Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘trials’

Nathaniel Fiennes explains his decision to surrender Bristol

In Bristol on August 6 at 7:14 pm

Sunday 6 Aug 1643 || For the losse of Bristoll, the late Governour thereof Colonell Natt: Fynes gives this account to justifie himselfe in the surrendring up thereof, he affirmed that after three dayes assault, and the slaughter of many hundreds of the enemy (amongst whom were Colonell Sir Richard Slanning, Colonell Lunsford the younger, and Colonell Bucke Slaine, the Lord Grandison and John Belassis, desperately wounded) the enemy entred the breach, and wunne the Suburbs, whereupon it was held fit to Parley, and it is true, conditions of Surrender were agreed on, which if they had been performed, was conceived to be more advantagious, then to Retreat from the Town to the Castle, which was victualled but for three moneths for eight hundred men, and there were but fifty barrels of powder in the Castle (the Castle Commands the whole Town at pleasure) & divers of the Gent of Somerset conceived the Surrender on the conditions to be more advantagious, besides no liklyhood of aid from hence in any time, which reasons, with other, induced the surrender, and hardly any of the conditions were performed on the other side. But yet Prince Rupert (as the Governour saith) was very Noble in doing his endeavour to prevent disorder, but could not prevaile with the Common Souldier: yet for all this the Governour is to be tryed by a Councell of War. || Richard Collings – The Kingdome’s Weekly Intelligencer (P)

Bristol conspirators to be executed; Colonel Essex to face censure

In Somerset on March 18 at 3:02 pm

18 Mar 1642/3 (Sat) || The Parliament hath sent an Order to his Excellency the Lord Generall at Windsor, wherein they request him to send a Martiall Commission to the Governour of Bristoll, to trie the late Conspirators there, and to put them to execution of death, for their horrid treachery to deliver up that City yo the enemy, and to Massacre the good and innocent people amongst them.

Colonell [Thomas] Essex who was lately apprehended at Bristoll and carried to Gloucester, is now brought a prisoner to Windsor, and committed to safe custody there, where he is to abide the censure of the Lord Generall, for the murther which he acted at Bristoll, and for other heynous crimes perpetrated by him there, and it is verily supposed, that he would have furthered Prince Ruperts entrance into that City, if he had not been prevented by that timely apprehension. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Royalists short of gunpowder; Parliament declares Lilburne’s Oxford trial illegal

In London, Oxford on December 18 at 7:39 pm

Sunday 18 Dec 1642 || The Cavaliers at Oxford are in great want of Gun-powder, and because they can get none from London, they have set up Powder-mills to make some, but to little purpose; and they are casting of brasse Ordnance there also, and in Warwickshire they have shot making for them. || Stephen Bowtell – England’s Memorable Accidents

There was a Declaration agreed upon by the Commons, to vindicate Captaine Lilborne and the other Captaines arraigned before Judge Heath at Oxford upon a Commission of Oyer and Terminer, the House declaring the said Tryall and proceedings against them to be illegall and contrary to Law, and that the said captaines have done nothing but in obedience to the commandes of the Parliament, for which they shall be protected by the authority of Parliament, commanding Judge Heath to surcease their proceedings against them. And that if hee shall further proceede in giving Judgement against them, the Parliament will call him to a strict account for the same, and will proceede with the like vigour and strictnesse against those prisoners of the Kings party that we have. And a Letter was Ordered to be sent from the Houses to Judge Heath to that purpose. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament

The Royalists fortify Oxford; John Lilburne put on trial

In Military News, Oxford on December 10 at 11:58 pm

10 Dec 1642 (Sat) || Oxford is now a place of extraordinary account, the Pyoners are fortifying thereof, the Cavaliers are casting of Ordnance but they want metall, they are also exercising the art of making Gunpowder but they want saltpeeter, which unlesse they had greater store of, they need not cast more Ordnance as being likely to them but finall pleasure of which they stand in great need: And many of the Scholars who are not inclined to or capable of Martiall discipline are busied in making of verses to please the Cavaliers. ||

From Oxford it is informed by letters that Captaine Lilborne and some other Commanders that were taken prisoners by the Kings Army have been lately arraigned at Oxford for high treason and by the perswasion of Judge Heath the Jury hath found Captain Lilborne, and Captain [Edward] Wingate guilty, but at the first Captain Lilborne refused to plead to the Indictment for that he was indicted by an addition of Yeoman whereas he is a Gentleman of an ancient family whereupon when the Record was amended by the command of Judge Heath, then Captaine Lilborne said that he was at Brainford and did order his men there to defend that place against opposition by the commands of Parliament: And the Judge said doe not mention the Parliament, but were you not there, the Captain answered againe that he was there by the commands of Parliament to defend that place, and being unexpectedly assaulted by the Cavaliers when they hoped the treaty of accommodation had been as really intended by the Kings party as it was by the Parliaments side, till it was violated by that assault made upon them that were then peaceably at Brainford, he did make resistance to the forces advancing, then the Judge told him that he was runne from the Question, for he had confessed that he was there and bore armes against the King, Captain Lilborne desired then to have leave to speak for his life, and challenged that man that durst say he bore Armes against the King for he never did nor will, and though by the power and practises of Papists his Majestie is misled to declare that they fight against him, whereas his Conscience told him no subject he hath more truly or more earnestly seekes for to God by prayers, teares and fasting, for the spirituall and temporall good of the King then the Parliament and those that adhere to them, and in that resolution and opinion he resolved to die, many more circumstances passed at that triall the truth whereof will appeare by the next intelligence from Oxford. || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages