitures, though there was left enough too (as being against a festivall time) to move the zeale and indiscretion of these great Reformers: that finding little of what they sought for in open sight, they searched the leads, and digged the bottome of the vaults, to the very dead; hoping they might discover somewhat which would serve to excuse this breach with France, and disrespect of her Majesty: that having failed of this hope, they seized on three of the Capuchines (two of them at that time being abroad, and so out of danger) and two lay-brothers, whom they committed to the custodie of Alderman Andrewes one of the Shriffes [Shrieves] of the Citie; and that since, order hath been taken to send them in the Arch-Bishop of Canterburies Barge to Gravesend, where they must be delivered to the Earle of Warwicke, and so shipped for France. And it was certified withall, that the Lords hearing of their purpose, had sent to have a Conference, to give their reasons for the stay of such harsh proceedings; but that in the Interim those of the faction taking the advantage of a thin house (there being but 60 in all present) carried it by a major part, and forthwith put the same in execution, to the great dishonour and contempt of the upper House; and made an Order to confine Browne, and bind him to attend their pleasure, for no other reason, but because he was an honest man, and would not willingly betray the trust reposed in him. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

“Popish” items from Somerset House burned

In London on March 31 at 6:30 pm

31 Mar 1643 (Fri) || This day, the Images and Popish pictures that were found in Somersethouse and the Chappell thereof, were all burnt and utterly destroyed, together with all the Jesuiticall papers and bookes that could be found there, and the costly hangings in the Chappell were also totally defaced and spoiled, to the end that no signe or character of Popery might remaine there. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

A summary of the military situation in Yorkshire

In Yorkshire on March 27 at 11:01 am

27 Mar 1643 (Mon) || Out of Yorkeshire it is informed, that the Earle of Newcastle hath (as it is conjectured by some that have beene at Yorke) neere 10000. men, the greater part of them being unarmed, and they are such as were forced to come to him out of the East and North Ridings, where his partie forcibly take horse, as well as men. The said Earle hath Stamford-Bridge, which Towne he hath well manned, he hath also New-Malton, and Birdlington [sic], where the Queene landed; in both which he hath Garrisons of Souldiers, onely Sir Hugh Cholmeley keepeth Scarborough, against whom the Earle hath sent some of his forces to drive him from thence, but Sir Hugh is strong enough there to defend himselfe. At Pontefract the Earle hath 160. Souldiers, who keepe the Castle there; but Sir William Fairefaxe went thither with seven Colours, and a Troope of Horse to force it, hee hath cut off the fresh water from the said Castle, and taken away the chaine and posts that were set up to defend that Towne.

As for the Lord Fairefaxe, he Quarters at Selby and Cawood Castle, with 3000. men; at Tadcaster he hath 1500. Souldiers to guard that Towne against all excursions from Yorke. At Leedes he hath a thousand armed men to defend that place; at Ferrybrigge he hath two Companies of foote; at Bradforth and Hallifaxe lie three hundred of his Souldiers to secure those places: at Sheafield he hath a thousand lusty men, and at Wakefield those forces were Quartered, that went with Sir William Fairefaxe to reduce Pontefract Castle and he hath as many Clubmen in the West Riding as can be desired. This is an exact account of the present forces on both sides in the County of Yorke. But withall, it is lately rumored, that many Protestants of the East and North Ridings, have deserted the Earles partie there, because the Queene would have a new Popish Standard carried in the front of the Army, which they utterly disliking, because all Papall power hath long since been banished out of this Kingdome by sundry Acts of Parliament, are fallen off from her cause, and either retired to their homes, or to the Lord Fairefaxe. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Newark Royalists resist attack

