Tyger's Head Books

Posts Tagged ‘turncoats & traitors’

Plot to betray Plymouth fort uncovered

In Devon on September 17 at 2:13 am

Sunday 17 Sep 1643 || The Cavaliers in the West have not onely corrupted Sir Alexander Carew to betray the Island-Fort at Plimouth (who was apprehended by his owne men, for his intended treachery) but have corrupted Captaine Brooks, Captain of the good ship the Providence of forty peeces of Ordnance, who writ a Letter to Sir John Pennington, that at such an houre, he would come in to him, and described the plot and manner how in a Letter, which the honest saylors intercepted, and sent it to the Earle of Warwick, and have made sure of the Captaine for committing such a treacherous act againe. || Robert White & George Bishop – Mercurius Britanicus (P)

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Plymouth plot discovered

In Devon on September 4 at 2:26 pm

4 Sep 1643 (Mon) || At Plymouth … there hath been lately a notable Treachery of the Governours of the Fort and Iland (through Gods mercifull providence) prevented, which is thus related, the Maior of Plymouth sent to Sir Alexander Carew Baronet, the Governour of the Iland, to desire him to give an Accompt of some Moneys he had received, which while it was doing, word was brought from the Governor, that a great ship under the Earle of Warwickes command was come into the Harbour, and the Gunner asked him with how many pieces of Ordnance he should salute her, he answered sinke her, which the Gunner refusing to doe, the Governour fell to buffets with him, whereupon the Governours owne man, tooke his master by the choller of his dublet, and strucke up his heeles, and then they bound him hand and foot and carried him aboard that great ship, where the Captaine of the ship would have hanged him, but the rope being about his necke, by the entreaty of some he was spared, and sent a shore to Plymouth, where the women of the Towne fell upon him, and would have beaten out his braines, if the Maior of the Towne had not rescued him, and guarded him to safe custody. He should have been sent up to London the last weeke, but that they hoped there to draw from him the depth of the Plot, some part whereof he hath confessed, as that the Cornish men had perswaded him to it, and had sent him three hundred pound for an encouragement, and that there were many hundreds of them at Mount Edgcomb on the other side of the River, ready with boats to have come and surprized the Iland.

As for Master Arundell the Governour of the Fort, the Maior of Plymouth and the Committee there (having knowledge of his purposes and intentions to betray that strong Pile to the Cornish, who lay also ready at Mount Edgcumb upon the watch-word to come and seize upon it) sent for him into the Towne, and committed him likewise to safe custody, whereby they timely prevented the Plot, and have secured those two considerable places, which otherwise might have proved of such Malevolent influence, as to become and Inlet to all strangers, that might have come from the Southern parts of the world to invade the Land. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations

Sir John Hotham and his son brought to London

In London, Yorkshire on July 11 at 9:19 pm

11 Jul 1643 (Tue) || Information was given to the Commons, that Sir John Hotham and his son were come from Hull to Tilbury Hope, where the Ship stayes, untill such time as Barges are sent down to fetch them up to London, Sir John writ in a Letter to the Speaker, to desire that he might not be brought thorow the City to the Parliament, but might come privately by water, he being so conscious of his own guiltinesse, that he now fears the reproach of the Londoners, as he did of the Inhabitants of Hull, when he was first apprehended, desiring to be conveyed away privately on Ship-board by a back way from Hull; for had he come thorow the Town, it is verily believed (such was the rage of the Inhabitants against him, then they perceived his treachery) that they would scarce have been withheld from tearing him to pieces.¹

The Commons also received Letters from the Maior and present Governours of Hull, Informing all the particulars in their securing of Hull, and apprehending of Sir John Hotham and his son, and Sir Edward Roades,² upon discovery of an intended designe to betray the Town to the Papists:³ But of this I conceive the whole Kingdom is already fully satisfied.

It was by the said Letterrs further certified, that since the apprehending of Sir John Hotham, the Earl of Newcastle sent a Letter to the Maior of Hull, offering great Rewards, and His Majesties Pardon and Protection, if he would secure the Town, or deliver it up unto him for His Majesties use, against the Parliament: But the Maior returned an Answer, That he scorned to betray the Cause, and Trust reposed in him for the King and Parliament, to a Popish Army, whose courses he saw tended to destruction, both of the King and Parliament.

Touching the late perfidious carriage of Sir John Hotham and his son, the Committee at Hull sent up to the Parliament the Examination upon Oath of a servant of Capt. Hothams, who saith, That he lived with the Captain about twelve yeers, That his Master was a good Master to him; and he speaketh nothing out of ill will or hatred: but being examined upon his Oath, he is willing to discharge his conscience in what he knoweth: And proves it fully, That there hath been a constant intercourse between the Queen, and Sir John Hotham, and his son especially, ever since her coming into those parts; And that Letters and Messages have passed betwixt them, till the very time of their apprehending; And since that Captain Hotham received a Pardon from the Queen, when he was prisoner at Nottingham Castle. And divers other matters proved against them which for the present (I conceive) are not fit to be divulged, and I shall omit to write of.  || A Perfect Diurnall of Some Passages in Parliament (P)

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¹ Sir John had been governor of Hull since the start of the war. The relationship between the Hothams and Parliament – so strong at first that in 1642 Sir John denied the King access to his magazine in the town – had deteriorated to the point that Captain John (his son) was briefly imprisoned by their own side, and Sir John was preparing to defect to the Royalists when he was arrested for suspected treachery and sent with his son to London.
² Rhodes was subsequently released, as no evidence could be found against him.
³ i.e., the Royalists. In an intercepted letter, the King had advised the Earl of Newcastle not to use religion as a recruiting criterion; hence the myth had evolved that he deliberately recruited Catholics, and his was a “Papist” army.

Skirmish at Chalgrove

In Oxfordshire on June 20 at 9:13 pm

20 Jun 1643 (Tue) || Yesterday the Information came, that Colonell Urrey who ran from hence to Oxford the last week purported to shew his first Master peece upon the 25000.li that was carried from hence on Friday last, to his Excellency at Tame, and guarded onely with two of the City Troopes of Horse: wherefore out he comes of Oxford on Saturday last with above a thousand horse to intercept it, but the convoyers of the Money had the wisdom to leave the Common Road to Thame, and went thither by Alesbury an other way, whereby the Cavaliers were defeated of their purposes, which made them so mad, that they set upon one of his Excellencies quarters in the night at a little Towne called Chinner about four miles from Tame;¹ where our Souldiers defended themselves bravely, neither could they be forced out, untill the Cavaliers had fired the Towne, which gave them such advantage, that they both slew and tooke some few of our Souldiers; hereupon the Alarme being given to Tame and other Quarters, his Excellency sent out some Troopes of his Horse to relieve them, who pursued the Cavaliers so resolutely, that they forced them to leave many of their Prisoners, and killed divers of note amongst them, whereof the said Colonell Urrey and Captaine [William] Leg as the report […];² And they tooke one of the younger sonnes of the Earle of Berkeshire with some others; and of ours, Serjeant-Major Gunter was slaine by adventuring himselfe too far, and Colonell Hampden was shot into the shoulder, and Sir Samuel Luke who was taken prisoner by one of the Cavaliers, was rescued by his own man, who pistoled his guardian and so freed him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

The Earle of Essex, who before had hovered about Tame, and the adjoyning Villages in Buckinghamshire, this day sent out a considerable party of his soldiers to looke towards Oford; who coming within sixe or seaven miles of it, caused an Alarme to be given to His Majesties forces. But this Afternoone Prince Rupert went that way with some Troopes of Horse and other forces. And this night he fell upon the Rebels Quarters at Chinner 3 miles beyond Tame, and scoured the Country all night long for many miles together, so as he provoked a large body of the Rebels Horse to come forth in the morning, which assone as his Highnesse had discovered, he drew off a little, on purpose to draw the Enemy into a large field, which done, he appointed Master Percies Regiment for a Reserve, & with Prince Charles his Regiment and his own charged the Enemy so bravely that he slew above an hundred dead in the place, and made the rest shew the justice of their cause that is, run away most shamefully; he tooke 6 colours and came the same day backe to His Majesty, having sent his prisoners (which were almost 200) to Oxford before him, whereof the cheifest was Captaine Sheffield sonne to the Earle of Moulsgrave; their Commander in cheife Sergeant Major Gunter had too honourable a death, for the was shot dead by a noble hand. In the meane while Master Percyes Regiment having put the Reserve of the Rebels to flight, fell on the flanke of the enemy, and did good execution. One lusty strong Rebel aymed directly at the Prince himselfe, but his Highnesse dispatched him into another world. All our noble Gentlemen did as bravely now as ever, and Colonell Urrey (backed with a good cause indeed) never fought better in his life, for which his Majesty knighted him the same day. We lost only six common souldiers, but no Officer nor any Colour, Onely the Reader may already collect by this, that the next London Diurnall for the occurrences of the two Houses (though one of their late Pamphlets doth expressely threaten it) is not likely to beare date at Oxford.

