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Posts Tagged ‘religion’

Book of Common Prayer publicly ridiculed in London

In London on June 13 at 11:40 pm

13 Jun 1643 (Tue) || It was advertised from London, that upon Thursday last a party of Horse was sent out of the Citie, who in their returned marched the streets in great pompe and triumph; first, 4 in Buffe-coates, next 4 in Surplices with the Book of Common Prayer in their hands, singing in derision thereof, and tearing it leafe by leafe, and putting every leafe to their Posteriours, with great scorne and laughter, to the exceeding just offence of all honest men: which I should not hastily believe if they had not certified it who saw it done.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Colonel Cromwell allegedly tortures outspoken priest

In Huntingdonshire on May 7 at 8:30 pm

Sunday 7 May 1643 || It as this day advertised by letters out of Huntingdonshire, that Colonell Cromwell had committed many barbarous outrages in severall parts of that County, robbing and spoyling all men of what sort soever, whom hee was pleased to stile Malignants. And in particular, that having made great havocke there amongst the Orthodoxe Clergie of those parts, hee came at last unto the house of one Master Wilson, an ancient and painfull Minister, whom hee handled in so rough and rude a manner, that a sonne of his being then in the house (who also was in holy orders) was forced (according to his naturall duty) to make intercession for his Father: and amongst other motives, which hee laid before him told Cromwell that the wheele might turne, and he might stand in need of that mercy, which now was in his power to shew. At which Cromwell became so furious and impatient, that hee told him hee would spoyle his Preaching, and presently caused him to be hanged up, and bored his tongue thorow with an hot iron. An act so barbarous, that it may be very well affirmed of these desperate wretches, that they have not onely rebelled against God and the King, but against nature also. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Capuchin religious house raided in London

In London on April 3 at 6:28 pm

3 Apr 1643 (Mon) || It is also certified, that upon thursday last Mr. Martyn, Sir John Clotworthy, Bond and Goodyer, by order of the House of Commons, came unto Somerset-house, to deface all Popish and idolatrous pictures, and to seize the Capuchines: that comming to the House about one of the clocke they sent to Mr. Browne (the House keeper) commanding him to open all the passages of the House, and assist them in the execution of the Order; which being denied, they beset all the passages of the House with armed men of the trained bands, that attended that day on the Parliament; that having broken open a backe doore into the Chappell, they had spent all the afternoone, the whole night, and a great part of the following day in this worthy search, cutting some copes in pieces, and defacing some few images of lesse value, which they chanced to meet with: that the Capuchines being warned by some former Alarmes, had conveyed thence all their costliest furnitures, though there was left enough too (as being against a festivall time) to move the zeale and indiscretion of these great Reformers: that finding little of what they sought for in open sight, they searched the leads, and digged the bottome of the vaults, to the very dead; hoping they might discover somewhat which would serve to excuse this breach with France, and disrespect of her Majesty: that having failed of this hope, they seized on three of the Capuchines (two of them at that time being abroad, and so out of danger) and two lay-brothers, whom they committed to the custodie of Alderman Andrewes one of the Shriffes [Shrieves] of the Citie; and that since, order hath been taken to send them in the Arch-Bishop of Canterburies Barge to Gravesend, where they must be delivered to the Earle of Warwicke, and so shipped for France. And it was certified withall, that the Lords hearing of their purpose, had sent to have a Conference, to give their reasons for the stay of such harsh proceedings; but that in the Interim those of the faction taking the advantage of a thin house (there being but 60 in all present) carried it by a major part, and forthwith put the same in execution, to the great dishonour and contempt of the upper House; and made an Order to confine Browne, and bind him to attend their pleasure, for no other reason, but because he was an honest man, and would not willingly betray the trust reposed in him. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

“Popish” items from Somerset House burned

In London on March 31 at 6:30 pm

31 Mar 1643 (Fri) || This day, the Images and Popish pictures that were found in Somersethouse and the Chappell thereof, were all burnt and utterly destroyed, together with all the Jesuiticall papers and bookes that could be found there, and the costly hangings in the Chappell were also totally defaced and spoiled, to the end that no signe or character of Popery might remaine there. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

