Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘turncoats & traitors’

Sir John Hotham and his son brought to London

In London, Yorkshire on July 11 at 9:19 pm

11 Jul 1643 (Tue) || Information was given to the Commons, that Sir John Hotham and his son were come from Hull to Tilbury Hope, where the Ship stayes, untill such time as Barges are sent down to fetch them up to London, Sir John writ in a Letter to the Speaker, to desire that he might not be brought thorow the City to the Parliament, but might come privately by water, he being so conscious of his own guiltinesse, that he now fears the reproach of the Londoners, as he did of the Inhabitants of Hull, when he was first apprehended, desiring to be conveyed away privately on Ship-board by a back way from Hull; for had he come thorow the Town, it is verily believed (such was the rage of the Inhabitants against him, then they perceived his treachery) that they would scarce have been withheld from tearing him to pieces.¹

The Commons also received Letters from the Maior and present Governours of Hull, Informing all the particulars in their securing of Hull, and apprehending of Sir John Hotham and his son, and Sir Edward Roades,² upon discovery of an intended designe to betray the Town to the Papists:³ But of this I conceive the whole Kingdom is already fully satisfied.

It was by the said Letterrs further certified, that since the apprehending of Sir John Hotham, the Earl of Newcastle sent a Letter to the Maior of Hull, offering great Rewards, and His Majesties Pardon and Protection, if he would secure the Town, or deliver it up unto him for His Majesties use, against the Parliament: But the Maior returned an Answer, That he scorned to betray the Cause, and Trust reposed in him for the King and Parliament, to a Popish Army, whose courses he saw tended to destruction, both of the King and Parliament.

Touching the late perfidious carriage of Sir John Hotham and his son, the Committee at Hull sent up to the Parliament the Examination upon Oath of a servant of Capt. Hothams, who saith, That he lived with the Captain about twelve yeers, That his Master was a good Master to him; and he speaketh nothing out of ill will or hatred: but being examined upon his Oath, he is willing to discharge his conscience in what he knoweth: And proves it fully, That there hath been a constant intercourse between the Queen, and Sir John Hotham, and his son especially, ever since her coming into those parts; And that Letters and Messages have passed betwixt them, till the very time of their apprehending; And since that Captain Hotham received a Pardon from the Queen, when he was prisoner at Nottingham Castle. And divers other matters proved against them which for the present (I conceive) are not fit to be divulged, and I shall omit to write of.  || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ Sir John had been governor of Hull since the start of the war. The relationship between the Hothams and Parliament – so strong at first that in 1642 Sir John denied the King access to his magazine in the town – had deteriorated to the point that Captain John (his son) was briefly imprisoned by their own side, and Sir John was preparing to defect to the Royalists when he was arrested for suspected treachery and sent with his son to London.
² Rhodes was subsequently released, as no evidence could be found against him.
³ i.e., the Royalists. In an intercepted letter, the King had advised the Earl of Newcastle not to use religion as a recruiting criterion; hence the myth had evolved that he deliberately recruited Catholics, and his was a “Papist” army.

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Colonel Urrey defects to the Royalists

In Oxford on June 17 at 10:01 pm

17 Jun 1643 (Sat) || It is reported for Certaine, that Colonell Urrey, the Scottish man, hath now fully discovered the (ever suspected) treacheries of his false heart, by turning Apostata; for he hath deserted the Parliaments service, and is run away to the Cavaliers at Oxford. This man was well beloved, respected, and confided in, insomuch that he hath beene imployed in services of consequence, which how slightly he hath performed, and ill requited, is now conspicuous and obvious to all observers of these times, but it seemeth that Oxonian promises, and hope of vaine preferment, is more prevalent with him, then the true honour and reputation of an heroick and noble souldier. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Major-General James Chudleigh defects to the Royalists

In London on June 5 at 1:22 pm

5 Jun 1643 (Mon) || it as advertised, that Letters from the West were published in the House of Commons, signifying that young [James] Chudleigh whom they had made the Major Generall of their Westerne Forces, had not onely deserted the cause himselfe, and give great commendation in a Letter (which was intercepted) of the Cornish Gentry, and so the piety of their intentions, and the gallantry of their behaviour, but did sollicit his Father Sir George Chudleigh to returne unto His Majesties service, and to bring over with him Sir Nicholas Martyn and Sir John Bamfeild, who depended alltogether on his Counsels: and that a Passe was sent from Sir Ralph Hopton: and if they did not like the Propositions which he made unto them, to returne as safely. There were also Letters sent from the Earle of Stamford full of aspersion against the Father and the Sonne, charging the one with betraying the Army by carrying away the Horse to Bodmin, the other with betraying to the power of the Enemy the Ordinance and Ammunition, which he was commanded to blow up, but did not. And though these Letters wrought so much upon the temper of the House, as to occasion many bitter invectives and vehement testimonies of displeasure against the Chudleighs, whom before they had so highly magnified for the sole authors of all their party in that County, yet it was found (for some of them are quicke of scent) that the Earle of Stamford did but labour by aspersing them to take off from himselfe the miscarriage of the businesse and continue in the good opinion of the House. But of so little credit is he growne amongst them, that they fell presently on a resolution (to his great honour be it spoken) of withdrawing him from the service, and making Waller Generall of the West in his Lordships place. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

From the Westerne parts it is certified, that after the prefidious treachery of Serjeant-Major Chudleigh, and desertion of the footmen which cowardly left the field, the Earl of Stamford gathered his forces together, placing instead of the said Chudleigh Captain Tompson, and captain Gould in the room of his father: Also that Sir William Waller is marched into those parts after the Marquesse of Hartford (who is gone with his forces to the assistance of the Hoptonians) and to assist the Earl of Stamford against the Cornish delinquents. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer

Alleged Royalist deserter tells all at Aylesbury

In Buckinghamshire on June 3 at 12:04 pm

3 Jun 1643 (Sat) || From Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire they write, that about the beginning of this weeke, there came a Gentleman to that Town, who was Commanded by one of their Sentinells to stand, whereupon he called for a Corporall, who being come to him, he yeelded himselfe to him, and being brought into the Towne, the Colonels examined him what he was, and whence he came, who answered, that he came from Oxford, and had deferred the Kings service, and withall he told them, that the Cavaliers and all their forces were but weake, whatsoever shew or report they make to the Contrary, and he likewise told them, that the Lord Viscount Taffe, a Popish Irish Rebell, had gotten a Commission from the King to goe into Ireland, and to Proclaime a Pardon to all the Rebells there, and to grant them a tolleration of their religion, and to bring over with him an Army of Rebells to assist the Cavaliers, and that the Lord Taffe was either come, or shortly expected to come out of Ireland to Chester, and the Informer writeth, that this Gentleman was a very ingenious man, and of good deportment, but a great swearer. Howesoever, whether his talke be true or no, we wish he may have no Treachery in his Budget.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Rumours that Reading’s surrender due to treachery

In Berkshire on April 29 at 11:27 am

29 Apr 1643 (Sat) || There had beene a muttering in the Towne ever since the yeilding up of Reading, that there was treachery in the businesse, and the Garrison souldiers that were in Reading say openly in the streets here, that they were all betrayd. And this morning His Majesty sitting personally in his Councell of Warre caused some to be brought before him who were suspected and accused for betraying the Towne, who (upon examination) were committed into custody, but ’tis very likely you will heare more of it in the next weeke of this Mercurius. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Some Report from the campe at Redding, that Sir Arthur Aston the late Governour there, was slaine and Interred in the Towne, others say, that he was carried from thence in a Horse Litter grievously wounded, when the Towne was surrendred, and his Army marched away, but the truth of either will shortly appeare. And some that, that a great Cavalier Commander was slaine at the late Battell at Caversham Bridge, who was carried from thence in the Kings owne Coach, which was purposely sent for him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir John Digby escapes to Oxford; London soldiers allegedly defect

In Oxford on April 17 at 3:26 pm

17 Apr 1643 (Mon) || This day Sir John Digby, brother to Sir Kenelme Digby, who was taken Prisoner at Edge-hill, having made an escape out of the Fleete (where he had long beene kept Prisoner) by a ladder of ropes, came safely but disguised to the Court at Oxford, and the same day many of the Red-coates (which is the name of the best Regiment of all the Rebels) tendered their service to His Majestie, and by His Majestie were not onely pardoned for their former fault, but listed and disposed of into severall Companies. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Parliamentarian commander at Harwich suspected of fraud & treachery

In Suffolk on April 7 at 6:17 pm

7 Apr 1643 (Fri) || Captaine Carnocke who hath the command of the Fort at Langer point in Suffolke, over against Harwich in the Count of Essex, was complained of to the Parliament, for taking pay for 200. souldiers to man the Fort, and yet hd no more then 50. men to performe the service there, whereupon the Parliament sent a warrant to the Bailiffes of Ipswich, and some others, to go thither and take an accompt of his actions, who approaching the Fort, a File of Musketiers was sent out against them, to forbid their entrance, which made them to desist, and returne home again, and thereupon it hath been reported here that he is revolted, but it is not certainly related yet, that he hath declared himselfe against the Parliament. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliament’s Kenilworth governor replaced for suspected treachery

In Warwickshire on April 5 at 6:10 pm

5 Apr 1643 (Wed) || From Coventry they write, that they have put Captaine Ingram out of his Command of Governour of the Castle of Kenelworth in Warwickshire, because by an intercepted Letter there from P. Rupert to the Earle of Northampton before his death, it was disclosed, that if the Earle did but shew himselfe and his forces before that Castle, the said Captaine would presently yeeld it up to him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Hugh Cholmeley’s defection denounced by Parliament

In Yorkshire on April 4 at 8:36 pm

4 Apr 1643 (Tue) || Sir Hugh Cholmleys revolt and defection hath much grieved the Honourable House of Commons, because he was one of their Members in whom they had reposed a great deale of confidence for his firmenesse and constancy to their cause: but since they are assertained of this fact, they have voted him uncapable of fitting in their House againe; or ever to be a Member of any Parliament hereafter; and they have also voted him guilty of High Treason to the Kingdome, and that an Impeachment shall be drawne up against him to that purpose, upon which he shall be prosecuted, if he ever happen to be apprehended by any of their forces. And though he endeavoured to betray Scarborough Castle to their malicious Enemies, yet by Gods good Providence, and the timely comming thither of Captaine Browne Bushell with his Ship, his treachery was prevented, and the Castle is now safely secured for the King and Parliament. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Sir Hugh Cholmeley defects to the King

In Yorkshire on March 26 at 8:40 pm

Sunday 26 Mar 1643 || There is a common rumour about the Town that Sir Hugh Cholmley (who hath done very good service for the King and Parliament) is revolted to the Popish Army in Yorkeshire, but because there is no certaine newes come to that purpose as yet out of that County there is no credit to be given thereunto, for the intelligencer cannot believe that a Gentleman of his worth and having continued so long constant to the cause, should at this time (when it appears plainly that the mayn holders of this warre are the Papists) desert the cause … || A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages

This day the news of Sir Hugh Cholmley’s coming over to His Majesty, received both confirmation and addition: for besides that, it was certainly assured, that he was come unto the Earle of Newcastle, accompanied with 80. horse, and 400 foote, well armed and appointed for present service; and had delivered up the Towne and Castle of Scarborough: it was affirmed also that the whole body of the Rebels under the conduct of the Lord Fairefax and the two Hothams, whereof such formidable tales are told in the London Newesbookes, exceeded not above 4000 men, and those so terribly discouraged for want of pay (which is full 13 weeks behind,) and by the ill successe of their undertakings, in which they never had good luck, that of Leedes excepted, that they are not likely to be any hinderance to my Lord of Newcastles proceedings. Which weaknes and indisposition of the Rebels, as it is very increased by the returne of Sir Hugh Cholmley unto his duty and obedience, not so much in regard of the men and Armes which he brought with him, as in respect of his authority in that County, and his being privy to the Counsells and designes of the chiefe Actors in this Rebellion, (besides the dangerousnesse of the example) so are their hopes growne desperate of supplies from London. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)