The Reader is therefore to be advertised further, that of the six Colours taken in the fight, some were of the Earle of Essex his owne Colours, and had painted in great Capitall letters, CAVE ADSUM, to let us see with what a fury his Excellency intended to have fallen upon us; yet Cave Adsum was an admirable Motto for one who never shewed his face in the battaile.³ Other Colours they had were set out gloriously with three faire Bibles, to make poore simple folke believe they fought in defence of the Word of God, whereas their doctrine and practice (which maintaines perjury, rebellion, and blasphemy) would have beene abominable to the very Heathens.4

This day some other of the Prisoners were brought to Towne, who had beene taken in the fight the day before: and with them certaine information, that the Victory was greater on his Majesties part then was thought at first, in that besides a great number of the common Souldiers which were killed or taken, the Rebels lost divers of their prime Commanders and most able Officers; Hampden himselfe (who did most eagerly perswade to give the on-set) being so sore wounded in two places, and his body so extreamely bruised, that it was verily conceived he could not live. And to such a height of imudence and impiety are those Rebels grown, that to hold up the hearts of their fainting Souldiers, and to keepe up their reputation amongst simple people, The Earle of Essex or some other by his appointmnt, caused publike thankesgiving to be made that afternoone in the Church in Tame, for the defeat which they had given that day unto His Majesties Forces. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

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¹ Ingler has the sequence of events incorrect: Rupert raided Postcombe and Chinnor overnight, and just missed intercepting the the convoy the next morning; the skirmish at Chalgrove followed.
² This comes at the end of a page: it appears a line was omitted when the newsbook was typeset.
³ “Cave adsum” means “Watch out, I’m here!” Thomas Blount’s translated colour treatise of 1648, which has a list of ECW colours appended, states that this colour was in fact that of Major Gunter (who was killed during the skirmish).
4 The Royalist account of the skirmish states that the colours were dragoon cornets of Sir Samuel Luke; that 3 were taken, and they were set on a black field (background).

Colonel Urrey defects to the Royalists

In Oxford on June 17 at 10:01 pm

17 Jun 1643 (Sat) || It is reported for Certaine, that Colonell Urrey, the Scottish man, hath now fully discovered the (ever suspected) treacheries of his false heart, by turning Apostata; for he hath deserted the Parliaments service, and is run away to the Cavaliers at Oxford. This man was well beloved, respected, and confided in, insomuch that he hath beene imployed in services of consequence, which how slightly he hath performed, and ill requited, is now conspicuous and obvious to all observers of these times, but it seemeth that Oxonian promises, and hope of vaine preferment, is more prevalent with him, then the true honour and reputation of an heroick and noble souldier. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Parliamentarian colonel attempts to defect

In Essex on June 16 at 9:57 pm

16 Jun 1643 (Fri) || One thing was omitted for Wednesday, [that] may be here inserted, there was one Colonell Walden of the Lord Generall Army taken in Essex and brought up to London by a Troope of Horse, for that he endeavoured to run away from the Army and make escape to Oxford, with the money he had lately received to pay his souldeours, but is now committed to Newgate to receive a just reward for his treachery. || Samuel Pecke – A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament (P)

Major-General James Chudleigh defects to the Royalists

In London on June 5 at 1:22 pm

5 Jun 1643 (Mon) || it as advertised, that Letters from the West were published in the House of Commons, signifying that young [James] Chudleigh whom they had made the Major Generall of their Westerne Forces, had not onely deserted the cause himselfe, and give great commendation in a Letter (which was intercepted) of the Cornish Gentry, and so the piety of their intentions, and the gallantry of their behaviour, but did sollicit his Father Sir George Chudleigh to returne unto His Majesties service, and to bring over with him Sir Nicholas Martyn and Sir John Bamfeild, who depended alltogether on his Counsels: and that a Passe was sent from Sir Ralph Hopton: and if they did not like the Propositions which he made unto them, to returne as safely. There were also Letters sent from the Earle of Stamford full of aspersion against the Father and the Sonne, charging the one with betraying the Army by carrying away the Horse to Bodmin, the other with betraying to the power of the Enemy the Ordinance and Ammunition, which he was commanded to blow up, but did not. And though these Letters wrought so much upon the temper of the House, as to occasion many bitter invectives and vehement testimonies of displeasure against the Chudleighs, whom before they had so highly magnified for the sole authors of all their party in that County, yet it was found (for some of them are quicke of scent) that the Earle of Stamford did but labour by aspersing them to take off from himselfe the miscarriage of the businesse and continue in the good opinion of the House. But of so little credit is he growne amongst them, that they fell presently on a resolution (to his great honour be it spoken) of withdrawing him from the service, and making Waller Generall of the West in his Lordships place. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