A summary of the military situation in Yorkshire

In Yorkshire on March 27 at 11:01 am

27 Mar 1643 (Mon) || Out of Yorkeshire it is informed, that the Earle of Newcastle hath (as it is conjectured by some that have beene at Yorke) neere 10000. men, the greater part of them being unarmed, and they are such as were forced to come to him out of the East and North Ridings, where his partie forcibly take horse, as well as men. The said Earle hath Stamford-Bridge, which Towne he hath well manned, he hath also New-Malton, and Birdlington [sic], where the Queene landed; in both which he hath Garrisons of Souldiers, onely Sir Hugh Cholmeley keepeth Scarborough, against whom the Earle hath sent some of his forces to drive him from thence, but Sir Hugh is strong enough there to defend himselfe. At Pontefract the Earle hath 160. Souldiers, who keepe the Castle there; but Sir William Fairefaxe went thither with seven Colours, and a Troope of Horse to force it, hee hath cut off the fresh water from the said Castle, and taken away the chaine and posts that were set up to defend that Towne.

As for the Lord Fairefaxe, he Quarters at Selby and Cawood Castle, with 3000. men; at Tadcaster he hath 1500. Souldiers to guard that Towne against all excursions from Yorke. At Leedes he hath a thousand armed men to defend that place; at Ferrybrigge he hath two Companies of foote; at Bradforth and Hallifaxe lie three hundred of his Souldiers to secure those places: at Sheafield he hath a thousand lusty men, and at Wakefield those forces were Quartered, that went with Sir William Fairefaxe to reduce Pontefract Castle and he hath as many Clubmen in the West Riding as can be desired. This is an exact account of the present forces on both sides in the County of Yorke. But withall, it is lately rumored, that many Protestants of the East and North Ridings, have deserted the Earles partie there, because the Queene would have a new Popish Standard carried in the front of the Army, which they utterly disliking, because all Papall power hath long since been banished out of this Kingdome by sundry Acts of Parliament, are fallen off from her cause, and either retired to their homes, or to the Lord Fairefaxe. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Newark Royalists resist attack

In Nottinghamshire on March 3 at 9:30 am

3 March 1642/3 (Fri) || This day newes came of the successe the Rebels had at Newarke upon Trent, who finding how great an obstacle it was unto their proceedings, resolved to set their rest upon it, and to beleaguer it on every side. And to that end the Earle of Lincolne, the Lord Willoughby of Parham, and Colonell Ballard, with the main body of their Forces out of Lincolnshire, and Gell with his rebellious rout (being frighted from his intended meeting with Sir William Brereton, as before was noted) comming out of Darbyshire, sate downe before the Towne upon Munday last, the whole number of their Forces amounting to 6000 men, and those well strengthned and secured by ten peeces of Ordinance: But contrary to what they looked for, Colonell Henderson the Governour of the Towne did so order his matters, that after they had in vaine attempted to force their entrances, (though in the Town they had no Ordinance to keepe them off) they were faine to leave the enterprise, and defend themselves; being so hotly charged by the Garrison Souldiers, that they retreated in great haste, and at great disorder, leaving 200 of their fellowes dead behind them, and foure of their ten Peeces of Ordinance, to serve as a memoriall of their overthroe. Of these foure Peeces of Ordinance the purposely broke one, that it might not be of any use unto the Victors; the other three were brought into the Towne, and came most opportunely to make good their workes. There were also 60 of the Enemies taken Prisoners, and amongst them some French Papists, who served under the command, and for the pay of the two Houses of Parliament. By which it seemes that Popish forces may be used in defence of the Protestant Religion, if they serve on that side for their wages; though onely for the bringing in of Popery, if they serve the King out of the conscience of their dutie. And ’twas observable withall, that in so speciall a piece of service, there was but one killed of the King’s good subjects, and that by accident. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Siege at Newark was both short and quickly raised, for indeed the Lincolnshire Trained bands of the foote ran away like Cowards, the Horse maintained it manfully, and particularly Sergeant Major Griffeth (otherwise called Prince Griffith) with his Troope made good the retreate of the valiant Gentleman, Sir John Gell, who with his Forces went on in the Forlorne Hope, beate the Cavaliers out of their Workes, and gained part of the Towne, but by reason of the Lincolnshire foot cowardly failing to second him, he was constrained to retreate, with the losse of two Drakes; The Lord Willoughby exprest much valour there; Its said the Lincolneshire men wil come on again; there was much fault in the losse of the first design, and there was a Commander they say much too blame. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer

Collings condemns “libellous, false, and infamous” Royalist pamphlet

In ECW editor's comment, London on January 4 at 8:10 pm

4 Jan 164/3 (Wed) – delayed report from Tuesday 3 Jan || The last thing fitting for the Kingdome to take notice of in this weeks intelligence¹ is, of a Pamphlet, entituled, A Complaint to both Houses of Parliament, &c.² published in Print by scattering them in the streets, in Westminster-hall, Pauls Churchyard, & Westminster Abbey, which is stuffed with insufferable language, full of falsities, and of bitternesse and railing against the Parliament, and desires the people to take up Arms to destroy the Parliament, calling the Parliament a Corporation of Projectors. In some places of that Pamphlet are these expressions, That the people about London and Westminster are resolved to put their resolutions in practice, that the things (mentioned in the pamphlet) may be suddenly done, and this Parliament dissolved, for they are resolved to defend themselves by Arms, and make use of what is next. And concludes with a desire to the people of all the Counties of England to assist them with life and fortune against the proceedings of the Parliament.

The thing observable upon the publishing of this Pamphlet is the secret way of divulging it on Saturday, the last of December, and of the publique disposing of it from one Malignant to another, then the Apprentices of the Malignants in the City setting up Bills on Sunday the day after, upon Posts, desiring their fellowes to meet on Munday morning in Coven Garden, where this dangerous Pamphlet was much applauded by them, at last they agreed for this time to come in a civill manner to the Lords with a Petition, which they did accordingly, being in number about 1000 their expectation was of 20000. (but they failed) and offered no affront; onely in their returne they laid hold of the Lord Say in his Coach, and demanded of his Lordship to deliver unto them their masters that were in prison, or they would fetch them out and break open the prison doors: And it is most certaine the designe is by the malignants of the City and suburbs, Prisoners out, and they they will get Commanders sufficient to instruct them in their resolved way of taking up Arms against the Parl.

One notorious falshood (among the rest) in that Pamphlet is in these words, That God he thanked our Papists and Jesuits pull in their heads, &c. By this any man may perceive the impudency of the Author, for who are so much in request at Court as the Papists? Is there no one Army of Papists already raised in the North by the great Seale of England?³ Is there not a Commission under the great Seale of England likewise granted to the Marquesse of Worcester to raise an Army, to whom all the Papists of the West are to flock? Doe the Papists then pull in their heads, when they are so impudent to being ove a Catholique Standard to be carryed in the head of the Northern popish Army? Doth the papists pull in their heads, when the Lo: Goring (more puffed up with vanity than Religion) is gone into France to raise Catholique Souldiers there to guard her Majesty over into England?

This pamphlet is condemned to be burnt by the hand of the Hangman, and that enquiry be made of the names of all the Malignants that have published this pamphlet: And for the present some Stationers that published the same, are committed to prison to be made examples of for divulging such a libellous, false, and infamous Booke. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

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¹ Collings’ paper ran from Tuesday to Tuesday
² A Royalist pamphlet; the full and correct title was A complaint to the House of Commons, And Resolution taken up by the free Protestant Subjects of the cities of London and Westminster and the Counties adjacent. It was originally published at York and Oxford in 1642.
³ Referring to the army raised by the Earl of Newcastle. The repeated Parliamentarian claims that it was a “Catholic” army were based on the King’s encouraging Newcastle to accept both Protestants and Catholics into its ranks.

Letters from Holland

In Foreign News on December 16 at 5:24 pm

16 Dec 1642 (Fri) || Divers Letters that were lately brought out of Holland, were intercepted in Kent and sent to the Parliament, one of them was from the Queene which was written in a new and strange character, the sence whereof is not yet found out, another was from the Lord Goring, wherein he certifieth, that Colonel Goring his Sonne was gone to Newcastle with many brave Commanders, and that the Queene intended to goe into France now the old Cardinall is dead, where she hopeth so to compose businesses as to make Peace between France and Spaine, and then things would goe well not only in Ireland, but also in England according to their desires. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

There came also Letters to the Commons from Rotterdam in Holland, dated the sixteenth present July, intimating that there is great store of Armes Ammunition and money sent daily to Newcastle, there being now free recourse of shipping without any let, that the Queene stayes there by reason of some Letters from his Majesty advising her so, for that the King was upon an Accommodation with his Parliament (as they pretended) That Colonell Goring (who is to be Generall of the Kings Horse) Mr. [William] Crofts, [Sir Henry] Slingsby, Brett, and some others have tooke Shipping for Newcastle, that there is 400. Officers, 400. Horse sending thither, and a 1000. more to follow, and the Queenes Standard: That the Prince of Orange hath raised 16000 pound amongst the Papists in those parts to be also sent hither.

The House of Commons had a great debate concerning the said letters, and also taking into consideration the great designes of the Papists in those parts, they agreed upon these ensuing Votes.

1. That the designe of the army of the army raised here against the Parliament is to destroy the Protestant Religion, to roote out protestants, and to bring in Popery into this Kingdome.

2. That the persons of all Papists and other dangerous Recusants within this Kingdome be forthwith secured, and their estates sequestred.

3. That the Committees in London and Middlesex for the assessing of Malignants do forthwith secure all the Papists in their liberties.

4. That if any Colonell or other Officer in Scotland shall contract with the Parliaments agents in that Kingdome for the bringing in of any force into Yorkshire against the Earle of Newcastles army of Papists it shall be accepted of.

5. That the Earle of Warwick bee desired to send some ships to guard the seas betweene Holland and Newcastle, to prevent the bringing of suppyles from thence. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

The military situation in Sussex

In Military News, Sussex on December 8 at 3:07 am

8 Dec 1642 || Bellona begins now to act her part of Warre upon the Sussex Stage; there are very great preparations in Lewes to advance for and regaine the City of Chichester, surprized for the Cavalliers by a treacherous plot of the new Sheriffe,³ Papists and malignant faction of the three Westerne Rapes in that County:¹ they threatned presently upon their good successe to plunder the Towne of Lewes if they resisted the execution of their Commission of Array; but the trained bands getting in suddenly to relieve it, made them to desist; yet they came so neere as to get possession of Bramber-bridge (the onely passage betweene the Eastern and the Western Rapes) which they guarded for ten dayes, but now have deserted it, and cry Peccavi,² and have since wrot Letters to excuse the Passages and to desire an Accomodation, which came from the Earle of Tenet; but this was since they heard of Mr. Stapleyes and Mr. Morleys Commission granted for the raising of Forces to expell them. Sir Michael Levesey and Mr. Temple are come into Lewes with a brave Troop of 200. lusty men out of Kent, and Mr. Morley is arrived there with his Troopes of above 200. more, with brave Commanders from London, whereof some are Scottish men. Their neighbour Papists have been searched and all their idolatrous Reliques broken downe and brought in Triumph into that Towne; so that you might have beene sprinkled there with Holy-water for nothing: and this Weeke they were to march towards Chichester.

It is further informed out of that County that Mr. Stapeley is somewhat ill in body, and thereupon hath sent his Commission to Mr. Morley, and given up to him his Command, whereby the worke is much hindred, and things out of order; that the Sheriffe is much affraid and if matters were composed amongst them, he might soone [be] driven out, or taken; that Sir Michael Levesey and Mr. Morley are very couragious, and so are all their Souldiers, and that they would faine be doing, but cannot, because they want ample directions from the Parliament. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

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¹ A rape was an administrative district: Sussex was formerly divided into six of these.
² Peccavi is Latin for “I have sinned”.
³ Sir Edward Ford

Parliament denies courting the Catholics

In Uncategorized on December 8 at 2:45 am

8 Dec 1642 (Thu) || The Commons [spent] a great part of the day in agreeing upon a declaration which Master [Sir John] Glinn brought into the House in answere to a declaration of his Majesties of the twentie third of November concerning the fight at Kingston and the entertaining of Papists in either Army, the Commons in a very excellent manner clearing that aspersion cast upon them of their entertaining of Papists or making private promises to repeale the Acts against them; proving it very substancially by sundry Popish letters intercepted and brought to the Parliament that the Papists have a great part in the Kings Army, and one a noted Papist writeth that the Pope beginns now to rule in peace in England, also proving that the King grants power contrary to Lawe to Papists to Arme themselves, and the Earle of Worcester¹ and Lord Herbert his sonn two knowne Papists have raised forces by Commission from his Majesty and to the Earle of Newcastle the Commissions to raise Papists and divers others, besides sundry of the cruell and blood-thirsty Irish Papists in actuall Rebellion there that are now with the Kings Army, and for that the King saith the Parliament would take away the Common Prayer they do declare, as formerly they have done that they have no such thought, but onely to purge it of such errors are offensive to tender consciences, which Declaration is to the Lords for their assent. || Samuel PeckeA Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

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¹ Henry Somerset. In fact he had been created 1st Marquess of Worcester only a few days before this report, on Nov 2.