In Nottinghamshire on March 3 at 9:30 am

3 March 1642/3 (Fri) || This day newes came of the successe the Rebels had at Newarke upon Trent, who finding how great an obstacle it was unto their proceedings, resolved to set their rest upon it, and to beleaguer it on every side. And to that end the Earle of Lincolne, the Lord Willoughby of Parham, and Colonell Ballard, with the main body of their Forces out of Lincolnshire, and Gell with his rebellious rout (being frighted from his intended meeting with Sir William Brereton, as before was noted) comming out of Darbyshire, sate downe before the Towne upon Munday last, the whole number of their Forces amounting to 6000 men, and those well strengthned and secured by ten peeces of Ordinance: But contrary to what they looked for, Colonell Henderson the Governour of the Towne did so order his matters, that after they had in vaine attempted to force their entrances, (though in the Town they had no Ordinance to keepe them off) they were faine to leave the enterprise, and defend themselves; being so hotly charged by the Garrison Souldiers, that they retreated in great haste, and at great disorder, leaving 200 of their fellowes dead behind them, and foure of their ten Peeces of Ordinance, to serve as a memoriall of their overthroe. Of these foure Peeces of Ordinance the purposely broke one, that it might not be of any use unto the Victors; the other three were brought into the Towne, and came most opportunely to make good their workes. There were also 60 of the Enemies taken Prisoners, and amongst them some French Papists, who served under the command, and for the pay of the two Houses of Parliament. By which it seemes that Popish forces may be used in defence of the Protestant Religion, if they serve on that side for their wages; though onely for the bringing in of Popery, if they serve the King out of the conscience of their dutie. And ’twas observable withall, that in so speciall a piece of service, there was but one killed of the King’s good subjects, and that by accident. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Siege at Newark was both short and quickly raised, for indeed the Lincolnshire Trained bands of the foote ran away like Cowards, the Horse maintained it manfully, and particularly Sergeant Major Griffeth (otherwise called Prince Griffith) with his Troope made good the retreate of the valiant Gentleman, Sir John Gell, who with his Forces went on in the Forlorne Hope, beate the Cavaliers out of their Workes, and gained part of the Towne, but by reason of the Lincolnshire foot cowardly failing to second him, he was constrained to retreate, with the losse of two Drakes; The Lord Willoughby exprest much valour there; Its said the Lincolneshire men wil come on again; there was much fault in the losse of the first design, and there was a Commander they say much too blame. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer

Collings condemns “libellous, false, and infamous” Royalist pamphlet

In ECW editor's comment, London on January 4 at 8:10 pm

4 Jan 164/3 (Wed) – delayed report from Tuesday 3 Jan || The last thing fitting for the Kingdome to take notice of in this weeks intelligence¹ is, of a Pamphlet, entituled, A Complaint to both Houses of Parliament, &c.² published in Print by scattering them in the streets, in Westminster-hall, Pauls Churchyard, & Westminster Abbey, which is stuffed with insufferable language, full of falsities, and of bitternesse and railing against the Parliament, and desires the people to take up Arms to destroy the Parliament, calling the Parliament a Corporation of Projectors. In some places of that Pamphlet are these expressions, That the people about London and Westminster are resolved to put their resolutions in practice, that the things (mentioned in the pamphlet) may be suddenly done, and this Parliament dissolved, for they are resolved to defend themselves by Arms, and make use of what is next. And concludes with a desire to the people of all the Counties of England to assist them with life and fortune against the proceedings of the Parliament.

The thing observable upon the publishing of this Pamphlet is the secret way of divulging it on Saturday, the last of December, and of the publique disposing of it from one Malignant to another, then the Apprentices of the Malignants in the City setting up Bills on Sunday the day after, upon Posts, desiring their fellowes to meet on Munday morning in Coven Garden, where this dangerous Pamphlet was much applauded by them, at last they agreed for this time to come in a civill manner to the Lords with a Petition, which they did accordingly, being in number about 1000 their expectation was of 20000. (but they failed) and offered no affront; onely in their returne they laid hold of the Lord Say in his Coach, and demanded of his Lordship to deliver unto them their masters that were in prison, or they would fetch them out and break open the prison doors: And it is most certaine the designe is by the malignants of the City and suburbs, Prisoners out, and they they will get Commanders sufficient to instruct them in their resolved way of taking up Arms against the Parl.

One notorious falshood (among the rest) in that Pamphlet is in these words, That God he thanked our Papists and Jesuits pull in their heads, &c. By this any man may perceive the impudency of the Author, for who are so much in request at Court as the Papists? Is there no one Army of Papists already raised in the North by the great Seale of England?³ Is there not a Commission under the great Seale of England likewise granted to the Marquesse of Worcester to raise an Army, to whom all the Papists of the West are to flock? Doe the Papists then pull in their heads, when they are so impudent to being ove a Catholique Standard to be carryed in the head of the Northern popish Army? Doth the papists pull in their heads, when the Lo: Goring (more puffed up with vanity than Religion) is gone into France to raise Catholique Souldiers there to guard her Majesty over into England?

This pamphlet is condemned to be burnt by the hand of the Hangman, and that enquiry be made of the names of all the Malignants that have published this pamphlet: And for the present some Stationers that published the same, are committed to prison to be made examples of for divulging such a libellous, false, and infamous Booke. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

——
¹ Collings’ paper ran from Tuesday to Tuesday
² A Royalist pamphlet; the full and correct title was A complaint to the House of Commons, And Resolution taken up by the free Protestant Subjects of the cities of London and Westminster and the Counties adjacent. It was originally published at York and Oxford in 1642.
³ Referring to the army raised by the Earl of Newcastle. The repeated Parliamentarian claims that it was a “Catholic” army were based on the King’s encouraging Newcastle to accept both Protestants and Catholics into its ranks.