From the Westerne parts it is certified, that after the prefidious treachery of Serjeant-Major Chudleigh, and desertion of the footmen which cowardly left the field, the Earl of Stamford gathered his forces together, placing instead of the said Chudleigh Captain Tompson, and captain Gould in the room of his father: Also that Sir William Waller is marched into those parts after the Marquesse of Hartford (who is gone with his forces to the assistance of the Hoptonians) and to assist the Earl of Stamford against the Cornish delinquents. || Richard Collings – The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer

Alleged Royalist deserter tells all at Aylesbury

In Buckinghamshire on June 3 at 12:04 pm

3 Jun 1643 (Sat) || From Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire they write, that about the beginning of this weeke, there came a Gentleman to that Town, who was Commanded by one of their Sentinells to stand, whereupon he called for a Corporall, who being come to him, he yeelded himselfe to him, and being brought into the Towne, the Colonels examined him what he was, and whence he came, who answered, that he came from Oxford, and had deferred the Kings service, and withall he told them, that the Cavaliers and all their forces were but weake, whatsoever shew or report they make to the Contrary, and he likewise told them, that the Lord Viscount Taffe, a Popish Irish Rebell, had gotten a Commission from the King to goe into Ireland, and to Proclaime a Pardon to all the Rebells there, and to grant them a tolleration of their religion, and to bring over with him an Army of Rebells to assist the Cavaliers, and that the Lord Taffe was either come, or shortly expected to come out of Ireland to Chester, and the Informer writeth, that this Gentleman was a very ingenious man, and of good deportment, but a great swearer. Howesoever, whether his talke be true or no, we wish he may have no Treachery in his Budget.  || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Rumours that Reading’s surrender due to treachery

In Berkshire on April 29 at 11:27 am

29 Apr 1643 (Sat) || There had beene a muttering in the Towne ever since the yeilding up of Reading, that there was treachery in the businesse, and the Garrison souldiers that were in Reading say openly in the streets here, that they were all betrayd. And this morning His Majesty sitting personally in his Councell of Warre caused some to be brought before him who were suspected and accused for betraying the Towne, who (upon examination) were committed into custody, but ’tis very likely you will heare more of it in the next weeke of this Mercurius. || John Berkenhead/Peter Heylyn – Mercurius Aulicus (R)

Some Report from the campe at Redding, that Sir Arthur Aston the late Governour there, was slaine and Interred in the Towne, others say, that he was carried from thence in a Horse Litter grievously wounded, when the Towne was surrendred, and his Army marched away, but the truth of either will shortly appeare. And some that, that a great Cavalier Commander was slaine at the late Battell at Caversham Bridge, who was carried from thence in the Kings owne Coach, which was purposely sent for him. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)

Captain Bushell’s deceit against Sir John Hotham

In Yorkshire on April 25 at 2:37 pm

25 Apr 1643 (Tue) || A Ship Master is lately come from Kingston upon Hull in Yorkeshire, who Informeth, that after Sir Hugh Cholmely had regained Scarborough Castle, Capt. Brown Bushell went to Hull with his wife, where being questioned by Sir John Hotham for yeilding up the Castle so sodainely, cleered himselfe by deepe Oathes and Protestations, which gave Sir John Hothan satisfaction or that time, but now to compleate his Treachery to the full, he desired Sir John Hotham to send onely a Trumpet with him to Scarborough, and assured him he would regaine it, but withall he desired, that some men and armes might be sent thither by sea; Sir John Hotham confiding much in him, and no way suspecting his Treachery, armed presently his owne two Catches and a Pinke, and put into them some of his best men that were in the Hercules, a great ship commanded by Captaine Moier, which lieth in the River of Humber to guard the Towne of Hull by water, whereupon Bushell departed from thence accompanied only with the Trumpet to Scarborough, where was received as a Guest, and thither also came the Catches and Pincke, but because the sea was ebbing, and there was a barre at the mouth of the Harbour, the Catches onely got over into the Harbour, the Pincke lying out and expecting the next tide. The Catches being come in, and laid fast aground that they could not stirre nor helpe themselves, were presently seized on, whereof notice was immediately given to the Pinck, by one that ran downe to the sea side, wishing them not to come in for feare of surprizing, but to returne to Hull againe, which they presently did, this feat being acted, the treacherous Bushell returned alone to Hull, telling Sir John Hotham that he had taken the Castle, and desired that he might have a Troope of Horse, the better to secure it and the Towne, in the Interim; while the Troope was raising, the Pincke returned to Hull, and related the whole Treachery to Sir John Hotham, who presently apprehended Bushell, and in a Councell of Warre condemned him to be shot to death, but the execution of the sentence is respited, because Bushells wife hath promised restitution of the Catches, with the men and armes. || William Ingler – Certaine Informations (P)