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Posts Tagged ‘riots’

More details behind women’s petition riot emerge

In London on August 14 at 2:36 pm

14 Aug 1643 (Mon) || On Saterday last there was one Mistris Jorden a Citizen brought a Petition o the House of Commons, desireing leave to go into Holland, for that she went in great Jeopardy of her life here amongst her own Neighbours, in that she refused to joyn with them in their tumultuous rising against the Parliament on the Wednesday before, and being examined before the whole house, touching that tumult she declared at the Commons Barr, that she heard one Master Knowles in Chancery lane affirme, that many of the Women had been with a great Earle in this Kingdome, (whom that night or the next morning with some others in companie made escape from the Parliament and (as tis thought) gone to Oxford) who encouraged them in that tumultuous manner to come downe to the Parliament under pretence for peace, and told them that all the Lords but the Lord Say were for the Propositions for peace, and so also all of the House of Commons except foure or five, and that if they came downe in that manner but 3. or 4. dayes together these propositions for peace would passe the Houses and they would then have peace, but a very strange peace it would have beene certainely, when after the profuse expence of so much blood as hath beene spent in this warre, wee shall be left in a worse condition then we were at first, and surrender up all to the bare will and pleasure of his Majesty, or rather of his seducing Counsellors without any provision made for the securing of our Religion, Lawes, or Liberties otherwise then in such manner as His Majesty shall approve of, or give consent[;] which information of Mistris Jordans the Commons referred to a Committee throughly to examine the whole businesse, which Committee had appointed to sit on monday following about it, but on Monday the first thing we heard on, was that the said great Earle concerned in that businesse was escaped from the Parliament as aforesaid.

And since that wee understand from Windsor, that the Earle of Holland, Earle of Bedford, Lord Lovelace and Lord Conway are all gone to His Majesty; that some of the Souldiers at Windsor persued them to Marlow, where they found the Earle of Holland at his Daughter the Lady Pagetts House, but had so stronge a guard upon the House, they could doe no good with so small a force, and retreated backe to Windsor for more ayde, in the meane time the Earle went for Oxford, but Colonell Ven hath mett with some of Trunkes that were going after him, wherein doubtlesse there is some good booty.  || A continuation Of certain Speciall and Remarkable passages (P)

Women’s petition presentation dissolves into riot

In London on August 10 at 8:40 pm

10 Aug 1643 (Thu) || In regard that various reports do goe abroad, concerning the womens coming to Westminster to the Parliament House, on Wednesday last, to Petition for Peace, and that they were some wounded and some slaine (onely Petitioning for Peace, as the Malignants report and give out, and disperse their letters into all parts to that purpose, to incence the people against the Parliament) I shall relate the whole matter as neere as I can (which is like to be the last intelligence will be given, in regard we shall by the next weeke be drawne into the field to attend Martiall affairs.)¹ On Munday the Lord Major, Aldermen and Common Councell came with a Petition to the Parliament, shewing their great feares, that if the Propositions sent downe from the Lords (wherein no one Clause was to bring to Justice any one Papist or Delinquent, that have stirred the King up to this unnaturall Warre against the Parliament) should be yeilded unto, it would be destructive to our Religion, Lawes and Liberties … This Petition was likewise accompanied (contrary to the desire of the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and Common Councell, the Representative body of the City) with at least a thousand of the meaner sort of Citizens, who came in a civill manner, without any weapons, and departed assoone as the Parliament declared a dislike of their coming; […] The Malignants upon this consulted what to doe, to worke their ends, by possessing the people, the Parliament was against Peace […] to operate with them, to act violence, upon The Notion, the Parliament is against Peace, to bring their ends to passe: They that Munday night (though the Plot was laid before in Tompkins designe)² put on those women that were Ring-leaders of the crew, to get such women in and about the City of London and Suburbs, as were desirous of Peace (as they pretended) to come to the Parliament house to cry for Peace, which was to the women (nay to all Christians ought to be) a pleasing thing, and thereupon some out of an earnest desire for Peace, others out of the designe, came on Tuesday to Westminster, with white silke Ribbands in their hats, and cryed for Peace, Committed no great disorder, but when their saw their own time, went home againe:

The next day they came againe, neither the Parliament, nor City giving any order to the Trained bands to hinder them, least it should be reported they would hinder any for coming to Petition for Peace; and some in name of the rest came & delivered their Petition, entituled, the humble Petition of Many Civilly-disposed Women, (though their actions were quite contrary) which Petition the House of Commons received and read the same (there being little exception to be taken unto it) and sent them out Sir John Hepsley, and four or five more, to returne them an answer, satisfactory enough, if they had beene reasonable Creatures; but they were so farre from being satisfied with it, that Sir John Hepsley and the rest received such course usage from them, that they desired no more of such imployment: By twelve a clocke these women increased to the number of five or six thousand at least, besides the men Malignants that were amongst them, who clapt them on their backes and bid them not to be afraid, but to go on (notwithstanding their Petition) to the House of Commons doore, and cry for Peace: And accordingly they came againe to the doore of the House at the upper staires head, and assoone as they were past a part of the Trained Band that usually stood Centinell there, they thrust them downe by the head and shoulders, and would suffer none to come in or out of the Parliament house for two hours together, the trayned Band advised them to come downe, and pulled them, for this they cared not, crying nothing but powder, and having Brickbats in the yards, threw them very fast at the trained Bands, and disarmed some of them, which some beggarly fellows whom the Malignants had caused to come to assist the women, seeing their courage, threw stones also at the trained souldiers, whereupon they were forced to shoot bullets in their owne defence, and killed a Ballad-singer with one arme, for you must know (except some few women) these women were for the most part, Whores, Bawdes, Oyster-women, Kitchen-stuffe women, Beggar women, and the very scum of the Suburbs, besides abundance of Irish women: There was likewise a poore man slaine who came accidentally; notwithstanding this example, these women were not any whit scared or ashamed of their incivilities, but cryed out so much the more, even at the doore of the house of Commons, Give us these Traytors that are against peace, that we may teare them in pieces, Give us Pym in the first place[;] they were perswaded to forbeare to use such language of the Parliament and to depart, but they cryed out so much the more; all this while the Parliament was in a manner Prisoners, the guard could not in two houres make way to the House, to bring them downe, being loath to offer violence to women, at last ten Troopers (some of them Cornets) came to passe by the women, who had their Colours in their hats, which the women seeing, made 2 of them take their Ribbands out of their hats[;] not contented with that, they offered to do the like to the rest, & laid violent hands upon them, whereupon, they drew their Swords, and laid on some of them with their Swords flat-wayes for a good space, which they regarded not, but enclosed them, upon this they then cut them on the face and hands, and one woman lost her nose, whom they say is since dead[;] as soon as the rest of the women saw blood once drawne, they ran away from the Parliament House, and dispersed themselves in smaller numbers, into the Church-yards, Pallace, and other places; and about an houre after the House was up, a Troope of horse came, and cudgelled such as staid, with their Kanes, and dispersed them, and unhappily a maid servant, that had nothing to do with the Tumult, but passing through the Church-yard (which may be a warning to people to keep out of unlawfull Assemblies) was shot; the Malignants say, it was done by a Trooper that rid up to her, and shot her purposely, others say it went off by mischance, which way soever it was done, it was unfortunate, but the man was immediatly sent to prison to the Gatehouse, and is to be tryed for the fact;

Divers people going amongst the women, asked them who put them on to this businesse, they said they were at such a Lords House, and he bid them go to the house of Commons, for they were against Peace[;] others said, they had those to countenance them, in this businesse, that would not desert them; being asked where they got so many hundred yards of silke Ribbin to wear in their hats, some said at the Lady Brunckhards house in Westminster, others that [it] came from the otherside of the water, had some at a Ladies house in Southwarke, and so others at other Ladies houses in other parts of the Suburbs: The parties that appeared openly to countenance them: were Sergeant Francis, who is sent to the Lord Generall to be tried by a Counsell of War, another was one Master Pulford whom the Parliament hath likewise committed, upon Information of his countenancing these women, at the house of Commons doore: this is the true Relation of the whole businesse in effect, which no Malignant can deny; and let the world judge if there were any possibility (all faire meanes taking no effect) to appease these Tumults without mischiefe. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer (P)

¹ Collings was a soldier; the Intelligencer was silent for three months, reappearing in November.
² Nathaniel Tomkins, a ring-leader in “Waller’s Plot”, a plan to deliver the City of London to the King; the plot was discovered in May, and Tomkins executed in July.

Parliament permits use of lethal force against Kent rebels

In Kent on July 22 at 6:03 pm

22 Jul 1643 (Sat) || The House by letters from Kent, having futher notice, that the insurrection there is no whit appeased, notwithstanding the Declaration sent by Sir Henry Vane, and that they refuse to lay down their Armes, to the great terrour of the Countrey, who besides the forces sent downe with Collonell Browne, have raised the Militia of the Country to suppresse them, but want an absolute Commission to fight with them as Enemies, which power also Colonell Browne upon his first sending forth was restrayned of, but now the House upon serious consideration of the businesse, and the great perrill that may befall, not onely that County, but the whole Kingdom through that insurrecton, if not the sooner supprest.

They have now given full power to Colonell Browne and the other forces, to use all wayes and meanes to disperse  the said tumult, and in case of opposition to fight with, kill, and slay them, as Enemies to the state, and disturbers of the peace of the Kingdome.

And at a conference of both Houses this afternoone, there was an Ordinance passed to be immediately sent into Kent for the suppressing of the insorection there, to the effect aforesaid. || A Perfect Diurnall Of Some Passages In Parliament (P)

More from Kent: the rioters’ demands, Parliament’s response

In Kent, London on July 20 at 10:59 am

20 Jul 1643 (Thu) || The Intelligence from Kent was, that the Kentish Malignants did still continue in their hostile and Rebellious posture (as you heard before) and (as some informed) there were neer 6000. of them were gathered together at Seveoke, Alford, and other places, those at Alford being about 2000. have planted 2. Peeces of Ordnance upon Alford-bridge, and the rest have some other Iron-peeces which gives us the more occasion to beleeve that this fine designe also was long since contrived at Oxford, which doth the more palpably appear by their peremptorie and triviall demands… || The Speciall Passages Continued (P)

The Insurrection of the Kentish Malignants was more fully represented to the House this day upon the returne of Sir Henry Vane, that came from thence yesterday, whereby it appeared that their number is increased to about 2000. but very few of them Armed, and though some report with much confidence that they have got divers of the Ordnance (and I have seene it since in print) tis a great mistake, for they have onely one old Iron Peece which for want of better carriage they draw upon a sledge. Tis true, they are growne to that insolency they begin to expostulate the business upon high termes with the Parliament demanding that they may have the Common Prayer Booke continued amongst them without any alteration. Secondly, that they the late Covenant may not bee prest upon such of them as are unwilling to take it, though they can make no just exception against it, or any clawse thereof, but in generall termes as they have learnt from their Malignant preachers, that it is against their late Protestation and Oath of Allegiance. Thirdly, they complaine that their Taxes of the twentieth part and weekely assessments are impartially rated upon them by their Assessors, and would have others of their owne choosing put in their places, that so the Assessors and they being all of one mind, the well affected (as hitherto for the most part it hath beene) may undergoe the whole charge of the worke, & they pay nothing or what they list: These are the chiefe causes as they pretend of their rising, which how poore a thing it is in them upon these grounds to bring the whole County into so great a distraction by exposing themselves & the whole County to ruin in a civil broyle, without ever making these or any other of their grievances first knowne to the Parliament, who would have doubtlesse omitted no meanes to give them redresse; and to preserve the peace of that late flourishing County who, Maugre the plots of all the Kingdomes Enemies when most of the other Counties in the Kingdome were in broyles and under a bloody persecution, they have injoyed the freedome and liberties of a happie peace.

The Houses this day upon serious consideration of Kents distraction, drew up a Declaration that the disturbers of the peace there, who in a tumultuous manner against all Lawes, had made an insurrection to the great terror of the whole County and Kingdome: if they should presently downe their Armes, restore those Armes they had taken from others, and returne in peace to their owne dwellings, they should be received into the mercy and protection of Parliament, and the Parliament would most willingly redresse all their just grievances, when they should bee in a peaceable way made knowne unto them, but if they refused this the Parliaments clemency, and persisted in their Rebellious courses, they should be proceeded against as disturbers of the peace of the County. And thereupon besides this Declaration which was sent unto them by Sir Henry Vane by Order of Parliament, Colonel Browne with two Regements of Foot, a Regement of Dragoneeres and some other Troopes went from London towards Sevenock on Fryday morning, and is to receive direction from Sir Henry Vane, that if they doe not lay downe their Armes upon the tender of the Paliaments Declaration, to proceede against them with all Rigour. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Insurrection in Kent

In Kent on July 19 at 10:49 am

19 Jul 1643 (Wed) || The malignant inhabitants of the County of Kent lately assembled together in an hostile manner, to the disquiet and disturbance of that County, and places adjacent, expecting it seems, to have had a party of the Kings Army to have countenanced them in this seditious action, for that the Duke of Lennox had lately (as is reported) a Commission given him under the great Seal at Oxford, whereby he was made Generall of all Forces raised in the County of Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and power given him to kill and slay all that should oppose him: But he, nor any other appearing from thence for that purpose, upon Colonell Harvies going down to them om Tuesday last, with 8 Troops of Horse, they are dispersed, some of them, but are since much increased. || The Speciall Passages Continued (P)

Letters this day from Kent, gives us intelligence of a late insurrection amongst the Malignants about Sevenoke, occasioned cheifely through the factious preaching of some of their corrupt Clergy-men against the Covenant, and that being anymated by some cheife Agents at Oxford, who have plotted a long time to bring that County into disturbance, and sent Proclamations amongst them, Proclayming the Parliament and all that adhere to them, or take the Covenant to be Traytors, they are gathered to a head of 7. or 800. but have few armes amongst them, onely what  they take from others, going from place to place, in a tumultuous manner, and disarming such as are wel-affected.

Whereupon the Parliament, upon the first notice of this businesse dispatched Sir Henry Vane Senior to Kent to make a full discovery how matters were, and to endeavour the appeasement of the people if it might be, or else to enforme the Parliament of the true grounds of their rising, and what their demands were, and Colonell Harvey also with some Troopes of Horse, and two Drakes was sent away speedily to Farnham Castle in Surrey, to releive the Garrison there, upon notice that the like designe was also against that County and Sussex, to raise a disturbance and to seize upon the Castle at Farneham, but that Castle being secured, Colonell Harvey is also to go into Kent to quiet the Malignants there, who doubtlesse upon his first appearance, if not before; will disperse and lay downe their armes, and submit themselves to the Parliament.

Also from Feversham in Kent, the Commons received a Petition, signifying that the Malignants of that Towne had got one of the Kings Proclamations, Proclayming the Parliament Traytors, and all that adhere to them, &c. And on Sunday last set the same upon one of the Church Doores; and placed a guard upon it, that none should pull it downe, which businesse had most likely occasioned the like distraction, and Tumult, as was at Sevenoke, had not the better party exercised the more patience, and by great providence kept all in quiet. But the Commons have ordered that cheife authors of the disturbance there, shall be sent up for to the Parliament to answere the same. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Scots and English brawl in Westminster Hall

In London on March 19 at 10:56 am

Sunday 19 Mar 1642/3 || It was advertised by Letters of the 16 of this Moneth, that the same day there had fallen out a difference in Westminster-Hall, betwixt one Captain Hothorn who was a Lieutenant Colonell to the Lord Wharton, and one Captaine Ogilby a Scot: Hothorn complaining that the Scots came in to eate up their bread, and that the Scots who did no service had received their pay; whereas those who ventured their lives at Edge-hill were still kept without it: and thereto added other [just] as disgracefull words. This so provoked Ogilby, that he gave him three of four bastanadoes with his Cane, before the other had drawne his sword: which was requited by Hothorn when his sword was out, with a sore wound in the head. Hereupon both swords being drawne, all the Scots present drew their swords, which made the English in the Hall to do so likewise; insomuch, that there were between 80 or an hundred swords drawne on both sides: And it is probable that much bloud had been spilt upon the place, if the Water-men (the Trained-bands then attending on the two Houses of Parliament, not willing to intermeddle in it) had not come in to part the fray. And it is signified withall, that the two Houses fearing much mischiefe may proceed from these violent heats, in case they be not quickly cooled, have laboured very much to attone the parties, but have not hitherto effected it. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

There was a quarrell this last week begun in Westminster Hall, between Colonell Ogleby a Scotch-man, and Colonell Horton an English-man. It occasioned the drawing of one hundred swords: but was taken up presently, though divers ill-affected to the peace of this Kingdome, and the Kingdome of Scotland did their endeavours by words to bring it to a Nationall Quarrell; for which the Parliament hath questioned them. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer (P)

There was this day a combustion happened in Westminster-hall betweene a Scotch Commander and an English Captaine both of the Parliaments side, about some difference in words concerning their pay, and a fromer grudge since the fight as Edge-hill; there were many swords drawne, and some blowes past, but the Hubbub was more then the businesse as is usuall in such cases, and they were suddenly parted without any hurt done, onely one wounded. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Riot at Lambeth

