Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘sieges’

Marquess of Newcastle sieges Hull

In North East on September 22 at 2:51 am

22 Sep 1643 (Fri) || By Letters dated at York, Sept. 15. we were for certaine advertised, that the Marquesse of Newcastle in his siege of Hull had made his approach so neere the Towne, that their Cannon from the Towne could doe him no hurt; and that while he was making this approach, their Ordnance played very thick upon him, but (thanks be to God) had not killed so much as one man or horse: The Commanders and Souldiers being all very confident to give a good and speedy account of the businesse.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Letters from Hull

In North East on September 11 at 8:16 pm

11 Sep 1643 (Mon) || From the Lord Fairfax at Hull the Commons received Letters this day, signifying the reasons for his drawing the Garrison from Beverley (of which you heard sufficiently the last week). And that the New-castle Army being possessed of Beaverley, have laid a kinde of siege against Hull, lying with their Forces at the least 3 miles distance from the Towne, and have not as yet made the least attempt against it; But Sir Thomas Fairfax by a sally out from Hull, with a partie of Horse, fell upon one of the enemies Quarters, took about 50 Horse-men and Arms and some slain.

With these Letters were brought to the House some further Depositions and Examinations taken at Hull, against Sir John Hotham, of very bad consequence, which were referred to the Committee of the Commons, that are appointed to manage the whole businesse, touching him and his son the Captain, who are both of them disabled of their Membership in Parliament, and will be suddenly, as it is thought, turned over to the tryall of a Councell of War, for the severall crimes and misdemeanours alleadged against them. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)

Prince Maurice takes Exeter

In Devon on September 8 at 8:07 pm

8 Sep 1643 (Fri) || And now Reader, I must give thee a sad relation which (if you either love the King or His enemie) will certainly much affect thee; which (in a word) is that on Monday last Prince Maurice took possession of the City of Exeter for His Majesty. For Biddeford, Appleford, and Barnstaple being all delivered up to the Kings Forces, the rebellious City of Exeter was the chiefe place stood out in the West; Prince Maurice therefore being desirous to make a short worke of the War in those parts gave a very hot assault upon the City upon Sunday last, & did not onely shake the Wals in severall places, but by shooting Granadoes into the Towne, had fired a good part of the Suburbs: the Soudiers and others in the Towne, seeing the greatnesse of their danger, desired a Parley, in which the Prince offered them such conditions as had beene given before to Bristol; which being rejected by the Rebells (who would needes stand it out a little longer upon point of honour) His Majesties Forces pursued the assault so eagerly the next day after, that they made themselves masters of the great Sconce or Bulwark, and turned the Ordnance thereof on the Towne it selfe. Which being perceived by the Rebels, and finding that there was no hope of life and safety, but in the seasonablenesse of their submission, they humbly craved to be admitted unto those conditions which before they rejected, and (above their deservings) did obtaine the same, According to which conditions the Towne and Castle were delivered to the Prince his Highnesse with all the Ordnance, Armes, and Ammunition which was left therein, the city absolutely left to the gracious disposall of His Majesty, the Commanders and Officers of the Rebelss dismissed in safety with their Swords by their sides, and the commons Souldiers with Cudgels in their hands (which with a little Printing will perhaps grow to be Swords next weeke) all they suffered to take away [were] such goods as were properly and truly theirs. And so this proud City which had so long bid defiance to their native and gracious Soveraigne was at last reduced into the power of His Sacred Majesty, and that noble and valiant Gentleman Sir John Berkley who had deserved so much in the whole course of this service was declared Governour thereof. It was observed, that when the Officers and Souldiers issued out of the Towne, the Earle of Stamford was found missing, and no word as yet what became of the man. We say not this, that we thinke he was slaine in defence of that factious City, but that his Conscience did so check him, both for his causelesse taking up of Armes against His Soveraigne and his perverse pursuance of it (which made his Majesty except him in so many of his Proclamations and Declarations) that he durst not trust himselfe unto this agreement, but privately slipt out of the Towne in some poore disguise. And so the noble, valiant, chaste Earl of Stamford, full of vertue and honour, crept out of Exceter after he had begged his life, who not two dayes agoe told the Prince, that not want of courage or sufficient meanes for his subsistence in the Citie, but an earnest desire to come and die in His Majesties favour had made him doe what he did. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The relieving of Glocester is an action so full of honour, that the losse of Excester (after fifteen weekes siege, being manfully defended that time, by the Earle of Stamford) is not so considerable, as the losse of our reputation, if Glocester had not beene relieved:¹ The Governour, Colonell Massey, had but two barrells of powder left, when my Lord Generall entered Glocester, but now he is furnished with plenty of ammunition and victualls: if the Cavaliers had beene so valiant, as Master Aulicus boasts them to be, they would have adventured the whole body of their Army to have prevented the relieving of that Towne, but the issue is, the King is fled to Worcester, the Lord Generall is marched after him, it is pitty the enemy will not stand by it, and abide the brunt of a Battell, then there were some hopes of an end to be put to these miseries. || Robert White & George Bishop – Mercurius Britanicus (P)

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¹The Earl of Essex had arrived near Gloucester on 5th September, and occupied the city on the 8th.

Skirmish near Eccleshall Castle

In Staffordshire on September 8 at 8:05 pm

8 Sep 1643 (Fri) || From Coventry it is informed, that some of their Forces, together with the helpe of some Staffordshire men, had long besieged Eccleshall Castle in the County of Stafford (which belonged to Docter Wright Bishop of Coventry and Lychfield, and where he lately died, during the Siege) and put it to distresse for want of Provisions, which Colonell Hastings hearing of, drew his forces together, and went thither to relieve it, which Sir William Brereton (who was then in Stafford Towne) perceiving drew out his men from thence, set upon Master Hastings forces, slew a hundred of them, and took another hundred of them Prisoners, together with some horses and Armes, and wounded the Colonell so sorely, that he was faine to be carried from thence to Titbury Castle. While this was in action, some of the Lecester forces went to Ashby de la Zouch, which is one of Colonell Hastings Rendevouz, where they took about twenty eight of his men prisoners, and got as many horses, and carried them away to Lecester. And if Derby forces had fallen out upon Titbury Castle, they might have perhaps gotten it, or at the least have hindred the Colonells retreat thither, and so freed themselves from a great deale of annoyance. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

Royalists hinder Earl of Essex near Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on September 7 at 11:19 pm

7 Sep 1643 (Thu) || Concerning the Westerne parts, especially the City of Glocester, our Scout findes the wayes so impassable, by reason of the scattered Troopes of the enemy, scattered not by any defeat, given by my Lord Generall, but to prevent supplies, and hinder his Excellencies sending to the Parliament, and City of London, an ample report or relation of that famous siege, and late reliefe of Glocester: For as his Excellencie had a quicke and a brave recrute from the City, so doubtlesse he will leave no meanes unattempted to let them understand of his good successe: And though his packets are stopt, there are Clothiers come, eminent for their honesty, that tells us that they were in Glocester, since the reliefe of it, and that they set their feet upon the Cannons with which Colonell Massey pelted the Kings men when they undermined the City: And relate also, a story of some Cowes that were put out to intice some of the enemies Horse to fall on, but the Governour laid in ambush some Musquetiers, who surprized them all the short, if we may beleeve them, is, that Glocester is relieved, and my Lord Generall unmolested, onely upon his Guard, most commonly, his lot is happily fallen in the pastures of the most desperate Malignants of those parts, who are fat, and have not hitherto been molested by either part.  || John Dillingham – The Parliament Scout (P)

Siege action continues at King’s Lynn

In Norfolk on September 7 at 2:39 pm

7 Sep 1643 (Thu) || There is another Letter come out of Norfolke, which informeth, that on Friday, Saturday and Sunday last, there hath been fighting between the Earl of Manchesters Army, and the Towne of Lyn, by continuall shooting off their great Ordnance one against another: that Colonell Cromwell hath battered them sorely from old Lyn, the shot of whose Ordnance hath slaine divers men, women and children, and that the lamentable shriecks and cries of women and children are heard a great way out of the Towne, and yet the Townsmen are so cruell and hard hearted to them, that they will not suffer them to depart the Towne. And that the Townsmen issued out to Goward, and Village distant about a mile and a halfe from thence, where they fired two houses, which were soone quenched againe, that the Earles forces drove them back againe from thence, and slew about ten of them, and have cut off their fresh water. And that the Townsmen have felled all the trees about their Towne, to bereave the Earles Army of approach and shelter. That the Lyn ships are in League with Newcastle, and that they have lately sent twelve of them thither to fetch sea-coales, and perhaps Armes and Ammunition, who, it is hoped, will be met with at their returned, by the Parliaments ships which besiege the Towne by sea.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

Cromwell and the Earl of Manchester besiege King’s Lynn

In Norfolk on September 6 at 2:37 pm

6 Sep 1643 (Wed) || From Norwich they write, That they have News enough at this time, for Norfolke is like to be the Stage of Action. How wicked and malignant [King’s] Lyn hath been, was long suspected, and now all is out. The Mayor thereof hath declared himselfe for the Cavaliers, and saith, he will let in no forces there, except they bring an immediate Commission from the King. They have imprisoned six or seven of the best of the Committee there, as Sir Thomas Huggins, Master Coke, &c. The Earle of Manchester, Colonell Cromwell, and Sir Miles Hobart, are gone to sit downe before it. Captaine Poe and some others went on saturday last was seven night thitherward, and tooke possession of all the Bridges betweene Downham and Lyn, On Tuesday last was seven night, the Earle and the Colonells went thither, having first disarmed some malevolents in Norwich; That they are credibly informed, that their forces have taken old Lyn, and fortified themselves, and have planted divers peeces of Ordnance against the Towne, which battered downe Saint Margarets Church; and some part of the Towne besides. That Marshland come in thicke to their helpe. That the Towne offered ten thousand pounds to the Earle to depart, a poore businesse, but the Earle demandeth the Towne it selfe for the use of the King and Parliament. And that aid goeth continually to help him. At the next returne of the Post, we shall be further satisfied of the progresse of the war there. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

News from the siege of Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on September 5 at 2:35 pm

5 Sep 1643 (Tue) || The report was this day, that his Excellency the Parliaments Lord Generall, was advanced neere Glocestershire, and that he was on Saturday last at Chipping-norton, so that it is conceived, he might be as farre as Cheltenham, this night, which lieth about seven miles from Glocester.

As for the latest newes from Glocester, the reports (but how certaine we know not) go thus, that the Souldiers of the City, leap over their own workes, and fall upon the Cavaliers in their Trenches, and knocke out their braines with the butt end of their Muskets, That the Welch men brought lately to the Cavaliers, abundance of hay, straw, and other Provisions for them to lie on, which the Garrrison of the City perceiving issued out, beat the Cavaliers from their lodgings, fired the hay and straw, and so have forced them to lie upon the bare and cold ground againe.

And further it is reported, That the souldiers of that City, have torne in pieces a gallery lately made by the Cavaliers, which is in the forme of a close bridge, to passe over any more or Town-ditch, so that now they have no hope to approach the walls again in safety.

And it is also reported, That on Friday last, the Cavaliers made breach with their great Ordnance upon Glocester, and that their Horse (according to their Turkish want) forced on their Foot to assault that breach, but their Foot turned again, and would not fall on, which so enraged the Horse, that they fell upon their Foot, and the Foot returned them blows again, by which means they slew divers of each other. Which reports we commit to future certainty and satisfaction.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

King’s Lynn refuses to admit the Earl of Manchester

In Norfolk on September 4 at 11:13 pm

4 Sep 1643 (Mon) || It was this day certified, that notwithstanding the Earle of Manchester had used all possible meanes to invite himself into the Towne of Lyn Regis (so it is and must be called for all his Lordships designe against it) yet the honest Inhabitants denied him enterance. Which answer it seems so inflamed his Lordship (Kimbolton by name) that he played upon them with small and great shot; but was so sufficiently answered from the Townesmen (who had both better Ordnance and Ammunition then he) that very many of his Associates, newly gathered men, were killed in the place, and others so wounded that his Lordship for the present hath as much hope of Heaven gates as to enter into Lyn. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Plymouth plot discovered

In Devon on September 4 at 2:26 pm

4 Sep 1643 (Mon) || At Plymouth … there hath been lately a notable Treachery of the Governours of the Fort and Iland (through Gods mercifull providence) prevented, which is thus related, the Maior of Plymouth sent to Sir Alexander Carew Baronet, the Governour of the Iland, to desire him to give an Accompt of some Moneys he had received, which while it was doing, word was brought from the Governor, that a great ship under the Earle of Warwickes command was come into the Harbour, and the Gunner asked him with how many pieces of Ordnance he should salute her, he answered sinke her, which the Gunner refusing to doe, the Governour fell to buffets with him, whereupon the Governours owne man, tooke his master by the choller of his dublet, and strucke up his heeles, and then they bound him hand and foot and carried him aboard that great ship, where the Captaine of the ship would have hanged him, but the rope being about his necke, by the entreaty of some he was spared, and sent a shore to Plymouth, where the women of the Towne fell upon him, and would have beaten out his braines, if the Maior of the Towne had not rescued him, and guarded him to safe custody. He should have been sent up to London the last weeke, but that they hoped there to draw from him the depth of the Plot, some part whereof he hath confessed, as that the Cornish men had perswaded him to it, and had sent him three hundred pound for an encouragement, and that there were many hundreds of them at Mount Edgcomb on the other side of the River, ready with boats to have come and surprized the Iland.

As for Master Arundell the Governour of the Fort, the Maior of Plymouth and the Committee there (having knowledge of his purposes and intentions to betray that strong Pile to the Cornish, who lay also ready at Mount Edgcumb upon the watch-word to come and seize upon it) sent for him into the Towne, and committed him likewise to safe custody, whereby they timely prevented the Plot, and have secured those two considerable places, which otherwise might have proved of such Malevolent influence, as to become and Inlet to all strangers, that might have come from the Southern parts of the world to invade the Land. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations