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Posts Tagged ‘treaties’

Parliament gives up on treaty with the King

In London, Oxford on April 14 at 3:52 pm

14 Apr 1643 (Fri) || This day came out in Print His Majesties last gracious message to both Houses, of the 12 of April, concerning the disbanding of both Armies, and his Majesties returne to both Houses of Parliament. In which his Majestie declareth, that as soone as he was satisfied in his first Proposition concerning his own Revenue, Magazine, Ships and Forts, in which he desired nothing but that the just, legall and known Rights of His Majestie, and of the persons trusted by him were restored unto them; as soone as the Members of both Houses should be restored unto the same capacitie of sitting and voting in Parliament, as they had upon the first of Jan. 1641. (exclusively of such whose voted have been taken away by Bill, or by new elections on new writs;) and that as soon as His Majestie and both Houses may be secured from such tumultuous assemblies, as to the high dishonour of Parliament had awed the Members of the same; which he conceived could not otherwise be done then by adjourning the Parliament to some place 20 miles from London, such as the Houses should agree on; His Majestie most chearfully and readily would consent, that both of the Armies be immediately disbanded, and returne speedily to his two Houses of Parliament, at the time and place, to which by their appointment it should be adjourned: His Majesty not doubting but that upon a free debate in a full and peaceable convention of Parliament, such provisions would be made against seditious preaching and printing against His Majestie and the Lawes, that they might both recover their due estimation; and such care taken concerning His Majesties legall and known rights, and the libertie and propertie of the Subject; that whatsoever hath beene done or published to the prejudice of either, would in such manner be recalled, disclaimed and provided against, as that the like might never happen in the time to come; and promising for his part, to concent to whatsoever shall be proposed to Him by Bill for the reall good of his Subjects, (and in particular for the suppression of Popery) as may make known to all the world how little cause there was of those feared and jealousies, which have so long distracted this wretched Kingdome. Which offer if it were not consented to, His Majestie was confident, that it would evidently appeare to all the world not onely who was most desirous of peace, but by whose fault it is that the progresse of our peace was first interrupted, and these Armies raised. A very gracious and Royall message, if considered rightly.

One would have thought that such a message, so full of eminent grace and goodnesse, would have produced some good effect in the two Houses of Parliament. But contrary to the expectation of all good men, those who there govern’d all, had resolved upon it (for feare lest peace might have ensued) to dissolve the Treaty, and call backe their Committee, which was done accordingly. And though it had beene moved by some moderate men, that seeing God Almighty had granted 40 days to Ninive, out of his mercifull intent to save that Citie; they after his example would allow 40 dayes for the present Treaty, out of their tender care to preserve this Kingdome; yet it would not edifie: For the Lord Say, Master Pym, and others of the leading Members were exceeding sensible, and sticked not to affirme to their private friends, that they had no hopes of safety in a peace, or any other course then the way of power. Insomuch, that when the Lords desired a conference to consider further of the businesse, it was determined otherwise in the House of Commons, and their Committee was commanded to returne without longer stay. Which being signified, those that had beene appointed for the lower House, began their journey hence this very day, leaving the Earle of Northumberland to follow after on the morrow.  || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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Success of treaty as yet uncertain

In Uncategorized on March 26 at 1:28 pm

Sunday 26 Mar 1643|| It is conceived that if the Treaty take not effect, there will be some great action very shortly, for the Parliaments forces that were on this side Oxford being advanced neere thereunto and Sir William Waller as it is informed having taken Ciciter [Cirencester], and made two Allarams to Oxford, it is thought they will keep Prince Rupert in imployment; but I beseech God that we may have a happy accommodation without the shedding of more blood: we doubt not but the next weeke will produce some good news of further hopes of peace, if the Cavaleers are not too prevalent to crosse the Treaty as they did the Cessation. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages (P)

Status of West Country peace treaty uncertain

In Cornwall, Devon on March 21 at 3:12 pm

21 Mar 1642/3 (Tue) || The Letters out of Devonshire this Weeke yeeld no certaine Informations of the Affaires there, for some of them affirme, that the Cessation of Armes betweene Cornwall and Devon is prolonged for ten dayes more; others of them assert, that the Citizens of Exeter refused to permit the Gentry of the two Counties to treat there, and that they have protested against the Treaty, because they deeme it not to be bona fide, but of dangerous consequence to the safety of their County, and that their forces, by this delay, have lost a faire opportunity of suppressing their enemies, who by this intermission have ample meanes to Recreute their weakned Troopes, and furnish themselves with such hostile provisions as they wante, and also to fortifie the Frontier Cornish Townes, to their future disadvantage, and prolonging of the intestine combustions amongst them. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

From the West it is certified that the Treaty with Sir Ralph Hopton goes on, that they are to meete neere Plimouth, that ten dayes Cessation more is agreed on; but if the Treaty between the King and the Parliament go not on (for as yet it is not known whether the King will accept of the Cessation as it is limitted) there is no expectation that that Treaty will proceed, but in reference to the grand Treaty; the president would be dangerous to proceed in, or conclude a Treaty without the approbation of Parliament. The Devonshire men, now that they see Sir Ralph Hopton prepares and fortifies all this while, are not backward in doing the like. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer (P)

Sir William Waller reportedly plunders the West Country

In Wiltshire on March 19 at 3:16 pm

Sunday 19 Mar 1642/3 || This day it was advertised, that S Will. Waller having plundered Dorset-shire, and being by the news of the agreement betweene Cornish forces, & the Devonshire men,¹ diverted in his course that way, marched with his Army towards Wells, and from thence to Bristoll; and that by plundering & disarming all the Country as he passed through it, he had made so good a voyage of it, that he had got neere 30000l for his owne share and the same day towards night, came news, that being advanced almost as farre as Malmesburie, (marching by night, as commonly his custome is) he fell upon a troope of His Majesties horse, billeted in a village, neare the towne, and came so suddenly upon them, that he tooke most of them in their beds, and carried away with him about 60 Prisoners, with their Armes, and horses. A losse that proved but a preamble to a greater mischiefe. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ See report of 11 March.

Royalists allegedly take advantageof Devonshire peace treaty

In Devon on March 12 at 3:20 pm

Sunday 12 March 1642/3 || The West hath produced the worst newes this week: An indiscreet Treaty, to the ruine and destruction of the Devonshire men, if not prevented: for while the Hoptonians held them in treaty, they having sent before to Saint Malloes in France for Armes and Ammunition) received a Ship loaden with the same, and prepared all the forces they could, while the Devonians disbanded; and yet to colour their designs the more, tooke the Sacrament to be cordiall in the Treaty: Sir Nich: Slany [Slanning], Master Corridon, and others are the Trators for the Cornish men. The place of treaty is at Exeter, but it is hoped, some that are gone downe will prevent their treaty there. Never was the wise men of Devonshire so overseene in the pursuite of a victory from Modbury to Tavestocke, as they were by being stopt in the mouth with the pretence of a treaty, till the defeated partie had got Armes and men. The example at Bristoll showes, that neither God, Religion, or humanity if the rectitude of their actions, especially if one consider, that of 600. lately released at Oxford of the Gloucestershire men, not 40. have hope of life, so low and weake are they brought by that cruell villanous fellow Smith the Provost-Marshall, by connivence of the superior Officers. || Richard Collings – Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer

Commons declares local Dorset peace agreement illegal

In Dorset on March 11 at 3:14 pm

11 March 1642/3 (Sat) || There was letters read [in the Commons] that came from the West parts of England, signifying that the Gentlemen on the Parliaments side in Dorcetshire and the Commissioners of Array have made a mutuall agreement and Accommodation containing these particulars, viz.

1. That a generall Amity be made betwixt all the Gentry and others of the county for all former unkindnesse and differences that have been bred and continued between them, and that they will defend one another according to law.

2. That no Armed Forces whatsoever shall be suffered to enter that County in an Hostile manner by vertue of any pretence or Command whatsoever, and they which shalll attempt or indeavour to do it, the County to rise in opposition against them and their proceedings therein.

Some acts of Neutrality were also drawn up, but onely subscribed by two Gentlemen of either side, to wit on the Parliaments part by Sir Thomas Trenchard, and Master Browne, and on the Commission of Arrays part Sir John Strangewayes and Master Rogers.

Upon which the House having sometime debated, it was Voted prejudiciall to the Kingdome, and illegall, and neither side bound thereby. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall (P)