In London, Uncategorized on February 12 at 9:00 pm

Sunday 12 February 1642/3 || Information was given of an unhappy accident which fell out at Lambeth on the Sunday, there being the drawer at the three Squerrils killed, and a water-man very dangerously hurt, and some others much wounded, which happened in this manner, viz. there being a usually before, a company of souldiers at the Court of Guard to prevent any mutiny that might arise in regard of the prisoners which are in Lambeth house, there being also a peece of Ordinance, one of the soldiers went into the Church in service-time, and sate with his hat on his head, and was being rebuked for it, hee answered, that he might as well have his hat on, as they to wear theirs at the sermon, whereupon his hat being catched off from his head, the quarrell began and some took up bricks, and others formes, &c. to throw at the souldiers, and one or two of them were sore hurt, before they got out of the Church, and comming to the Court of guard, were pursued by some with stones, &c. at which there was a file of Musketeers drawne out to appease the tumult and another or two of the souldiers being hurt at last a Corporall as it is reported bid give fire, at which time the man before mentioned was slayn, and the other hurt, the souldiers to excuse the matter say, that they were assaulted, and that they would have got the piece of Ordnance out of their possession. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Information was given to the Houses of the unhappy accident that fell out at Lambeth on the Sunday before, which was partly occasioned by the unmannerly carriage of one of the souldiers of the guard of Lambeth house, sitting in the Church with his hat on in the time of Common prayer, which a waterman perceiving, one Edward Joanes by name (a very troublesome and factious fellow, and one that for his tumultuous carriage, hath got the name of Generall Joanes) came in a violent manner, and pulled off the souldiers hat, struck him and forced him out of the Church, which occasioned the tumult, yet the Sold. (as the best reports goe) withdrew themselves to their Court of Guard with a desire to be quiet, but the violent watermen and tumult pursuing them with clubs & staves, and much terrifying them with the throwing of stones; they would by noe meanes, be kept off, but let fly at them, and killed one whom they observed had beene very busie in throwing of stones as he was looking over the wall at them viz. A drawer at the three squerrils Taverne, and shot the said Edward Jones into the thigh of which it is said he is since dead. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

The Commons on Munday considered that unhappy difference between the Souldiers and the Watermen at Lambeth upon Sunday, wherein one man was slaine, and divers hurt. The occasion of the difference is said to be this; a Souldier sate with his hatte on, either at the Reading of the Chapters, or the Common Prayers, or both, which the Church-wardens perceiving, rebuked him, but he persisted in his foolish and unmannerly carriage; Whereupon a Waterman came and pulled off his hatte, and struck him, and from thence the quarrell grew; the Souldiers withdrew to their Court of Guard, and as the best reports are, were desirous to be quiet; but the violence of the Watermen, and others, put them on with stones and staves; which the Souldiers seeing, and that by no meanes they would be kept off, let flie at them, killing one, and shooting another in the thigh. It hath still been the unhappines of these troublesome times, that when things have been drawing to a composier, then some ill accident did intervene. || Humphrey Blunden – Speciall Passages (P)

Stray musket shot causes riot in Northamptonshire

In Northamptonshire on December 30 at 10:34 pm

30 Dec 1642 (Fri) || There was brought to the Parliament the Clerk of the Peace of Northamptonshire, being a great Malignant, and was committed to prison, and upon his apprehension there arose a great combustion in a small Towne neere Northampton called Wellingford, which as it is informed in this manner, viz. Search being made after him, some few Sentinels were placed in divers places, and one of their muskets by accident went off, and the Town for the most part standing disaffected to the businesse, though no hurt was done by discharging the said Musquet, there presently arose a great Tumult, and they would rescue the prisoners, and many that could not handle their Arms or had none fell to plundering them that were well-affected in the Towne, so that much hurt was done. And notice whereof being given to a worthy Gentleman, and a Justice of Peace, he with his Sonne came and endeavoured to appease the said combustion, speaking fairly to the Malignants and told them that if they would rest satisfied, they should not suffer or be questioned for what was past: but such was the malice and wickednesse of some of those persons, that they killed his Son, and shot him through the neck, giving him some other wounds, whereof he is unlikely to recover, but at last three or foure hundred Dragooners coming from Northampton soone allayed the Tumult, and have taken many of the chiefe Agents therein, And it is informed that about 26. were slain on both sides. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

That envious man the Divill, soweth every where his tares amongst the good wheate, which appeared lately at Wellingborow in Northampton-shire; for the Malignants in that Town, (without any cause given) became so desperately mad, that they rose up against the good people amongst them, and plundered them of all their substance; these sent Messengers to Northampton to informe them of their losses, and desired them to send some aid to relieve them and to help them recover their goods; whereupon that Towne sent out Captaine Sawyer with some considerable forces, who being approached to Wellingborow, was resisted by the Malignants and shot at, but notwithstanding they forced their way, got into the Town, and have plundered all the Malignants, so that there is not a man of either side, but hath bin ransacked and pillaged: Captaine Sawyer expressing his valour and forwardnesse somewhat too much was shot and is sorely wounded.¹ || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

¹ A report from Northampton in late January 1643 states that Sawyer had died.