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Posts Tagged ‘surrender summonses’

The King summons Gloucester

In Gloucestershire on August 11 at 1:58 pm

11 Aug 1643 (Fri) || At Coventry they pull downe many houses of the Suburbs, and tell the people that the Kings Army is marching towards them with twenty pieces of Ordnance, and they had some reason, for this day we received an expresse that his Majesty yesterday sate downe before Gloucester, and sent in a most Gracious Summons to the City, in these very words, Out of our tender Compassion to Our City of Glocester, and that it may not receive Prejudice by Our Army, which We cannot prevent, if We be compelled to assault it, We are personally come before it to require the same, and are graciously pleased to let all the Inhabitants of, and all other Persons within that City, as well Souldiers as others, know, That if they shall immediately submit themselves, and deliver this our City to Us, we are contented freely and absolutely to pardon every one of them without exception; And doe assure them in the word of a King, that they nor any of them should receive the least Dammage or Prejudice by our Army in their Persons, or Estates; But that we will appoint such a Governour, and a moderate Garrison to reside there, as should be both for the ease and security of that City and that whole County. But if they shall neglect this Profer of Grace and Favour, and compell Us by the Power of Our Army to reduce that place (which by the helpe of God We doubt not We shall be easily and shortly able to do) they must thank themselves for all the Calamities and Miseries must befall them. To this Message we expect a cleere and positive Answere within two houres after the publishing hereof. And by these presents doe give leave to any Persons safely to repaire to, and returned from Us, whom that City shall desire to imploy unto Us in that businesse. And doe require all the Officers and Souldiers of Our Army, quietly to suffer them to passe accordingly. But this Rebellious City answered, that they would obey His Majesties commands as they were signified by the two Houses of Parliament. And now let the world judge if His Majestie could have sent a more Gracious Message to His most Loyall Subjects, and whether these desperate Rebels deserve any mercy, who after so many offers do still refuse a pardon. But since their returning this Rebellious answer, they have set their owne Suburbs on fire, which surely is not to keepe the City either for the King or Parliament. Yet His Majesties Forces quenched the fire, and in spight of the Rebells, entred the Suburbs where they still are, and have already raised Mounts, and digged trenches so neare the City wall, that I dare promise you (God willing) a very speedy account of the siege of Gloucester. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

It is informed out of Glocestershire, that on Sunday last, the Cavaliers began to besiege the City of Glocester, with an Army of six thousand men, but the inhabitants thereof are so well provided with men, food, Armes, & Ammunition, if God please, they can hold out this three moneths, if they may be relieved before that time be expired, and they have rased their Suburbs, taken downe Sir Robert Cookes house halfe a mile from it, and plained all the Country about it, the better to keep off their enemies approach.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

For Gloucester, it was summoned, but refused to surrender; then his Majesty sent word to the Governour Colonell Massy he should expect to Quarter, nor the Towne any preservation, for he would burne it to the ground if they would not immediately yeild: The Governour answered that so long as his Majesty came without consent of the great Counsell of the Kingdom the Parliament, and came attended with Papists and Irish Rebells, he would burne the Towne to the ground before such Papists, Irish Rebells, and other Delinquents about his Majestie should have it, and for Quarter he desired it not, nor to live longer then to see such men to rule this Kingdome, whereupon the King commanded a fierce assault to be made, but the enemy was beaten off with great losse: That night the Governour let a Souldier or two escape out of the Towne, out of pretence of Friendship to the Cavaliers, and informe them of the weakest place in the Towne, which concurred with former Information[;] the Governour causing divers pieces of Ordnance to be brought thither planting them with most advantage, [laid] an Ambuscado, and reserve behinde with more men, declared the Towne their own, the Souldiers entered the breach, but such a slaughter of the enemy was made by the Ordnance and Ambuscado, that few escaped, leaving many hundreds dead in the Place, which [so] enraged the Cavaliers that they caused his Majesty to send for most of his Forces from Oxford to make a second assault, God send them the like successe as the first had. It would be [a] great pitty this gallant gentleman should be lost for want of timely supply, who if he had been Governour of Bristoll had saved it, and by consequence the West; yet there cannot be a further expectation of him then during his men, victuals, and Ammunition doth last, ultra posse, non est esse.¹ || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer (P)

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¹ ‘What is beyond possibility, cannot exist’

Brampton Bryan Castle besieged

In Herefordshire on August 1 at 12:32 am

1 Aug 1643 (Tue) || On Tuesday, August the first, by a Letter from Herefordshire to Sir Robert Harly, a Member of the Commnos House in Parliament it is certified, That his Castle at Brampton Bryan in that County, was upon Thursday last besieged, by 4000 of the Cavaliers, under the command of the Lord Molineux, who is lately by the King sent into that County for the raising of forces (as they pretend) for his Majesties service. His honorable Lady is in the said Castle, with about 100 men compleatly armed, they have no great peeces, only two Drakes, they are provided both with bullet, powder and other necessaries for two moneths, so that if they had a convenient supply by that time from London, they might possibly raise the siege; For that there is very little hopes of doing any thing by any forces in those parts, that County and the adjacent Counties, viz. the Counties of Worcester, Salop, and Radner, being wholly for the Cavaliers. This honorable Lady hath ever from the beginning of these distractions kept the Castle for the service of King and Parliament, though it hath bin often summoned by the Marquesse of Hartford, Colonell Conisby, and others to be surrendred up only for the service of the Cavaliers. || Wednesday’s Mercurie. Or, Speciall Passages And Certain Informations … (P)

Oliver Cromwell takes Burleigh House from the Royalists

In Lincolnshire on July 29 at 12:16 am

29 Jul 1643 (Sat) || Out of Lincolnshire the Relation is come, that the Newarke Cavaliers with strong forces, were gotten into Burgleigh House neer Stamford, from whence they sent a Trumpet to Peterbrough, commanding them to deliver up their City, who returned answer, that they should have it when they could get it. But Colonell Cromwell being unwilling they should nestle there, withall the strength he could get, came upon them, tooke the said House, and in it two Colonells, sixe Captaines, four hundred foot, and two hundred horse, and slew fourscore of them, with the losse scarce of two of his owne. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

The Earl of Essex summons Wallingford

In Oxfordshire on June 4 at 6:02 pm

Sunday 4 Jun 1643 || By letters from divers Captains of the army under Command of his Excellency neere Wallingford, it is certified that his Excellency hath sent a Herald to demand the surrendring up of that town to the use of the King and Parliament upon quarter, which if he refused hee intended God willing to recover the possession thereof by force, which would prove of greater disadvantage to the inhabitants then peaceably without blowed to yeeld up the same. To which Answer for the present was returned, they expected assistance from the Kings Army, but if none came, they were strong enough to defend themselves from his force; upon which Warrants [were] issued to the Colonels, Captains, and Officers in his Excellencies name for their present repaire from their Randevouz with their forces to the town for the present beleagring of the same: and two Alarums have been struck up for assault to be made against the same: the further relation of these proceeding you shall understand by the next Post from thence. ||  Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer

Sir William Waller faces Worcester

In Worcestershire on June 3 at 4:13 pm

3 Jun 1643 (Sat) || It had been signified betimes on Munday morning, that Sir William Waller was upon his march towards Worcester the day before; and that he did intend to besiege that City; and so accordingly he did: on which advertisement His Majestie gave present order for three Regiments of horse and dragoons to be sent speedily away to releive the same. But before these succours were advanced, Waller perceiving that it was not like to prove such an easie businesse, as that of Hereford had beene, was fallen back againe: it being certified this day, that giving an Assault upon the Towne and being valiantly repulsed with the losse of 140 of his men, he had left the enterprize, and was retreating backe againe to his hold at Glocester.

Before Waller came to besiege Worcester, he sent Tickets signed with his owne hand (dated May 29.) which by some private brethren were scattered about the streetes in the night, on purpose to raise a facitous party amongst them, the Copy I have here set downe, viz.

 To all Gentlemen, and other Inhabitants of the City of Worcester.

As many of you as are sensible of the danger of your Religion, your persons, and goods, and the priviledges of your Corporation, are desired to declare your selves sensible of them at this opportunity. It being my errand (by the helpe of God) to rescue them from the oppressions of your present Governours. And I promise that all such as shall appeare willin to welcome my Endeavour shall not onely be received to free quarter but protected to the utmost of my power.

May 29. 1643. William Waller.

But all these tricks would not draw the honest and loyall Inhabitants of Worcester from their Allegiance, for they continued very resolute, resolving to die before they would betray their Wives, Children, and themselves to the Rebels. Sir William sent a Trumpeter to summon in the Towne, but Colonell Sands told him that he was not now at Hereford, and bad him be gone; the fellow said he would carry a more mannerly answer to Sir William the Colonell told him hee should have no other, and bad him againe be gone, and so turned away to looke after other businesse; the fellow would not stirre till the Guard sent to the Colonell to know what they should doe; upon which he and Sir John Beaumont came backe, and asked him why he gate him not away with his answer, he replyed as before, but farre more uncivilly; at which Sir John bade shoot at him, and Captaine gave fire towards him, and then he presently went away; but some say he was hurt, and died of that hurt, if he did he might thanke himselfe, who stood impudently there after his answer was given him three severall times. The Souldiers and Townesmen are of that brave courage that if Waller come back againe with above twice his number, he cannot fright them. but above all, the honest brave behaviour of the good women of the Towne is worthy observation, who did not onely encourage their husbands to stand it out bravely, telling them they would die with them in this just cause, but did also themselves run out of the Town (as soone as Waller was gone) and with their owne hands sleighted the worke that had sheltered his Musketeirs, and the day after very orderly levelled all the ditches in and about the Towne; which (if any thing) will make them so famous, that no honest maid of that Corporation shall hereafter want a good husband.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Out or Worcestershire they write, that about the later end of the last week, Sir William Waller came before the City of Worcester, with his Army and great Ordnance, and for a while battered it on the East side and after a daies siege he raysed his Army, and marched away, whereupon the Governour of the City sent immediatly tidings of great joy to Oxford, that he had beaten Sir William Waller from thence; but Sir William did this but in policy, to shew his Enemie a Strategem of warre, for he departed not quite away, but as they write, he wheeled about to Powick on the west side thereof, at St Johns, and giving there a fierce assault, where they least expected it, he entred the Suburbs and tooke them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Ralph Hopton approaches Exeter

In Devon on June 1 at 9:56 pm

1 Jun 1644 (Thu) || This day letters came from the West, advertising that Sir Ralph Hopton making the best use of his late great victory¹ had brought his conquering Army close unto Exeter, which was conceived was neither able nor disposed to hold out against him; (if so be he thought it his best course to spend time in besieging it) the country comming in so fast unto him that his strength was very much increased; besides the great advantage he had of so many Cannon, which he tooke from them in that fight. There was a speech also that  the Towne was delivered up, but not so well confirmed and seconded, as to be reported for a certaine. But if the old observation be of any credit, that rats and mice doe commonly forsake a ruinous and decaying house; that City is not like to continue long in the Rebels hands: the Earle of Stamford being gone thence already with his followers, and others packing after with all the speed they can.   || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ i.e. the battle of Stratton

Royalist victory at Stratton in Cornwall

In Cornwall on May 20 at 11:13 pm

20 May 1643 (Sat) || This day there came intelligence, that Sir Ralph Hopton had obtained another, but more signall victory against the Rebels of Devon-shire and their confederates of that faction: it being advertised by an expresse from thence, dated the 18 of this moneth, that the Devon-shire forces, having raked together as many as possibly they could get, advanced to a Towne called Stratton on the edge of Cornwall (hoping to destroy the brave & loyall Cornish) were set upon on Tuesday last by the Cornish Army, who suddenly assailing and towting them tooke “16 pieces of Ordinance, whereof 10 brasse, 4000 mens Arms, 3000l in money, 100 barrels of powder, with a great quantity of match and bullets, 1000 of their men being slaine in the place, and most of their best Commanders either killed or taken Prisoners, with very little losse to the Cornish, as the Rebels themselves confesse: and that Sir George Chudeleigh and Sir John Poole being at that instant with 1500 horse and Dragooners at a Towne some distance from the place where they fought, were so beset by the Cornish forces, that it was wthought they could not possibly escape.” So farre the very words of the said letter: wherewith came also this report, that many of the principall men who escaped unkilled, fled with their wounds undressed to such severall friends as they thought most like to entertaine them; and thence dispatched advertisements to others of their party who lived furthest off, to provide for themselves; the Country being left so open by this great defeat, that the Cornish might march without controule as farre as Exeter. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

This morning Letters came out of Devonshire, Informing, that the Devonians were defeated by the Cornish men, neere a towne called Stratton in Cornwall, by their owne negligence in suffering their horse to depart from them to Bodman [Bodmin], in the said County, whither they were gone upon more remote imployment, more minding that then the safety of their foot, whereby they were left naked to the fury of their Enemies, who slew 140. of them, tooke 8. or 900. of them prisoners, amongst whom, Serjeant Major Chudleigh, that did that late brave service at Swarton Downe [Sourton Down] neere Okehampton, was the chiefe, and they got 8. or 10. peeces of Ordnance from them, which happened through the cowardice of the Devonian foot, who ran away and threw down their armes, whereof they lost also about 2000; and if one Regiment of London Grey Coats, which the Earle of Stamford brought thither, together with a Regiment of Dartmouth and Plymouth Marriners, had not fought it out, the whole Army had been cut off. Since which defeat Sir Ralph Hopton hath sent a Letter to Plymouth, to summon them to yeeld, but what answer they have given them, is not yet related. As for the Devonian Horse and Dragooners that went to Bodman, they were forced to breake their way through with the losse of some of their Dragoneres, into which, as it is said, Sir Ralph Hopton marched furiously, hopeing thereby so to terrifie the Devonians, that they will not date to hinder his march towards Oxford, but therein hee may be deceived, for the Inhabitants of the Counties of Dorset, and Somerset are raising of forces to send to helpe the Devonians, who are also making all their souldiers Horsemen and Dragoones to stop him from getting through their County. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir William Waller confirmed to have taken Hereford

In Herefordshire on May 1 at 3:57 pm

1 May 1643 (Mon) || This day the newes that Sir William Waller had taken Hereford, was confirmed for certaine. It had beene certified before on Friday last, and the same day crossed; reported doubtfully on Saturday, according as men stood affected to the parties, who were suspected not to have done their best endeavours in it; and not affirmed with any confidence on Sunday. The reasons why it was surrendred, and the condition that the Towne was in when it was given up, being yet in question, may be imparted at another time when the case is clearer; and that it can be discovered evidently where the fault did lie. Onely the Reader may take notice, that most of the Souldiers shifted out of Towne with their Armes and Horses, whiles the Parley lasted; and that the Gentlemen continued there in a gallant bravery, that by the yeilding of their persons they might save the Citie; the which, together with the Church, was by Articles of Agreement to be free from Plunder; and finally, that the Enemy found not there above 60 Armes, the rest being all conveyed away, when the Souldiers went thence, as before is said.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

The Particulars of Sir William Wallers late taking of Hereford, as by Letters from Gloucester appeare, are thus: That Sir William Waller marched from Gloucester with some Ordnance, and three thousand men, both horse and foote, and comming to the City of Hereford, he summoned it to yeeld, which they obstinately refused to doe, whereupon he discharged his Ordnance against the Gates thereof, whereof one peece strucke through the Gate and the Bullet cut off a Lieutenants head in the City, and slew some others, which so terrified the Defendants, that some of their horse and foote got out through another Gate, and the residue yeelded upon Quarter; the Inhabitants had twenty of their men slaine, but Sir William Waller lost no more but one man and had some few others slightly wounded: he got there neare 2000. Armes, and the Prisoners which he tooke there were neere twenty, and those men of note, and of great estates; the chiefe of them are, the Lord Viscount Sleight, and his sonne, Mr. Cunningsby and his sonne, Sir Richard Cave a Parliament man, Sir Walter Pye, Sir William Crofts, Sir Samuel Aubery, Herbert Price, Collonell Taloot, two Goodwins Doctors of Divinity, Dr. Evans, and Dr. Rogers that pestilent Preacher (as they terme him) against the Parliament. The Citizens have compounded with Sir William Waller for 3000.li to be exempted from plundering; a Garrison is intended to be left there, but Sir William hath since sent his Prisoners to Gloucester, and as it is reported, is marched towards Worcester. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Siege continues at Reading

In Berkshire on April 17 at 8:02 pm

17 Apr 1643 (Mon) || Concerning Reading, it was certified and confirmed this day, that the Earle of Essex having sate downe before it on Saturday last, made an attempt upon the same, but was couragiously beat off with the losse of 100 of his men: and that upon a second onset, Sir Arthur Aston was content to let them enter upon one of his out-workes, which was no sooner done by the Lord Roberts [Robartes] his Regiment, (on whom that honour was bestowed) but presently they fell upon them from the Towne, being yet unsetled and disordered, repulsed them with the losse of 160 of their men which they left behinde them, besides many others which they lost before they could recover their Trenches, and get out of Gun-shot. By which sad welcome, those which were ready to goe on to pursue the enterprize, were taught better manners, and learnt to keepe themselves at a further distance. And it was said, that in their hastie going off, they left some of their Ordinance behinde them. This day also His Majestie sent to Reading a supply of 700 Musketteirs, with six-Cart-loads of Powder, Match, and other kindes of Ammunition, well guarded by a Troop of Horse to Dorchester, and from thence convoyed by a considerable strength of Horse to the water side, just against the Towne; to which they came about the dawning of the next day, and were all safely brought into the Towne in Boates and Barges which were provided for that purpose: the Rebels being so neare as to see it done, but too farre off to hinder what they were doing. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

This day the newes from Redding was, that yesterday being Sunday, his Excellency, the Parliaments Lord Generall, had taken Cawsom [Caversham] Hill, about halfe a mile from Redding, with the losse onely of 9. or 10. of his souldiers, where he planted his great Ordnance to batter the towne, but before he began his battery, he sent a Trumpet to Sir Arthur Aston, the Governour, to summon him to surrender up the Towne, and to suffer the women and children to passe out, in case he would not yeeld it up: The Governour returned answer, that he would not deliver the towne, untill Wheat were come to forty shillings a bushell, and as for the women and children, they should all dye with him, (a cruelty unheard of amongst the Savages in America, much lesse amonst Christians)  whereupon the Lord Generall made his Canon to play upon the Towne all the whole day, and also all the whole last night, untill sixe of the  clocke this morning, which shattered the houses exceedingly, and beat downe the steeple, whereon Sir Arthur Aston had planted Ordnance, which much annoyed some part of the Lord Generals Army. And the Lord Generall had also planted some Morter peeces against the towne, and caused three loads of Granadoes to be brought to shoot into the towne, to fire it about their eares, if they remained obstinate, and his foot were so eager to set upon the Cavaliers, that a select number of them offered to rush upon the enemies Canon, and to scale their workes and fortifications, which the Lord Generall would not permit them to doe. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists defend Stoke House near Worcester; Parliamentarians defend Gloucester

In Worcestershire on February 15 at 4:46 pm

15 Feb 1642/3 (Wed) || Letters out of Worcestershire relate that the Papists in that County keep their constant meeting at Stoak house about three miles from Worcester which is a very considerable place, and inhabited by a great Papist, the wel-affected in that County are much terrified thereat, and it is conceived that they have gotten some store of Arms and Ammunition thither, they desire that some force might be sent thither from the Parliament to make search concerning this businese. Sir William Russel doth still remaine in Worcester and Prince Rupert is gone towards Gloucester to summon that town by a Trumpeter to yeeld it up unto him, but they hear since that the town refused to deliver up themselves to his mercy, but stand upon their guard rather to dye then yeeld up the towne. ||  A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)